Results for 'Istvan Zachar'

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  1.  9
    The Feasibility of Segmentation of Protolanguage.Istvan Zachar - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (1):1-35.
    An important question in language evolution is whether segmentation as a linguistic process is able to yield compositionality. Segmentation is hypothesized to be a process to bridge the gap between holistic and compositional lexicons. However, to date no thorough analytical method has been provided to test the feasibility of segmentation. In this paper, an analytical model is presented that can predict the probability of encountering various kinds of overlaps by observing utterance pairs, and the probability of finding confirmation in the (...)
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  2.  1
    The Feasibility of Segmentation of Protolanguage.István Zachar - 2011 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 12 (1):1-35.
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  3.  17
    Evidence-Based Medicine and Modernism: Still Better Than the Alternatives.Peter Zachar - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):313-316.
    Thomas, Bracken, and Timimi (2012) make an important contribution in critiquing the extent to which the profession of psychiatry can be so bureaucratic that patients are treated as problems to be solved in an ‘efficient’ assembly line fashion rather than as individual persons. The trouble with bureaucracies is that they promote a cold and impersonal accounting approach in which critical reflection on purposes is circumvented by decision-making algorithms (Zachar and Bartlett 2009). Psychotherapy treatment manuals definitely satisfy the bureaucratic instinct, (...)
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  4.  17
    Basic Emotions and Their Biological Substrates: A Nominalistic Interpretation.Peter Zachar & S. Bartlett - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):189-221.
    The thesis of this article is that an attitude akin to pragmatism is internal to the scientific enterprise itself, and as a result many scientists will make the same types of non-essentialistic interpretations of their subject matter that are made by pragmatists. This is demonstrably true with respect to those scientists who study the biological basis of emotion such as Panksepp, LeDoux, and Damasio. Even though these scientists are also influenced by what cognitive psychologists call the essentialist bias, their research (...)
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  5.  1
    A Triptych on Affective Science: Response to the Commentary.Peter Zachar - 2008 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):444-453.
    Reply by the current authors to the comments made by Jaak Panksepps , James.A. Russell and Louise Sundararajan on the original article by Peter Zachar . I consider the utility of the concept of natural kind, and explore difficulties in applying it reliably. I examine categorical and dimensional approaches to affect with respect to both scientific realism and nominalist approaches to classification. I agree that eliminativist analogies are beneficial but argue that they cannot fully account for the relationship between (...)
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  6. BIBLIOGRAFIA ANALITICĂ, ANALIZA DE CONŢINUT ŞI DE GEN A LITERATURII BIBLIOLOGICE DIN REVISTELE ROMÂNEŞTI DE PROFIL - Cercetare pentru perioada 1990-1997.Kiraly V. Istvan, Ilis Florina & Marcu Angela - 1998 - In HERMENEUTICA BIBLIOTHECARIA - Antologie Philobiblon (I). Cluj, Romania: Cluj Universuty Press.
    Cercetarea dupa tema si gen-calitate a literaturii bibliologice romanest pt. anii 1990 - 1997.
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  7. Human Finitude and History - Prolegomena to the Possibility of a “Philosophy of History” and Ontology of History.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2013 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal Oh Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 18 (1).
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  8. Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson's Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399-420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  9. The Names of the Nothing.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2015 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities (1).
    Every discourse about the nothing seems fully and ultimately empty. However, this cannot be true precisely because it is language – that is, discourse – which always brings forth the nothing, the word of the “Nothing”. The language therefore speaks about the nothing and perhaps also “speaks nothing”. In its primary – and abstract – appearance, the nothing is precisely “that” “which” it is not. However, its word is still there in the words of most languages (for we cannot know (...)
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  10. A Crusade… With and Without a Cross – A Review-Like Essay on the Hungarian Edition of Florina Ilis’s Novel.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2010 - PHILOBIBLON - Transylvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities, Vol. XV (2010), Pp.478-485.
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  11. DINCOLO ŞI DINCOACE DE TEORIA ŞI PRACTICA INFORMĂRII ŞI DOCUMENTĂRII - O hermeneutică necesară şi un cadru posibil.Kiraly V. Istvan - 1998 - In HERMENEUTICA BIBLIOTHECARIA - Antologie Philobiblon ( I). pp. 7 - 14.
    Automatizarea şi informatizarea nu mai reprezintă astăzi un simplu deziderat pentru bibliotecile româneşti. Dimpotrivă, ele sunt o realitate ce, pe zi ce trece, prinde contururi mai extinse, devenind mediul nostru cotidian. Cu cât ne sunt însă mai "apropiate" cu atât mai mult ele devin şi o sursă de sfidări şi de confruntare. Cu ce anume ne confruntă însă - în primul rând şi în esenţă - automatizarea şi informatizarea, în general, şi cea a activităţii de informare, în special? Ca orice (...)
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  12. The Meaning of Life – And the Possibility of Human Illness – Prolegomena.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2011 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 16 (2).
    Abstract: The study investigates philosophically the issue of human illness and its organic pertinence to the meaning of human life starting from the recognition that the dangerous encounter with the experience of illness is an unavoidable – and as such crucial – experience of the life of any living being. As for us humans, there is probably no mortal man who has never suffered of some – any! – kind of disease from his birth to the end of his life… (...)
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  13.  99
    A Semmi nevei.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2014 - Korunk, Kolozsvar, Cluj (10).
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  14.  98
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  15.  84
    A (Possible) Forum for Freedom: Faculty of Philosophy, Chair Philosophy and Applied Philosophy – A Lecture on Philosophy Without Thinker.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2014 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 19 (1).
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  16.  24
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  17.  29
    The Practical Kinds Model as a Pragmatist Theory of Classification.Peter Zachar - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):219-227.
  18.  58
    “HAD-BEEN-NESS” AND PAST. History and Memory. An Essay in Applied Philosophical Dialogue with M. Heidegger.Kiraly V. Istvan - 1999-2002 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinayt Research in Humanities 6.
    Motto: “History is denied not because it is ‘false’ but because, although impossible to be assimilated as present, it remains active in the present.” Martin Heidegger -/- “It is to be expected that people remember their past and imagine their future. But in fact, when they write discourses about history they imagine it through the prism of their own experiences and when they try to ponder over the future they refer to presupposed analogies with the past, until, in a double (...)
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  19.  44
    The Removal of Pluto From the Class of Planets and Homosexuality From the Class of Psychiatric Disorders: A Comparison.Peter Zachar & Kenneth S. Kendler - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):4.
    We compare astronomers' removal of Pluto from the listing of planets and psychiatrists' removal of homosexuality from the listing of mental disorders. Although the political maneuverings that emerged in both controversies are less than scientifically ideal, we argue that competition for "scientific authority" among competing groups is a normal part of scientific progress. In both cases, a complicated relationship between abstract constructs and evidence made the classification problem thorny.
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  20. The Classification of Emotion and Scientific Realism.Peter Zachar - 2006 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):120-138.
    The scientific study of emotion has been characterized by classification schemes that propose to 'carve nature at the joints.' This article examines several of these classifications, drawn from both the categorical and dimensional perspectives. Each classification is given credit for what it contributes to our understanding, but the dream of a single, all purpose taxonomy of emotional phenomena is called into question. Such hopes are often associated with the carving at the joints metaphor, which is here argued to be harmful (...)
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  21.  53
    The Future Or Questioningly Dwells the Mortal Man… – Question-Points to Time.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2010 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 15.
    The paper unfolds the problem of time focusing primarily on the dimension of the future, while, in the background of its sui generis questionings, it is based by a continuous, and again questioning, dialogue with Aristotle and Martin Heidegger. It is the existence of the future which is foremost analyzed, unravelled, dismantled, and 1 thought over in the course of this research. First, as Will-Being, then as Hold-Being. As a being, that is, which – in a particular view of the (...)
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  22.  56
    Marketing as a Metaphor for Assuming and Outlining the Senses of Library Services – A Romanian Initiative and Experience.Kiraly V. Istvan & Trifu Raluca - 2010 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities:441 - 454.
    The present research studies more thoroughly and extends from global perspectives the ideas elaborated in a former study dedicated to that which was named there – related to libraries, but not exclusively – symbolic marketing, embodied and objectified as a metaphor. “Living”, active and efficient metaphor. The analyses focus, on the one hand, on the theoretical, conceptual – and even philosophical – aspects of “symbolic marketing”. On the other hand, applying these theoretical considerations, we present and examine as a case (...)
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  23.  49
    Philosophical, Epistemological, and Scientometric Considerations On the Meanings of Library Science and the Profession of Librarian – Situating a Research Project.Kiraly V. Istvan & Trifu Raluca - 2011 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities (1):245 - 257.
    Starting from the problematization of the meanings of science and library professions and institutions, the paper surfaces and analyzes from perspectives equally philosophical, epistemological, and scientometric, the premises and conditions which situate – willingly or not – the project of a (any) genuine research which intends to study the Romanian literature on librarianship as it appears in books and periodicals. To this end, earlier researches will also be placed on the dissection table of analysis, but meanwhile the problematic and even (...)
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  24.  50
    Liberty and Truth – Fragments About the “Cave-Myth”.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2007 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 12.
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  25.  22
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion.James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  26.  55
    Life – Death – Secret – Terrorism.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2008 - Philobiblon - Transylvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 13.
    Analyse the relations between the SECRET and the TERRORISM.
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  27.  43
    The Sacred, Or the Bright Sounds of Silence – A Thinking-Experiment on Nature, Related (and Created) to Heidegger and Hölderlin.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2009 - Philobiblon - Transylvanin Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 14.
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  28.  54
    Euthanasia, Or Death Assisted to (Its) Dignity.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2012 - Philobiblon Transylvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 17 (2).
  29.  44
    The Musicality of Making Philosophy or Karl Jaspers Between West and East.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2005-2006 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 10.
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  30.  6
    The Notion of Dynamic Unit: Conceptual Developments in Cognitive Science.Nili Mandelblit & Oron Zachar - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (2):229-268.
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  31.  8
    Is Incremental Validity Too Incremental in the Long Run? A Commentary on Stoyanov D., Machamer P.K. & Schaffner, K.F. (2012). [REVIEW]Peter Zachar - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):157-158.
  32.  47
    Personality Disorders: Moral or Medical Kinds—Or Both?Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):101-117.
    This article critically examines Louis Charland’s claim that personality disorders are moral rather than medical kinds by exploring the relationship between personality disorders and virtue ethics. We propose that the conceptual resources of virtue theory can inform psychiatry’s thinking about personality disorders, but also that virtue theory as understood by Aristotle cannot be reduced to the narrow domain of ‘the moral’ in the modern sense of the term. Some overlap between the moral domain’s notion of character-based ethics and the medical (...)
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  33.  31
    Censorship And The Fissured Time.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2003-2004 - Philobiblon - Transilvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities 8.
    Review essay about Adrian Marino's book. Analyse of the Communist Censorship in Romania.
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  34.  4
    The Abandonment of Latent Variables: Philosophical Considerations.Peter Zachar - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):177-178.
    Cramer et al.'s critique of latent variables implicitly advocates a type of scientific anti-realism which can be extended to many dispositional constructs in scientific psychology. However, generalizing Cramer et al.'s network model in this way raises concerns about its applicability to psychopathology. The model could be improved by articulating why a given cluster of symptoms should be considered disordered.
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  35.  9
    Psychiatric Comorbidity: More Than a Kuhnian Anomaly.Peter Zachar - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):13-22.
  36.  15
    LE COMPLOT- Serment et secret.Kiraly V. Istvan - 1992 - Politica Hermetica 6.
    Historical and actual analyse about the essential relation between the COMPLOT and the Secret !
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  37.  9
    Vice, Mental Disorder, and the Role of Underlying Pathological Processes.Nancy Nyquist & Peter Zachar - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (1):27-29.
  38.  40
    Gould Talking Past Dawkins on the Unit of Selection Issue.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 44 (3):327-335.
    My general aim is to clarify the foundational difference between Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Dawkins concerning what biological entities are the units of selection in the process of evolution by natural selection. First, I recapitulate Gould’s central objection to Dawkins’s view that genes are the exclusive units of selection. According to Gould, it is absurd for Dawkins to think that genes are the exclusive units of selection when, after all, genes are not the exclusive interactors: those agents directly engaged (...)
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  39. Real Kinds but No True Taxonomy : An Essay in Psychiatric Systematics.Peter Zachar - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  40.  29
    Has There Been Conceptual Progress in The Science of Emotion?Peter Zachar - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):381-382.
    Izard’s claim that the term emotion works well as an adjective is closer to B. F. Skinner’s position than is acknowledged. Based on Izard’s survey of scientists, I argue that the lack of consensus on emotion as a unitary construct could be considered to represent the dissolution of emotions. Given that something similar has happened in biology with the dissolution of the unitary gene construct, this development in psychology may not be as problematic as it initially sounds.
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  41.  18
    FONDS SECRETS OU FONDS INTERDITS ? Une esquisse d'histoire des fonds secrets des bibliothèques de Roumanie.Kiraly V. Istvan - 1994 - Bulletin des Bibliotheques de France (6).
    ETUDIER dans les fonds secrets dans les bibliothèques est une question capitale pour l'ensemble des pays de l'ex-Europe de l'Est.
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  42. On the Possibility of Exactly Similar Tropes.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Abstracta 6 (2):158-177.
    In this paper I attempt to show, against certain versions of trope theory, that properties with analyzable particularity cannot be merely exactly similar: such properties are either particularized properties (tropes) that are dissimilar to every any other trope, or else universalized properties (universals). I argue that each of the most viable standard and nonstandard particularizers that can be employed to secure the numerical difference between exactly similar properties can only succeed in grounding the particularity of properties, that is, in having (...)
     
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  43.  16
    Nedemascabilitatea măştilor.Kiraly V. Istvan - 2008 - Contemporanul 19 (3).
  44.  29
    The Link Between Berkeley’s Refutation of Abstraction and His Refutation of Materialism.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Methodus 6:78-105.
    This paper engages the controversy as to whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of abstraction and his refutation of materialism. I argue that there is a strong link. In the opening paragraph I show that materialism being true requires and is required by the possibility of abstraction, and that the obviousness of this fact suggests that the real controversy is whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of materialism and his refutation of the possibility of framing abstract (...)
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  45.  4
    Do First-Impression Bias Effects in Mismatch Negativity Diminish with Repeated Exposure to Sound Sequences?Frost Jade, Provost Alexander, Winkler István & Todd Juanita - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  46. Luc Faucher and Christine Tappolet.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):105-144.
     
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  47.  14
    Progress and the Calibration of Scientific Constructs: The Role of Comparative Validity.Peter Zachar - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 21.
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  48.  30
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  49.  5
    Pragmatism and Evidence-Based Medicine: A Role for “Objectivity” and “Reality” in Our Vocabulary.Peter Zachar - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (1):67-70.
  50.  30
    Valid Moral Appraisals and Valid Personality Disorders.Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):131-142.
    We are thankful for the opportunity to reflect more on the difficult problem of the relationship between moral evaluations and the construct of personality disorders in response to the commentaries by Mike Martin and Louis Charland. We begin by emphasizing to readers that this important problem is complicated by the different perspectives of the various disciplines involved, especially, philosophy, psychiatry, and psychology. Incredulity, anger, and dismay are among the reactions we encountered in discussions of these issues, especially with some mental (...)
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