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Isabella Sarto-Jackson
University of Vienna
  1.  11
    Converging Concepts of Evolutionary Epistemology and Cognitive Biology Within a Framework of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis.Isabella Sarto-Jackson - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (2):297-312.
    Evolutionary epistemology has experienced a continuous rise over the last decades. Important new theoretical considerations and novel empirical findings have been integrated into the existing framework. In this paper, I would like to suggest three lines of research that I believe will significantly contribute to further advance EE: ontogenetic considerations, key ideas from cognitive biology, and the framework of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. EE, in particular the program of the evolution of epistemological mechanisms, seeks to provide a phylogenetic account of (...)
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  2.  36
    Time for a Change: Topical Amendments to the Medical Model of Disease.Isabella Sarto-Jackson - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (1):29-38.
    There is a conceptual crisis in the biomedical sciences that is particularly salient in psychopathology research. Underlying the crisis is a controversy that pertains to the current medical model of disease that largely draws from causal-mechanistic explanations. The bedrock of this model is the analysis of biological part-dysfunctions that aims at unequivocally defining a pathological condition and demarcating it from its neighboring entities. This endeavor has led to a quest for physiological, biochemical, and genetic signatures. Yet, so far there is (...)
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  3.  20
    Sensory Measurements: Coordination and Standardization.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):200-211.
    Do sensory measurements deserve the label of “measurement”? We argue that they do. They fit with an epistemological view of measurement held in current philosophy of science, and they face the same kinds of epistemological challenges as physical measurements do: the problem of coordination and the problem of standardization. These problems are addressed through the process of “epistemic iteration,” for all measurements. We also argue for distinguishing the problem of standardization from the problem of coordination. To exemplify our claims, we (...)
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  4.  27
    Out of Order: Function and Malfunction in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences.Isabella Sarto-Jackson - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (1):1-3.
    There is a conceptual crisis in the biomedical sciences that is particularly salient in psychopathology research. Underlying the crisis is a controversy that pertains to the current medical model of disease that largely draws from causal-mechanistic explanations. The bedrock of this model is the analysis of biological part-dysfunctions that aims at unequivocally defining a pathological condition and demarcating it from its neighboring entities. This endeavor has led to a quest for physiological, biochemical, and genetic signatures. Yet, so far there is (...)
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  5.  29
    Culture, Neurobiology, and Human Behavior: New Perspectives in Anthropology.Isabella Sarto-Jackson, Daniel O. Larson & Werner Callebaut - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (5):729-748.
    Our primary goal in this article is to discuss the cross-talk between biological and cultural factors that become manifested in the individual brain development, neural wiring, neurochemical homeostasis, and behavior. We will show that behavioral propensities are the product of both cultural and biological factors and an understanding of these interactive processes can provide deep insights into why people behave the way they do. This interdisciplinary perspective is offered in an effort to generate dialog and empirical work among scholars interested (...)
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  6.  11
    A Piecewise Aggregation of Philosophers’ and Biologists’ Perspectives: William C. Wimsatt: Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings: Piecewise Approximations to Reality; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2007, 472 Pp., $65.50 Hbk, ISBN 978-0-674-01545-6.Werner Callebaut, Martin Schlumpp, Julia Lang, Christoph Frischer, Stephan Handschuh, Miles MacLeod & Isabella Sarto-Jackson - 2016 - Biological Theory 11 (1):1-10.
    Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings is about new approaches to many of the big topics in philosophy of science today, but with a very different take. To begin with, we are urged to reject the received Cartesian-Laplacean myths: Descartes’ certainty and Laplace’s computational omniscience. Instead, Wimsatt re-engineers a philosophy for human beings with all their cognitive limitations. His approaches find their starting point in the actual practices of scientists themselves, which he strongly identifies with engineering practices as the source of (...)
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  7.  7
    A Plea for “Shmeasurement” in the Social Sciences.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):237-245.
    Suspicion of “physics envy” surrounds the standard statistical toolbox used in the empirical sciences, from biology to psychology. Mainstream methods in these fields, various lines of criticism point out, often fall short of the basic requirements of measurement. Quantitative scales are applied to variables that can hardly be treated as measurable magnitudes, like preferences or happiness; hypotheses are tested by comparing data with conventional significance thresholds that hardly mention effect sizes. This article discusses what I call “shmeasurement.” To “shmeasure” is (...)
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  8.  14
    Erratum To: Three Kinds of Constructionism: The Role of Metaphor in the Debate Over Niche Constructionism.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):281-281.
  9.  15
    Numbers and Math Are Nice, But….Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):246-252.
    Without doubt, good numbers that characterize sharply and completely the phenomena being studied, and precise explanation of these phenomena that can be expressed mathematically, are tremendous advantages for a field of science. But not all fields of science are lucky enough to be able to achieve these features. And when they are not, nonetheless to force the phenomena studied to be characterized largely with numbers and the causal mechanisms to be described mathematically can court seriously limiting and distorting the field (...)
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  10.  18
    On Quantity and Quality in Human Knowledge.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):273-280.
    Any discipline of human knowledge is characterized by three fundamental elements: the complexity of its content, the method used for its elaboration, and the language used for its expression. This article argues that any method for making knowledge is a particular combination of three main components that we can call science, art, and revelation. The right combination depends on the complexity of the slice of reality that we wish to understand in each case. Is there a relationship between the quantity (...)
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  11.  14
    Overcoming the Limits of Quantification by Visualization.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):253-262.
    Biological sciences have strived to adopt the conceptual framework of physics and have become increasingly quantitatively oriented, aiming to refute the assertion that biology appears unquantifiable, unpredictable, and messy. But despite all effort, biology is characterized by a paucity of quantitative statements with universal applications. Nonetheless, many biological disciplines—most notably molecular biology—have experienced an ascendancy over the last 50 years. The underlying core concepts and ideas permeate and inform many neighboring disciplines. This surprising success is probably not so much attributable (...)
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  12.  13
    Quality & Quantity: Limits of Quantification in the Sciences.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):183-187.