Results for 'International development'

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  1.  82
    Food Sovereignty or the Human Right to Adequate Food: Which Concept Serves Better as International Development Policy for Global Hunger and Poverty Reduction? [REVIEW]Tina D. Beuchelt & Detlef Virchow - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (2):259-273.
    The emerging concept of food sovereignty refers to the right of communities, peoples, and states to independently determine their own food and agricultural policies. It raises the question of which type of food production, agriculture and rural development should be pursued to guarantee food security for the world population. Social movements and non-governmental organizations have readily integrated the concept into their terminology. The concept is also beginning to find its way into the debates and policies of UN organizations and (...)
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  2.  15
    Response to the Case of Short-Term International Development Work: Comment on “Global Health Case: Questioning Our Contributions” by Kelly Anderson.Alyson V. F. Holland & Timothy A. Holland - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):155-156.
    The conventional approach to international development by civil society—that is, the installation of “Western” programs and institutions by “Western” groups in “underdeveloped” regions—has remained largely unchanged since global poverty reduction, whether for political or social justice motivations, gained prominence in public discourse after World War II. Yet poverty rates, literacy, life expectancy, and unemployment in one of the poorest regions of the world, sub-Saharan Africa, has remained the same if not worsened since the 1970s . And, still, the (...)
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  3.  36
    Population Aging and International Development: Addressing Competing Claims of Distributive Justice.Michal Engelman & Summer Johnson - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (1):8–18.
  4.  55
    International Justice and the Third World: Studies in the Philosophy of Development.Robin Attfield & Barry Wilkins (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    _International Justice and the Third World_ vindicates belief in global or universal justice, and explores both liberal and Marxist grounds for such belief. It also investigates the presuppositions of belief in development, and relates it to sustainability, to environmentalism, and to the obligation to cancel Third World debt.
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  5.  28
    The Political Economy of Desire: International Law, Development and the Nation State.Jennifer Beard - 2006 - Routledge-Cavendish.
    This book offers an intelligent and thought-provoking analysis of the genealogy of Western capitalist 'development'. Jennifer Beard departs from the common position that development and underdevelopment are conceptual outcomes of the Imperialist Era and positions the genealogy of development within early Christian writings in which the western theological concepts of sin, salvation, and redemption are expounded. In doing so, she links the early Christian writings of theologians such as Augustine and , Anselm and Abelard to the processes (...)
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  6. Accountability in International Development Aid.Leif Wenar - 2006 - Ethics and International Affairs 20 (1):1-23.
    Concerns over aid effectiveness have led to calls for greater accountability in international development aid. This article examines the state of accountability within and between international development agencies: aid NGOs, international financial institutions, and government aid ministries.
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  7.  7
    The Case for Local Ethics Oversight in International Development Research.Logan Cochrane, Renaud F. Boulanger, Gussai H. Sheikheldin & Gloria Song - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 1 (1):8-16.
    This paper argues that international development research should be submitted to the oversight of research ethics committees from the countries where data will be collected. This includes research conducted by individuals who may fall outside the jurisdictions of most ethics guidelines or policies, such as individuals contracted by non-governmental organizations. The argument is grounded in an understanding of social justice that recognizes that not seeking local ethics approval can be an affront to the decolonization movement, and may lead (...)
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  8.  6
    Institutional Theories and International Development.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Global Justice Theory Practice Rhetoric 7:12-27.
    A recent trend in international development circles is ‘New Institutionalism’. In a slogan, the idea is just that good institutions matter. The slogan itself is so innocuous as to be hardly worth comment. But the push to improve institutional quality has the potential to have a much less innocuous impact on aid efforts and other aspects of international development. This paper provides a critical introduction to some of the literature on institutional quality. It looks, in particular, (...)
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  9.  9
    The Rise of Randomized Controlled Trials in International Development in Historical Perspective.Gil Eyal & Luciana Souza Leão - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (3):383-418.
    This article brings a historical perspective to explain the recent dissemination of randomized controlled trials as the new “gold standard” method to assess international development projects. Although the buzz around RCT evaluations dates from the 2000s, we show that what we are witnessing now is a second wave of RCTs, while a first wave began in the 1960s and ended by the early 1980s. Drawing on content analysis of 123 RCTs, participant observation, and secondary sources, we compare the (...)
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  10.  4
    International Development, Paradox and Phronesis.Robert Kowalski - 2012 - ProtoSociology 29:183-205.
    Three out of five paradoxes previously identified within international development are considered to be the core challenges to professional practice and congruence. The first, that of fostering autonomy, is considered from the perspective of the role that language plays in maintaining inappropriate donor ascendancy taking the concept of participation as an exemplar. The second, based in determinism and free will, is discussed in terms of the gap between practitioners’ espoused theory and theory-in-use that creates a syndrome of dissonance (...)
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  11.  26
    International Development: Exploring the Gap Between Organisations’ Development Policy and Practice—a Southern Perspective. [REVIEW]Denis Dennehy, Mike Fitzgibbon & Fergal Carton - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (2):221-230.
    International development policies inevitably encounter a conflict in their implementation, representing the gap between universal goals and grass-roots practice. The aim of this study was to explore and understand the significance of this gap, and to apply knowledge management principles as a lens to suggest bridging solutions. The research focuses on non-governmental organisations, which are a sub-section of the civil society. The study was unique as it took a Southern perspective—the views and experiences of policy-makers, practitioners and beneficiaries (...)
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  12.  24
    An Assessment of Animal Health Projects: U.S. Agency for International Development, 1960–93. [REVIEW]Joyce M. Turk - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (2):81-89.
    What are the more significant broad-based needs of animal health programs in developing countries? Essentially they are: health management programs, delivery systems, disease surveillance and monitoring of livestock movements, and improved technologies that are cost-effective and environmentally sound.Responsible program planning elicits important considerations that strengthen final results if integrated early into project design. Examples of these considerations include•the potential for intervention;•producers' requirements for animal health services;•present and future effect(s) of disease;•trends in livestock production and marketing;•affect of improved animal health technology (...)
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  13.  17
    Gender Related Issues in International Development Assistance for Agriculture and Rural Life.Nancy W. Axinn - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):69-76.
    In this paper, the author points out that although by-passed by international development assistance in many parts of the world, women have been providing skill and labor for agricultural production, as well as subsistence of food, water and firewood for their families. Some of the assumptions which have contributed to the marginal attention to women as agriculturalists in international development assistance programs are reviewed. Factors contributing to these assumptions, examples of achievements in development projects and (...)
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  14.  13
    Historical Forces in World Agriculture and the Changing Role of International Development Assistance.G. Edward Schuh - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):77-91.
    The first part of this paper discusses five sets of forces that have had a major influence on world agriculture in the post-World War II period. These include (1) high rates of population growth in the developing countries; (2) a steady increase in economic integration world-wide, driven by technological breakthroughs in the communication and transportation sectors; (3) major realignments in the values of national currencies; (4) growing distortions in economic policies in both the industrialized and developing countries; and (5) growing (...)
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  15.  16
    Seven Challenges in International Development Assistance for Health and Ways Forward.Devi Sridhar - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):459-469.
    This paper outlines seven challenges in development assistance for health, which in the current financial context, have become even more important to address. These include the following: (1) the proliferation of initiatives, focusing on specific diseases or issues, as well as (2) the lack of attention given to reforming the existing focal health institutions, the WHO and World Bank. (3) The lack of accountability of donors and their influence on priority-setting are part of the reason that there is “initiavitis,” (...)
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  16.  11
    Ancient and Contemporary Wisdom and Practice on Governance as Religious Leaders Engage in International Development.Katherine Marshall - 2008 - Journal of Global Ethics 4 (3):217 – 229.
    This paper reviews intersecting paths that bring ethics, values, and integrity into development thinking, arguing that religious voices are likely to be heard more frequently in future development debates, with repercussions for development thinking and practice. The case of governance, corruption, accountability and responsibility is highlighted as an example. Here religious experience, actors, and institutions offer wisdom and material experience, but their roles have been less active and visible than the prophetic traditions and expectations of religious teachings (...)
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  17.  2
    Institutional Theories and International Development.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 7:12-27.
    A recent trend in international development circles is ‘New Institutionalism’. In a slogan, the idea is just that good institutions matter. The slogan itself is so innocuous as to be hardly worth comment. But the push to improve institutional quality has the potential to have a much less innocuous impact on aid efforts and other aspects of international development. This paper provides a critical introduction to some of the literature on institutional quality. It looks, in particular, (...)
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  18.  9
    Building Transnational Bodies: Norway and the International Development of Laboratory Animal Science, Ca. 1956–1980.Tone Druglitrø & Robert G. W. Kirk - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (2):333-357.
    ArgumentThis article adopts a historical perspective to examine the development of Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine, an auxiliary field which formed to facilitate the work of the biomedical sciences by systematically improving laboratory animal production, provision, and maintenance in the post Second World War period. We investigate how Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine co-developed at the local level yet was simultaneously transnational in orientation. Adapting the work of Tsing, we argue that national differences provided the creative “friction” that helped (...)
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  19. Introduction: The Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program in Historical Context.Joseph Millum, Christine Grady, Gerald Keusch & Barbara Sina - 2013 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 8 (5):3-16.
    In response to the increasing need for research ethics expertise in low and middle income countries (LMICs), the NIH's Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program has provided grants for the development of training programs in international research ethics for LMIC professionals since 2000. This collection of papers draws upon the combined expertise of Fogarty grantees, trainees, and other experts to assess the state of research ethics in LMICs, and the lessons learned over 12 (...)
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  20.  41
    Insiders and Outsiders in International Development.David A. Crocker - 1991 - Ethics and International Affairs 5:149–173.
    Crocker concludes that international and regional progress are closely interrelated. Universalists and ethnocentrists must converge to "think and act globally, regionally, nationally, and locally.".
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  21.  28
    Environmental Conservation NGOs and the Concept of Sustainable Development: A Research Into the Value Systems of Greenpeace International, WWF International and IUCN International.Yvonne M. Scherrer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S3):555 - 571.
    On the background of the widely known and controversially discussed concept of sustainable development and the ever increasing influence of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on social, environmental and economic issues, this article focuses on how NGOs, specialised in environmental protection and conservation issues, reacted to the holistic societal concept of sustainable development which aims at finding solutions not only to environmental, but also to social and economic issues. For this purpose, the article investigates whether and to what extent the (...)
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  22.  16
    Defining Health Research for Development: The Perspective of Stakeholders From an International Health Research Partnership in Ghana and Tanzania.Claire Leonie Ward, David Shaw, Evelyn Anane‐Sarpong, Osman Sankoh, Marcel Tanner & Bernice Elger - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):331-340.
    Objectives The study uses a qualitative empirical method to define Health Research for Development. This project explores the perspectives of stakeholders in an international health research partnership operating in Ghana and Tanzania. Methods We conducted 52 key informant interviews with major stakeholders in an international multicenter partnership between GlaxoSmithKline and the global health nonprofit organisation PATH and its Malaria Vaccine Initiative program,. The respondents included teams from four clinical research centres and various collaborating partners. This paper analyses (...)
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  23.  6
    Historicizing Elinor Ostrom: Urban Politics, International Development and Expertise in the U.S. Context.Fabien Locher - 2018 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 19 (2):533-558.
    The goal of this article is to write a social and political history of the now preeminent approach to the ‘commons’ institutions, by focusing on Elinor Ostrom’s contributions to its development. My methodology is that of Science and Technology Studies. I focus here on the materiality of E. Ostrom and her team’s research practices, on their intellectual and institutional strategies, their networking practices, how their research was funded, and their interactions with administrative and academic institutions and actors. I analyze (...)
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  24.  16
    Ethics and International Development.Timothy Larrison - 1998 - Business Ethics 7 (1):63–67.
    Although much has been written about multinational behaviour in developing countries, little attention has been paid to the individuals and organisations which influence the environment within which the multinationals operate. The author argues for an absolute moral approach to macro‐economic considerations and a more relative ethical approach at the micro‐level of individual cultures. He is completing his MBA at London Business School after having spent several years working in several continents in the development industry.
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  25. Legal Pluralism and International Development Agencies : State Building or Legal Reform.Julio Faundez - 2012 - In Brian Z. Tamanaha, Caroline Mary Sage & Michael J. V. Woolcock (eds.), Legal Pluralism and Development: Scholars and Practitioners in Dialogue. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  26.  5
    Beyond Compliance - Below Expectations? CSR in the Context of International Development.Ralf Barkemeyer - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (3):273-289.
  27.  12
    Faith in International Agricultural Development: Conservation Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa.Corné J. Rademaker & Henk Jochemsen - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (2):199-212.
    The role of faith and religion in international development cooperation is hotly debated today. The legitimacy of this role remains, however, often confided to instrumental reasons. Yet, thinking about faith and religion only in instrumental terms leaves unquestioned the possibility of a religious background of development cooperation as a practice itself and the potential role of faith through individual practitioners that operate within secular NGOs, and research and policy institutes. The aim of the present paper is therefore (...)
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  28.  23
    The Rise of Randomized Controlled Trials in International Development in Historical Perspective.Luciana de Souza Leão & Gil Eyal - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (3):383-418.
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  29.  24
    International Technical Interventions in Agriculture and Rural Development: Some Basic Trends, Issues, and Questions. [REVIEW]George H. Axinn - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):6-15.
    This paper presents some of the basic trends, issues, and questions regarding the last four decades of international development cooperation in agriculture. The impact of technical cooperation tends to account for only a small proportion of change; the bulk of the variance being caused by internal, rather than external, forces and events. The paper reviews both multilateral and bilateral technical cooperation, and then illustrates with the case of U.S. universities in international technical cooperation. It goes on to (...)
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  30. Anthropology and Participatory Research: Ethical Considerations in International Development.Elizabeth Finnis - 2004 - Nexus 17 (1):2.
  31.  19
    "Globalization and International Development: The Ethical Issues," Ed. H. E. Baber and Denise Dimon. [REVIEW]Nathan Jun - 2014 - Teaching Philosophy 37 (2):268-269.
  32.  21
    Laura German, Jeremias Mowo, Tilahun Amede and Kenneth Masuki : Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Highlands of Eastern Africa: From Concept to Practice: Earthscan, London, Co-Published with International Development Research Centre & World Agroforestry Centre, 2012, 233 Pp, ISBN 978-0-415-69736-1.Ann Waters-Bayer - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (2):325-326.
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  33. I International Development Ethics Association![Idea Montclair Workshop Working Papers I.Proyecto Etnico en los Andes - 1998 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (1-2).
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  34.  15
    International Non-Governmental Development Organizations and Their Northern Constituencies: Development Education, Dialogue and Democracy.Matt Baillie Smith - 2008 - Journal of Global Ethics 4 (1):5 – 18.
    The ways in which international non-governmental development organizations (INGDOs) engage with northern constituencies have important implications for their promotion of principles of global justice and equity, their legitimacy as global actors and their capacity to shape a democratic global civil society. This paper focuses on the diverse forms of engagement currently being sought by international development NGOs. Using development education as a case study the paper explores some of the processes of mediation and negotiation that (...)
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  35.  7
    Seven Challenges in International Development Assistance for Health and Ways Forward.Devi Sridhar - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):459-469.
  36.  15
    International Development Assistance for Health: Ten Priorities for the Next President.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (5):pp. 10-11.
  37.  6
    Evaluating Participatory Research Supported by the International Development Research Centre.Wm C. Found - 1997 - Knowledge and Policy 10 (1-2):109-122.
  38.  6
    Corporate Social Responsibility and International Development. Is Business the Solution? By Michael Hopkins. Pp. 243+Xvii. (Earthscan, London, 2007.) £19.00, ISBN 978-1-84407-610-9, Paperback. [REVIEW]A. K. McLennan - 2010 - Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (3):431-432.
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  39.  3
    International Development of Human Rights.Bagrat Bagratyan - 2013 - Wisdom 1 (1):26.
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  40.  23
    Globalization and International Development: The Ethical Issues.H. E. Baber & Denise Dimon (eds.) - 2013 - Broadview Press.
    This new anthology offers a wide selection of readings addressing the contemporary moral issues that arise from the division between the Global North and South—“the problem of the color-line” that W.E.B. Du Bois identified at the beginning of the twentieth century and which, on a scale that Du Bois could not have foreseen, is the problem of the twenty-first. The book is interdisciplinary in scope. In addition to standard topical essays in ethical theory by philosophers such as Anthony Appiah, Martha (...)
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  41. Narrative Matters Among the Mlabri: Interpretive Anthropology in International Development.Ellen A. Herda - 2010 - In Brian Treanor & Henry Isaac Venema (eds.), A Passion for the Possible: Thinking with Paul Ricoeur. Fordham University Press.
  42. 29. Institutional Power Matters: The Role of Institutional Power in International Development.Lori Keleher - 2015 - In Roger T. Ames Peter D. Hershock (ed.), Value and Values: Economics and Justice in an Age of Global Interdependence. University of Hawaii Press.
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  43. Heidegger and International Development.Matt Story & Trish Glazebrook - 2015 - In Paul J. Ennis & Tziovanis Georgakis (eds.), Heidegger in the Twenty-First Century. Springer Verlag.
     
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  44.  22
    The Development of International Business Norms.Duane Windsor - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):729-754.
    International business norms do not exist. Content and development of such norms is a significant research question for business ethics scholarship. Any norms must address difficult practical and moral problems facing multinational enterprises. The author’s thesis is as follows. A key circumstance is that international relations remain a Hobbesian state of nature. The theoretical solution of a global sovereignty for norm formulation and enforcement is unlikely. The business ethics literature proposes other insightful but theoretical and conflicting solutions (...)
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  45.  82
    The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health.David P. Fidler & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):85-94.
    The adoption of the new International Health Regulations in May 2005 represents an historic development for international law and public health. This article describes the IHR revision process and analyzes why the new IHR constitute an advance in global health governance.
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  46.  23
    Globalization: The Next Development of the International System.Robert Muller - 1999 - World Futures 53 (2):165-187.
    (1999). Globalization: The next development of the international system. World Futures: Vol. 53, Globalization and the Future of the Nation-State, pp. 165-187.
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  47.  27
    The New International Economic Order, Basic Needs, and Technology Transfer: Toward an Integrated Strategy for Development in the Future.Kempe Hope - 1981 - World Futures 18 (3):163-176.
    (1982). The new international economic order, basic needs, and technology transfer: Toward an integrated strategy for development in the future. World Futures: Vol. 18, No. 3-4, pp. 163-176.
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  48.  16
    International Competitions for Law Students: The Development of Communicative and Professional Competences.Elena G. Vyushkina - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 34 (1):189-204.
    The paper deals with a practical approach to developing of law stu- dents’ communicative and professional competences within a one-term, optional, cross-curricular course. The author, whose principal occupation is teaching Le- gal English, was offered the opportunity to train a team of law students to take part in the national rounds of the International Client Consultation Com- petition. Since then, the author has been involved in coaching teams for law students’ competitions and the author’s three year work has resulted (...)
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  49.  14
    Working Without Shame in International Educational Development? From Consequentialism to Casuistry.David Bridges - 2015 - Ethics and Education 10 (3):271-283.
    The central question addressed in this paper is about the ethics of engaging with educational development in countries perceived as undemocratic or as failing to respect human rights. More particularly, it examines the nature of the arguments that are brought to bear on this issue. It suggests that these are essentially consequentialist in character and hence fall prey to many of the limitations of such consequentialism, including the unpredictability of what will unfold, the indeterminacy of the consequences and the (...)
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  50.  17
    Affluence, Poverty, and Ecology: Obligation, International Relations, and Sustainable Development.Paul G. Harris - 1997 - Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):121 - 138.
    Effective efforts to protect the global environment will require the willing cooperation of the world's poor. Persuading them to join international environmental agreements and to choose environmentally sustainable development requires substantial concessions from the affluent industrialized countries, including additional financial assistance and technology transfers. The affluent countries ought to provide such assistance to the world's poor for ethical reasons. Doing so would promote transnational distributive justice, which is defined here as a fair and equitable distribution among countries of (...)
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