Results for 'Isa Costantini'

236 found
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  1.  4
    Theory of Mind and the Whole Brain Functional Connectivity: Behavioral and Neural Evidences with the Amsterdam Resting State Questionnaire.Antonella Marchetti, Francesca Baglio, Isa Costantini, Ottavia Dipasquale, Federica Savazzi, Raffaello Nemni, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra, Semira Tagliabue, Annalisa Valle, Davide Massaro & Ilaria Castelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  2.  65
    The Rubber Hand Illusion: Sensitivity and Reference Frame for Body Ownership.Marcello Costantini & Patrick Haggard - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):229-240.
    When subjects view stimulation of a rubber hand while feeling congruent stimulation of their own hand, they may come to feel that the rubber hand is part of their own body. This illusion of body ownership is termed ‘Rubber Hand Illusion’ . We investigated sensitivity of RHI to spatial mismatches between visual and somatic experience. We compared the effects of spatial mismatch between the stimulation of the two hands, and equivalent mismatches between the postures of the two hands. We created (...)
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  3.  15
    Grit or Honesty-Humility? New Insights Into the Moderating Role of Personality Between the Health Impairment Process and Counterproductive Work Behavior.Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori, Stephan Dickert & Arianna Costantini - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  4.  49
    Bodily Ownership and Self-Location: Components of Bodily Self-Consciousness.Andrea Serino, Adrian Alsmith, Marcello Costantini, Alisa Mandrigin, Ana Tajadura-Jimenez & Christophe Lopez - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1239-1252.
  5.  13
    Multisensory Integration Induces Body Ownership of a Handtool, but Not Any Handtool.Veronica Weser, Gianluca Finotti, Marcello Costantini & Dennis R. Proffitt - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:150-164.
  6.  27
    Darurah and Its Application in Islamic Ethical Assessment of Medical Applications: A Review on Malaysian Fatwa.Noor Munirah Isa - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1319-1332.
    The discovery and invention of new medical applications may be considered blessings to humankind. However, some applications which might be the only remedy for certain diseases may contain ingredients or involve methods that are not in harmony with certain cultural and religious perspectives. These situations have raised important questions in medical ethics; are these applications completely prohibited according to these perspectives, and is there any room for mitigation? This paper explores the concept of darurah and its deliberation in the formulation (...)
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  7.  10
    How Do You Manage Change in Organizations? Training, Development, Innovation, and Their Relationships.Riccardo Sartori, Arianna Costantini, Andrea Ceschi & Francesco Tommasi - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8.  10
    Temporal Limits on Rubber Hand Illusion Reflect Individuals’ Temporal Resolution in Multisensory Perception.Marcello Costantini, Jeffrey Robinson, Daniele Migliorati, Brunella Donno, Francesca Ferri & Georg Northoff - 2016 - Cognition 157:39-48.
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  9.  46
    Maqasid Al-Shariah as a Complementary Framework to Conventional Bioethics.Shaikh Mohd Saifuddeen, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Noor Munirah Isa & Azizan Baharuddin - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):317-327.
    With the rapid advancements made in biotechnology, bioethical discourse has become increasingly important. Bioethics is a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary field that goes beyond the realm of natural sciences, and has involved fields in the domain of the social sciences. One of the important areas in bioethical discourse is religion. In a country like Malaysia, where Muslims make up the majority of the population, Islam plays a crucial role in providing the essential guidelines on the permissibility and acceptability of biotechnological applications (...)
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  10.  27
    Bioethics in the Malay‐Muslim Community in Malaysia: A Study on the Formulation of Fatwa on Genetically Modified Food by the National Fatwa Council.Noor Munirah Isa, Azizan Baharuddin, Saadan Man & Lee Wei Chang - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):143-151.
    The field of bioethics aims to ensure that modern scientific and technological advancements have been primarily developed for the benefits of humankind. This field is deeply rooted in the traditions of Western moral philosophy and socio-political theory. With respect to the view that the practice of bioethics in certain community should incorporate religious and cultural elements, this paper attempts to expound bioethical tradition of the Malay-Muslim community in Malaysia, with shedding light on the mechanism used by the National Fatwa Council (...)
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  11.  22
    Clinical Ethics Consultation and Research Ethics Consultation: A Call for Italy.Ludovica De Panfilis, Domenico Franco Merlo, Roberto Satolli, Teresa Coppola, Luca Ghirotto & Massimo Costantini - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):63-64.
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  12.  18
    “First Things First”: Application of Islamic Principles of Priority in the Ethical Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods.Noor Munirah Isa & Saadan Man - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):857-870.
    Advancement of modern agricultural biotechnology has brought various potential benefits to humankind, but at the same time ethical concerns regarding some applications such as genetically modified foods have been raised among the public. Several questions are being posed; should they utilize such applications to improve quality of their life, or should they refrain in order to save themselves from any associated risk? What are the ethical principles that can be applied to assess these applications? By using GMF as a case (...)
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  13.  45
    Which Body for Embodied Cognition? Affordance and Language Within Actual and Perceived Reaching Space.Ettore Ambrosini, Claudia Scorolli, Anna M. Borghi & Marcello Costantini - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1551-1557.
    The mental representation of one’s own body does not necessarily correspond to the physical body. For instance, a dissociation between perceived and actual reach-ability has been shown, that is, individuals perceive that they can reach objects that are out of grasp. We presented participants with 3D pictures of objects located at four different distances, namely near-reaching space, actual-reaching space, perceived-reaching space and non-reaching space. Immediately after they were presented with function, manipulation, observation or pointing verbs and were required to judge (...)
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  14.  4
    The NOTECHS+: A Short Scale Designed for Assessing the Non-Technical Skills in the Aviation and the Emergency Personnel.Andrea Ceschi, Arianna Costantini, Vivian Zagarese, Eleonora Avi & Riccardo Sartori - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15.  7
    Islamic Perspectives on CRISPR/Cas9-Mediated Human Germline Gene Editing: A Preliminary Discussion.Noor Munirah Isa, Nurul Atiqah Zulkifli & Saadan Man - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The recent development of CRISPR/Cas9 technology has rekindled the ethical debate concerning human germline modification that has begun decades ago. This inexpensive technology shows tremendous promise in disease prevention strategies, while raising complex ethical concerns about safety and efficacy of the technology, human dignity, tampering with God’s creation, and human genetic enhancement. Germline gene editing may result in heritable changes in the human genome, therefore the question of whether it should be allowed requires deep and careful discussion from various perspectives. (...)
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  16.  23
    Analogy by Similarity.Domenico Costantini - 1983 - Erkenntnis 20 (1):103 - 114.
  17.  7
    Ethical Concerns About Human Genetic Enhancement in the Malay Science Fiction Novels.Muhammad Hj Safian Shuri & Noor Isa - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):109-127.
    Advancements in science and technology have not only brought hope to humankind to produce disease-free offspring, but also offer possibilities to genetically enhance the next generation’s traits and capacities. Human genetic enhancement, however, raises complex ethical questions, such as to what extent should it be allowed? It has been a great challenge for humankind to develop robust ethical guidelines for human genetic enhancement that address both public concerns and needs. We believe that research about public concerns is necessary prior to (...)
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  18.  5
    Annealing of Paramagnetic Centres in Electron- and Ion-Irradiated Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia: Effect of Yttria Content.Jean-Marc Costantini, François Beuneu & William J. Weber - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (20):2281-2296.
  19.  12
    Open‐Ended Generality.Filippo Costantini - 2018 - Philosophical Forum 49 (2):161-191.
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  20.  5
    Gait Pattern and Motor Performance During Discrete Gait Perturbation in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.Emilia Biffi, Cristina Costantini, Silvia Busti Ceccarelli, Ambra Cesareo, Gian Marco Marzocchi, Maria Nobile, Massimo Molteni & Alessandro Crippa - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21.  23
    A Probabilistic Foundation of Elementary Particle Statistics. Part I.Domenico Costantini & Ubaldo Garibaldi - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 28 (4):483-506.
    The long history of ergodic and quasi-ergodic hypotheses provides the best example of the attempt to supply non-probabilistic justifications for the use of statistical mechanics in describing mechanical systems. In this paper we reverse the terms of the problem. We aim to show that accepting a probabilistic foundation of elementary particle statistics dispenses with the need to resort to ambiguous non-probabilistic notions like that of (in)distinguishability. In the quantum case, starting from suitable probability conditions, it is possible to deduce elementary (...)
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  22.  2
    Dynamics of Laughter: The Costumes of Menippus and Mithrobarzanes in Lucian’s Necyomantia.Leonardo Costantini - 2019 - American Journal of Philology 140 (1):101-122.
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  23.  4
    Accounting for Individual Differences in Decision-Making Competence: Personality and Gender Differences.Joshua Weller, Andrea Ceschi, Lauren Hirsch, Riccardo Sartori & Arianna Costantini - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  24.  5
    Apuleius’ polymathic knowledge - plantade, vallat Les savoirs d'apulée. Pp. 404. Hildesheim: Georg olms, 2018. Paper, €98. Isbn: 978-3-487-15638-5. [REVIEW]Leonardo Costantini - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):143-145.
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  25.  52
    Microcanonical and Canonical Distributions and Finite Exchangeable Random Processes.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (1):177-202.
    A pure probabilistic approach to Gibbs' distributions is given, starting from the notion of “finite exchangeable random process.” The differences between bosons, fermions, and classical particles are ascribed to different values of correlation. The relationship between exchangeability and constraints on the energy distribution is investigated.
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  26.  12
    Classical and Quantum Statistics as Finite Random Processes.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (6):743-754.
    We show: (1) It is possible to produce the three familiar statistics without referring to the problem of distinguishability; (2) what really distinguishes elementary particles is the correlation existing among them; (3) correlations existing among quantum particles, positive for bosons and negative form fermions, are completely different in character.
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  27.  6
    An Emendation to Apuleius, Apologia 47.1.Leonardo Costantini - 2018 - Classical Quarterly 68 (1):347-350.
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  28.  16
    Abductive Inferences.Domenico Costantini - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (3):409 - 422.
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  29.  34
    A Probabilistic Foundation of Statistical Mechanics.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 85--98.
  30.  8
    Compassionate Use Programs in Italy: Ethical Guidelines.Ludovica De Panfilis, Roberto Satolli & Massimo Costantini - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):22.
    This article proposes a retrospective analysis of a compassionate use, using a case study of request for Avelumab for a patient suffering from Merkel Cell Carcinoma. The study is the result of a discussion within a Provincial Ethics Committee following the finding of a high number of requests for CU program. The primary objective of the study is to illustrate the specific ethical and clinical profiles that emerge from the compassionate use program issue. The secondary goals are: a) to promote (...)
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  31.  11
    Expected but Omitted Stimuli Affect Crossmodal Interaction.Marcello Costantini, Daniele Migliorati, Brunella Donno, Miroslav Sirota & Francesca Ferri - 2018 - Cognition 171:52-64.
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  32.  10
    The Loeb Apologia, Florida and de Deo Socratis. Jones Apuleius. Apologia. Florida. De Deo Socratis. Pp. XXXII + 414. Cambridge, Ma and London: Harvard University Press, 2017. Cased, £16.95, €21, Us$26. Isbn: 978-0-674-99711-0. [REVIEW]Leonardo Costantini - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (1):107-109.
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  33.  5
    Multisensory Integration, Body Representation and Hyperactivity of the Immune System.Gianluca Finotti, Daniele Migliorati & Marcello Costantini - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:61-73.
  34.  22
    Explanation-Based Interpretation of Open-Textured Concepts in Logical Models of Legislation.Stefania Costantini & Gaetano Aurelio Lanzarone - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 3 (3):191-208.
    In this paper we discuss a view of the Machine Learning technique called Explanation-Based Learning (EBL) or Explanation-Based Generalization (EBG) as a process for the interpretation of vague concepts in logic-based models of law.The open-textured nature of legal terms is a well-known open problem in the building of knowledge-based legal systems. EBG is a technique which creates generalizations of given examples on the basis of background domain knowledge. We relate these two topics by considering EBG''s domain knowledge as corresponding to (...)
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  35.  30
    A Purely Probabilistic Representation for the Dynamics of a Gas of Particles.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (1):81-99.
    The aim of the present paper is to give a purely probabilistic account for the approach to equilibrium of classical and quantum gas. The probability function used is classical. The probabilistic dynamics describes the evolution of the state of the gas due to unary and binary collisions. A state change amounts to a destruction in a state and the creation in another state. Transitions probabilities are splittled into destructions terms, denoting the random choice of the colliding particle(s), and creation terms, (...)
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  36.  20
    Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems.W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
    We describe a novel affect-inspired mechanism to improve the performance of computational systems operating in dynamic environments. In particular, we designed a mechanism that is based on aspects of the fear response in humans to dynamically reallocate operating system-level central processing unit (CPU) resources to processes as they are needed to deal with time-critical events. We evaluated this system in the MINIX® and Linux® operating systems and in three different testing environments (two simulated, one live). We found the affect-based system (...)
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  37.  11
    Induction and Deduction in Statistical Analysis.Domenico Costantini & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1986 - Erkenntnis 24 (1):73 - 94.
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  38.  13
    Recrystallization of Hexagonal Silicon Carbide After Gold Ion Irradiation and Thermal Annealing.Sandrine Miro, Jean-Marc Costantini, Juan Huguet-Garcia & Lionel Thomé - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (34):3898-3913.
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  39.  30
    Probability and Laws.D. Costantini - 1985 - Erkenntnis 22 (1-3):33 - 49.
  40.  11
    Colour Centre Production in Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia by X-Ray and Electron Irradiations: Effect of Yttria Content.Jean-Marc Costantini, Mauro Fasoli, François Beuneu & Bruno Boizot - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (35):4053-4065.
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  41.  2
    Acquisition of Leverpress Shock Avoidance in Juvenile Norway Rats and Spiny Mice.Richard Deni, Lisa Budzek, Joseph Mcdermott, Meryl Silvers & Frank Costantini - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (3):111-112.
  42.  27
    A Probabilistic Foundation of Elementary Particle Statistics. Part II.Domenico Costantini & Ubaldo Garibaldi - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (1):37-59.
  43.  15
    Impact of Culture and Knowledge Acquisition to Organizational Success: Study on Chinese and Malay Small Firms.Nik Maheran Nik Muhammad & Filzah Md Isa - 2009 - Asian Culture and History 1 (2):P63.
    Research generally concludes that small businesses contribute to economic development. In Malaysia, small firm’s particularly Chinese small firms have played a very important role for economic growth in this country. Chinese firms have managed to survive, grow and succeed either in Malaysia or anywhere else in the world. Most prior research found that the success factor was related to their socio-cultural context. However, previous studies have found the similarities on the cultural values of the Malays and Chinese which derived from (...)
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  44.  29
    The Ehrenfest Fleas: From Model to Theory.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 2004 - Synthese 139 (1):107 - 142.
    A generalization of Ehrenfest''s urn model is suggested. This will allow usto treat a wide class of stochastic processes describing the changes ofmicroscopic objects. These processes are homogeneous Markov chains. Thegeneralization proposed is presented as an abstract conditional (relative)probability theory. The probability axioms of such a theory and some simpleadditional conditions, yield both transition probabilities and equilibriumdistributions. The resulting theory interpreted in terms of particles andsingle-particle states, leads to the usual formulae of quantum and classicalstatistical mechanics; in terms of chromosomes (...)
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  45. The Role of Inductive Logic in Statistical Inference.Domenico Costantini - 1984 - Epistemologia 7:153.
  46.  13
    Indistinguishability or Stochastic Dependence?D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 2009 - In Wayne C. Myrvold & Joy Christian (eds.), Quantum Reality, Relativistic Causality, and Closing the Epistemic Circle. Springer. pp. 311--324.
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  47. A Rational Reconstruction of Elementary Particles Statistics.D. Costantini - 1982 - Scientia 76:151.
  48. Una ricostruzione razionale per le statistiche delle particelle elementari.D. Costantini - 1982 - Scientia 76:137.
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  49.  13
    Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems.W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (2):165-178.
  50.  18
    Predictive Laws of Association in Statistics and Physics.D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):399 - 422.
    In the present paper we face the problem of estimating cell probabilities in the case of a two-dimensional contingency table from a predictive point of view. The solution is given by a double stochastic process. The first subprocess, the unobservable one, is supposed to be exchangeable and invariant. For the second subprocess, the observable one, we suppose it is independent conditional on the first one.
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