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Ioan Muntean [14]Ioan Lucian Muntean [1]
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Ioan Muntean
University of North Carolina, Asheville
  1. Metaphysics From String Theory: S-Dualities, Fundamentality, Modality and Pluralism.Ioan Muntean - 2015 - In T. Bigaj & Ch Wuthrich (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics. Brill/Rodopi. pp. 259–292.
    Some philosophers of science have suggested that contemporary science should be the source of inspiration to the new analytic metaphysics (A. Chakra vartty, C. Callender, S. French, J. Ladyman, T. Maudlin, etc.). This paper explores the prospect of a string metaphysics: a research program in analytic metaphysics based on string theory. Different forms of fundamentalism and pluralism are discussed in this context. The paper focus on string metaphysics with S-dualities (a relation between models of string theory at different coupling regimes) (...)
     
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  2. Laws.Nancy Cartwright, Anna Alexandrova, Andrew Hamilton Sophia Efstathiou & Ioan Muntean - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  21
    Autonomy, Allostasic Mechanisms, and AI: A Biomimetic Perspective.Ioan Muntean & Cory Wright - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (3):489–513.
    We argue that the concepts of mechanism and autonomy appear to be antagonistic when autonomy is conflated with agency. Once these concepts are disentangled, it becomes clearer how autonomy emerges from complex forms of control. Subsequently, current biomimetic strategies tend to focus on homeostatic regulatory systems; we propose that research in AI and robotics would do well to incorporate biomimetic strategies that instead invoke models of allostatic mechanisms as a way of understanding how to enhance autonomy in artificial systems.
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  4.  48
    A Minimalist Model of the Artificial Autonomous Moral Agent (AAMA).Ioan Muntean & Don Howard - 2016 - In SSS-16 Symposium Technical Reports. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. AAAI.
    This paper proposes a model for an artificial autonomous moral agent (AAMA), which is parsimonious in its ontology and minimal in its ethical assumptions. Starting from a set of moral data, this AAMA is able to learn and develop a form of moral competency. It resembles an “optimizing predictive mind,” which uses moral data (describing typical behavior of humans) and a set of dispositional traits to learn how to classify different actions (given a given background knowledge) as morally right, wrong, (...)
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  5. The Fiber Bundle at the Gates of Metaphysics. Challenging Maudlin's Proposal.Ioan Muntean - unknown
    In a recent book (The Metaphysics within Physics), Tim Maudlin reconstructs metaphysics by taking inspiration from the gauge theories interpreted in the ber bundle framework. I call his project the "fiber bundle metaphysics". Primarily targeted not to Humean Supervenience, but to any metaphysics employing the relation of resemblance among objects (D. Lewis, D. Armstrong), Maudlin's project is novel and promising. I critically analyze the arguments by identifying several objections stemming rst from metaphysics. The metaphysician questions whether gauge theory represented through (...)
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  6.  29
    The Fiber Bundle at the Gates of Metaphysics. Challenging Tim Maudlin's Proposal.Ioan Muntean - 2010 - In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer. pp. 239--251.
    In this paper I discuss Tim Maudlin’s attempt to reject the theory of universals based on the interpretation of gauge theories in the fiber bundle framework. The project is novel and assuring, but, I argue, it is vulnerable to several objections stemming from both metaphysics and physics. I complement his project by emphasizing two missing elements: first, a commitment to realism; second, the fundamentality or non-fundamentality of gauge theories.
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  7.  21
    Artificial Moral Agents: Creative, Autonomous, Social. An Approach Based on Evolutionary Computation.Ioan Muntean & Don Howard - 2014 - In Johanna Seibt, Raul Hakli & Marco Nørskov (eds.), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications.
  8. Computation and Scientific Discovery? A Bio-Inspired Approach.Ioan Muntean - 2014 - In Hiroki Sayama (ed.), Artificial Life 14. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems.
  9.  44
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Ioan Muntean, Patrick McGivern & Dean Rickles - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):107 – 121.
  10.  43
    Time Travel and Theories of Time (2002).Ioan Lucian Muntean - manuscript
    This paper is a survey of the theories of time travel in a perspective close to theories of time. In the last section we discuss the special ontology of the objects that exist on closed timelike curves. We simply assert that CTC need a new ontology and these objects are not simply impossible or unconcevaible.
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  11.  12
    Genetic Algorithms in Scientific Discovery: A New Epistemology?Ioan Muntean - unknown
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  12.  9
    Mechanisms of Unification in Kaluza-Klein Theory.Ioan Muntean - 2008 - In D. Dieks (ed.), Ontology of Spacetime.
    In this chapter I discuss the attempts by Theodor Kaluza [Kaluza, T., 1921. Zum Unitätproblem der Physik. Sitzungsber. der K. Ak. der Wiss. zu Berlin, 966–972] and by Oskar Klein [Klein, O., 1926a. Quantentheorie und fünfdimensionale Relativitätstheorie. Zeitschrift für Physik 37 (12), 895–906; Klein, O., 1926b. The atomicity of electricity as a quantum theory law. Nature 118, 516], respectively, to unify electromagnetism and general relativity within a five-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I critically compare Kaluza's results to Klein's. Klein's theory possesses more (...)
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  13.  6
    Structural Pluralism and S-Dualities: A Project in String Realism.Ioan Muntean - 2015 - In Iulian D. Toader, Gabriel Sandu & Ilie Pȃrvu (eds.), Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 199-219.
  14. Două teorii asupra identităţii în timp.Ioan Muntean - 2007 - Annals of the University of Craiova, Series: Philosophy:54-80.
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  15.  3
    Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science.Ioan Muntean (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    In string theory with S-dualities, there is an object-oriented realism and a structure-oriented realism. This paper discusses the advantages of “string structural realism”, a form of the latter, having a multi-aspected structure with a “model-oriented” pluralistic ontology, and grounded in the relation among fundamental objects of various string models.
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