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  1.  37
    Children's Participation in the Decision-Making Process During Hospitalization: An Observational Study.Ingrid Runeson, Inger Hallström, Gunnel Elander & Göran Hermerén - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (6):583-598.
    Twenty-four children (aged 5 months to 18 years) who were admitted to a university hospital were observed for a total of 135 hours with the aim of describing their degree of participation in decisions concerning their own care. Grading of their participation was made by using a 5-point scale. An assessment was also made of what was considered as optimal participation in each situation. The results indicate that children are not always allowed to participate in decision making to the extent (...)
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  2.  20
    Decision Making in Paediatric Care: An Overview with Reference to Nursing Care.Inger Hallström & Gunnel Elander - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (3):223-238.
    The purpose of this overview of published articles on decision making in paediatric care was to identify important aspects of its possible use in clinical practice and to obtain a base for future research. A literature review was undertaken utilizing snowball sampling to identify articles because of the diversity present within the area of decision making in paediatric care. The databases PubMed and CINAHL were used. The search was limited to articles published in English during the period 1994-2004. The analysis (...)
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  3.  14
    Needs During Hospitalization: Definitions and Descriptions Made by Patients.Inger Hallström & Gunnel Elander - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (5):409-418.
    Patients are supposed to be given care according to their needs. This concept is, however, difficult to define and patients and caregivers may have different opinions about a patient’s needs. Twenty patients were interviewed and asked to give a definition of need, describe their needs while hospitalized and depict what they do to make sure their needs are fulfilled. Ten groups of needs were identified: communication, basic care, contact with other people, behaviour of staff, empathy, competent caregivers, continuity, integrity, participation (...)
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  4.  17
    An Observational Study of the Level at Which Parents Participate in Decisions During Their Child's Hospitalization.Inger Hallström, Ingrid Runeson & Gunnel Elander - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (2):203-214.
    When a child is hospitalized, the parents find themselves in an unfamiliar environment and their parental role changes. They are in a stressful and often anxiety-filled situation and it may be difficult for them to participate in decisions. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which parents participate in decisions during the course of events when their child is hospitalized. Thirty-five parents of 24 children (aged 5 months to 18 years) were followed by mobile observation during (...)
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