Results for 'Irving Zachary C'

998 found
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  1.  26
    Attention Norms in Siegel’s The Rationality of Perception.Zachary C. Irving - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):84-91.
    Can we be responsible for our attention? Can attention be epistemically good or bad? Siegel tackles these under‐explored questions in “Selection Effects”, a pathbreaking chapter of The Rationality of Perception. In this chapter, Siegel develops one of the first philosophical accounts of attention norms. Her account is inferential: patterns of attention are often controlled by inferences and therefore subject to rational epistemic norms that govern any other form of inference. Although Siegel’s account is explanatorily powerful, it cannot capture a core (...)
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  2.  26
    Mind‐Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
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  3.  29
    Style, but Substance: An Epistemology of Visual Versus Numerical Representation in Scientific Practice.Zachary C. Irving - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):774-787.
  4.  26
    Is an Off-Task Mind a Freely-Moving Mind? Examining the Relationship Between Different Dimensions of Thought.Caitlin Mills, Quentin Raffaelli, Zachary C. Irving, Dylan Stan & Kalina Christoff - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 58:20-33.
  5. Aha! Trick Questions, Independence, and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Michael Arsenault & Zachary C. Irving - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):185-194.
    We present a family of counter-examples to David Christensen's Independence Criterion, which is central to the epistemology of disagreement. Roughly, independence requires that, when you assess whether to revise your credence in P upon discovering that someone disagrees with you, you shouldn't rely on the reasoning that lead you to your initial credence in P. To do so would beg the question against your interlocutor. Our counter-examples involve questions where, in the course of your reasoning, you almost fall for an (...)
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  6.  29
    Mind-Wandering as a Scientific Concept: Cutting Through the Definitional Haze.Kalina Christoff, Caitlin Mills, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Zachary C. Irving, Evan Thompson, Kieran C. R. Fox & Julia W. Y. Kam - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):957-959.
  7. Drifting and Directed Minds: The Significance of Mind-Wandering for Mental Action.Zachary C. Irving - manuscript
    Perhaps the central question in action theory is this: what ingredient of bodily action is missing in mere behaviour? But what is an analogous question for mental action? I ask the following: what ingredient of active, goal-directed, thought is missing in mind-wandering? I answer that guidance is the missing ingredient that separates mind-wandering and directed thinking. I define mind-wandering as unguided attention. Roughly speaking, attention is guided when you would feel pulled back, were you distracted. In contrast, a wandering attention (...)
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  8. Mind-Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - forthcoming - Philosophical Compass.
    Philosophers have long been fascinated by the stream of consciousness––thoughts, images, and bits of inner speech that dance across the inner stage. Yet for centuries, such “mind-wandering” was deemed private and thus resistant to empirical investigation. Recent developments in psychology and neuroscience have reinvigorated scientific interest in the stream of thought, leading some researchers to dub this “the era of the wandering mind”. Despite this flurry of progress, scientists have stressed that mind-wandering research requires firmer philosophical foundations. The time is (...)
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  9.  18
    What Does “Mind‐Wandering” Mean to the Folk? An Empirical Investigation.Zachary C. Irving, Aaron Glasser, Alison Gopnik, Verity Pinter & Chandra Sripada - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (10).
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  10. What Does "Mind-Wandering" Mean To The Folk? An Empirical Investigation.Zachary C. Irving, Aaron Glasser, Alison Gopnik & Chandra Sekhar Sripada - manuscript
    Although mind-wandering research is rapidly progressing, stark disagreements are emerging about what the term “mind-wandering” means. Four prominent views define mind-wandering as 1) task-unrelated thought, 2) stimulus-independent thought, 3) unintentional thought, or 4) dynamically unguided thought. Although theorists claim to capture the ordinary understanding of mind-wandering, no systematic studies have assessed these claims. Two large factorial studies present participants (n=545) with vignettes that describe someone’s thoughts and ask whether her mind was wandering, while systematically manipulating features relevant to the four (...)
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  11. The Neuroscience of Spontaneous Thought: An Evolving, Interdisciplinary Field.Andrews-Hanna Jessica, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan R. & Christoff Kalina - forthcoming - In Fox Kieran & Christoff Kieran (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought and Creativity. Oxford University Press.
    An often-overlooked characteristic of the human mind is its propensity to wander. Despite growing interest in the science of mind-wandering, most studies operationalize mind-wandering by its task-unrelated contents. But these contents may be orthogonal to the processes that determine how thoughts unfold over time, remaining stable or wandering from one topic to another. In this chapter, we emphasize the importance of incorporating such processes into current definitions of mind-wandering, and propose that mind-wandering and other forms of spontaneous thought (such as (...)
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  12.  75
    Mind-Wandering as Spontaneous Thought: A Dynamic Framework.Christoff Kalina, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan & Andrews-Hanna Jessica - 2016 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17:718–731.
    Most research on mind-wandering has characterized it as a mental state with contents that are task unrelated or stimulus independent. However, the dynamics of mind-wandering—how mental states change over time—have remained largely neglected. Here, we introduce a dynamic framework for understanding mind-wandering and its relationship to the recruitment of large-scale brain networks. We propose that mind-wandering is best understood as a member of a family of spontaneous-thought phenomena that also includes creative thought and dreaming. This dynamic framework can shed new (...)
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  13.  96
    Mind-Wandering is Unguided Attention: Accounting for the “Purposeful” Wanderer.Zachary Irving - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):547-571.
    Although mind-wandering occupies up to half of our waking thoughts, it is seldom discussed in philosophy. My paper brings these neglected thoughts into focus. I propose that mind-wandering is unguided attention. Guidance in my sense concerns how attention is monitored and regulated as it unfolds over time. Roughly speaking, someone’s attention is guided if she would feel pulled back, were she distracted from her current focus. Because our wandering thoughts drift unchecked from topic to topic, they are unguided. One motivation (...)
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  14.  1
    Psychology Off Tasks: Self-Report in the Science of Dreaming and Mind-Wandering.Z. C. Irving - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (5-6):63-84.
  15.  4
    Predicting Premeditation: Future Behavior is Seen as More Intentional Than Past Behavior.Zachary C. Burns, Eugene M. Caruso & Daniel M. Bartels - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):227-232.
  16.  5
    Fitts’ Law in the Control of Isometric Grip Force With Naturalistic Targets.Zachary C. Thumser, Andrew B. Slifkin, Dylan T. Beckler & Paul D. Marasco - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  17. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question One.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This part of the report explores the question: How does the understanding of attention in Indian philosophy bear on contemporary western debates?
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  18. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Two.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: How can we train our attention, and what are the benefits of doing so?
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  19. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Three.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: Can meditation give us moral knowledge?
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  20. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report, Question Four.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, on September 21st and 22nd, 2013, written by Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving, and Lu Teng, and available at http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This portion of the report explores the question: What can Indian philosophy tell us about how we perceive the world?
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  21. Mind and Attention in Indian Philosophy: Workshop Report.Kevin Connolly, Jennifer Corns, Nilanjan Das, Zachary Irving & Lu Teng - manuscript
    This report highlights and explores five questions that arose from the workshop on mind and attention in Indian philosophy at Harvard University, September 21st to 22nd, 2013: 1. How does the understanding of attention in Indian philosophy bear on contemporary western debates? 2. How can we train our attention, and what are the benefits of doing so? 3. Can meditation give us moral knowledge? 4. What can Indian philosophy tell us about how we perceive the world? 5. Are there cross-cultural (...)
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  22. Algorithmic Fairness From a Non-Ideal Perspective.Sina Fazelpour & Zachary C. Lipton - manuscript
    Inspired by recent breakthroughs in predictive modeling, practitioners in both industry and government have turned to machine learning with hopes of operationalizing predictions to drive automated decisions. Unfortunately, many social desiderata concerning consequential decisions, such as justice or fairness, have no natural formulation within a purely predictive framework. In efforts to mitigate these problems, researchers have proposed a variety of metrics for quantifying deviations from various statistical parities that we might expect to observe in a fair world and offered a (...)
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  23. Power, Politics and People: The Collected Essays of C. Wright Mills.C. Wright Mills & Irving Louis Horowitz - 1964 - Science and Society 28 (4):478-480.
     
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  24. The Philosophy of Mind Wandering.Irving Zachary & Thompson Evan - forthcoming - In Fox Kieran & Christoff Kalina (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought and Creativity. Oxford University Press.
    Our paper serves as an introduction to a budding field: the philosophy of mind-wandering. We begin with a philosophical critique of the standard psychological definitions of mind-wandering as task-unrelated or stimulus-independent. Although these definitions have helped bring mind-wandering research onto centre stage in psychology and cognitive neuroscience, they have substantial limitations that researchers must overcome to move forward. Specifically, the standard definitions do not account for (i) the dynamics of mind wandering, (ii) task-unrelated thought that does not qualify as mind-wandering, (...)
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  25.  15
    On the Information Extracted From a Glance at a Scene.Irving Biederman, Jan C. Rabinowitz, Arnold L. Glass & E. Webb Stacy - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):597.
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  26.  4
    The Acquisition of Survey Knowledge by Individuals With Down Syndrome.Zachary M. Himmelberger, Edward C. Merrill, Frances A. Conners, Beverly Roskos, Yingying Yang & Trent Robinson - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  27.  7
    Making Children Gesture Brings Out Implicit Knowledge and Leads to Learning.Sara C. Broaders, Susan Wagner Cook, Zachary Mitchell & Susan Goldin-Meadow - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (4):539-550.
  28.  20
    Sociology and Pragmatism the Higher Learning in America.C. Wright Mills & Irving Louis Horowitz - 1964 - Oxford University Press.
  29.  7
    Force, Cosmos, Monads and Other Themes of Kant's Early Thought. [REVIEW]Ralph C. S. Walker & Irving I. Polonoff - 1975 - Philosophical Quarterly 25 (98):83.
  30.  16
    Realization of Events by Logical Nets.Irving M. Copi, Calvin C. Elgot & Jesse B. Wright - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):389-390.
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  31.  15
    Undisclosed Conflicts of Interest Among Biomedical Textbook Authors.Brian J. Piper, Drew A. Lambert, Ryan C. Keefe, Phoebe U. Smukler, Nicolas A. Selemon & Zachary R. Duperry - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (2):59-68.
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  32.  24
    Out of the Fog: Catalyzing Integrative Capacity in Interdisciplinary Research.Zachary Piso, Michael O'Rourke & Kathleen C. Weathers - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:84-94.
    Social studies of interdisciplinary science investigate how scientific collaborations approach complex challenges that require multiple disciplinary perspectives. In order for collaborators to meet these complex challenges, interdisciplinary collaborations must develop and maintain integrative capacity, understood as the ability to anticipate and weigh tradeoffs in the employment of different disciplinary approaches. Here we provide an account of how one group of interdisciplinary fog scientists intentionally catalyzed integrative capacity. Through conversation, collaborators negotiated their commitments regarding the ontology of fog systems and the (...)
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  33.  8
    Attentional Input Gating as a Mechanism of Pro-Active Response Slowing.Langford Zachary, Krebs Ruth, Talsma Durk, Woldorff Marty & Boehler C. - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  28
    Making the Ineffable Explicit: Estimating the Information Employed for Face Classifications.Michael C. Mangini & Irving Biederman - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (2):209-226.
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  35.  9
    Distributed Control of a Manufacturing System with One-Dimensional Cellular Automata.Irving Barragan-Vite, Juan C. Seck-Tuoh-Mora, Norberto Hernandez-Romero, Joselito Medina-Marin & Eva S. Hernandez-Gress - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-15.
    We present a distributed control modeling approach for an automated manufacturing system based on the dynamics of one-dimensional cellular automata. This is inspired by the fact that both cellular automata and manufacturing systems are discrete dynamical systems where local interactions given among their elements can lead to complex dynamics, despite the simple rules governing such interactions. The cellular automaton model developed in this study focuses on two states of the resources of a manufacturing system, namely, busy or idle. However, the (...)
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  36.  44
    Themes in the Reverse-Discrimination DebateThe Bakke Case: The Politics of Inequality. Joel Dreyfuss, Charles Lawrence IIIJustice and Reverse Discrimination. Alan H. GoldmanDiscrimination in Reverse: Is Turnabout Fair Play?. Barry R. GrossFair Game? Inequality and Affirmative Action. John C. LivingstonBakke, DeFunis, and Minority Admissions: The Quest for Equal Opportunity. Allan P. Sindler. [REVIEW]Irving Thalberg - 1980 - Ethics 91 (1):138-.
  37.  15
    Separate but Correlated: The Latent Structure of Space and Mathematics Across Development.Kelly S. Mix, Susan C. Levine, Yi-Ling Cheng, Chris Young, D. Zachary Hambrick, Raedy Ping & Spyros Konstantopoulos - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):1206-1227.
  38.  18
    Prebiotic Geochemical Automata at the Intersection of Radiolytic Chemistry, Physical Complexity, and Systems Biology.Zachary R. Adam, Albert C. Fahrenbach, Betul Kacar & Masashi Aono - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-21.
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  39.  32
    Clarence Irving Lewis 1883-1964.Donald C. Williams - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):159-172.
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  40.  47
    Zachary Taylor.Vincent C. Hopkins - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (2):334-335.
  41.  39
    Irving M. Copi, Calvin C. Elgot, and Jesse B. Wright. Realization of Events by Logical Nets. Sequential Machines, Selected Papers, Edited by Edward F. Moore, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., Reading, Massachusetts, Palo Alto, and London, 1964, Pp. 175–192. , Pp. 181–196.). [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Blikle - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):389-390.
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  42. Review: Irving M. Copi, Calvin C. Elgot, Jesse B. Wright, Realization of Events by Logical Nets. [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Blikle - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):389-390.
     
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  43.  25
    Equivalent Decision Trees and Their Associated Strategy Sets.Irving H. Lavalle & Peter C. Fishburn - 1987 - Theory and Decision 23 (1):37-63.
  44.  7
    L. C. Robbins. An Analysis by Arithmetical Methods of a Calculating Network with Feedback. Ibid., Pp. 61–67. - Irving S. Reed. Symbolic Synthesis of Digital Computers. Ibid., Pp. 90–94. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Nelson - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):58-58.
  45.  8
    L. C. Robbins. An Analysis by Arithmetical Methods of a Calculating Network with Feedback. Ibid., Pp. 61–67. - Irving S. Reed. Symbolic Synthesis of Digital Computers. Ibid., Pp. 90–94. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Nelson - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):58-58.
  46.  30
    The Philosophy of C. I. Lewis.Clarence Irving Lewis & Paul Arthur Schilpp (eds.) - 1968 - La Salle, Ill., Open Court.
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  47. Will, Imagination, and Reason: Irving Babbitt and the Problem of Reality.C. G. RYN - 1986
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  48.  2
    Abused Children Experience High Anger Exposure.Rista C. Plate, Zachary Bloomberg, Daniel M. Bolt, Anna M. Bechner, Barbara J. Roeber & Seth D. Pollak - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  9
    Marxism According to C. Wright Mills.Irving Louis Horowitz - 1964 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (3):402-405.
  50.  13
    "Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis," Ed. J. L. Mothershead, Jr., and J. D. Goheen.Lee C. Rice - 1971 - Modern Schoolman 48 (4):376-378.
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