Results for 'Inversion'

524 found
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  1.  38
    Generalized Definitional Reflection and the Inversion Principle.Peter Schroeder-Heister - 2007 - Logica Universalis 1 (2):355-376.
    . The term inversion principle goes back to Lorenzen who coined it in the early 1950s. It was later used by Prawitz and others to describe the symmetric relationship between introduction and elimination inferences in natural deduction, sometimes also called harmony. In dealing with the invertibility of rules of an arbitrary atomic production system, Lorenzen’s inversion principle has a much wider range than Prawitz’s adaptation to natural deduction. It is closely related to definitional reflection, which is a principle (...)
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  2. On the Coherence of Inversion.Clayton Littlejohn - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (2):127-137.
    In this paper, I shall evaluate a strategy recently used to try to demonstrate the impossibility of behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion. After showing that the impossibility proof proves too much, I shall identify where it goes wrong. In turn, I shall explain why someone attracted to functionalist and representationalist assumptions might rightly remain agnostic about the possibility of inversion.
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  3.  32
    Monstrous Faces and a World Transformed: Merleau-Ponty, Dolezal, and the Enactive Approach on Vision Without Inversion of the Retinal Image.Susan Bredlau - 2011 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (4):481-498.
    The world perceived by a person undergoing vision without inversion of the retinal image has traditionally been described as inverted. Drawing on the philosophical work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and the empirical research of Hubert Dolezal, I argue that this description is more reflective of a representationist conception of vision than of actual visual experience. The world initially perceived in vision without inversion of the retinal image is better described as lacking in lived significance rather than inverted; vision without (...)
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  4.  18
    Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect.Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.
    Recent research suggests that individuals with relatively weak global precedence (i.e., a smaller propensity to view visual stimuli in a configural manner) show a reduced face inversion effect (FIE). Coupled with such findings, a number of recent studies have demonstrated links between an advantage for feature-based processing and the presentation of traits associated with autism among the general population. The present study sought to bridge these findings by investigating whether a relationship exists between the possession of autism-associated traits (i.e., (...)
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  5. Generalizing Qualia Inversion.Neil Campbell - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (1):27-34.
    Philosophers who advocate the possibility of spectrum inversion often conclude that the qualitative content of experiential states pose a serious problem for functionalism. I argue that in order for the inversion hypothesis to support this conclusion one needs to show that it generalizes to all species of qualia. By examining features of touch, taste, and olfactory sensations, I show there is good reason to resist this generalization, in which case appeals to the possibility of spectral inversion are (...)
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  6. Spectrum Inversion Without a Difference in Representation is Impossible.Jeff Speaks - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (3):339-361.
    Even if spectrum inversion of various sorts is possible, spectrum inversion without a difference in representation is not. So spectrum inversion does not pose a challenge for the intentionalist thesis that, necessarily, within a given sense modality, if two experiences are alike with respect to content, they are also alike with respect to their phenomenal character. On the contrary, reflection on variants of standard cases of spectrum inversion provides a strong argument for intentionalism. Depending on one’s (...)
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  7.  17
    Pay Inversion at Universities: Is It Ethical?Myron Glassman & R. Bruce Mcafee - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):325-333.
    This paper examines an important issue facing academia-pay inversion. It discusses how inversion is accompanied by ethical issues including secrecy, moral dilemmas for faculty, honesty, and keeping promises. It then examines this issue from five ethical viewpoints: a legalistic perspective, ethical egoism, utilitarianism, distributive justice, and Kants deontological approach. As part of the discussion, the effect of the moral philosophy on the universitys corporate culture is examined, with attention given to morale and productivity. Finally, alternatives to pay (...) that universities may want to consider are discussed. (shrink)
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  8. Four Theories of Inversion in Art and Music.John Dilworth - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):1-19.
    Issues about the nature and ontology of works of art play a central part in contemporary aesthetics. But such issues are complicated by the fact that there seem to be two fundamentally different kinds of artworks. First, a visual artwork such as a picture or drawing seems to be closely identified with a particular physical object, in that even an exact copy of it does not count as being genuinely the same work of art. Nelson Goodman describes such works as (...)
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  9.  31
    Badness and Jump Inversion in the Enumeration Degrees.Charles M. Harris - 2012 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (3-4):373-406.
    This paper continues the investigation into the relationship between good approximations and jump inversion initiated by Griffith. Firstly it is shown that there is a ${\Pi^{0}_{2}}$ set A whose enumeration degree a is bad—i.e. such that no set ${X \in a}$ is good approximable—and whose complement ${\overline{A}}$ has lowest possible jump, in other words is low2. This also ensures that the degrees y ≤ a only contain ${\Delta^{0}_{3}}$ sets and thus yields a tight lower bound for the complexity of (...)
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  10.  8
    Evaluating the Ethics of Inversion.Susan H. Godar, Patricia J. O’Connor & Virginia Anne Taylor - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (1):1-6.
    In the last five years, a number of U.S. companies have either moved their locus of incorporation to countries with more favorable tax laws, or announced such moves. Given this trend toward “inversions”, and the polemics that have accompanied it, we offer two ways in which the ethics of such a move can be evaluated. We provide multinational executives with two applications of ethics to inversion: Kant’s deontological theory and the consequentialist perspective of utilitarianism.
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  11.  3
    Pedro como personagem no evangelho de Mateus: complexidade e inversão (Peter as character in the Gospel of Matthew: complexity and inversion) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2014v12n33p164. [REVIEW]João Leonel - 2014 - Horizonte 12 (33):164-182.
    Este artigo tematiza o apóstolo Pedro como personagem no evangelho de Mateus. O objetivo é identificar as nuances e transformações do personagem Pedro no evangelho. Para tanto, tomo como ponto de partida a pertença do evangelho ao gênero literário biografia greco-romana, que apresenta Jesus Cristo como protagonista. Os demais personagens são desenvolvidos em relação com ele. O mesmo se dá com o apóstolo Pedro. O texto se desenvolve a partir da teoria narrativa, de modo particular a caracterização de personagens. Identifico, (...)
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  12. An Argument Against Spectrum Inversion.Pär Sundström - 2002 - In Sten Lindstrom & Par Sundstrom (eds.), Physicalism, Consciousness, and Modality: Essays in the Philosophy of Mind. pp. 65--94.
  13.  24
    Individual Differences in (Non‐Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect.Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.
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  14.  4
    Effects of Inversion of the Visual Field on Human Motions.Warren Rhule & Karl U. Smith - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):338.
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  15. Consciousness, Explanatory Inversion and Cognitive Science.John R. Searle - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):585-642.
    Cognitive science typically postulates unconscious mental phenomena, computational or otherwise, to explain cognitive capacities. The mental phenomena in question are supposed to be inaccessible in principle to consciousness. I try to show that this is a mistake, because all unconscious intentionality must be accessible in principle to consciousness; we have no notion of intrinsic intentionality except in terms of its accessibility to consciousness. I call this claim the The argument for it proceeds in six steps. The essential point is that (...)
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  16.  47
    On Inversion Principles.Enrico Moriconi & Laura Tesconi - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (2):103-113.
    The idea of an ?inversion principle?, and the name itself, originated in the work of Paul Lorenzen in the 1950s, as a method to generate new admissible rules within a certain syntactic context. Some fifteen years later, the idea was taken up by Dag Prawitz to devise a strategy of normalization for natural deduction calculi (this being an analogue of Gentzen's cut-elimination theorem for sequent calculi). Later, Prawitz used the inversion principle again, attributing it with a semantic role. (...)
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  17.  53
    Darwin's ''Strange Inversion of Reasoning''.Daniel Dennett - unknown
    Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection unifies the world of physics with the world of meaning and purpose by proposing a deeply counterintuitive ‘‘inversion of reasoning’’ (according to a 19th century critic): ‘‘to make a perfect and beautiful machine, it is not requisite to know how to make it’’ [MacKenzie RB (1868) (Nisbet & Co., London)]. Turing proposed a similar inversion: to be a perfect and beautiful computing machine, it is not requisite to know what arithmetic is. (...)
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  18. Color Science and Spectrum Inversion: A Reply to Nida-Rumelin.Peter W. Ross - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):566-570.
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. (...)
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  19.  85
    Spectrum Inversion and the Color Solid.Austen Clark - 1985 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):431-43.
    The possibility that what looks red to me may look green to you has traditionally been known as "spectrum inversion." This possibility is thought to create difficulties for any attempt to define mental states in terms of behavioral dispositions or functional roles. If spectrum inversion is possible, then it seems that two perceptual states may have identical functional antecedents and effects yet differ in their qualitative content. In that case the qualitative character of the states could not be (...)
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  20.  77
    The Scrambling Theorem: A Simple Proof of the Logical Possibility of Spectrum Inversion.Donald D. Hoffman - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):31-45.
    The possibility of spectrum inversion has been debated since it was raised by Locke and is still discussed because of its implications for functionalist theories of conscious experience . This paper provides a mathematical formulation of the question of spectrum inversion and proves that such inversions, and indeed bijective scramblings of color in general, are logically possible. Symmetries in the structure of color space are, for purposes of the proof, irrelevant. The proof entails that conscious experiences are not (...)
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  21.  6
    A Jump Inversion Theorem for the Enumeration Jump.I. N. Soskov - 2000 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (6):417-437.
    . We prove a jump inversion theorem for the enumeration jump and a minimal pair type theorem for the enumeration reducibilty. As an application some results of Selman, Case and Ash are obtained.
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  22.  5
    Historicizing Inversion: Or, How to Make a Homosexual.Matt T. Reed - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (4):1-29.
    At the end of the 19th century, the vocabulary of sexuality - perversion - became one of the primary means by which people began to articulate and think about their individuality, their sense of self. Joining authors like Ian Hacking and Arnold Davidson, I suggest the importance of a ‘style of reasoning’ to the creation of sexual kinds at the end of the 19th century, a kind of reasoning that might be styled as historical. For the invert to become possible (...)
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  23.  15
    Limits on Jump Inversion for Strong Reducibilities.Barbara F. Csima, Rod Downey & Keng Meng Ng - 2011 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1287-1296.
    We show that Sacks' and Shoenfield's analogs of jump inversion fail for both tt- and wtt-reducibilities in a strong way. In particular we show that there is a ${\mathrm{\Delta }}_{2}^{0}$ set B > tt ∅′ such that there is no c.e. set A with A′ ≡ wtt B. We also show that there is a ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{2}^{0}$ set C > tt ∅′ such that there is no ${\mathrm{\Delta }}_{2}^{0}$ set D with D′ ≡ wtt C.
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  24.  68
    From Time Inversion to Nonlinear QED.Wei Min Jin - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (11):1943-1973.
    In Minkowski flat space-time, it is perceived that time inversion is unitary rather than antiunitary, with energy being a time vector changing sign under time inversion. The Dirac equation, in the case of electromagnetic interaction, is not invariant under unitary time inversion, giving rise to a “Klein paradox.” To render unitary time inversion invariance, a nonlinear wave equation is constructed, in which the “Klein paradox” disappears. In the case of Coulomb interaction, the revised nonlinear equation can (...)
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  25.  19
    Inversion by Definitional Reflection and the Admissibility of Logical Rules.Wagner de Campos Sanz & Thomas Piecha - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (3):550-569.
    The inversion principle for logical rules expresses a relationship between introduction and elimination rules for logical constants. Hallnäs & Schroeder-Heister (1990, 1991) proposed the principle of definitional reflection, which embodies basic ideas of inversion in the more general context of clausal definitions. For the context of admissibility statements, this has been further elaborated by Schroeder-Heister (2007). Using the framework of definitional reflection and its admissibility interpretation, we show that, in the sequent calculus of minimal propositional logic, the left (...)
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  26.  4
    Limit Lemmas and Jump Inversion in the Enumeration Degrees.Evan J. Griffiths - 2003 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (6):553-562.
    We show that there is a limit lemma for enumeration reducibility to 0 e ', analogous to the Shoenfield Limit Lemma in the Turing degrees, which relativises for total enumeration degrees. Using this and `good approximations' we prove a jump inversion result: for any set W with a good approximation and any set X< e W such that W≤ e X' there is a set A such that X≤ e A< e W and A'=W'. (All jumps are enumeration degree (...)
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  27.  19
    Inversion by Definitional Reflection and the Admissibility of Logical Rules.Wagner Campos Sanz & Thomas Piecha - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (3):550-569.
    The inversion principle for logical rules expresses a relationship between introduction and elimination rules for logical constants. Hallnäs & Schroeder-Heister proposed the principle of definitional reflection, which embodies basic ideas of inversion in the more general context of clausal definitions. For the context of admissibility statements, this has been further elaborated by Schroeder-Heister . Using the framework of definitional reflection and its admissibility interpretation, we show that, in the sequent calculus of minimal propositional logic, the left introduction rules (...)
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  28. On Triggered Inversion in Hebrew.Erez Levon - unknown
    Triggered Inversion (TI) in Hebrew has been previously analyzed as canonical A'-movement to the specificer position of a functional projection in the CP-layer (Doron & Shlonsky 1990, Shlonsky 1997). This article examines the semantic properties of TI constructions in Hebrew, specifically the cross-linguistic similarities between TI in Hebrew and pseudoclefts (PC) in English, as discussed in Heycock & Kroch (1999). A structure is proposed for Hebrew TI that parallels the structure given for equatives in Hebrew by Rothstein (1995), in (...)
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  29.  25
    Spectrum Inversion.Peter W. Ross - forthcoming - In Derek Brown & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Colour. Routledge.
    This chapter examines the spectrum inversion hypothesis as an argument against certain kinds of account of what it’s like to be conscious of color. The hypothesis aims to provide a counterexample to accounts of what it’s like to be conscious of color in non-qualitative terms, as well as to accounts of what it’s like to be conscious of color in terms of the representational content of conscious visual states (which, according to some philosophers, is in turn given an account (...)
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  30.  99
    Color Science and Spectrum Inversion: Further Thoughts.Peter W. Ross - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):575-6.
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. (...)
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  31.  86
    Physicalism, Qualia Inversion, and Affective States.Neil Campbell - 2000 - Synthese 124 (2):239-256.
    I argue that the inverted spectrum hypothesis is nota possibility we should take seriously. The principlereason is that if someone's qualia were inverted inthe specified manner there is reason to believe thephenomenal difference would manifest itself inbehaviour. This is so for two reasons. First, Isuggest that qualia, including phenomenal colours, arepartly constituted by an affective component whichwould be inverted along with the connected qualia. Theresulting affective inversions will, given theintimate connections that exist between emotions andbehaviour, likely manifest themselves in behaviour, (...)
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  32.  23
    Scope Inversion Under the Rise-Fall Contour in German.Manfred Krifka - unknown
    This article1 deals with a well-known but still ill-explained fact about German, namely scope inversion under a particular accent contour, as illustrated with the following examples, where “/” and “\” stand for rising and falling accent: (a) Mindestens ein Stu- dent hat jeden Roman gelesen, lit. ‘at least one student has every novel read’, with the reading “For at least one student x: x read every book”, and (b) Mindestens /EIN Student hat \JEDen Roman gelesen, with the additional reading (...)
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  33. Representationalism, Inversion and Color Constancy.Renée Smith - 2007 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):1-15.
    Sydney Shoemaker has gone to great lengths to defend a representationalist view of phenomenal character, and yet he describes this view as breaking with standard representationalism in two ways. First, he thinks his representationalist position is consistent with the possibility of spectrum inversion, and second, he thinks there are qualia. Thus, we can think of his position in the qualia debate as moderate representationalism by taking up some middle ground between these two major camps. This \moderate" view faces several (...)
     
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  34.  22
    Subject-Auxiliary Inversion in Comparatives and PF Output Constraints.Jason Merchant - unknown
    This paper establishes the novel generalization that Subject -Auxiliary Inversion in comparative clauses requires the co-presence of VP-ellipsis, and argues that this peculiar fact follows from a disjunctive formulation of an ECP that applies at PF. The analysis relies crucially on the presence of an intermediate trace of the A'-moved comparative operator at the edge of VP, which is subject to the ECP at PF, and which interacts with the head movement involved in SAI. This trace is unlicensed in (...)
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  35.  7
    Alhazen, Leonardo, and Late-Medieval Speculation on the Inversion of Images in the Eye.Bruce Eastwood - 1986 - Annals of Science 43 (5):413-446.
    No one before Platter and Kepler proposed retinal reception of an inverted visual image. The dominant tradition in visual theory, especially that of Alhazen and his Western followers, subordinated the intra-ocular geometry of visual rays to the requirement for an upright image and to preconceptions about the precise nature of the visual spirit and its part in vision. Henry of Langenstein and an anonymous glossator in the late Middle Ages proposed alternatives to Alhazen, including the suggestion of double inversion (...)
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  36.  12
    Iambic Inversion in Finnish.Paul Kiparsky - manuscript
    The modern study of versification is based on the hypothesis that language is rhythmically organized, that metrical patterns are defined by simple rhythmic schemata, and that the two are related by correspondence constraints. Some analyses of the phenomenon of “inversion” in iambic verse reject a central aspect of this hypothesis in positing more complex metrical schemata containing both trochaic and iambic feet. I present evidence against such “trochaic substitution” analyses and demonstrate the iambic character of inverted feet with statistical (...)
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  37.  3
    La inversión trágica del sentido de la acción. Edipo rey y Antígona en la Fenomenología del espíritu de Hegel.Ciro Alegría Varona - 1997 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 9 (1):35-72.
    Through the analyses of certain passages of Chapter VI of the Phenomenology of Spirit, this paper show how Hegel uses Greek tragedy to design a model of conflictive development of the relationship between society and State. The thread of this reading is the concept of inversion (Verkehrung) which appears closely related to that of action (Handlung). This paper shows, in conclusion, that the reduction of this tragic comprehension of the ethical to the conflictive terrns between civil society and State (...)
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  38.  2
    Power, Technology and Social Studies of Health Care: An Infrastructural Inversion[REVIEW]Casper Bruun Jensen - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (4):355-374.
    Power, dominance, and hierarchy are prevalent analytical terms in social studies of health care. Power is often seen as residing in medical structures, institutions, discourses, or ideologies. While studies of medical power often draw on Michel Foucault, this understanding is quite different from his proposal to study in detail the “strategies, the networks, the mechanisms, all those techniques by which a decision is accepted” [Foucault, M. (1988). In Politics, philosophy, culture: Interviews and other writings 1977–84 (pp. 96–109). New York: Routledge]. (...)
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  39.  2
    An Analysis of Fierz Identities, Factorization and Inversion Theorems.Suemi Rodríguez-Romo - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (11):1535-1542.
    We show that the full set of Fierz identities which are used to compute electro-weak interactions reported by Y. Takahashi can be considered as particular cases of the Clifford product between multivector Cartan maps. Moreover, we think that our approach can be generalized to higher-dimensional models.We discuss the factorization and inversion theorems for the recovery of the spinor from its multivectorial Cartan map.A new classification given by P. Lounesto is applied to the recovered spinors for Cl1,3 space-time symmetry and (...)
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  40. Nomic Inversion And The Contingency Of Laws.Simon Bostock - 2005 - Philosophical Writings 30 (3).
    According to the Contingency Theory of Laws, if there are possible worlds in which it is a law that all Fs are G, there are also possible F-containing worlds in which it is not. I argue here that the theory is forced to accept the possibility of nomic inversion: i.e. pairs of properties that have their actual nomic roles swapped in some possible world. Such inversions cannot be ruled out on grounds of logical or metaphysical inconsistency, and therefore – (...)
     
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  41. Physicalism, Qualia Inversion, And Affective States.Neil Campbell - 2000 - Synthese 124 (2):239-255.
    I argue that the inverted spectrum hypothesis is not a possibility we should take seriously. The principle reason is that if someone's qualia were inverted in the specified manner there is reason to believe the phenomenal difference would manifest itself in behaviour. This is so for two reasons. First, I suggest that qualia, including phenomenal colours, are partly constituted by an affective component which would be inverted along with the connected qualia. The resulting affective inversions will, given the intimate connections (...)
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  42. Colour Inversion Problems for Representationalism.Fiona Macpherson - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):127-152.
    In this paper I examine whether representationalism can account for various thought experiments about colour inversions. Representationalism is, at minimum, the view that, necessarily, if two experiences have the same representational content then they have the same phenomenal character. I argue that representationalism ought to be rejected if one holds externalist views about experiential content and one holds traditional externalist views about the nature of the content of propositional attitudes. Thus, colour inversion scenarios are more damaging to externalist representationalist (...)
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  43. The Threat of Logical Inversion and Our Need for Philosophical Attention: From Thought-Expression to Discourse and Discussion.Brandon Yarbrough - forthcoming - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-19.
    Thought-expressions are not simply good; instead, they become good for us when they make sense, empower action, and support health. From time to time, we may need to consider the difference between thought-expression and discourse, or thought-expression that really makes sense, and the difference between discourse and discussion, or a discourse-situation that makes genuine agreement or disagreement possible for us. In this essay, I explore a problem that D. Z. Phillips and Randy Ramal have termed “logical inversion,” and I (...)
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  44.  60
    Privileged Detection of Conspecifics: Evidence From Inversion Effects During Continuous Flash Suppression.Timo Stein, Philipp Sterzer & Marius V. Peelen - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):64-79.
  45.  2
    Improving the Quality of Prestack Inversion by Prestack Data Conditioning.Bo Zhang, Deshuang Chang, Tengfei Lin & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2015 - Interpretation 3 (1):T5-T12.
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  46. Colour Inversion Problems for Representationalism.Fiona Macpherson - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):127-152.
    In this paper I examine whether representationalism can account for various thought experiments about colour inversions. Representationalism is, at minimum, the view that, necessarily, if two experiences have the same representational content then they have the same phenomenal character. I argue that representationalism ought to be rejected if one holds externalist views about experiential content and one holds traditional exter- nalist views about the nature of the content of propositional attitudes. Thus, colour inver- sion scenarios are more damaging to externalist (...)
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  47. The Effect of Face Inversion on the Detection of Emotional Faces in Visual Search.Ruth A. Savage & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (6):972-991.
  48. Armstrong and the Modal Inversion of Dispositions.Toby Handfield - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):452–461.
    D. M. Armstrong has objected that the Dispositionalist theory of laws and properties is modally inverted, for it entails that properties are constituted by relations to non-actual possibilia. I contend that, if this objection succeeds against Dispositionalism, then Armstrong's nomic necessitation relation is also modally inverted. This shows that at least one of Armstrong's reasons for preferring a nomic necessitation theory is specious.
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  49. Kitcher’s Revolutionary Reasoning Inversion in Ethics.Christine Clavien - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (1):117-128.
    This paper examines three specific issues raised by The Ethical Project. First, I discuss the varieties of altruism and spell out the differences between the definitions proposed by Kitcher and the ways altruism is usually conceived in biology, philosophy, psychology, and economics literature. Second, with the example of Kitcher’s account, I take a critical look at evolutionary stories of the emergence of human ethical practices. Third, I point to the revolutionary implications of the Darwinian methodology when it is thoughtfully applied (...)
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    A Face Inversion Effect Without a Face.Talia Brandman & Galit Yovel - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):365-372.
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