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Isaac Taylor
Stockholm University
  1.  80
    Who Is Responsible for Killer Robots? Autonomous Weapons, Group Agency, and the Military‐Industrial Complex.Isaac Taylor - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (2):320-334.
    There has recently been increasing interest in the possibility and ethics of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS), which would combine sophisticated AI with machinery capable of deadly force. One objection to LAWS is that their use will create a troubling responsibility gap, where no human agent can properly be held accountable for the outcomes that they create. While some authors have attempted to show that individual agents can, in fact, be responsible for the behaviour of LAWS in various circumstances, this (...)
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  2.  62
    Data collection, counterterrorism and the right to privacy.Isaac Taylor - 2017 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 16 (3):326-346.
    Governments around the world collect huge amounts of personal data from their citizens for counterterrorist purposes. While mining this data has arguably increased the security of populations, the practices through which these data are currently collected in many countries have been criticised for violating individuals’ rights to privacy. Yet it is not clear what a permissible data collection regime would look like and thus also how we could reform existing regimes to make them morally acceptable. This article explores a number (...)
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  3.  8
    Asking the Fox to Guard the Chicken Coop: In Defense of Minimalism in the Ethics of War and Peace.Elisabeth Forster & Isaac Taylor - 2022 - Journal of International Political Theory 18 (1):191-109.
    Dominant normative theories of armed conflict orientate themselves around the ultimate goal of peace. Yet the deployment of these theories in the international sphere appears to have failed in advancing toward this goal. In this paper, we argue that one major reason for this failure is these theories’ use of essentially contested concepts—that is, concepts whose internally complex character results in no principled way of adjudicating between rival interpretations of them. This renders the theories susceptible to manipulation by international actors (...)
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  4.  11
    The Ethics of Counterterrorism.Isaac Taylor - 2018 - Routledge.
    States across the globe spend billions of dollars fighting terrorism annually. As well as strategic questions about the way in which the money should be spent, we are also confronted with a host of moral issues here, many of which are poorly understood. The Ethics of Counterterrorism offers the first systematic normative theory for guiding, assessing, and criticising counterterrorist policy. Many commentators claim that state actors combating terrorism should set aside ordinary moral and legal frameworks, and instead bind themselves by (...)
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  5.  45
    Justice by Algorithm: The Limits of AI in Criminal Sentencing.Isaac Taylor - 2023 - Criminal Justice Ethics 42 (3):193-213.
    Criminal justice systems have traditionally relied heavily on human decision-making, but new technologies are increasingly supplementing the human role in this sector. This paper considers what general limits need to be placed on the use of algorithms in sentencing decisions. It argues that, even once we can build algorithms that equal human decision-making capacities, strict constraints need to be placed on how they are designed and developed. The act of condemnation is a valuable element of criminal sentencing, and using algorithms (...)
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  6.  32
    Political Obligations and Public Goods.Isaac Taylor - 2021 - Res Publica 27 (4):559-575.
    The principle of fairness is a moral principle which states that individuals are under an obligation to contribute towards beneficial cooperative projects. It has been appealed to in arguing that citizens are obligated to pay for public goods that their government supplies. Yet the principle has faced a number of powerful objections, most notably those of Robert Nozick. In responding to some of these objections, proponents of the principle have placed a number of conditions on its application. However, by doing (...)
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  7.  39
    Language as a Global Public Good.Isaac Taylor - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (4):377-394.
    Language use is a public good. Those using a common language receive benefits that are non-excludable and non-rival. And as more people speak the same language, the greater these benefits are. Sometimes individuals make a conscious decision to learn a language other than their native language in order to receive these benefits, and thereby incur costs. This paper is an attempt to determine how we should share the costs among all beneficiaries. I argue against Van Parijs’s proposal for this, and (...)
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  8.  54
    The Responsibility to Protect from Terror: The Ethics of Foreign Counter-terrorist Interventions.Isaac Taylor - 2022 - Global Responsibility to Protect 14 (2):155-177.
    The use of military force abroad is a significant part of some states’ counter-terrorist efforts. Can these operations be ethically justified? This paper considers whether the underlying principles that philosophers have put forward to justify humanitarian interventions (which may underlie the international norm of the responsibility to protect (R2P)) can also give support for foreign counter-terrorist interventions of this sort. While it finds that the limits to international action that are imposed by the need to respect state sovereignty do not (...)
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  9.  11
    Robust Harms.Isaac Taylor - 2018 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 5 (1):69-85.
    Philip Pettit has argued that more robust harms are worse than less robust ones, other things equal, and thinks that appealing to this presumption can help us rationalise the appeal of a number of widely-held moral principles. In this paper, I challenge this view. I argue against the presumption and suggest that, even if it were correct, it could not give much support to the moral principles that Pettit discusses. I also claim, however, that Pettit has the resources at his (...)
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  10.  16
    Making Peace with the Devil: The Problem of Ending Just Wars.Elisabeth Forster & Isaac Taylor - 2023 - Journal of Social and Political Philosophy 2 (2):121-137.
    In this paper, we draw attention to an unintended but severe side effect of just war thinking: the fact that it can impose barriers to making peace. Investigating historical material concerning a series of conflicts in China during the early twentieth century, we suggest that operating in a just war framework might change actors' identities and interests in a way that makes peacemaking an unavailable action. But since just war theory places significant normative constraints on how long wars can be (...)
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  11.  6
    Practices, Institutions, and Global Public Good Regimes.Isaac Taylor - 2013 - Raisons Politiques 3 (51):121-135.
    A practice-dependent conception of justice holds that principles of justice depend, in their content, on the nature of the practice that they are intended to regulate. Institutionalism, one variety of practice-dependency, claims that it is institutional form which determines principles of justice. Specifically, principles of justice should enable the effective pursuit of the point and purpose of the institution they regulate. One consequence of this view is that it cannot be a duty of justice to set up new institutions when (...)
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  12.  5
    Communication, Efficiency, and Fairness in the European Union.Isaac Taylor - 2016 - Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (2):129-147.
    Political integration in the European Union creates the need for a common means of communication among the various linguistic communities in Europe. One way of meeting this need is unilingualism: the use of a single language as a "lingua franca". While this option has been thought to be efficient, this does not mean that we should necessarily choose it. This paper argues that a unilinual Europe will inevitably be unfair despite recent attempts to show otherwise, since non-native speakers of the (...)
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  13.  62
    Just War Theory and the Military Response to Terrorism.Isaac Taylor - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (4):717-740.
    This paper considers whether just war theory needs to be modified to assess the use of military force against terrorist groups. It rejects two existing arguments for doing this (“the contractualist justification” and “the policing model”), and outlines and defends a third (“the consequentialist justification”). Just war theory, it is claimed, is partially designed to bring about certain desirable consequences, and when empirical circumstances change in ways that mean following its principles is less likely to result in those consequences—as when (...)
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  14. A Careful and Strict Enquiry Into the Modern Prevailing Notions of That Freedom of Will, Which is Supposed to Be Essential to Moral Agency.Jonathan Edwards & Isaac Taylor - 1831
     
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  15.  15
    Diagnosing the Refugee Crisis.Yasemin Sari & Isaac Taylor - 2018 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 11 (1).
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  16. Elements of Thought or, Concise Explanations of the Principal Terms Employed in the Several Branches of Intellectual Philosophy.Isaac Taylor - 1851 - W. Gowans.
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  17. Elements of Thought; or, First Lessons in the Knowledge of the Mind.Isaac Taylor - 1822
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  18. Natural History of Enthusiasm.Isaac Taylor - 1821 - BoD – Books on Demand.
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  19. Distributive Justice and Global Public Goods.Isaac Taylor - 2015 - Dissertation, Oxford University
    Public goods are goods that are non-rival and non-excludable. One person enjoying the benefits of a public good will not reduce the value of the good for others. And nobody within a particular population can be excluded from enjoying those benefits. While we often think of the relevant population being co-citizens of a state - national defence is taken to be the archetypal public good - in recent years the importance of public goods that benefit individuals across different countries has (...)
     
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  20. Physical Theory of Another Life. By the author of Natural History of Enthusiasm [i.e. Isaac Taylor].Isaac Taylor - 1839
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  21.  39
    Privatising war: assessing the decision to hire private military contractors.Isaac Taylor - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (2):148-168.
    There has been a huge growth in the size and number of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) in the last decade or so. In this context, the question of when, if ever, states should hire PMSCs to carry out military operations has gained particular urgency. In this paper, I defend the answer that states should do so whenever PMSCs will be the most effective agents available against a number of recent objections. All of these objections claim that considerations aside (...)
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  22.  21
    State responsibility and counterterrorism.Isaac Taylor - 2016 - Ethics and Global Politics 9 (1):32542.
    It is widely thought that the international community, taken as a whole, is required to take action to prevent terrorism. Yet, what each state is required to do in this project is unclear and contested. This article examines a number of bases on which we might assign responsibilities to conduct counterterrorist operations to states. I argue that the ways in which other sorts of responsibilities have been assigned to states by political philosophers will face significant limitations when used to assign (...)
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  23. The World of Mind an Elementary Book.Isaac Taylor - 1858 - Harper & Brothers.
  24. Collective Responsibility and Artificial Intelligence.Isaac Taylor - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (1):1-18.
    The use of artificial intelligence (AI) to make high-stakes decisions is sometimes thought to create a troubling responsibility gap – that is, a situation where nobody can be held morally responsible for the outcomes that are brought about. However, philosophers and practitioners have recently claimed that, even though no individual can be held morally responsible, groups of individuals might be. Consequently, they think, we have less to fear from the use of AI than might appear to be the case. This (...)
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  25. The Origin of the Aryans. [REVIEW]Isaac Taylor - 1890 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 1:435.
     
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