Results for 'Irene Krämer'

999 found
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  1. Brill Online Books and Journals.Nathaniel Deutsch, Joel Kraemer, Josef Stern, Hannah Kasher, David Barzilai, Irene Kajon, Carolina Armenteros & Ilan Gur-Ze'ev - 1999 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 8 (1).
     
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  2. Adaptations and Innovations: Studies on the Interaction Between Jewish and Islamic Thought and Literature From the Early Middle Ages to the Late Twentieth Century, Dedicated to Professor Joel L. Kraemer.Joel L. Kraemer, Y. Tzvi Langermann & Jossi Stern (eds.) - 2007 - Peeters.
  3. Me, Myself and My Brain Implant: Deep Brain Stimulation Raises Questions of Personal Authenticity and Alienation.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (3):483-497.
    In this article, I explore select case studies of Parkinson patients treated with deep brain stimulation in light of the notions of alienation and authenticity. While the literature on DBS has so far neglected the issues of authenticity and alienation, I argue that interpreting these cases in terms of these concepts raises new issues for not only the philosophical discussion of neuro-ethics of DBS, but also for the psychological and medical approach to patients under DBS. In particular, I suggest that (...)
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  4. Authenticity or Autonomy? When Deep Brain Stimulation Causes a Dilemma.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):757-760.
    While deep brain stimulation (DBS) for patients with Parkinson's disease has typically raised ethical questions about autonomy, accountability and personal identity, recent research indicates that we need to begin taking into account issues surrounding the patients’ feelings of authenticity and alienation as well. In order to bring out the relevance of this dimension to ethical considerations of DBS, I analyse a recent case study of a Dutch patient who, as a result of DBS, faced a dilemma between autonomy and authenticity. (...)
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  5. Authenticity Anyone? The Enhancement of Emotions Via Neuro-Psychopharmacology.Felicitas Kraemer - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (1):51-64.
    This article will examine how the notion of emotional authenticity is intertwined with the notions of naturalness and artificiality in the context of the recent debates about ‘neuro-enhancement’ and ‘neuro-psychopharmacology.’ In the philosophy of mind, the concept of authenticity plays a key role in the discussion of the emotions. There is a widely held intuition that an artificial means will always lead to an inauthentic result. This article, however, proposes that artificial substances do not necessarily result in inauthentic emotions. The (...)
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  6.  48
    Instruments of Invention in Renaissance Europe: The Cases of Conrad Gesner and Ulisse Aldrovandi.Fabian Kraemer & Helmut Zedelmaier - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (3):321-341.
  7.  41
    Statistical Theories of Functions and the Problem of Epidemic Disease.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):423-438.
    Several decades ago, Christopher Boorse formulated an influential statistical theory of normative biological functions but it has often been claimed that his theory suffers from insuperable problems such as an inability to handle cases of epidemic and universal diseases. This paper develops a new statistical theory of normative functions that is capable of dealing with the notorious problem of epidemic and universal diseases. The theory is also more detailed than its predecessors and offers other important advantages over them. It is (...)
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  8.  44
    Natural Probabilistic Information.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2015 - Synthese 192 (9):2901-2919.
    Natural information refers to the information carried by natural signs such as that smoke is thought to carry natural information about fire. A number of influential philosophers have argued that natural information can also be utilized in a theory of mental content. The most widely discussed account of natural information holds that it results from an extremely strong relation between sign and signified. Critics have responded that it is doubtful that there are many strong relations of this sort in the (...)
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  9.  13
    Against “Soft” Statistical Information.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (1):139-147.
    Unsatisfied with stringent statistical theories of information such as Dretske's unity theory, Millikan (2001, 2004, 2007) and Shea (2007) have independently introduced ?soft? statistical notions of information. I argue here that these soft statistical notions do not present viable alternative senses of information to that proposed by Dretske. Furthermore, what appears to be the primary motivation for ?soft? information can be undercut.
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  10. Evil, Political Violence, and Forgiveness: Essays in Honor of Claudia Card.Todd Calder, Claudia Card, Ann Cudd, Eric Kraemer, Alice MacLachlan, Sarah Clark Miller, María Pía Lara, Robin May Schott, Laurence Thomas & Lynne Tirrell - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Rather than focusing on political and legal debates surrounding attempts to determine if and when genocidal rape has taken place in a particular setting, this essay turns instead to a crucial, yet neglected area of inquiry: the moral significance of genocidal rape, and more specifically, the nature of the harms that constitute the culpable wrongdoing that genocidal rape represents. In contrast to standard philosophical accounts, which tend to employ an individualistic framework, this essay offers a situated understanding of harm that (...)
     
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  11.  20
    Ulisse Aldrovandi’s Pandechion Epistemonicon and the Use of Paper Technology in Renaissance Natural History.Fabian Kraemer - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (5):398-423.
  12.  30
    Philosophical Analyses of Scientific Concepts: A Critical Appraisal.Daniel Mark Kraemer - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (9):e12513.
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  13.  99
    Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW]C. T. A. Schmidt & Felicitas Kraemer - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  14.  14
    Neurochemical Correlates of Stress and Depression: Depletion or Disorganization?Gary W. Kraemer - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):110-110.
  15.  83
    Ontology or Phenomenology? How the Lvad Challenges the Euthanasia Debate.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):140-150.
    This article deals with the euthanasia debate in light of new life-sustaining technologies such as the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The question arises: does the switching off of a LVAD by a doctor upon the request of a patient amount to active or passive euthanasia, i.e. to ‘killing’ or to ‘letting die’? The answer hinges on whether the device is to be regarded as a proper part of the patient's body or as something external. We usually regard the switching (...)
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  16.  39
    A Psychobiological Theory of Attachment.Gary W. Kraemer - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):493-511.
  17.  66
    On The Moral Twin-Earth Challenge to New-Wave Moral Realism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:467-472.
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  18.  29
    Some Problems with Genetic Emotional Enhancement.Felicitas Kraemer - 2012 - Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (4):435-447.
  19. Ethical Subjectivism and the Rational Good.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12 (4):526-537.
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  20.  49
    Revisiting Recent Etiological Theories of Functions.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):747-759.
    Arguably, the most widely endorsed account of normative functions in philosophy of biology is an etiological theory that holds that the function of current traits is fixed by the past selection history of other traits of that type. The earlier formulations of this “selected-effects” theory had trouble accommodating vestigial traits. In order to remedy these difficulties, the influential recent selection or modern history selected-effects theory was introduced. This paper expands upon and strengthens the argument that this theory has trouble stemming (...)
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  21.  67
    Intentional Action, Chance and Control: [Analysis "Problem" No. 16].Eric Russert Kraemer - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):116 - 117.
  22.  35
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His Circle.Joel L. Kraemer - 1986 - E.J. Brill.
    ... the turn of the fourth/tenth century, in the province of Sijistan, Muhammad b. Tahir b. Bahram was born, known in the fullness of time as Abu Sulayman ...
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  23.  98
    Phenomenalism and Observation Conditions.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1984 - Analysis 44 (3):140 - 143.
  24.  31
    Normativity From an Organizational Perspective.Daniel Mark Kraemer - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (3):1-5.
  25.  17
    Picturing the Authenticity of Emotions.Felicitas Kraemer - 2009 - In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. pp. 5--71.
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  26. Conjunctive Properties and Scientific Realism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1977 - Analysis 37 (2):85 - 86.
  27.  28
    Function, Gene and Behavior.Eric Kraemer - unknown
    In this paper I begin by examining a particularly disturbing eliminativist argument from Evelyn Fox Keller against the continued use of the very concept of the gene. If Fox Keller’s argument were to work, then any attempt to continue with or attempt to revise behavioral genetics would be doomed. In the course of replying to Fox Keller’s argument a revised, functional concept of the gene is presented and defending. Using this revised conception of the gene I then consider how appeal (...)
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  28.  39
    Reason in the Balance.Eric Kraemer - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):95-99.
  29.  4
    Cognitive Style, Cortical Stimulation, and the Conversion Hypothesis.David J. M. Kraemer, Roy H. Hamilton, Samuel B. Messing, Jennifer H. DeSantis & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30.  14
    Do We Really Want More “Reliable” Reviewers?Helena Chmura Kraemer - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):152-154.
  31.  84
    Imitation-Man and the 'New' Epiphenomenalism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (September):479-487.
    A number of philosophers have recently held that the phenomenal aspect of experience cannot be adequately dealt with within a materialist account of the mind-body relation. A natural response for those who take both this objection and scientific considerations seriously is to adopt either a double-aspect theory of mind or a version of epiphenomenalism. In this paper I will examine such a view recently defended by Keith Campbell. Campbell calls his view a ‘new’ epiphenomenalism. I shall begin by considering Campbell's (...)
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  32. Abortion and Cloning.Eric Russen Kraemer - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):537-545.
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  33.  9
    Moses Maimonides : An Intellectual Portrait.Joel L. Kraemer - 2005 - In Kenneth Seeskin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10--57.
  34. Is the Best Really Necessary?E. R. Kraemer - 1990 - Analysis 50 (1):42 - 43.
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  35. Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies.Joel L. Kraemer & Lawrence V. Berman (eds.) - 1991 - Littman Library of Jewish Civilization.
     
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  36.  58
    Freedom and the Problems of Evil.Eric Kraemer & Hardy Jones - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (3):33-49.
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  37.  10
    The Micro-Category Account of Analogy.Adam E. Green, Jonathan A. Fugelsang, David J. M. Kraemer & Kevin N. Dunbar - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):1004-1016.
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  38.  14
    Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam: The Cultural Revival During the Buyid Age.M. G. Carter & Joel L. Kraemer - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (2):304.
  39.  41
    Humanism as a Philosophy.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Modern Schoolman 28 (2):156-159.
  40. The Medieval Arabic Enlightenment.Joel L. Kraemer - 2009 - In Steven B. Smith (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leo Strauss. Cambridge University Press. pp. 137--70.
  41.  86
    Divine Omniscience and Criteria of Intentionality.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (1):131-135.
  42.  45
    Moral Principles of Action.William S. Kraemer - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31 (1):58-58.
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  43. Women and Gender.Ross Shepherd Kraemer - 2008 - In Susan Ashbrook Harvey & David G. Hunter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies. Oxford University Press.
  44.  46
    Consciousness and the Exclusivity of Function.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1984 - Mind 93 (April):271-5.
  45.  8
    LAMONT, CORLISS. "Humanism as a Philosophy". [REVIEW]William S. Kraemer - 1950 - Modern Schoolman 28:156.
  46.  30
    Contemporary Ethical Theories.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Modern Schoolman 29 (1):60-61.
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  47.  67
    Dualism and the Argument From Continuity.Eric Russert Kraemer & Charles Sayward - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (January):55-59.
    One of the things C. D Broad argued many years ago is that certain 'scientific' arguments against dualist interactionism come back in the end to a metaphysical bias in favor of materialism. Here the authors pursue this basic strategy against another 'scientific' argument against dualism itself. The argument is called 'the argument from continuity'. According to this argument the fact that organisms and species develop by insensible gradations renders dualism implausible. The authors try to demonstrate that this argument fails to (...)
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  48.  35
    The Illusion of Immortality.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Modern Schoolman 28 (2):159-160.
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  49.  5
    Imitation-Man and the 'New' Epiphenomenalism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):479-487.
    A number of philosophers have recently held that the phenomenal aspect of experience cannot be adequately dealt with within a materialist account of the mind-body relation. A natural response for those who take both this objection and scientific considerations seriously is to adopt either a double-aspect theory of mind or a version of epiphenomenalism. In this paper I will examine such a view recently defended by Keith Campbell. Campbell calls his view a ‘new’ epiphenomenalism. I shall begin by considering Campbell's (...)
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  50.  22
    Clarification and Friendship: The Government of Individuals in Enlightenment Through Moral.Celso Kraemer & Luiz Guilherme Augsburger - 2013 - Synesis 5 (2):27-41.
    RESUMO Trabalhar o tema da amizade a partir de textos de Hume e Kant, no âmbito do debate do Iluminismo constitui o objeto deste trabalho. O Iluminismoé o período em que o desejo de esclarecimento e a atitude crítica têm seu ápice, na racionalidade moderna. A partir do espaço constituído pela amizade, da imbricação do Iluminismo como lugar de produção e profissão da verdade e da moral, esse trabalho questiona: Quais eram as relações entre a amizade e esclarecimento nesses textos (...)
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