Results for 'Issues in Psychology'

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  1. Ethical Issues in Psychological Research on AIDS.American Psychological Association Committee for the Protection of Human Participants in Research - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
     
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  2.  26
    Theoretical issues in psychology: an introduction.Sacha Bem - 2006 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. Edited by Huibert Looren de Jong.
    `This is an exceptionally good textbook. It covers an unusually wide range of issues in an up-to-date and balanced fashion, and is clearly written. It would be invaluable for all students, both undergraduates and postgraduates, who take a genuine interest in the nature of psychology and the theoretical issues it faces' - Professor Graham Richards, Director, British Psychological Society History of Psychology Centre Psychology is understood by many as the `science of the mind', but what (...)
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  3.  81
    Conceptual issues in Psychology.Elizabeth R. Valentine - 1982 - New York: Routledge.
    This comprehensive and up-to-date textbook gives a clear account of the different philosophical and theoretical approaches to psychology and discusses major philosophical questions such as free will and the relation between mind and body.
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  4.  4
    Ethical Issues in Psychology.Philip Banyard & Cara Flanagan - 2011 - Routledge.
    How do we know right from wrong, good from bad, help from hindrance, and how can we judge the behaviour of others? Ethics are the rules and guidelines that we use to make such judgements. Often there are no clear answers, which make this subject both interesting and potentially frustrating. In this book, the authors offer readers the opportunity to develop and express their own opinions in relation to ethics in psychology. There are many psychological studies that appear to (...)
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  5.  3
    Conceptual Issues in Psychology.Berkeley John Heil - 1983 - Philosophical Books 24 (3):179-180.
  6. Non-empirical issues in psychology.André Kukla - 1989 - American Psychologist 44:485-94.
  7.  36
    Conceptual and historical issues in psychology.Brian M. Hughes - 2011 - New York: Pearson.
    Explaining people : theoretical psychology throughout the ages -- Ways of knowing : the scientific method and its alternatives -- From philosophy to laboratory : the arrival of empirical psychology -- The evolution of measurement : from physiognomy to psychometrics -- The behaviourist revolution : actions as data -- The cognitive revolution : the metaphor of computation -- Neuroscience and genetics : 21st century reductionism? -- Can psychology be scientific? -- Subjectivist approaches to psychology -- The (...)
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  8.  22
    Conceptual and historical issues in psychology.Brian M. Hughes - 2011 - New York: Pearson.
    Explaining people : theoretical psychology throughout the ages -- Ways of knowing : the scientific method and its alternatives -- From philosophy to laboratory : the arrival of empirical psychology -- The evolution of measurement : from physiognomy to psychometrics -- The behaviourist revolution : actions as data -- The cognitive revolution : the metaphor of computation -- Neuroscience and genetics : 21st century reductionism? -- Can psychology be scientific? -- Subjectivist approaches to psychology -- The (...)
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  9.  7
    Explaining mental life: some philosophical issues in psychology.James Russell - 1984 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
    William James's definition of psychology as 'the science of mental life' has been heard so often that we are apt to forget how radically it diverges from the view of psychology which so many of its practitioners hold today.
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  10.  12
    Fundamental issues in the evolutionary psychology of music: Assessing innateness and domain-specificity.Timothy Justus & Jeffrey Hutsler - 2005 - Music Perception 23 (1):1–27.
    Evolutionary psychology often does not sufficiently document the innate constraint and domain specificity required for strong adaptationist argument. We develop these criteria within the domain of music. First, we advocate combining computational, developmental, cross-cultural, and neuroscience research to address the ways in which a domain is innately constrained. Candidate constraints in music include the importance of the octave and other simple pitch ratios, the categorization of the octave into tones, the importance of melodic contour, tonal hierarchies, and principles of (...)
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  11.  52
    Ethical issues in exercise psychology.Jeffrey S. Pauline, Gina A. Pauline, Scott R. Johnson & Kelly M. Gamble - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):61 – 76.
    Exercise psychology encompasses the disciplines of psychiatry, clinical and counseling psychology, health promotion, and the movement sciences. This emerging field involves diverse mental health issues, theories, and general information related to physical activity and exercise. Numerous research investigations across the past 20 years have shown both physical and psychological benefits from physical activity and exercise. Exercise psychology offers many opportunities for growth while positively influencing the mental and physical health of individuals, communities, and society. However, the (...)
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  12. Conceptual Issues in Operant Psychology by P. Harzem and TR Miles: A Review.D. A. Begelman - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (2):113-122.
  13. Explaining Mental Life: Some Philosophical Issues in Psychology.James Russell - 1985 - Mind 94 (376):639-641.
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  14.  37
    Methodological issues in epistemology and moral psychology.Zachary S. Horne - unknown
    Between 1960 and 1999, it was quite common for philosophers to rely almost completely on a priori methods to advance their arguments ; in a recent study by Knobe, the majority of papers sampled from this period used strictly a priori methods. In contrast, in the last decade and a half, many philosophers' strategy for making progress on philosophical questions has changed. Philosophers are now relying more heavily on empirical data—including running their own observational and experimental studies—in order to support (...)
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  15. Psychological issues in selective attention.Anne Treisman - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press. pp. 529--544.
  16. Time and memory: issues in philosophy and psychology.Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (eds.) - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Time and Memory throws new light on fundamental aspects of human cognition and consciousness by bringing together, for the first time, psychological and philosophical approaches dealing with the connection between the capacity to represent and think about time, and the capacity to recollect the past. Fifteen specially written essays offer insights into current theories of memory processes and of the mechanisms and cognitive abilities underlying temporal judgements, and draw out key issues concerning the phenomenology and epistemology of memory and (...)
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  17. Psychological Issues in Catholic Palliative Care: The Challenge of Requests to Hasten Death.Daniel Dwyer - 2019 - In Dan O’Brien & Peter Cataldo (eds.), Palliative Care and Catholic Health Care. Springer Verlag.
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  18.  17
    Some issues in current psychological literature.V. J. Mcgill - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (1):89-104.
  19. Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Johannes Roessler & Naomi Eilan (eds.) - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In recent years there has been much psychological and neurological work purporting to show that consciousness and self-awareness play no role in causing actions, and indeed to demonstrate that free will is an illusion. The essays in this volume subject the assumptions that motivate such claims to sustained interdisciplinary scrutiny. The book will be compulsory reading for psychologists and philosophers working on action explanation, and for anyone interested in the relation between the brain sciences and consciousness.
  20.  3
    Historical issues in the psychology of science.William R. Shadish Jr - 1989 - In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press.
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  21. Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Anthony J. Marcel - 2003 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  22.  94
    Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford:: Oxford University Press.
    How are causal judgements such as 'The ice on the road caused the traffic accident' connected with counterfactual judgements such as 'If there had not been any ice on the road, the traffic accident would not have happened'? This volume throws new light on this question by uniting, for the first time, psychological and philosophical approaches to causation and counterfactuals. Traditionally, philosophers have primarily been interested in connections between causal and counterfactual claims on the level of meaning or truth-conditions. More (...)
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  23. Ethics in psychology: professional standards and cases.Gerald P. Koocher - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Patricia Keith-Spiegel.
    Whether one's interests lie in psychological practice, counseling, research, or the classroom, psychologists today must deal with a broad range of ethical issues--from charging fees to maintaining a client's confidentiality, and from conducting research to respecting clients, colleagues, and students. Now in a new edition, Ethics in Psychology, the most widely read and cited ethics textbook in psychology, considers many of the ethical questions and dilemmas that psychologists encounter in their everyday practice, research, and teaching. The book (...)
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  24.  20
    Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Johannes Roessler & Naomi Eilan - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):528-530.
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  25.  8
    Forcing the issue: Little psychological influence in a magician’s paradigm.Geoff G. Cole - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 84:103002.
  26.  30
    Ethical issues for psychology in the postmodernist era: Feminist psychology and multicultural therapy (MCT).Pano T. Rodis & Kregg C. Strehorn - 1997 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):13-31.
    Proposes that postmodernist inquiries regarding power and authority have contributed to the adoption by some psychologists of discursive stances that are fundamentally ethical. Two of the most important schools defined by their employment of an ethical logic are feminist psychology and multicultural therapy, both of which offer "ethico-therapeutic" treatment modalities to clients perceived to be suffering from psychological wounds caused by some kind of power inequity. Essential to the success of such therapy for clients is the demand by psychologists (...)
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  27. Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Marc Jeannerod - 2003 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  28.  10
    Perception and Cognition: Issues in the Foundations of Psychology, Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science.Robert C. Richardson - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):482-494.
  29. Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Thomas Baldwin - 2003 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
     
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  30.  18
    Perception and Cognition: Issues in the Foundations of Psychology.Stephen Leeds - 1981 - Mind 90 (359):471-473.
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  31. Darwinizing Human Nature: Methodological Issues in Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology.Catherine Mary Driscoll - 2003 - Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    This dissertation is designed to discuss central issues raised by two of the evolutionary behavioral sciences, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology. Both sciences purport to be able to explain the origins of human behavioral and cognitive adaptations respectively and give us some insight into "human nature." My purpose is to go some way towards determining how well these two sciences do as means of determining human evolutionary origins, both by examining some of the central issues that they face, (...)
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  32.  2
    Teacher–Practitioner Multiple-Role Issues in Sport Psychology.Jack C. Watson Ii - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):41-59.
    The potential for the occurrence of multiple-role relationships is increased when professors also consult with athletic teams on their campuses. Such multiple-role relationships have potential ethical implications that are unclear and largely unexplored, and consultants may find multiple-role relationships both difficult to deal with and unavoidable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher–practitioner multiple-role relationships. Participants (N = 35) were recruited from Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultants (CCs) (...)
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  33.  20
    Teacher-practitioner multiple-role issues in sport psychology.I. I. Watson, Damien Clement, Brandonn Harris, Thad R. Leffingwell & Jennifer Hurst - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):41 – 59.
    The potential for the occurrence of multiple-role relationships is increased when professors also consult with athletic teams on their campuses. Such multiple-role relationships have potential ethical implications that are unclear and largely unexplored, and consultants may find multiple-role relationships both difficult to deal with and unavoidable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher-practitioner multiple-role relationships. Participants (N = 35) were recruited from Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultants (CCs) (...)
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  34.  26
    Teacher–Practitioner Multiple-Role Issues in Sport Psychology.Jack C. Watson Ii, Damien Clement, Brandonn Harris, Thad R. Leffingwell & Jennifer Hurst - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):41-59.
    The potential for the occurrence of multiple-role relationships is increased when professors also consult with athletic teams on their campuses. Such multiple-role relationships have potential ethical implications that are unclear and largely unexplored, and consultants may find multiple-role relationships both difficult to deal with and unavoidable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher-practitioner multiple-role relationships. Participants (N=35) were recruited from Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultants (CCs) who were (...)
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  35.  14
    Perception and Cognition: Issues in the Foundations of Psychology.Stephen Leeds - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):482.
  36.  13
    Interpretation of Data in Psychology: A False Problem, a True Issue.María del Río Carral & Marie Santiago-Delefosse - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (1).
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    15 Ethical Issues in the Psychological Assessment of Chronic Pain Patients.C. David Tollison & Donald W. Hinnant - 2006 - In B. L. Gant & M. E. Schatman (eds.), Ethical Issues in Chronic Pain Management. pp. 243.
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  38.  4
    Possibility for women in psychology and interdisciplinary sciences: Introduction to the special issue.Mary Beth Morrissey & Kathleen L. Slaney - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (1):1-6.
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  39. The Episodicity of Memory: Current Trends and Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.D. Perrin & S. Rousset - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (3):291-312.
    Although episodic memory is a widely studied form of memory both in philosophy and psychology, it still raises many burning questions regarding its definition and even its acceptance. Over the last two decades, cross-disciplinary discussions between these two fields have increased as they tackle shared concerns, such as the phenomenology of recollection, and therefore allow for fruitful interaction. This editorial introduction aims to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date presentation of the main existing conceptions and issues on the topic. (...)
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  40. Ethics in psychology and the mental health professions: standards and cases.Gerald P. Koocher - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Patricia Keith-Spiegel.
    Psychologists today must deal with a broad range of ethical issues--from charging fees to maintaining a client's confidentiality, and from conducting research to respecting clients, colleagues, and students. As the field of psychology has grown in size and scope, the role of ethics has become more important and complex whether the psychologist is involved in teaching, counseling, research, or practice. Now this most widely read and cited ethics text in psychology has been revised to reflect the ethics (...)
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  41. Ethical Issues in Text Mining for Mental Health.Joshua Skorburg & Phoebe Friesen - forthcoming - In M. Dehghani & R. Boyd (ed.), The Atlas of Language Analysis in Psychology.
    A recent systematic review of Machine Learning (ML) approaches to health data, containing over 100 studies, found that the most investigated problem was mental health (Yin et al., 2019). Relatedly, recent estimates suggest that between 165,000 and 325,000 health and wellness apps are now commercially available, with over 10,000 of those designed specifically for mental health (Carlo et al., 2019). In light of these trends, the present chapter has three aims: (1) provide an informative overview of some of the recent (...)
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  42. Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Sometime around their first birthday most infants begin to engage in relatively sustained bouts of attending together with their caretakers to objects in their environment. By the age of 18 months, on most accounts, they are engaging in full-blown episodes of joint attention. As developmental psychologists (usually) use the term, for such joint attention to be in play, it is not sufficient that the infant and the adult are in fact attending to the same object, nor that the one’s attention (...)
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  43.  14
    Disunity in Psychology and Other Sciences: The Network or the Block Universe?Wayne Viney - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (1):31-44.
    The nineteenth-century metaphor of a block universe in which science is regarded as a structure consisting of basic building blocks resting on firm foundations is contrasted with the contemporary metaphor of science as a network of relations. The network metaphor challenges the view that one science is more foundational than others and raises questions about whether an all-pervasive unity is desirable or even possible. The unity-disunity issue in psychology and other sciences is discussed with respect to the network and (...)
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  44. Operationism in Psychology - What the Debate is About, What the Debate Should Be About.Uljana Feest - 2005 - Journal for the Histoty of the Behavioral Sciences 41 (2):131-150.
    I offer an analysis of operationism in psychology, which is rooted in an historical study of the investigative practices of two of its early proponents (S. S. Stevens and E. C. Tolman). According to this analysis, early psychological operationists emphasized the importance of experimental operations and called for scientists to specify what kinds of operations were to count as empirical indicators for the referents of their concepts. While such specifications were referred to as “definitions,” I show that such definitions (...)
     
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  45.  55
    Agency and self-awareness: Issues in philosophy and psychology[REVIEW]Brie Gertler - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    Johannes Roessler and Naomi Eilan (eds.), Agency and Self-Awareness: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology , Oxford, 2003, 400pp, $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 019924562..
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  46.  51
    Self-Control and Overcontrol: Conceptual, Ethical, and Ideological Issues in Positive Psychology.Michael Brownstein - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (3):585-606.
    In what they call their “manual of the sanities”—a positive psychology handbook describing contemporary research on strengths of character—Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman argue that “there is no true disadvantage of having too much self-control.” This claim is widely endorsed in the research literature. I argue that it is false. My argument proceeds in three parts. First, I identify conceptual confusion in the definition of self-control, specifically as it pertains to the claim that you cannot be too self-controlled. Second, (...)
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  47.  42
    Moral Learning and Moral Realism: How Empirical Psychology Illuminates Issues in Moral Ontology.William A. Rottschaefer - 1999 - Behavior and Philosophy 27 (1):19 - 49.
    Although scientific naturalistic philosophers have been concerned with the role of scientific psychology in illuminating problems in moral psychology, they have paid less attention to the contributions that it might make to issues of moral ontology. In this paper, I illustrate how findings in moral developmental psychology illuminate and advance the discussion of a long-standing issue in moral ontology, that of moral realism. To do this, I examine Gilbert Harman and Nicholas Sturgeon's discussion of that issue. (...)
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  48. Psychological Argumentation in Confucian Ethics as a Methodological Issue in Cross-Cultural Philosophy.Rafal Banka - 2016 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (4):591-606.
    Graham Priest claims that Asian philosophy is going to constitute one of the most important aspects in 21st-century philosophical research. Assuming that this statement is true, it leads to a methodological question whether the dominant comparative and contrastive approaches will be supplanted by a more unifying methodology that works across different philosophical traditions. In this article, I concentrate on the use of empirical evidence from nonphilosophical disciplines, which enjoys popularity among many Western philosophers, and examine the application of this approach (...)
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  49.  44
    Time and memory. Issues in philosophy and psychology[REVIEW]Louise Hull - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):363 – 364.
    Book Information Time and Memory: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Time and Memory: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology Christoph Hoerl and McCormack Teresa , eds., Oxford: Clarendon Press , 2001 , xiii + 419 , £45 ( cloth ), £17.99 ( paper ) Edited by Christoph Hoerl; and McCormack Teresa . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Pp. xiii + 419. £45 (cloth:), £17.99 (paper:).
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  50. Methodological Issues in the Neuroscience of Moral Judgement.Guy Kahane & Nicholas Shackel - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (5):561-582.
    Neuroscience and psychology have recently turned their attention to the study of the subpersonal underpinnings of moral judgment. In this article we critically examine an influential strand of research originating in Greene's neuroimaging studies of ‘utilitarian’ and ‘non-utilitarian’ moral judgement. We argue that given that the explananda of this research are specific personal-level states—moral judgments with certain propositional contents—its methodology has to be sensitive to criteria for ascribing states with such contents to subjects. We argue that current research has (...)
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