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Iris van Rooij
Radboud University Nijmegen
  1. The Tractable Cognition Thesis.Iris van Rooij - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (6):939-984.
  2.  5
    Demons of Ecological Rationality.Maria Otworowska, Mark Blokpoel, Marieke Sweers, Todd Wareham & Iris van Rooij - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):1057-1066.
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  3.  41
    Bayesian Intractability Is Not an Ailment That Approximation Can Cure.Johan Kwisthout, Todd Wareham & Iris van Rooij - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):779-784.
    Bayesian models are often criticized for postulating computations that are computationally intractable (e.g., NP-hard) and therefore implausibly performed by our resource-bounded minds/brains. Our letter is motivated by the observation that Bayesian modelers have been claiming that they can counter this charge of “intractability” by proposing that Bayesian computations can be tractably approximated. We would like to make the cognitive science community aware of the problematic nature of such claims. We cite mathematical proofs from the computer science literature that show intractable (...)
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  4.  76
    What Do Mirror Neurons Mirror?Sebo Uithol, Iris van Rooij, Harold Bekkering & Pim Haselager - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (5):607 - 623.
    Single cell recordings in monkeys provide strong evidence for an important role of the motor system in action understanding. This evidence is backed up by data from studies of the (human) mirror neuron system using neuroimaging or TMS techniques, and behavioral experiments. Although the data acquired from single cell recordings are generally considered to be robust, several debates have shown that the interpretation of these data is far from straightforward. We will show that research based on single-cell recordings allows for (...)
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  5.  46
    Rational Analysis, Intractability, and the Prospects of ‘as If’-Explanations.Iris van Rooij, Cory Wright, Johan Kwisthout & Todd Wareham - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):491-510.
    Despite their success in describing and predicting cognitive behavior, the plausibility of so-called ‘rational explanations’ is often contested on the grounds of computational intractability. Several cognitive scientists have argued that such intractability is an orthogonal pseudoproblem, however, since rational explanations account for the ‘why’ of cognition but are agnostic about the ‘how’. Their central premise is that humans do not actually perform the rational calculations posited by their models, but only act as if they do. Whether or not the problem (...)
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  6.  82
    Self-Organization Takes Time Too.Iris van Rooij - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):63-71.
    Four articles in this issue of topiCS (volume 4, issue 1) argue against a computational approach in cognitive science in favor of a dynamical approach. I concur that the computational approach faces some considerable explanatory challenges. Yet the dynamicists’ proposal that cognition is self-organized seems to only go so far in addressing these challenges. Take, for instance, the hypothesis that cognitive behavior emerges when brain and body (re-)configure to satisfy task and environmental constraints. It is known that for certain systems (...)
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  7.  21
    Identifying Sources of Intractability in Cognitive Models: An Illustration Using Analogical Structure Mapping.Iris van Rooij, Patricia Evans, Moritz Müller, Jason Gedge & Todd Wareham - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  8.  50
    Connectionist Semantic Systematicity.Stefan L. Frank, Willem F. G. Haselager & Iris van Rooij - 2009 - Cognition 110 (3):358-379.
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  9. How Action Understanding Can Be Rational, Bayesian and Tractable.Mark Blokpoel, Johan Kwisthout, T. P. van der Weide & Iris van Rooij - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  10.  34
    Goals Are Not Implied by Actions, but Inferred From Actions and Contexts.Iris van Rooij, Willem Haselager & Harold Bekkering - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):38-39.
    People cannot understand intentions behind observed actions by direct simulation, because goal inference is highly context dependent. Context dependency is a major source of computational intractability in traditional information-processing models. An embodied embedded view of cognition may be able to overcome this problem, but then the problem needs recognition and explication within the context of the new, layered cognitive architecture.
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  11.  1
    Parameterized Complexity of Theory of Mind Reasoning in Dynamic Epistemic Logic.Iris van de Pol, Iris van Rooij & Jakub Szymanik - forthcoming - Journal of Logic, Language and Information:1-40.
    Theory of mind refers to the human capacity for reasoning about others’ mental states based on observations of their actions and unfolding events. This type of reasoning is notorious in the cognitive science literature for its presumed computational intractability. A possible reason could be that it may involve higher-order thinking. To investigate this we formalize theory of mind reasoning as updating of beliefs about beliefs using dynamic epistemic logic, as this formalism allows to parameterize ‘order of thinking.’ We prove that (...)
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  12.  17
    Similarity as Tractable Transformation.Moritz Müller, Iris van Rooij & Todd Wareham - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  13.  14
    Higher-Level Processes in the Formation and Application of Associations During Action Understanding.Lieke Heil, Stan van Pelt, Johan Kwisthout, Iris van Rooij & Harold Bekkering - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):202-203.
  14.  5
    The Incoherence of Heuristically Explaining Coherence.Iris van Rooij & Cory Wright - 2006 - In Ron Sun (ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ 07430, USA: pp. 2622.
    Advancement in cognitive science depends, in part, on doing some occasional ‘theoretical housekeeping’. We highlight some conceptual confusions lurking in an important attempt at explaining the human capacity for rational or coherent thought: Thagard & Verbeurgt’s computational-level model of humans’ capacity for making reasonable and truth-conducive abductive inferences (1998; Thagard, 2000). Thagard & Verbeurgt’s model assumes that humans make such inferences by computing a coherence function (f_coh), which takes as input representation networks and their pair-wise constraints and gives as output (...)
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  15.  5
    Barbara Gorayska and Jacob L. Mey , Cognition and Technology: Co-Existence, Convergence and Co-Evolution.Iris van Rooij - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (2):647-655.
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  16.  17
    One Wrong Does Not Justify Another: Accepting Dual Processes by Fallacy of False Alternatives.Gideon Keren, Iris van Rooij & Yaacov Schul - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):269-270.
    Barbey & Sloman (B&S) advocate a dual-process (two-system) approach by comparing it with an alternative perspective (ecological rationality), claiming that the latter is unwarranted. Rejecting this alternative approach cannot serve as sufficient evidence for the viability of the former.
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  17.  2
    When Can Predictive Brains Be Truly Bayesian?Mark Blokpoel, Johan Kwisthout & Iris van Rooij - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  18.  2
    Counter-Factual Mathematics of Counterfactual Predictive Models.Maria Otworowska, Johan Kwisthout & Iris van Rooij - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19.  8
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Iris van Rooij, Christina Behme, Liane Gabora & Dorothée Legrand - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):659 – 680.
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