Results for 'Irving Zachary C'

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  1. Mind-Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - forthcoming - Philosophical Compass.
    Philosophers have long been fascinated by the stream of consciousness––thoughts, images, and bits of inner speech that dance across the inner stage. Yet for centuries, such “mind-wandering” was deemed private and thus resistant to empirical investigation. Recent developments in psychology and neuroscience have reinvigorated scientific interest in the stream of thought, leading some researchers to dub this “the era of the wandering mind”. Despite this flurry of progress, scientists have stressed that mind-wandering research requires firmer philosophical foundations. The time is (...)
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  2. Drifting and Directed Minds: The Significance of Mind-Wandering for Mental Action.Zachary C. Irving - manuscript
    Perhaps the central question in action theory is this: what ingredient of bodily action is missing in mere behaviour? But what is an analogous question for mental action? I ask the following: what ingredient of active, goal-directed, thought is missing in mind-wandering? I answer that guidance is the missing ingredient that separates mind-wandering and directed thinking. I define mind-wandering as unguided attention. Roughly speaking, attention is guided when you would feel pulled back, were you distracted. In contrast, a wandering attention (...)
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  3.  80
    Mind-Wandering is Unguided Attention: Accounting for the “Purposeful” Wanderer.Zachary C. Irving - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):547-571.
    Although mind-wandering occupies up to half of our waking thoughts, it is seldom discussed in philosophy. My paper brings these neglected thoughts into focus. I propose that mind-wandering is unguided attention. Guidance in my sense concerns how attention is monitored and regulated as it unfolds over time. Roughly speaking, someone’s attention is guided if she would feel pulled back, were she distracted from her current focus. Because our wandering thoughts drift unchecked from topic to topic, they are unguided. One motivation (...)
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  4.  52
    What Does "Mind-Wandering" Mean To The Folk? An Empirical Investigation.Zachary C. Irving, Aaron Glasser, Alison Gopnik & Chandra Sekhar Sripada - manuscript
    Although mind-wandering research is rapidly progressing, stark disagreements are emerging about what the term “mind-wandering” means. Four prominent views define mind-wandering as 1) task-unrelated thought, 2) stimulus-independent thought, 3) unintentional thought, or 4) dynamically unguided thought. Although theorists claim to capture the ordinary understanding of mind-wandering, no systematic studies have assessed these claims. Two large factorial studies present participants (n=545) with vignettes that describe someone’s thoughts and ask whether her mind was wandering, while systematically manipulating features relevant to the four (...)
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  5.  14
    Attention Norms in Siegel’s The Rationality of Perception.Zachary C. Irving - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):84-91.
    Can we be responsible for our attention? Can attention be epistemically good or bad? Siegel tackles these under‐explored questions in “Selection Effects”, a pathbreaking chapter of The Rationality of Perception. In this chapter, Siegel develops one of the first philosophical accounts of attention norms. Her account is inferential: patterns of attention are often controlled by inferences and therefore subject to rational epistemic norms that govern any other form of inference. Although Siegel’s account is explanatorily powerful, it cannot capture a core (...)
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  6.  15
    Is an Off-Task Mind a Freely-Moving Mind? Examining the Relationship Between Different Dimensions of Thought.Caitlin Mills, Quentin Raffaelli, Zachary C. Irving, Dylan Stan & Kalina Christoff - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 58:20-33.
  7.  22
    Mind-Wandering as a Scientific Concept: Cutting Through the Definitional Haze.Kalina Christoff, Caitlin Mills, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Zachary C. Irving, Evan Thompson, Kieran C. R. Fox & Julia W. Y. Kam - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):957-959.
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  8.  7
    Mind‐Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
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  9. Aha! Trick Questions, Independence, and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Michael Arsenault & Zachary C. Irving - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):185-194.
    We present a family of counter-examples to David Christensen's Independence Criterion, which is central to the epistemology of disagreement. Roughly, independence requires that, when you assess whether to revise your credence in P upon discovering that someone disagrees with you, you shouldn't rely on the reasoning that lead you to your initial credence in P. To do so would beg the question against your interlocutor. Our counter-examples involve questions where, in the course of your reasoning, you almost fall for an (...)
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  10.  27
    Style, but Substance: An Epistemology of Visual Versus Numerical Representation in Scientific Practice.Zachary C. Irving - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):774-787.
  11. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Four.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: What can Indian philosophy tell us about how we perceive the world?
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  12. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Two.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: How can we train our attention, and what are the benefits of doing so?
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  13. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Three.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: Can meditation give us moral knowledge?
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  14. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question One.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This part of the report explores the question: How does the understanding of attention in Indian philosophy bear on contemporary western debates?
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  15.  18
    J. D. A. Ogilvy and Donald C. Baker, Reading Beowulf: An Introduction to the Poem, Its Background, and Its Style. Drawings by Keith Baker. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983. Pp. Xvii, 221; Black-and-White Facsimile Frontispiece. $17.95. [REVIEW]Edward B. Irving - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):487.
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  16. Psychology Off Tasks: Self-Report in the Science of Dreaming and Mind-Wandering.Z. C. Irving - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (5-6):63-84.
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  17. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This report highlights and explores five questions that arose from the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, September 21st to 22nd, 2013: 1. How does the understanding of attention in Indian philosophy bear on contemporary western debates? 2. How can we train our attention, and what are the benefits of doing so? 3. Can meditation give us moral knowledge? 4. What can Indian philosophy tell us about how we perceive the world? 5. Are there cross-cultural (...)
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  18. The Philosophy of Mind Wandering.Irving Zachary & Thompson Evan - forthcoming - In Fox Kieran & Christoff Kalina (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought and Creativity. Oxford University Press.
    Our paper serves as an introduction to a budding field: the philosophy of mind-wandering. We begin with a philosophical critique of the standard psychological definitions of mind-wandering as task-unrelated or stimulus-independent. Although these definitions have helped bring mind-wandering research onto centre stage in psychology and cognitive neuroscience, they have substantial limitations that researchers must overcome to move forward. Specifically, the standard definitions do not account for (i) the dynamics of mind wandering, (ii) task-unrelated thought that does not qualify as mind-wandering, (...)
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  19.  8
    Attentional Input Gating as a Mechanism of Pro-Active Response Slowing.Langford Zachary, Krebs Ruth, Talsma Durk, Woldorff Marty & Boehler C. - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  20.  37
    Irving M. Copi, Calvin C. Elgot, and Jesse B. Wright. Realization of Events by Logical Nets. Sequential Machines, Selected Papers, Edited by Edward F. Moore, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., Reading, Massachusetts, Palo Alto, and London, 1964, Pp. 175–192. , Pp. 181–196.). [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Blikle - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):389-390.
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  21.  13
    The Philosophy of C. I. Lewis, And: Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis.J. B. Cederblom - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (1):119-124.
  22.  7
    L. C. Robbins. An Analysis by Arithmetical Methods of a Calculating Network with Feedback. Ibid., Pp. 61–67. - Irving S. Reed. Symbolic Synthesis of Digital Computers. Ibid., Pp. 90–94. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Nelson - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):58-58.
  23.  6
    L. C. Robbins. An Analysis by Arithmetical Methods of a Calculating Network with Feedback. Ibid., Pp. 61–67. - Irving S. Reed. Symbolic Synthesis of Digital Computers. Ibid., Pp. 90–94. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Nelson - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):58-58.
  24. Review: Irving M. Copi, Calvin C. Elgot, Jesse B. Wright, Realization of Events by Logical Nets. [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Blikle - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):389-390.
     
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  25. "The Philosophy of C. L. Lewis", Ed. By Paul Arthur Shilpp. "Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis", Ed. By John D. Goheen and John L. Mothershead, Jr. [REVIEW]Jerry Cederblom - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (1):119.
  26. The Neuroscience of Spontaneous Thought: An Evolving, Interdisciplinary Field.Andrews-Hanna Jessica, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan R. & Christoff Kalina - forthcoming - In Fox Kieran & Christoff Kieran (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought and Creativity. Oxford University Press.
    An often-overlooked characteristic of the human mind is its propensity to wander. Despite growing interest in the science of mind-wandering, most studies operationalize mind-wandering by its task-unrelated contents. But these contents may be orthogonal to the processes that determine how thoughts unfold over time, remaining stable or wandering from one topic to another. In this chapter, we emphasize the importance of incorporating such processes into current definitions of mind-wandering, and propose that mind-wandering and other forms of spontaneous thought (such as (...)
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  27.  64
    Mind-Wandering as Spontaneous Thought: A Dynamic Framework.Christoff Kalina, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan & Andrews-Hanna Jessica - 2016 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17:718–731.
    Most research on mind-wandering has characterized it as a mental state with contents that are task unrelated or stimulus independent. However, the dynamics of mind-wandering—how mental states change over time—have remained largely neglected. Here, we introduce a dynamic framework for understanding mind-wandering and its relationship to the recruitment of large-scale brain networks. We propose that mind-wandering is best understood as a member of a family of spontaneous-thought phenomena that also includes creative thought and dreaming. This dynamic framework can shed new (...)
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  28. Power, Politics and People: The Collected Essays of C. Wright Mills.C. Wright Mills & Irving Louis Horowitz - 1964 - Science and Society 28 (4):478-480.
     
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  29. C.I. Lewis’s Conceptual Pragmatism: The a Priori and the Given.Quentin Kammer, Jean-Philippe Narboux & Henri Wagner (eds.) - 2018 - Routledge.
    This edited collection explores the philosophy of Clarence Irving Lewis through two major concepts that are integral to his conceptual pragmatism: the a priori and the given. The relation between these two elements of knowledge form the core of Lewis’s masterpiece _Mind and the World-Order_. While Lewis’s conceptual pragmatism is directed against any conception of the _a priori_ as constraining the mind and experience, it also emphasizes the inalterability and the unavoidability of the given that remains the same through (...)
     
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  30.  47
    Zachary Taylor.Vincent C. Hopkins - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (2):334-335.
  31.  43
    Themes in the Reverse-Discrimination DebateThe Bakke Case: The Politics of Inequality. Joel Dreyfuss, Charles Lawrence IIIJustice and Reverse Discrimination. Alan H. GoldmanDiscrimination in Reverse: Is Turnabout Fair Play?. Barry R. GrossFair Game? Inequality and Affirmative Action. John C. LivingstonBakke, DeFunis, and Minority Admissions: The Quest for Equal Opportunity. Allan P. Sindler. [REVIEW]Irving Thalberg - 1980 - Ethics 91 (1):138-.
  32.  36
    Book Review:Language, Thought, and Culture. Roger W. Brown, Irving M. Copi, Don E. Dulaney, William K. Frankena, Paul Henle, Charles L. Stevenson. [REVIEW]V. C. Chappell - 1959 - Ethics 70 (1):84-.
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  33.  8
    Theology and the University in Nineteenth‐Century Germany. By Zachary Purvis. Pp. Xi, 271, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, £65.00. [REVIEW]Todd C. Ream - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (2):303-305.
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  34.  32
    Clarence Irving Lewis 1883-1964.Donald C. Williams - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):159-172.
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  35.  8
    Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World. Robert S. Lopez, Irving Raymond.Hilmar C. Krueger - 1957 - Speculum 32 (3):578-580.
  36.  10
    "Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis," Ed. J. L. Mothershead, Jr., and J. D. Goheen.Lee C. Rice - 1971 - Modern Schoolman 48 (4):376-378.
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  37.  7
    Abraham Kaplan and Irving M. Copilowish. Must There Be Propositions?Mind, N. S. Vol. 48 , Pp. 478–484.C. H. Langford - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (3):120-120.
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  38.  7
    Burks Arthur W. And Copi Irving M.. Lewis Carroll's Barber Shop Paradox. Mind, N.S. Vol. 59 , Pp. 219–222.J. C. C. McKinsey - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):222-223.
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  39.  6
    Abraham Kaplan and Irving M. Copilowish. Must There Be Propositions?Mind, N. S. Vol. 48 , Pp. 478–484. [REVIEW]C. H. Langford - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (3):120-120.
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  40.  6
    Schizophrenia: The Epigenetic Puzzle. By Irving I. Gottesman and James Shields. Pp 258. (Cambridge University Press, 1982.) £6.95. [REVIEW]C. P. Seager - 1984 - Journal of Biosocial Science 16 (1):157-158.
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  41.  4
    Review: Arthur W. Burks, Irving M. Copi, Lewis Carroll's Barber Shop Paradox. [REVIEW]J. C. C. McKinsey - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):222-223.
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  42.  8
    Marxism According to C. Wright Mills.Irving Louis Horowitz - 1964 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (3):402-405.
  43.  25
    The Philosophy of C. I. Lewis.Clarence Irving Lewis & Paul Arthur Schilpp (eds.) - 1968 - La Salle, Ill., Open Court.
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  44. Will, Imagination, and Reason: Irving Babbitt and the Problem of Reality.C. G. RYN - 1986
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  45.  56
    Algorithmic Fairness From a Non-Ideal Perspective.Sina Fazelpour & Zachary C. Lipton - manuscript
    Inspired by recent breakthroughs in predictive modeling, practitioners in both industry and government have turned to machine learning with hopes of operationalizing predictions to drive automated decisions. Unfortunately, many social desiderata concerning consequential decisions, such as justice or fairness, have no natural formulation within a purely predictive framework. In efforts to mitigate these problems, researchers have proposed a variety of metrics for quantifying deviations from various statistical parities that we might expect to observe in a fair world and offered a (...)
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  46.  4
    Predicting Premeditation: Future Behavior is Seen as More Intentional Than Past Behavior.Zachary C. Burns, Eugene M. Caruso & Daniel M. Bartels - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):227-232.
  47.  4
    Fitts’ Law in the Control of Isometric Grip Force With Naturalistic Targets.Zachary C. Thumser, Andrew B. Slifkin, Dylan T. Beckler & Paul D. Marasco - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  48.  93
    On the Nature of the Evolutionary Process: The Correspondence Between Theodosius Dobzhansky and John C. Greene. [REVIEW]John C. Greene & Michael Ruse - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):445-491.
    This is the correspondence (1959–1969), on the nature of the evolutionary process, between the biologist Theodosius Dobzhansky and the historian John C. Greene.
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  49.  14
    Science Fiction and The Abolition of Man: Finding C. S. Lewis in Sci-Fi Film and Television.Mark J. Boone & Kevin C. Neece (eds.) - 2016 - Eugene, OR: Pickwick.
    The Abolition of Man, C. S. Lewis's masterpiece in ethics and the philosophy of science,warns of the danger of combining modern moral skepticism with the technological pursuit of human desires. The end result is the final destruction of human nature. From Brave New World to Star Trek, from Steampunk to starships, science fiction film has considered from nearly every conceivable angle the same nexus of morality, technology, and humanity of which C. S. Lewis wrote. As a result,science fiction film has (...)
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  50. La imagen narrativa de Dios en C. S. Lewis, una lectura de “Las crónicas de Narnia”.Adán Salinas - 1999 - Boletín de Filosofía (10):261-278.
    El artículo propone una interpretación de la obra literaria "Las Crónicas de Narnia" del autor ingles C. S Lewis. Tal interpretación posibilita considerar la alegoría religiosa que esta obra literaria realiza sobre la experiencia de la divinidad a través de la figura del León.
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