Results for 'Irma Alm'

107 found
Order:
  1.  32
    Simulating Human Cognition: A Ghost Story. [REVIEW]Irma Alm - 1994 - AI and Society 8 (1):78-84.
    The intentions to simulate human cognition are permanently increasing. Nonetheless, our knowledge about human cognition is based on fragments of different points of view. Hence, it is necessary to examine which demands these points of view make on technologies aiming at simulating human cognition. In this paper it is argued that no technology can function beyond the cognitive abilities of its constructor. It seems that the cognitive limits and constrains of the constructor will also be implanted in the technologies. It (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  7
    Countdown: Our Last, Best Hope for a Future on Earth? [Book Review].Margit Alm - 2014 - Australian Humanist, The 114:23.
    Alm, Margit Review of: Countdown: Our last, best hope for a future on earth?, by Alan Weisman, First Published in the US by Little, Brown and Company, Hachette Book Group ISBN 978-1-4087-0267-3.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  92
    Do Ethics Matter? Tax Compliance and Morality.James Alm & Benno Torgler - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):635-651.
    In this article we argue that puzzle of tax compliance can be explained, at least in part, by recognizing the typically neglected role of ethics in individual behavior; that is, individuals do not always behave as the selfish, rational, self-interested individuals portrayed in the standard neoclassical paradigm, but rather are often motivated by many other factors that have as their main foundation some aspects of “ethics.” We argue that it is not possible to understand fully an individual’s compliance decisions without (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  4.  32
    Self-Defense, Punishment and Forfeiture.David Alm - 2013 - Criminal Justice Ethics 32 (2):91-107.
    According to the self-defense view, the moral justification of punishment is derived from the moral justification of an earlier threat of punishment for an offense. According to the forfeiture view, criminals can justly be punished because they have forfeited certain rights in virtue of their crimes. The paper defends three theses about these two views. (1) The self-defense view is false because the right to threaten retaliation is not independent of the right to carry out that threat. (2) A more (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5. Sorting Out Ethics.D. Alm - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):122-124.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  47
    Moral Conditionals, Noncognitivism, and Meaning.David Alm - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):355-377.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  7.  22
    Challenges to Investment Ethics in the Norwegian Petroleum Fund: A Newspaper Debate.Kristian Alm - 2007 - Philosophica 80 (2):21-43.
    In this article I will describe the main elements of the Norwegian press’s moral confrontation with the Government Pension Fund’s ethical investment management when it was in an introductory phase in early 2005, with special emphasis on one newspaper, Stavanger Aftenblad. The press criticized the fund’s fresh investment profile and intended exclusionary practice before it had really started in earnest. Then I will focus on how the press’s unilateral criticism of the fund’s investment practice at the time overshadowed a discussion (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  8.  21
    Deontological Restrictions and the Good/Bad Asymmetry.David Alm - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (4):464-481.
    I argue that a defense of deontological restrictions need not resort to what I call the 'Good/Bad asymmetry', according to which it is morally more important to avoid harming others than to prevent just such harm. I replace this paradoxical asymmetry with two non-paradoxical ones. These are the following: We ought to treat an act of preventing harm to persons precisely as such , rather than as the causing of a benefit; but we ought to treat an act that causes (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9.  72
    Consequentialism and the Autonomy of the Deontic.David Alm - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):199-216.
    I distinguish between two forms of consequentialism: reductionist and anti-reductionist. Reductionist consequentialism holds that the deontic properties of rightness and wrongness are identical with the axiological properties of optimality and suboptimality, respectively. Anti-reductionist consequentialism denies this identification, hence accepting what I call the autonomy of the deontic. In this article I ignore reductionist consequentialism. Instead I argue that anti-reductionist consequentialism is deeply problematic or even incoherent. Simply put, the main point is that the criterion of rightness of any ethical theory (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  10.  44
    Equality and Comparative Justice.David Alm - 2010 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (4):309-325.
    In this paper I criticize the standard argument for deontological egalitarianism, understood as the thesis that there is a moral claim to have an equal share of well-being or whatever other good counts. That argument is based on the idea that equals should be treated equally. I connect the debate over egalitarianism with that over comparative justice. A common theme is a general skepticism against comparative claims. I argue (i) that there can be no claim to equality based simply on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11.  65
    Non-Cognitivism and Validity.David Alm - 2007 - Theoria 73 (2):121-147.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12.  36
    Atomism About Value.David Alm - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):312 – 331.
    Atomism is defined as the view that the moral value of any object is ultimately determined by simple features whose contribution to the value of an object is always the same, independently of context. A morally fundamental feature, in a given context, is defined as one whose contribution in that context is determined by no other value fact. Three theses are defended, which together entail atomism: (1) All objects have their moral value ultimately in virtue of morally fundamental features; (2) (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  13.  42
    Desert and Aggregation.David Alm - 2010 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2):156-177.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  14.  31
    Deontological Restrictions and the Self/Other Asymmetry.David Alm - 2008 - Noûs 42 (4):642-672.
    This paper offers a partial justification of so-called "deontological restrictions." Specifically it defends the "self/other asymmetry," that we are morally obligated to treat our own agency, and thus its results, as specially important. The argument rests on a picture of moral obligation of a broadly Kantian sort. In particular, it rests on the basic normative assumption that our fundamental obligations are determined by the principles which a rational being as such would follow. These include principles which it is not essential (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  15.  21
    An Argument for Agent-Neutral Value.David Alm - 2007 - Ratio 20 (3):249–263.
    This paper argues that to any agent‐relative value maker there will correspond an agent‐neutral value maker, and the latter explains the former; and that to each agent‐relative constitutive ground there corresponds a neutral one, and the latter explains the former. It follows from , if not from , that agent‐neutral value exists if agent‐relative value does.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16.  92
    Contractualism, Reciprocity, Compensation.David Alm - 2008 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (3):1-23.
    Two generally recognized moral duties are to reciprocate benefits one has received from others and to compensate harms one has done to others. In this paper I want to show that it is not possible to give an adequate account of either duty – or at least one that corresponds to our actual practices – within a contractualist moral theory of the type developed by T. M. Scanlon (1982, 1998). This fact is interesting in its own right, as contractualism is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  52
    Defending Fundamental Requirements of Practical Reason.David Alm - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:77-102.
    In this paper I offer a partial defense of a constitutivist view according to which it is possible to defend fundamental requirements of practical reason by appeal to facts about what is constitutive of rational agency. I show how it is possible for that approach to circumvent the ‘is’/’ought’ problem as well as the requirement that it be possible to act contrary to practical reason. But I do not attempt to establish any particular fundamental requirement. The key ideas are that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  52
    Promises, Rights and Claims.David Alm - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (1):51-76.
    The paper argues that promise rights presuppose independently existing (if not pre-existing) claims. The argument relies on the Bifurcation Thesis, according to which all claims, and all rights, can be exhaustively divided into two categories: capacity based and exercise based.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  12
    Chains of Trust or Control? A Stakeholder Dilemma.Kristian Alm - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 12:53-76.
    This paper discusses trust between stakeholders, with special emphasis on a new theory from the social sciences and ends up by focusing on a multidimensional dilemma between trust and control. Harald Grimen, an influential philosopher, social scientist and ethicist in Norway, defined trust as a communicative action between a trust-giver and a trust-receiver, characterized by the giver taking few precautions. This first part of his theory provides the basis for a specified interpretation of trust as a collective undertaking among stakeholders (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  48
    Desert and the Control Asymmetry.David Alm - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):361 - 375.
    According to what we could call the "liberal" theory of distributive justice, people do not deserve the money they are able to make in the market for contributing to the economy. Yet the standard arguments for that view, which center on the fact that persons have very limited control over the size of their contributions, would also seem to imply that persons cannot deserve admiration, appreciation, esteem, praise and so on for these and other contributions. The control asymmetry is this: (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  22
    Manipulation, Responsibility and Rights.David Alm - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (1-2):1-15.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  11
    Is There a Claim to Deserved Punishment?David Alm - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):403-425.
    In this paper I defend the view that persons have a claim to deserved treatment, including many forms of punishment, against an objection resting on the principle that it is not possible to have a claim to harmful treatment. I do not challenge this principle, but argue, rather, that the harms wrongdoers typically deserve either (a) are not genuine harms at all (for reasons relevant to their being deserved) or (b) are not relevant to the content of these wrongdoers' claims.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  1
    Making Sense of Intersex: Changing Ethical Perspectives in Biomedicine by Ellen K. Feder.Erika Alm - 2016 - Philosophia: A Journal of Feminist Continental Philosophy 6 (1):161-165.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  4
    Subjectivism, Ethical.David Alm - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  9
    Add This Link.David Alm - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  2
    Fronto-Temporal White Matter Connectivity Predicts Reversal Learning Errors.Kylie H. Alm, Tyler Rolheiser, Feroze B. Mohamed & Ingrid R. Olson - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  2
    Responsibility, Manipulation, and Resentment.David Alm - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (2):253-274.
    The paper presents a compatibilist explanation of why manipulated agents are not responsible for the actions that result from the manipulation. I first show that an agent’s having reason to resent being manipulated into action is a sufficient condition for his not being responsible for that action, and so an adequate explanation of the latter fact in standard cases in which the agent does have reason to resent. I then consider some cases in which, apparently, manipulation is not cause for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  1
    Sorting Out Ethics.David Alm & R. M. Hare - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):122.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  3
    Post Scripta–An Owl's View.Jos Leys, Bert Scholtens, Henry Schäfer, Wim Vandekerckhove, Kristian Alm & Silvana Signori - 2011 - In Wim Vandekerckhove, Jos Leys, Kristian Alm, Bert Scholtens, Silvana Signori & Henry Schäfer (eds.), Responsible Investment in Times of Turmoil. Springer. pp. 221.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  1
    On an Apparent Asymmetry in Attitude Desert.David Alm - unknown
    It is possible for persons to deserve evaluative attitudes such as admiration and disdain. There is an apparent asymmetry between positive and negative attitudes, however. While the latter appear to be subject to what I will call a "control requirement," the former do not appear to be so subject. I attempt to explain away this asymmetry by appeal to pragmatic factors.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Defending Fundamental Requirements of Practical Reason: A Constitutivist Framework.David Alm - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:77-102.
    In this paper I offer a partial defense of a constitutivist view according to which it is possible to defend fundamental requirements of practical reason by appeal to facts about what is constitutive of rational agency. I show how it is possible for that approach to circumvent the ‘is’/’ought’ problem as well as the requirement that it be possible to act contrary to practical reason. But I do not attempt to establish any particular fundamental requirement. The key ideas are that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Do Gender Differences in Audio-Visual Benefit and Visual Influence in Audio-Visual Speech Perception Emerge with Age?Magnus Alm & Dawn Behne - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. Sorting Out Ethics. [REVIEW]David Alm - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):122-124.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. O cemitério como espaço devocional: um estudo sobre a devoção a Irmã Benigna (The cemetery as devotional space: a study about the devotion to sister Benigna).Ilza Mara Lima - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (29):381-402.
    Este artigo pretende analisar os cemitérios como espaço de múltiplas devoções, dentre elas as devoções marginais: as diversas formas com as quais as pessoas cultuam seus mortos, através de seus túmulos. As devoções que são manifestadas perante esses túmulos dentro dos cemitérios demonstram esta prática de fé, que se denomina de devoção marginal. Pessoas comuns que após a morte, ganham a veneração de fieis que lhe pedem a interseção junto ao sagrado, são cultuadas como milagreiras. Após o pedido realizado, o (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  22
    Kouroi Kouroi. A Study of the Development of the Greek Kouros From the Late Seventh to the Early Fifth Century B.C. By Gisela M. A. Richter, with the Co-Operation of Irma A. Richter; with 208 Photographs by Gerard M. Young. Pp. Xxi+428; 135 Plates (483 Figures). New York: Oxford University Press (London: Milford), 1942. Cloth, 84s. Net. [REVIEW]J. D. Beazley - 1945 - The Classical Review 59 (02):71-73.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  3
    Imagining the New World: Columbian Iconography.Irma B. Jaffe, Gianni Eugenio Viola, Franca RovigattiThe Age of the Marvelous.Joy Kenseth. [REVIEW]Scott D. Westrem - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):812-816.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  12
    Attic White Vases Irma Wehgartner: Attische Weissgrundige Keramik. Pp. Xii + 239; 4 Colour Plates, 54 in Black and White. Mainz: Von Zabern, 1983. DM. 180. [REVIEW]D. C. Kurtz - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (02):341-343.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  6
    Carta de Norbert Wiener a sua irmã Bertha sobre o encontro com Einstein.Wienerm Norbert - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (4):635-639.
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Saara Nevanlinna and Irma Taavitsainen, Eds., St Katherine of Alexandria: The Late Middle English Prose Legend in Southwell Minster MS 7. Woodbridge, Suffolk; and Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer; Helsinki: Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, 1993. Pp. Xiii, 160; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $53. [REVIEW]Roger Dahood - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):743-745.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  1
    Le comunità di valle in epoca signorile: L'evoluzione della comunità di Valcamonica durante la dominazione viscontea . Irma Valetti Bonini.David Herlihy - 1978 - Speculum 53 (2):343-344.
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  1
    The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci by Leonardo da Vinci; Jean Paul Richter; Irma A. Richter; The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci by Edward MacCurdy.George Sarton - 1944 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 35:184-187.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. "Joseph Stella": Irma B. Jaffe. [REVIEW]Christopher Brighton - 1970 - British Journal of Aesthetics 10 (4):398.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Leslie R. Alm.Crossing Borders, Crossing Boundaries: The Role of Scientists in the U.S. Acid Rain Debate. X + 147 Pp., Tables, Bibl., Index. Westport, Conn./London: Praeger Publishers, 2000. $50. [REVIEW]Amy C. Crumpton - 2002 - Isis 93 (2):349-350.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. St. Katherine of Alexandria: The Late Middle English Prose Legend in Southwell Minster MS 7.Saara Nevanlinna, Irma Taavitsainen.Roger Dahood - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):743-745.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Okul Öncesi Eğitimi Almış Çocukların Akran İlişkileri Değişkenlerinin 5 Ve 6 Yaşta İncelenmesi: İki.Hatice Erten Sarikaya - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 8):1859-1859.
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Morris Charles W.. Fundamentos de la Teoria de Los Signos. Translated by Alvarez Obdulia, Santi Marta and Zangara Irma, Revised by Bunge Mario. Suplementos Del Seminario de Problemas Científicos y Filosóficos, Ser. 2 No. 12. Universidad Nacional de México, Mexico City 1958, Pp. 31–83. [REVIEW]José Ferrater Mora - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (1):92-93.
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. DasMoralium Dogma Philosophorum des Guillaumede Conches, Ed. By John Holmberg (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells, 1929) Prefatio de Alm Aria, Ed. By Juan Gil (CCCM, 71, Pp. 249-67) Primera Crdnica General: Estoria de España Que Mandd Componer Alfonso El Sabio y Se Continuaba Bajo Sancho IVen 1289, Ed. By Ramón Menindez Pidal (Madrid: Bailly-Bailliére, 1906). [REVIEW]Alvaro Pelayo - 2007 - In István Pieter Bejczy & Cary J. Nederman (eds.), Princely Virtues in the Middle Ages, 1200-1500. Marston, Distributor]. pp. 9--281.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Un songe (me devrais-je inquiéter d'un songe?) ou l'injection d'Irma.Jacqueline Sudaka - 1982 - Studia Semiotyczne 12:35-46.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Growing for Broke: How the Government has Sold Out to Private Interests [Book Review].Alm Margit - 2017 - Australian Humanist, The 126:23.
    Alm, Margit Review of: Growing for broke: How the government has sold out to private interests, by Peter North, Published in 2016 by Tomorrow Press, PO Box 238, Berwick, Vic. 3806 ISBN 978-168418977-9.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  7
    Why is It Hard to Make Progress in Assessing Children’s Decision-Making Competence?Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Alice Broersma, Martine C. De Vries, Joost G. Daams & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1.
    For decades, the discussion on children’s competence to consent to medical issues has concentrated around normative concerns, with little progress in clinical practices. Decision-making competence is an important condition in the informed consent model. In pediatrics, clinicians need to strike a proper balance in order to both protect children’s interests when they are not fully able to do so themselves and to respect their autonomy when they are. Children’s competence to consent, however, is currently not assessed in a standardized way. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 107