Results for 'Irreversibility'

238 found
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  1.  61
    Typicality, Irreversibility and the Status of Macroscopic Laws.Dustin Lazarovici & Paula Reichert - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (4):689-716.
    We discuss Boltzmann’s probabilistic explanation of the second law of thermodynamics providing a comprehensive presentation of what is called today the typicality account. Countering its misconception as an alternative explanation, we examine the relation between Boltzmann’s H-theorem and the general typicality argument demonstrating the conceptual continuity between the two. We then discuss the philosophical dimensions of the concept of typicality and its relevance for scientific reasoning in general, in particular for understanding the reduction of macroscopic laws to microscopic laws. Finally, (...)
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  2.  95
    Potentiality, Irreversibility, and Death.John P. Lizza - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):45 – 64.
    There has been growing concern about whether individuals who satisfy neurological criteria for death or who become non-heart-beating organ donors are really dead. This concern has focused on the issue of the potential for recovery that these individuals may still have and whether their conditions are irreversible. In this article I examine the concepts of potentiality and irreversibility that have been invoked in the discussions of the definition of death and non-heart-beating organ donation. I initially focus on the recent (...)
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  3. The Irreversibility of Death: Reply to Cole.Tom Tomlinson - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):157-165.
  4. Irreversibility; or, Entropy Since 1905.Karl R. Popper - 1957 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (30):151-155.
  5.  16
    Irreversibility in the Derivation of the Boltzmann Equation.Vincent Ardourel - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (4):471-489.
    Uffink and Valente claim that there is no time-asymmetric ingredient that, added to the Hamiltonian equations of motion, allows to obtain the Boltzmann equation within the Lanford’s derivation. This paper is a discussion and a reply to that analysis. More specifically, I focus on two mathematical tools used in this derivation, viz. the Boltzmann–Grad limit and the incoming configurations. Although none of them are time-asymmetric ingredients, by themselves, I claim that the use of incoming configurations, as taken within the B–G (...)
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  6.  75
    Irreversibility and Statistical Mechanics: A New Approach?Robert W. Batterman - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):395-419.
    I discuss a broad critique of the classical approach to the foundations of statistical mechanics (SM) offered by N. S. Krylov. He claims that the classical approach is in principle incapable of providing the foundations for interpreting the "laws" of statistical physics. Most intriguing are his arguments against adopting a de facto attitude towards the problem of irreversibility. I argue that the best way to understand his critique is as setting the stage for a positive theory which treats SM (...)
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  7.  26
    Decision, Irreversibility and Flexibility: The Irreversibility Effect Re-Examined.Shyama V. Ramani & Alban Richard - 1993 - Theory and Decision 35 (3):259-276.
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  8. Irreversibility and Temporal Asymmetry.John Earman - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (18):543-549.
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  9.  54
    Thermodynamic Irreversibility: Does the Big Bang Explain What It Purports to Explain?Daniel Parker - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):751-763.
    In this paper I examine Albert’s (2000) claim that the low entropy state of the early universe is sufficient to explain irreversible thermodynamic phenomena. In particular, I argue that conditionalising on the initial state of the universe does not have the explanatory power it is presumed to have. I present several arguments to the effect that Albert’s ‘past hypothesis’ alone cannot justify the belief in past non-equilibrium conditions or ground the veracity of records of the past.
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  10.  33
    Irreversibility in Physics: Reflections on the Evolution of Ideas in Mechanics and on the Actual Crisis in Physics. [REVIEW]Georges Lochak - 1981 - Foundations of Physics 11 (7-8):593-621.
    The author proposes to show that the actual crisis in microphysics is principally due to the fact that, as quantum mechanics is a theory of stationary states and reversible movements, it fundamentally ignores the notion of a transitory process. The essential characteristic of quantum theories is the result of an evolution of more than two centuries; a period of development essentially devoted to the description of stationary and reversible phenomena. The author's point of view, which reflects that of the school (...)
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  11.  81
    The Many Faces of Irreversibility.K. G. Denbigh - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (4):501-518.
    Irreversibility, it is claimed, is a much broader concept than is entropy increase, as is shown by the occurrence of certain processes which are irreversible without seeming to involve any intrinsic entropy change. These processes include the spreading outwards into space of particles, or of radiation, and they also include certain biological and mental phenomena. For instance, the irreversible and treelike branching which is characteristic of natural evolution is not entropic when it is considered in itself—i.e. in abstraction from (...)
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  12.  21
    On Irreversibility as a Prerequisite for Brain Death Determination.James L. Bernat - 2004 - In C. Machado & D. E. Shewmon (eds.), Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 161--167.
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  13.  55
    Lanford’s Theorem and the Emergence of Irreversibility.Jos Uffink & Giovanni Valente - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (4):404-438.
    It has been a longstanding problem to show how the irreversible behaviour of macroscopic systems can be reconciled with the time-reversal invariance of these same systems when considered from a microscopic point of view. A result by Lanford shows that, under certain conditions, the famous Boltzmann equation, describing the irreversible behaviour of a dilute gas, can be obtained from the time-reversal invariant Hamiltonian equations of motion for the hard spheres model. Here, we examine how and in what sense Lanford’s theorem (...)
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  14. Time and Irreversibility in an Accelerating Universe.Gustavo E. Romero & Daniela Pérez - 2011 - International Journal of Modern Physics D 20:2831-2838.
    It is a remarkable fact that all processes occurring in the observable universe are irre- versible, whereas the equations through which the fundamental laws of physics are formu- lated are invariant under time reversal. The emergence of irreversibility from the funda- mental laws has been a topic of consideration by physicists, astronomers and philosophers since Boltzmann's formulation of his famous \H" theorem. In this paper we shall discuss some aspects of this problem and its connection with the dynamics of (...)
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  15. Extrinsic and Intrinsic Irreversibility in Probabilistic Dynamical Laws.Harald Atmanspacher - manuscript
    Two distinct conceptions for the relation between reversible, time-reversal invariant laws of nature and the irreversible behavior of physical systems are outlined. The standard, extrinsic concept of irreversibility is based on the notion of an open system interacting with its environment. An alternative, intrinsic concept of irreversibility does not explicitly refer to any environment at all. Basic aspects of the two concepts are presented and compared with each other. The significance of the terms extrinsic and intrinsic is discussed.
     
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  16.  8
    Irreversibility and Indeterminism: Fourier to Heisenberg.Stephen G. Brush - 1976 - Journal of the History of Ideas 37 (4):603.
  17.  26
    Replacement and Irreversibility: The Problem with Ecological Restoration as Moral Repair.Eric Katz - 2018 - Ethics and the Environment 23 (1):17.
    Should the process of ecological restoration be considered a type of moral reparation? Defenders of the restoration process have recently proposed an affirmative answer to this question. The idea itself is not new. Paul Taylor considered the possibility of reparations to the natural world in his seminal work in environmental ethics, Respect for Nature, although Taylor was not directly considering the process of ecological restoration as the means to secure the reparations. In a recent issue of this journal, Ben Almassi (...)
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  18.  24
    Irreversibility, Organization, and Self-Organization in Quantum Electrodynamics.A. O. Barut - 1987 - Foundations of Physics 17 (6):549-559.
    QED is a fundamental microscopic theory satisfying all the conservation laws and discrete symmetries C, P, T. Yet, dissipative phenomena, organization, and self-organization occur even at this basic microscopic two-body level. How these processes come about and how they are described in QED is discussed. A possible new phase of QED due to self-energy effects leading to self-organization is predicted.
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  19.  44
    Irreversibility and Ontological Pluralism.Martín Labarca & Olimpia Lombardi - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (2):139-167.
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  20.  41
    Time-Reversal, Irreversibility and Arrow of Time in Quantum Mechanics.M. Castagnino, M. Gadella & O. Lombardi - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (3):407-426.
    The aim of this paper is to analyze time-asymmetric quantum mechanics with respect of its validity as a non time-reversal invariant, time-asymmetric theory as well as of its ability to determine an arrow of time.
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  21.  61
    Time's Arrow and Irreversibility in Time‐Asymmetric Quantum Mechanics.Mario Castagnino, Manuel Gadella & Olimpia Lombardi - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):223 – 243.
    The aim of this paper is to analyze time-asymmetric quantum mechanics with respect to the problems of irreversibility and of time's arrow. We begin with arguing that both problems are conceptually different. Then, we show that, contrary to a common opinion, the theory's ability to describe irreversible quantum processes is not a consequence of the semigroup evolution laws expressing the non-time-reversal invariance of the theory. Finally, we argue that time-asymmetric quantum mechanics, either in Prigogine's version or in Bohm's version, (...)
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  22.  33
    Brownian Movement and Microscopic Irreversibility.L. G. M. Gordon - 1981 - Foundations of Physics 11 (1-2):103-113.
    An extension of the hypothetical experiment of Szilard, which involved the action of a one-molecule gas in an isolated isothermal system, is developed to illustrate how irreversibility may arise out of Brownian motion. As this development requires a consideration of nonmolecular components such as wheels and pistons, the thought-experiment is remodeled in molecular terms and appears to function as a perpetuum mobile.
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  23.  30
    The Problem of Irreversibility.John Earman - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:226 - 233.
    After reviewing recent literature from physics and philosophy, it is concluded that we are still far from having a satisfying explanation of the nature and origins of irreversibility. It is proposed that the most fruitful approach to this problem is to concentrate on conditions needed for a rigorous derivation of the Boltzmann equation.
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  24.  14
    Time, Irreversibility and Structure.Ilya Prigogine - 1973 - In Jagdish Mehra (ed.), The Physicist's Conception of Nature. Boston: Reidel. pp. 561--593.
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  25.  49
    Time, Modernity and Time Irreversibility.Elias José Palti - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (5):27-62.
    As soon as 'modernity' was defined as a particular way of con ceiving of time, the questions of tempo rality came to be situated at the heart of the ongoing debate regarding the legitimacy or illegitimacy of the 'modern age'. This has, in turn, readily led to a no less passionate search for the assessment of modernity's foundations which are thought to rest in its typical sense of experiencing temporality. This polemic instance, however, involves polarized perspectives and the consequent risk, (...)
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  26.  54
    The Irreversibility Effect and Agency Conflicts.Clemens Löffler, Thomas Pfeiffer & Georg Schneider - 2013 - Theory and Decision 74 (2):219-239.
    This paper studies the influence of agency conflicts on the irreversibility effect. Using a dynamic variant of the static Baron and Myerson :911–930, 1982) adverse selection model, we characterize under which circumstances the irreversibility effect arises in the presence and absence of an agency conflict. In particular, we find that in the presence of an agency conflict the irreversibility effect arises in more circumstances than in the standard first-best analysis that abstracts from agency problems.
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  27. The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility.James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):58-79.
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kTln2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and Maroney offers (...)
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  28.  79
    The Nineteenth Century Conflict Between Mechanism and Irreversibility.Marij van Strien - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):191-205.
    The reversibility problem (better known as the reversibility objection) is usually taken to be an internal problem in the kinetic theory of gases, namely the problem of how to account for the second law of thermodynamics within this theory. Historically, it is seen as an objection that was raised against Boltzmann's kinetic theory of gases, which led Boltzmann to a statistical approach to the kinetic theory, culminating in the development of statistical mechanics. In this paper, I show that in the (...)
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  29.  18
    Three Concepts of Irreversibility and Three Versions of the Second Law.Jos Uffink - 2006 - In Michael Stöltzner & Friedrich Stadler (eds.), Time and History: Proceedings of the 28. International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg Am Wechsel, Austria 2005. De Gruyter. pp. 275-288.
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  30.  23
    The Problematic Role of 'Irreversibility' in the Definition of Death.David Hershenov - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (1):89–100.
  31.  10
    Neurofeedback for Moral Enhancement: Irreversibility, Freedom, and Advantages Over Drugs.Hannah Maslen & Julian Savulescu - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):120-122.
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  32.  56
    Potentiality, Possibility, and the Irreversibility of Death.Jason T. Eberl - 2008 - Review of Metaphysics 62 (1):61-77.
    This paper considers the issue of cryopreservation and the definition of death from an Aristotelian-Thomistic perspective. A central conceptual focus throughout this discussion is the purportedly irreversible nature of death and the criteria by which a human body is considered to be informed by a rational soul. It concludes that a cryopreserved corpse fails to have “life potentially in it” sufficient to satisfy Aristotle’s definition of ensoulment. Therefore, if the possibility that such a corpse may be successfully preserved and resuscitated (...)
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  33.  11
    Traumatic Avoidance Learning: The Principles of Anxiety Conservation and Partial Irreversibility.Richard L. Solomon & Lyman C. Wynne - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (6):353-385.
  34.  37
    Some Critical Remarks Concerning Prigogine's Conception of Temporal Irreversibility.Guido Verstraeten - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):639-654.
    The concept underlying Prigogine's ideas is the asymmetric "lifetime" he introduces into thermodynamics in addition to the symmetric time parameter. By identifying processes by means of causal chains of genidentical events, we examine the intrinsic order of lifetime adopting Grunbaum's symmetric time order. Further, we define the physical meaning and the actuality of the processes under consideration. We conclude that Prigogine's microscopic temporal irreversibility is tacitly assumed at macroscopic level. Moreover, his "new" complementarity lacks any scientific foundation. Finally, we (...)
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  35.  79
    Reflections on Path Dependence and Irreversibility: Lessons From Evolutionary Biology.Eric Desjardins - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):724-738.
    This essay examines the claim “path dependence entails irreversibility” from the point of view of evolutionary biology. I argue that evolutionary irreversibility possesses many faces, sometimes conflicting with path dependence. I propose an account of path dependence that does not rely on irreversibility and explains why it more naturally coexists with the notion of (contingent) irreversibility developed by the Belgian paleontologist Louis Dollo. However, I argue that we should not conceive of this relationship as necessary.
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  36.  29
    An Interpretation of Macroscopic Irreversibility Within the Newtonian Framework.Henry B. Hollinger & Michael J. Zenzen - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (3):309-354.
    Some of the most imaginative analyses in contemporary science have been fostered by the paradox of irreversibility. Rendered as a question the paradox reads: How can the anisotropic macrophysical behavior of a system of molecules be reconciled with the underlying reversible molecular model? Attempts to resolve and dissolve the paradox have appealed to large numbers of particles, jammed correlations, unseen perturbations, hidden variables or constraints, uncertainty principles, averaging procedures (e.g., coarse graining and time smoothing), stochastic flaws, cosmological origins, etc. (...)
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  37. Irreversibility, Statistical Mechanics and the Nature of Physical States.Robert W. Batterman - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    I. Prigogine has proposed, and the writings of N. S. Krylov to some extent suggest, a novel and unorthodox solution to foundational problems in statistical mechanics. In particular, the view claims to offer new insight into two interconnected problems: understanding the role of probability in physics, and that of reconciling the irreversibility of physical processes with the temporal symmetry of dynamical theories. The approach in question advocates a conception of the state of a system which incorporates features of the (...)
     
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  38. Irreversibility of Classical Mechanics.Andrew Holster - manuscript
    A simple classical mechanical system, consisting of an idealised classical gas in a simple container designed with some reflective barriers in place, is analysed, and shown to give rise to a surprising irreversible behaviour. The behaviour may appear strange to our physical intuition to start with; but more, it appears positively paradoxical, because classical mechanics is supposed to be time symmetric or reversible. The time reversal of any possible mechanical process in this system is also a possible mechanical process. And (...)
     
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  39.  9
    The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility.James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):58-79.
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kTln2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton and Owen Maroney both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and Maroney offers a method (...)
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  40.  12
    Reversibility and Irreversibility: Paradox, Language and Intersubjectivity in Merleau-Ponty and Lévinas.Brian Schroeder - 1997 - Symposium 1 (1):65-79.
    The philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty serves both as a ground and a site of departure for Levinas’ thinking. This essay takes up their relationship, with particular regard to the question of whether Merleau-Ponty’s later shift from phenomenology to ontology brings him under Levinas’ critique of ontology as a totalizing philosophy of power that ultimately either denies or negates the radical alterity of the other. Both thinkers are engaged in reconceiving the intersubjective relation, and focus much of their analyses on the (...)
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  41.  70
    The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamical Irreversibility.Tony Short, James Ladyman, Berry Groisman & Stuart Presnell - unknown
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kT ln 2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and (...)
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  42.  66
    Popper on Irreversibility and the Arrow of Time.Michael Esfeld - unknown
    in Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford and David Miller (eds.): Karl Popper: A centenary assessment, Aldershot: Ashgate 2006, Chapter 45, pp. 57–70.
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  43.  80
    Infinite Systems in SM Explanations: Thermodynamic Limit, Renormalization (Semi-) Groups, and Irreversibility.Chuang Liu - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S325-.
    This paper examines the justifications for using infinite systems to 'recover' thermodynamic properties, such as phase transitions (PT), critical phenomena (CP), and irreversibility, from the micro-structure of matter in bulk. Section 2 is a summary of such rigorous methods as in taking the thermodynamic limit (TL) to recover PT and in using renormalization (semi-) group approach (RG) to explain the universality of critical exponents. Section 3 examines various possible justifications for taking TL on physically finite systems. Section 4 discusses (...)
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  44.  8
    Matter, Motion and Irreversibility[REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (2):165-185.
  45.  45
    The Irreversibility of History.Alfred Stern - 1960 - Diogenes 8 (29):1-15.
  46.  85
    Irreversibility in Macroscopic Physics: From Carnot Cycle to Dissipative Structures. [REVIEW]P. Glansdorff - 1987 - Foundations of Physics 17 (7):653-666.
    The conceptual foundations of the modern thermodynamic theory related to a large category of far-from-equilibrium phenomena are outlined, and the historical continuity with early developments based on the impossibility of perpetual motion is discussed.In this perspective the discovery of thermodynamic stability criteria around steady or periodic processes, together with a general evolution criterion that is valid in the non-linear region (and thus implying creation of order and applicability to living systems), appears as a most remarkable development indeed. The leading role (...)
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  47.  8
    Irreversibility and Time's Arrow.Peter T. Landsberg - 1996 - Dialectica 50 (4):247-258.
    «The chapter on «Times's Arrows» is a confusing blend of speculation and possibly wrong ideas.»From a review of M Gell‐Mann's «The Quark and the Jaguar» by P W Anderson in Physics World, August 1994.
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  48. The Irreversibility of Time, Entropy, and Stability.F. Marsik - 1984 - Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):892-900.
  49.  17
    The Irreversibility of Time.John M. Quinn - 1965 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 39:103-112.
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  50.  6
    The Irreversibility of Time: A Realistic Approach.John M. Quinn - 1965 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 39:103.
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