69 found
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  1.  96
    Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man, and Society.Ingvar Johansson - 1989 - Routledge.
    ONTOLOGY This book is a book about the world. I am concerned with ontology, not merely with language. Many ontological treatises concentrate largely on the ...
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  2.  89
    Determinables as Universals.Ingvar Johansson - 2000 - The Monist 83 (1):101-121.
    According to immanent realism, there are universals in the spatiotemporal world quite independently of language and the mind. The existence of these universals, furthermore, is not dependent upon there being Platonic universals existing outside the spatiotemporal world. In this paper I will try to show that immanent realism holds not only for many determinate universals, but for some determinable universals as well. In other words, there are ontological determinables as well as conceptual determinables.
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  3.  82
    Pattern as an Ontological Category.Ingvar Johansson - 1998 - In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Amsterdam: IOS Press. pp. 86-94.
    The paper argues that causal systems and spatial patterns are species of the same genus, namely pattern, and that a clear view of spatial patterns throws light on some aspects of the ontological nature of causal systems. In particular, it is argued that all patterns (and systems) depend on a fiat delimitation of something which in itself is a unity without borders. Pattern realism is true.
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  4. A Critique of Karl Popper's Methodology.Ingvar Johansson - 1975 - Akad. Förl..
     
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  5.  24
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  6. Proof of the Existence of Universals—and Roman Ingarden’s Ontology.Ingvar Johansson - 2009 - Metaphysica 10 (1):65-87.
    The paper ends with an argument that says: necessarily, if there are finitely spatially extended particulars, then there are monadic universals. Before that, in order to characterize the distinction between particulars and universals, Roman Ingarden’s notions of existential moments and modes (ways) of being are presented, and a new pair of such existential moments is introduced: multiplicity–monadicity. Also, it is argued that there are not only real universals, but instances of universals (tropes) and fictional universals too.
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  7. Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal.Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Munn, Nikoloz Tsikolia, Kathleen Elsner, Dominikus Ernst & Dirk Siebert - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  8.  85
    Ceteris Paribus Clauses, Closure Clauses and Falsifiability.Ingvar Johansson - 1980 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 11 (1):16-22.
    Summary The article argues thatceteris paribus clauses have to be separated from another type of clauses called closure clauses. The former are associated with laws and theories, the latter with test situations of a particular kind. It is also argued that closure clauses, but notceteris paribus clauses, make Popper's falsifiability principle untenable. In that way, it also resolves the quarrel between Popper and Lakatos aboutceteris paribus clauses and falsifiability by saying that both are partly wrong and partly right.
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  9. Continua in Biological Systems.Ingvar Johansson - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):499-522.
    We defend the fundamental ontological-pragmatic principle that where there are continua in reality science is often forced to make partly fiat terminological delimitations. In particular, this principle applies when it comes to describing biological organisms, their parts, properties, and relations. Human-made fiat delimitations are indispensable at the level of both individuals and the natural kinds which they instantiate. The kinds of pragmatically based ‘fiatness’ that we describe can create incompatibilities and lack of interoperability even between properly designed ontologies, if not (...)
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  10.  74
    Performatives and Antiperformatives.Ingvar Johansson - 2003 - Linguistics and Philosophy 26 (6):661-702.
    The paper highlights a certain kind of self-falsifying utterance, which I shall call antiperformative assertions, not noted in speech-act theory thus far. By taking such assertions into account, the old question whether explicit performatives have a truth-value can be resolved. I shall show that explicit performatives are in fact self-verifyingly true, but they are not related to propositions the way ordinary assertions are; antiperformatives have the same unusual relation to propositions, but are self-falsifyingly false. Explicit performatives are speech acts performed (...)
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  11. Identity Puzzles And Supervenient Identities.Ingvar Johansson - 2006 - Metaphysica 7 (1):7-33.
     
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  12.  32
    The Basic Distinctions in Der Streit.Ingvar Johansson - 2013 - Semiotica 2013 (194):137-157.
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  13. Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal.Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Dormandy [nee Munn], Kathleen Elsner, Nikoloz Tsikolia & DIrk Siebert - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  14.  12
    Perceptual Spaces Are Sense-Modality- Neutral.Ingvar Johansson - 2018 - Open Philosophy 1 (1):14-39.
    The paper presents and discusses phenomenological facts about perceptual spaces and percepts, but ends with a few thoughts about possible causal explanations of such spaces. The overarching double-sided hypothesis claims that - from a phenomenological point of view - each individual animal has at each consciously perceived moment of time a sense-modality-neutral perceptual space, and that these perceptual spaces are so-called container spaces. This means, to be concrete, that blind persons, deaf persons, and all perceptually non-handicapped persons have the same (...)
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  15.  60
    Functions, Function Concepts, and Scales.Ingvar Johansson - 2004 - The Monist 87 (1):96-114.
    Properties like mass and temperature can be ordered on metrical scales. A property like hardness can perhaps only be ordered on an ordinal scale. Geometrical shapes seem to admit ordinal scales only in relation to specifically chosen families of shapes. The main claims of this paper are.
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  16.  33
    Mathematical Vectors and Physical Vectors.Ingvar Johansson - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (4):433-447.
    From a metaphysical point of view, it is important clearly to see the ontological difference between what is studied in mathematics and mathematical physics, respectively. In this respect, the paper is concerned with the vectors of classical physics. Vectors have both a scalar magnitude and a direction, and it is argued that neither conventionalism nor wholesale anti‐conventionalism holds true of either of these components of classical physical vectors. A quantification of a physical dimension requires the discovery of ontological order relations (...)
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  17.  15
    Constancy and Circularity in the SI.Ingvar Johansson - unknown
    The International System of Units tries to find or construct something that does not change with time and place, since such constancy is the best possible ground for definitions of fundamental measurement units. This problem of constancy has received scant attention within the philosophy of science, but is the topic of the paper. The paper first highlights inevitable kinds of circularities, semantic and epistemic, that belongs to the search for constancy, and then discusses contingent dependencies between unit definitions. The New (...)
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  18.  54
    Hartmann's Nonreductive Materialism, Superimposition, and Supervenience.Ingvar Johansson - 2001 - Axiomathes 12 (3-4):195-215.
  19.  31
    Money and Fictions.Ingvar Johansson - 2005 - In Felix Larsson (ed.), Kapten Mnemos Kolumbarium. Philosophical Communications. pp. 73--101.
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  20. Formal Mereology and Ordinary Language-Reply to Varzi.Ingvar Johansson - 2006 - Applied Ontology 1 (2):157-161.
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  21.  32
    Toutes les relations sont internes — la nouvelle version.Ingvar Johansson - 2011 - Philosophiques 38 (1):219-239.
    Kevin Mulligan a introduit la distinction entre les descriptions épaisses et minces dans la philosophie des relations. Cette distinction lui a permis d’affirmer les thèses suivantes : toutes les relations sont « minces » et internes, et aucune n’est « épaisse » et externe. J’accepte et j’utilise la distinction de Mulligan entre mince et épais afin de soutenir que ce ne sont pas toutes les relations internes qui sont minces. Il existe également des relations internes épaisses, et celles-ci abondent en (...)
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  22.  69
    Review: Tobias Hansson Wahlberg, Objects in Time. Studies of Persistence in B-Time (2009). [REVIEW]Ingvar Johansson - 2010 - Metaphysica 11 (1):93-94.
  23.  63
    A Little Treatise of Forgiveness and Human Nature.Ingvar Johansson - 2009 - The Monist 92 (4):537-555.
  24.  26
    Triple Disjunctivism, Naive Realism, and Anti-Representationalism.Ingvar Johansson - 2014 - Metaphysica 15 (2).
  25.  56
    The Four-Category Ontology. A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science – E. Jonathan Lowe.Ingvar Johansson - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (4):513–518.
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  26. Truthmaking: A Cognition-Independent Internal Relation with Heterogeneous Relata.Ingvar Johansson - 2004 - In Johann Christian Marek & Maria Elisabeth Reicher (eds.), Experience and Analysis: Papers of the 27th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. pp. 154--56.
    For many assertions, the correspondence theory of truth seems intuitively to give the best account of the difference between truth and falsity, but one of its problems is how to explicate the notions of “correspondence” and “truthmaking”. In conformity with the view of David Armstrong, it is claimed that truthmaking is an internal relation between a truthmaker and a truth(-value-)bearer. The truthbearer (a token proposition) can exist without the truthmaker (an object or a state of affairs), and vice versa, but (...)
     
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  27. Hume's Surprise and the Logic of Belief Changes.Ingvar Johansson - 1998 - Synthese 117 (2):275-291.
    If the logic of belief changes is extended to cover belief states which contain both factual and normative beliefs, it is easily shown that a change of a factual belief (an 'Is') in a mixed belief state can imply a change of a normative belief (an 'Ought') in the same state. With regard to Hume's so-called 'Is-Ought problem', this means that one has to distinguish its statics from its dynamics. When this is done, it becomes clear that changes of factual (...)
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  28.  58
    Levels of Intension and Theories of Reference.Ingvar Johansson - 1986 - Theoria 52 (1-2):1-15.
  29.  75
    Formalizing Common Sense: An Operator-Based Approach to the Tibbles–Tib Problem.Ingvar Johansson - 2008 - Synthese 163 (2):217-225.
    The paper argues, that a direct formalization of the way common sense thinks about the numerical identity of enduring entities, requires that traditional predicate logic is developed. If everyday language mirrors the world, then persons, organisms, organs, cells, and ordinary material things can lose some parts but nonetheless remain numerically exactly the same entity. In order to formalize this view, two new logical operators are introduced; and they bring with them some non-standard syntax. One of the operators is called ‘the (...)
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  30. The Unnoticed Regional Ontology of Mechanisms.Ingvar Johansson - 1997 - Axiomathes 8 (1):411-428.
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  31.  36
    Fictions and the Spatiotemporal World—in the Light of Ingarden.Ingvar Johansson - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):81-103.
    The paper is an attempt to take Ingarden’s unfinished critique of idealism one step further. It puts forward a schematic solution to the external-world realist’sproblem of how to explain the fact that we can identify and re-identify fictions, entities that in one sense do not exist. The solution contains three proposals: to accept, with Husserl and Ingarden, that there are universals with intentionality (Husserl’s “intentional essences”), to accept, contra Husserl and Ingarden, an immanent realism for universals, and to accept Ingarden’s (...)
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  32.  34
    Functions and Shapes in the Light of the International System of Units.Ingvar Johansson - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (1):93-117.
    Famously, Galilei made the ontological claim that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics. Probably, if only implicitly, most contemporary natural scientists share his view. This paper, in contradistinction, argues that nature is only partly written in the language of mathematics; partly, it is written in the language of functions and partly in a very simple purely qualitative language, too. During the argumentation, three more specific but in themselves interesting theses are put forward: first (in Section (...)
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  33.  17
    Christer Svennerlind, Moderate Nominalism and Moderate Realism and Pierre Grenon, On Relations.Ingvar Johansson - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (2):241-246.
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  34.  36
    Against Fantology Again.Ingvar Johansson - 2016 - In Leo Zaibert (ed.), The Theory and Practice of Ontology. London: pp. 25-43.
    This essay expands on Barry Smith’s paper “Against Fantology” of 2005, which defends the view that analytic philosophy has throughout its history been marked by a tendency to conceive the syntax of first-order predicate logic as a key to ontology. I present fantology (or "F(a)ntology") in the light of a more general and in itself ontologically neutral operation that I call a default ontologization of a language. I then discuss Quine’s views, since he is the most outspoken fantologist in the (...)
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  35. Att idrott skall vara så svårt att förstå.Ingvar Johansson - 1994 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  36.  44
    Applied Mereology: C. Calosi and P. Graziani : Mereology and the Sciences: Parts and Wholes in the Contemporary Scientific Context. Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, 378pp, €107.09.Ingvar Johansson - 2015 - Metascience 24 (2):239-245.
    One purely formal discipline, mathematics, permeates modern natural, social, and medical sciences as well as technology and engineering. Another purely formal discipline, formal mereology, has the last decades rapidly grown within philosophy. The obvious question now is: of what use can formal mereology be in the sciences and in engineering? In philosophy, this question has seldom so far been posed, but now there has appeared an anthology in which the editors C. Calosi and P. Graziani rightly state: “It should be (...)
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  37.  1
    A Presentation and Defense of Anton Marty’s Conception of Space.Ingvar Johansson - 2019 - In Giuliano Bacigalupo & Hélène Leblanc (eds.), Anton Marty and Contemporary Philosophy. Palgrave. pp. 99-119.
    Newtonian mechanics has a container conception of space. Space is regarded as an empty receptacle in which all material bodies exist. For a long time, most defenders of this view claimed that it must be mind-dependent. Anton Marty is the first modern philosopher to argue both that physical space is mind-independent and that it has the features characteristic of Newtonian physical space. Moreover, he works out a number of metaphysical implications of this view. Therefore, Marty ought to be given a (...)
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  38. Beyond Objectivism and Relativism.Ingvar Johansson - 1987 - Radical Philosophy 47:13-17.
     
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  39.  58
    Constitution as a Relation Within Mathematics.Ingvar Johansson - 2013 - The Monist 96 (1):87-100.
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  40.  89
    Critical Notice of Armstrong's and Lewis' Concepts of Supervenience.Ingvar Johansson - 2002 - SATS 3 (1):118-122.
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  41.  19
    Critical Notice of Armstrong's and Lewis' Concepts of Supervenience.Ingvar Johansson - 2002 - SATS 3 (1).
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  42. Filosofipolitik inför sekelskiftet.Ingvar Johansson - 1994 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
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  43. Four Kinds of 'Is A'Relation.Ingvar Johansson - forthcoming - Applied Ontology: An Introduction, Frankfurt: Ontos.
     
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  44.  16
    FrontmatterCONTENTSForeword to the Second editionPreface1. Ontology2. Irreductive Materialism3. States of Affairs and Qualities4. Exclusive and Inclusive Qualities5. Actions and Functions6. Patterns, Changes, and Pure Gestalten7. Self-Sustaining Gestalten and Gestalten Causa Sui8. External, Internal, and Grounded Relations9. Existential Dependence10. Container Space and Relational Space11. Tendency12. Efficient Causality13. Intentionality14. Nature: Parts and Wholes Without Intentionality15. Man and Society: Nested Intentionality16. Epistemological PositionsNotesBibliographyIndexAppendix 1: An Aphoristic Summary of Ontological InvestigationsAppendix 2: Determinables as UniversalsAppendix 3: Ontologies and Concepts. Two ProposalsBackmatter: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. [REVIEW]Ingvar Johansson - 2004 - In Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. De Gruyter. pp. 1-21.
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  45. How Do Non-Joint Commitments Come Into Being? An Attempt at Cultural Naturalism.Ingvar Johansson - 2007 - In Nikolaos Psarros & Katinka Schulte-Ostermann (eds.), Facets of Sociality. Ontos. pp. 135--150.
     
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  46. Helge Malmgren och begreppsanalysen.Ingvar Johansson - 1980 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1 (2):43.
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  47. Hume’s Ontology.Ingvar Johansson - 2012 - Metaphysica 13 (1):87-105.
    The paper claims that Hume ’s philosophy contains an ontology, i.e. an abstract exhaustive classification of what there is. It is argued that Hume believes in the existence of a mind-independent world, and that he has a classification of mind-related entities that contains four top genera: perception, faculty, principle and relation. His ontology is meant to be in conformity with his philosophy of language and epistemology, and vice versa. Therefore, crucial to Hume ’s ontology of mind-independent entities is his notion (...)
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  48. Intentionality and Tendency: How to Make Aristotle Up-to-Date.Ingvar Johansson - 1992 - In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 180--192.
  49.  22
    In Defense of the Notion of Truthlikeness.Ingvar Johansson - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (1):59-69.
    The notion of truthlikeness, coined by Karl Popper, has very much fallen into oblivion, but the paper defends it. It can be regarded in two different ways. Either as a notion that is meaningful only if some formal measure of degree of truthlikeness can be constructed; or as a merely non-formal comparative notion that nonetheless has important functions to fulfill. It is the latter notion that is defended; it is claimed that such a notion is needed for both a reasonable (...)
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  50. Impossible Descriptions, Superfluous Descriptions, and Mead’s “I”.Ingvar Johansson - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 16:52-57.
    Some kinds of utterances which have an indicative grammatical form seem, for different reasons, to be unable to say something true of the world. Logical contradictions are only the prime example of something the author baptizes impossible descriptions. So-called performative contradictions make up another kind, but there are at least two more such kinds: negating affirmations and performatives which cannot be explained within the philosophy of language. Only philosophical anthropology can explain their feature of "impossibleness," and a distinction between unreflective (...)
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