Results for 'Iona Alexander'

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  1.  63
    Edges, Colour and Awareness in Blindsight.Iona Alexander & Alan Cowey - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):520-533.
    It remains unclear what is being processed in blindsight in response to faces, colours, shapes, and patterns. This was investigated in two hemianopes with chromatic and achromatic stimuli with sharp or shallow luminance or chromatic contrast boundaries or temporal onsets. Performance was excellent only when stimuli had sharp spatial boundaries. When discrimination between isoluminant coloured Gaussians was good it declined to chance levels if stimulus onset was slow. The ability to discriminate between instantaneously presented colours in the hemianopic field depended (...)
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  2.  23
    Chromatic Perceptual Learning but No Category Effects Without Linguistic Input.Alexandra Grandison, Paul T. Sowden, Vicky G. Drivonikou, Leslie A. Notman, Iona Alexander & Ian R. L. Davies - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  3.  20
    Kant's Treatment of Animals: Alexander Broadie and Elizabeth M. Pybus.Alexander Broadie - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (190):375-383.
    Some of the greatest writers on moral philosophy have claimed that their theories about morality do not run counter to the moral views of ordinary men, but on the contrary are an elucidation of such views, or provide them with a sound philosophical underpinning. Aristotle, for example, made it quite clear that he could not take seriously a moral view that was at odds with the heritage of moral wisdom deeply imbedded in his society. His doctrine of the mean was (...)
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  4.  41
    Living, Dying and the Nature of Death.Iona Heath - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1079-1081.
  5.  29
    The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S5, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
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  6.  2
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation and Commentary.Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Alexander (of Aphrodisias.) & R. W. Sharples (eds.) - 1983 - Duckworth.
  7.  31
    The Biological Justification of Ethics: A Best-Case Scenario: Alexander Rosenberg.Alexander Rosenberg - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (1):86-101.
    Social and behavioral scientists — that is, students of human nature — nowadays hardly ever use the term ‘human nature’. This reticence reflects both a becoming modesty about the aims of their disciplines and a healthy skepticism about whether there is any one thing really worthy of the label ‘human nature’. For some feature of humankind to be identified as accounting for our ‘nature’, it would have to reflect some property both distinctive of our species and systematically influential enough to (...)
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  8.  40
    From Restricted to Full Omniscience: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (2):257-264.
    Some, notably Peter van Inwagen, in order to avoid problems with free will and omniscience, replace the condition that an omniscient being knows all true propositions with a version of the apparently weaker condition that an omniscient being knows all knowable true propositions. I shall show that the apparently weaker condition, when conjoined with uncontroversial claims and the logical closure of an omniscient being's knowledge, still yields the claim that an omniscient being knows all true propositions.
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  9.  24
    The Essential Divine-Perfection Objection to the Free-Will Defence: Alexander R. Pruss.Alexander R. Pruss - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (4):433-444.
    The free-will defence holds that the value of significant free will is so great that God is justified in creating significantly free creatures even if there is a risk or certainty that these creatures will sin. A difficulty for the FWD, developed carefully by Quentin Smith, is that God is unable to do evil, and yet surely lacks no genuinely valuable kind of freedom. Smith argues that the kind of freedom that God has can be had by creatures, without a (...)
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  10.  69
    The Importance of Values in Evidence-Based Medicine.Michael P. Kelly, Iona Heath, Jeremy Howick & Trisha Greenhalgh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):69.
    Evidence-based medicine has always required integration of patient values with ‘best’ clinical evidence. It is widely recognized that scientific practices and discoveries, including those of EBM, are value-laden. But to date, the science of EBM has focused primarily on methods for reducing bias in the evidence, while the role of values in the different aspects of the EBM process has been almost completely ignored.
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  11. Alexander Leitsch/From the Editor 3–5 Matthias Baaz and Rosalie Iemhoff/Gentzen Calculi for the Existence Predicate 7–23 Ulrich Berger, Stefan Berghofer, Pierre Letouzey and Helmut Schwichtenberg/Program Extraction From. [REVIEW]Alexander Leitsch - 2006 - Studia Logica 82:40.
     
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  12.  24
    The Political Philosophy of Biological Endowments: Some Considerations*: Alexander Rosenberg.Alexander Rosenberg - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):1-31.
    Is a government required or permitted to redistribute the gains and losses that differences in biological endowments generate? In particular, does the fact that individuals possess different biological endowments lead to unfair advantages within a market economy? These are questions on which some people are apt to have strong intuitions and ready arguments. Egalitarians may say yes and argue that as unearned, undeserved advantages and disadvantages, biological endowments are never fair, and that the market simply exacerbates these inequities. Libertarians may (...)
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  13.  21
    The Human Genome Project: Research Tactics and Economic Strategies*: Alexander Rosenberg.Alexander Rosenberg - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):1-17.
    In the Museum of Science and Technology in San Jose, California, there is a display dedicated to advances in biotechnology. Most prominent in the display is a double helix of telephone books stacked in two staggered spirals from the floor to the ceiling twenty-five feet above. The books are said to represent the current state of our knowledge of the eukaryotic genome: the primary sequences of DNA polynucleotides for the gene products which have been discovered so far in the twenty (...)
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  14.  3
    Alexander Pfänder and the New Science of Will.Alexander Tchikine - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 5:91-102.
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  15.  8
    Vietzke, Alexander, Dr. Die Transzendentale Deduktion der Kategorien in der Ersten Und in der Zweiten A Uflage der Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. [REVIEW]Alexander Vietzke - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
  16. How Not to Reconcile Evolution and Creation Alexander R. Pruss.Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    It is widely accepted that divine creation of human beings is compatible with evolutionary theory, except perhaps in regard of the human soul, and that neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory provides an explanation of speciation and of complex features of organisms that undercuts Paley-style teleological arguments, whether or not the evolutionary mechanisms are truly random or deterministic. I will argue that a plausible understanding of the doctrine of creation of human beings is either logically or rationally incompatible with full evolutionary theory, even (...)
     
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  17.  12
    Arm in Arm with Righteousness.Iona Heath - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:7.
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  18.  11
    Alexander von Aphrodisias. Über das Schicksal. Text und Übersetzung.Alexander von Aphrodisias - 1995 - In Über Das Schicksal. De Gruyter. pp. 23-148.
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  19.  22
    Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten: Metaphysica = Metaphysik. Historisch-kritische Ausgabe, übers., eingel. und hrsg. von Günter Gawlick und Lothar Kreimendahl. [REVIEW]Alexander Gunkel - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (2):108-117.
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  20.  19
    Alexander of Hales, The Sum of Theology.Alexander of Hales & Oleg Bychkov - 2008 - Franciscan Studies 66:63-74.
  21. Alexander Meiklejohn, Teacher of Freedom: A Collection of His Writings and a Biographical Study.Alexander Meiklejohn & Cynthia Stokes Brown - 1982 - Science and Society 46 (4):495-497.
     
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  22. LANGUAGE* Alexander Miller.Alexander Miller - 2003 - In John Shand (ed.), Fundamentals of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 262.
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  23. Alexander Bryan Johnson's a Treatise on Language, Ed.Alexander Bryan Johnson - 1947 - Berkeley: Univ. Of California Press.
  24.  5
    Presocratic Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Alexander Mourelatos.Alexander P. D. Mourelatos, Victor Miles Caston & Daniel W. Graham (eds.) - 2002 - Ashgate.
    This book presents some of the most recent trends and developments in Presocratic scholarship. A wide range of topics are covered - from the metaphysical to the moral to the methodological - as well as a broad a range of authors: from recognized figures such as Heraclitus and Parmenides to Sophistic thinkers whose place has traditionally been marginalized, such as Gorgias and the author of the Dissoi Logoi. Several of the pieces are concerned with the later reception and influence of (...)
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  25.  13
    Learning Different Light Prior Distributions for Different Contexts.Iona S. Kerrigan & Wendy J. Adams - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):99-104.
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  26.  36
    Weintraub's Aims: A Brief Rejoinder: Alexander Rosenberg.Alexander Rosenberg - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):143-144.
    Weintraub is not really interested in whether economics is “science” or not. “Economists are not so unsophisticated as to think that calling economics a ‘science’ says anything about what economists do or should do”. But can it really be a matter of indifference to him whether the subject has the character of chemistry as opposed to literary criticism?
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  27. Peter M. Hart Alexander J. Wearing.Alexander J. Wearing - 2000 - In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. pp. 480.
     
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  28.  3
    Quantum Mind and Social Science: Unifying Physical and Social Ontology.Alexander Wendt - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    There is an underlying assumption in the social sciences that consciousness and social life are ultimately classical physical/material phenomena. In this ground-breaking book, Alexander Wendt challenges this assumption by proposing that consciousness is, in fact, a macroscopic quantum mechanical phenomenon. In the first half of the book, Wendt justifies the insertion of quantum theory into social scientific debates, introduces social scientists to quantum theory and the philosophical controversy about its interpretation, and then defends the quantum consciousness hypothesis against the (...)
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  29. Counterlogicals as Counterconventionals.Alexander W. Kocurek & Ethan J. Jerzak - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 50 (4):673-704.
    We develop and defend a new approach to counterlogicals. Non-vacuous counterlogicals, we argue, fall within a broader class of counterfactuals known as counterconventionals. Existing semantics for counterconventionals, 459–482 ) and, 1–27 ) allow counterfactuals to shift the interpretation of predicates and relations. We extend these theories to counterlogicals by allowing counterfactuals to shift the interpretation of logical vocabulary. This yields an elegant semantics for counterlogicals that avoids problems with the usual impossible worlds semantics. We conclude by showing how this approach (...)
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  30. The Works of Alexander Hamilton: Comprising His Most Important Official Reports; An Improved Edition of the Federalist, on the New Constitution, Written in 1788; And Pacificus, on the Proclamation of Neutrality, Written in 1793.Alexander Hamilton - 1971 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 4 (3):178-180.
     
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  31.  45
    Alexander Hamilton.Brother Alexander Joseph - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (1):164-165.
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  32.  66
    Instrumental Biology, or the Disunity of Science.Alexander Rosenberg - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    Do the sciences aim to uncover the structure of nature, or are they ultimately a practical means of controlling our environment? In Instrumental Biology, or the Disunity of Science, Alexander Rosenberg argues that while physics and chemistry can develop laws that reveal the structure of natural phenomena, biology is fated to be a practical, instrumental discipline. Because of the complexity produced by natural selection, and because of the limits on human cognition, scientists are prevented from uncovering the basic structure (...)
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  33.  29
    The Senses and the Intellect.Alexander Bain - 1855 - D. Appleton and Company.
  34. Contemporary Metaethics: An Introduction.Alexander Miller - 2013 - Polity.
    This new edition of Alexander Miller’s highly readable introduction to contemporary metaethics provides a critical overview of the main arguments and themes in twentieth- and twenty-first-century contemporary metaethics. Miller traces the development of contemporary debates in metaethics from their beginnings in the work of G. E. Moore up to the most recent arguments between naturalism and non-naturalism, cognitivism and non-cognitivism. From Moore’s attack on ethical naturalism, A. J. Ayer’s emotivism and Simon Blackburn’s quasi-realism to anti-realist and best opinion accounts (...)
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  35.  15
    Interview with Alexander Zinoviev.Alexander Razin - 2000 - Philosophy Now 26:45-47.
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  36.  47
    Only a Promise of Happiness: The Place of Beauty in a World of Art.Alexander Nehamas - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    Neither art nor philosophy was kind to beauty during the twentieth century. Much modern art disdains beauty, and many philosophers deeply suspect that beauty merely paints over or distracts us from horrors. Intellectuals consigned the passions of beauty to the margins, replacing them with the anemic and rarefied alternative, "aesthetic pleasure." In Only a Promise of Happiness, Alexander Nehamas reclaims beauty from its critics. He seeks to restore its place in art, to reestablish the connections among art, beauty, and (...)
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  37. Economics: Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns?Alexander Rosenberg - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    Economics today cannot predict the likely outcome of specific events any better than it could in the time of Adam Smith. This is Alexander Rosenberg's controversial challenge to the scientific status of economics. Rosenberg explains that the defining characteristic of any science is predictive improvability--the capacity to create more precise forecasts by evaluating the success of earlier predictions--and he forcefully argues that because economics has not been able to increase its predictive power for over two centuries, it is not (...)
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  38.  37
    An Alexandrian Platonist Against Dualism: Alexander of Lycopolis' Treatise "Critique of the Doctrines of Manichaeus".Alexander of Lycopolis - 1974 - Brill.
    Introduction 1. Alexander in Modern Scholarship; The Present Translation The anti-Manichaean treatise of Alexander of Lycopolis has for a long time been ...
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  39. Primitivism About Intrinsicality.Alexander Skiles - 2014 - In Robert M. Francescotti (ed.), Companion to Intrinsic Properties. De Gruyter. pp. 221-252.
  40. Darwinian Reductionism, or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology.Alexander Rosenberg - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    After the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, scientists working in molecular biology embraced reductionism—the theory that all complex systems can be understood in terms of their components. Reductionism, however, has been widely resisted by both nonmolecular biologists and scientists working outside the field of biology. Many of these antireductionists, nevertheless, embrace the notion of physicalism—the idea that all biological processes are physical in nature. How, Alexander Rosenberg asks, can these self-proclaimed physicalists also be antireductionists? With clarity (...)
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  41.  83
    Problems for Moral/Natural Supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  42. Review of Alexander Bird, Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties[REVIEW]Alexander Bird - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (6).
    This is a rewarding book. In terms of area, it has one foot firmly planted in metaphysics and the other just as firmly set in the philosophy of science. Nature's Metaphysics is distinctive for its thorough and detailed defense of fundamental, natural properties as essentially dispositional and for its description of how these dispositional properties are thus suited to sustain the laws of nature as (metaphysically) necessary truths.
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  43. Modal Logic.Alexander Chagrov - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    For a novice this book is a mathematically-oriented introduction to modal logic, the discipline within mathematical logic studying mathematical models of reasoning which involve various kinds of modal operators. It starts with very fundamental concepts and gradually proceeds to the front line of current research, introducing in full details the modern semantic and algebraic apparatus and covering practically all classical results in the field. It contains both numerous exercises and open problems, and presupposes only minimal knowledge in mathematics. A specialist (...)
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  44.  1
    The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections From Plato to Foucault.Alexander Nehamas - 1998 - University of California Press.
    For much of its history, philosophy was not merely a theoretical discipline but a way of life, an "art of living." This practical aspect of philosophy has been much less dominant in modernity than it was in ancient Greece and Rome, when philosophers of all stripes kept returning to Socrates as a model for living. The idea of philosophy as an art of living has survived in the works of such major modern authors as Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault. Each of (...)
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  45. Infinity, Causation, and Paradox.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Alexander R. Pruss examines a large family of paradoxes to do with infinity - ranging from deterministic supertasks to infinite lotteries and decision theory. Having identified their common structure, Pruss considers at length how these paradoxes can be resolved by embracing causal finitism.
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  46. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander R. Pruss - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this 2006 volume, which was the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, including Hume's imaginability argument (...)
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  47.  42
    What Does Tacit Knowledge Actually Explain?Jonathan Perraton & Iona Tarrant - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):353-370.
    The concept of tacit knowledge has come a long way from its origins in Michael Polanyi's work and its championing by Hayek and other Austrian economists. It is now widely, even routinely, cited not only in Austrian economics, but also in institutional economics work, industrial economics and economic geography. Further, rather than being viewed as a hypothesis requiring conceptual clarification and empirical testing, the concept of tacit knowledge is almost invariably treated as established, even incontrovertible, virtually as a fact. Conceptual (...)
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  48. Philosophy of Social Science.Alexander Rosenberg - 1995 - Westview Press.
    This is an expanded and thoroughly revised edition of the widely adopted introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences. Ranging from cultural anthropology to mathematical economics, Alexander Rosenberg leads the reader through behaviorism, naturalism, interpretativism about human action, and macrosocial scientific perspectives, illuminating the motivation and strategy of each.Rewritten throughout to increase accessibility, this new edition retains the remarkable achievement of revealing the social sciences’ enduring relation to the fundamental problems of philosophy. It includes new discussions of (...)
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  49.  46
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on the Cosmos.Alexander (of Aphrodisias.) - 2001 - Brill Academic.
    This volume contains the Arabic translations of a lost treatise by Alexander of Aphrodisias (c. AD 200) "On the Principles of the Universe" with English translation, introduction and commentary. It also includes an Arabic and Syriac glossary. The introduction and commentary deal in detail with the manuscripts, the translators and the exegetical tendencies of the text, as well as with its reception in Arabic philosophy. The main theme of the work is the motion of the heavenly bodies and their (...)
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  50.  14
    Dagmar Hülsenberg;, Ingo Schwarz . Alexander von Humboldt: Gutachten zur Steingutfertigung in Rheinsberg 1792. 161 pp., illus. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2012. €49.80. [REVIEW]Warren Alexander Dym - 2013 - Isis 104 (4):845-846.
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