Results for 'Itai Bassi'

166 found
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  1. Presuppositional Exhaustification.Itai Bassi, Guillermo Del Pinal & Uli Sauerland - 2021 - Semantics and Pragmatics 14:1-42.
    Grammatical theories of Scalar Implicatures make use of an exhaustivity operator exh, which asserts the conjunction of the prejacent with the negation of excludable alternatives. We present a new Grammatical theory of Scalar Implicatures according to which exh is replaced with pex, an operator that contributes its prejacent as asserted content, but the negation of scalar alternatives at a non-at-issue level of meaning. We show that by treating this non-at-issue level as a presupposition, this theory resolves a number of empirical (...)
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  2. On Supersimplicity and Lovely Pairs of Cats.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):763-776.
    We prove that the definition of supersimplicity in metric structures from [Ben Yaacov, Uncountable dense categoricity in cats] is equivalent to an textit{a priori} stronger variant. This stronger variant is then used to prove that if $T$ is a supersimple Hausdorff cat then so is its theory of lovely pairs.
     
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  3. Voting Rules.Itai Sher - 2022 - In Chris Melenovsky (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics. Routledge.
     
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  4. Lovely Pairs of Models: The Non First Order Case.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):641-662.
    We prove that for every simple theory $T$ (or even simple thick compact abstract theory) there is a (unique) compact abstract theory $T^fP$ whose saturated models are the lovely pairs of $T$. Independence-theoretic results that were proved in [Ben Yaacov, Pillay, Vassiliev - Lovely pairs of models] when $T^fP$ is a first order theory are proved for the general case: in particular $T^fP$ is simple and we characterise independence.
     
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  5. Mind the Gap: Formal Ethics Policies and Chemical Scientists’ Everyday Practices in Academia and Industry.Itai Vardi & Laurel Smith-Doerr - 2015 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 40 (2):176-198.
    Asymmetrical convergence is the increasing overlap between academic and industrial sectors, but with academia moving closer toward for-profit industrial norms than vice versa. Although this concept, developed by Kleinman and Vallas, is useful, processes of asymmetrical convergence in daily laboratory life are largely unexplored. Here, observations of three lab groups of chemical scientists in academic and industry contexts illustrate variation in interactions with ethics-related policies. Findings show more tension for academic science with business-based practices, such as the move toward greater (...)
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  6.  23
    How Do Bioethics Teachers in Japan Cope with Ethical Disagreement Among Healthcare University Students in the Classroom? A Survey on Educators in Charge.K. Itai - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):303-308.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate how educators involved in the teaching of bioethics to healthcare university students in Japan would cope with ethical disagreement in the classroom, and to identify factors influencing them.Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted using self administered questionnaires mailed to a sample of university faculty in charge of bioethics curriculum for university healthcare students.Results: A total of 107 usable questionnaires were returned: a response rate of 61.5%. When facing ethical disagreement in (...)
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  7.  3
    The Medical Gap: Intuition in Medicine.Itai Adler - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (3):361-369.
    Intuition is frequently used in medicine. Along with the use of existing medical rules, there is a separate channel that physicians rely on when making decisions: their intuition. To cope with the epistemic problem of using intuition, I use some clues from Wittgenstein's philosophy to illuminate the decision-making process in medicine. First, I point to a connection between intuition as functioning in medicine and Wittgenstein's notions of "seeing as" or noticing "aspects". Secondly, I use Wittgenstein notion of empirical regularities hardened (...)
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  8.  1
    Two-Terminal Routing Games with Unknown Active Players.Itai Ashlagi, Dov Monderer & Moshe Tennenholtz - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (15):1441-1455.
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  9. Effemeridi: vita, politica, storia nel pensiero di Alessandro Passerin D'Entrèves.Eleonora Bassi - 2018 - Torino: G. Giappichelli editore.
     
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  10.  3
    Surveillance and Metaphor of "Tribunal" in Bentham’s Utilitarianism.Hiroaki Itai - 2019 - Revue D’Études Benthamiennes 16.
    La présente étude souligne que l’idée de gouvernance de Bentham avait déjà été formulée dans les années 1780 et explique clairement que ses idées étaient cohérentes, en prenant en compte l’interprétation de Schofield concernant la radicalisation progressive de Bentham. Les premiers textes de Bentham, tels que Le Panoptique et Tactiques Politiques, comprenaient des éléments de publicité et de surveillance qui caractérisaient la théorie de la gouvernance basée sur le concept d’intérêt, et donnèrent lieu à des discussions clés qui conduisirent à (...)
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  11. Self Actualisation: For Individualistic Cultures Only?Ivtzan Itai - 2008 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 1 (2):113-139.
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  12.  15
    How Perspective-Based Aggregation Undermines the Pareto Principle.Itai Sher - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (2):182-205.
    The Pareto principle is a normative principle about preferences that advocates concordance with unanimous preference. However, people have perspectives not just preferences. Evaluating preferences...
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  13. Comparative Value and the Weight of Reasons.Itai Sher - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (1):103-158.
    :One view of practical reasoning is that it involves the weighing of reasons. It is not clear, however, how the weights of reasons combine, especially given the logical and substantive relations among different reasons. Nor is it clear how the weighing of reasons relates to decision theoretic maximization of expected value. This paper constructs a formal model of reasons and their weight in order to shed light on these issues. The model informs philosophical debates about reasons, such as the question (...)
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  14.  7
    Normative Aspects of Kantian Equilibrium.Itai Sher - 2020 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 13 (2).
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  15.  21
    State Power and Democracy: Before and During the Presidency of George W. Bush by Andrew Kolin: New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. [REVIEW]Itai N. Sneh - 2013 - Human Rights Review 14 (1):57-58.
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  16.  18
    Jovanovic, Miodrag and A. Krstic, Ivana (Eds.), Human Rights Today: 60 Years of the Universal Declaration. [REVIEW]Itai Sneh - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (3):409-411.
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  17.  11
    Ω‐Saturated Quasi‐Minimal Models of Th (ℚω,+, Σ, 0).Masanori Itai & Kentaro Wakai - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (3):258-262.
    We show that is a quasi-minimal torsion-free divisible abelian group. After discussing the axiomatization of the theory of this structure, we present its ω-saturated quasi-minimal model.
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  18.  16
    On the Strong Martin Conjecture.Masanori Itai - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):862-875.
    We study the following conjecture. Conjecture. Let $T$ be an $\omega$-stable theory with continuum many countable models. Then either i) $T$ has continuum many complete extensions in $L_1$, or ii) some complete extension of $T$ in $L_1$ has continuum many $L_1$-types without parameters. By Shelah's proof of Vaught's conjecture for $\omega$-stable theories, we know that there are seven types of $\omega$-stable theory with continuum many countable models. We show that the conjecture is true for all but one of these seven (...)
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  19.  37
    On the Strong Martin Conjecture.Masanori Itai - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):862-875.
    We study the following conjecture. Conjecture. Let T be an ω-stable theory with continuum many countable models. Then either i) T has continuum many complete extensions in L1(T), or ii) some complete extension of T in L1 has continuum many L1-types without parameters. By Shelah's proof of Vaught's conjecture for ω-stable theories, we know that there are seven types of ω-stable theory with continuum many countable models. We show that the conjecture is true for all but one of these seven (...)
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  20.  19
    On Perturbations of Continuous Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2008 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 8 (2):225-249.
    We give a general framework for the treatment of perturbations of types and structures in continuous logic, allowing to specify which parts of the logic may be perturbed. We prove that separable, elementarily equivalent structures which are approximately $aleph_0$-saturated up to arbitrarily small perturbations are isomorphic up to arbitrarily small perturbations. As a corollary, we obtain a Ryll-Nardzewski style characterisation of complete theories all of whose separable models are isomorphic up to arbitrarily small perturbations.
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  21.  51
    Construction of Saturated Quasi-Minimal Structure.Masanori Itai, Akito Tsuboi & Kentaro Wakai - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (1):9-22.
    The notion of quasi-minimal structures was defined by B. Zil'ber as a natural generalization of minimal structures. Inspired by his work, we study here basic model theoretic properties of quasiminimal structures. Main result is the construction of ω-saturated quasi-minimal models under ω-stability assumption.
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  22.  39
    Continuous First Order Logic for Unbounded Metric Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2008 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 8 (2):197-223.
    We present an adaptation of continuous first order logic to unbounded metric structures. This has the advantage of being closer in spirit to C. Ward Henson's logic for Banach space structures than the unit ball approach, as well as of applying in situations where the unit ball approach does not apply. We also introduce the process of single point emph{emboundment}, allowing to bring unbounded structures back into the setting of bounded continuous first order logic. Together with results from cite{BenYaacov:Perturbations} regarding (...)
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  23. Advancing Ethics in Public Organizations: The Impact of an Ethics Program on Employees' Perceptions and Behaviors in a Regional Council. [REVIEW]Itai Beeri, Rachel Dayan, Eran Vigoda-Gadot & Simcha B. Werner - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):59-78.
    Ethics in public administration has been a subject of growing interest for both researchers and practitioners interested in the future of governance. This study examined the relationship between ethics and performance in local governance. We tested the effects over time of an ethics program on employees' perceptions (awareness of the code of ethics, ethical leadership, inclusion of employees in ethical decision making [EDM], ethical climate [EC], organizational commitment, and quality of work life [QWL]) and behavior (organizational citizenship behavior) in one (...)
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  24.  12
    Inductive Risk and OxyContin: The Ethics of Evidence and Post-Market Surveillance of Pharmaceuticals in Canada.Itai Bavli & Daniel Steel - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (3):300-313.
    The argument from inductive risk claims that judgments about the moral severity of errors are relevant to decisions about what should count as sufficient evidence for accepting claims. While this idea has been explored in connection with evidence required for the approval of pharmaceuticals, the role of inductive risk in the post-approval process has been largely neglected. In this article, we examine the ethics of inductive risk in connection with revisions to the product monograph for OxyContin in Canada, which understates (...)
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  25.  4
    Brain Development and the Attention Spectrum.Itai Berger, Anna Remington, Yael Leitner & Alan Leviton - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  26.  11
    Stability and Stable Groups in Continuous Logic.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (3):1111-1136.
    We develop several aspects of local and global stability in continuous first order logic. In particular, we study type-definable groups and genericity.
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  27. Sakkakusuru Nō: "Oishii" Mo "Itai" Mo Gensō Datta.Takashi Maeno - 2007 - Chikuma Shobō.
    「意識のクオリア」も五感も、すべては錯覚だった。「心は脳が作り上げた幻想である」ことを述べた著者が、自己意識や五感が錯覚であることに的を絞って説明。.
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  28.  5
    Transformation Charters in Contemporary South Africa: The Case of the ABSA Group Limited.Bindu Arya, Balbir Bassi & Riah Phiyega - 2008 - Business and Society Review 113 (2):227-251.
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  29. Examining the Effect of Transcranial Electrical Stimulation and Cognitive Training on Processing Speed in Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study.Ornella Dakwar-Kawar, Itai Berger, Snir Barzilay, Ephraim S. Grossman, Roi Cohen Kadosh & Mor Nahum - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveProcessing Speed, the ability to perceive and react fast to stimuli in the environment, has been shown to be impaired in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, it is unclear whether PS can be improved following targeted treatments for ADHD. Here we examined potential changes in PS following application of transcranial electric stimulation combined with cognitive training in children with ADHD. Specifically, we examined changes in PS in the presence of different conditions of mental fatigue.MethodsWe used a randomized double-blind (...)
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  30.  4
    Model Theoretic Properties of Metric Valued Fields.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (3):655-675.
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  31.  11
    Model Theoretic Stability and Definability of Types, After A. Grothendieck.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2014 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (4):491-496,.
    We point out how the "Fundamental Theorem of Stability Theory", namely the equivalence between the "non order property" and definability of types, proved by Shelah in the 1970s, is in fact an immediate consequence of Grothendieck's "Criteres de compacite" from 1952. The familiar forms for the defining formulae then follow using Mazur's Lemma regarding weak convergence in Banach spaces.
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  32.  34
    Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. Model Theory of Operator Algebras I: Stability_. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, Vol. 45 (2013), No. 4, Pp. 825–838, Doi:10.1112/Blms/Bdt014. - Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. _Model Theory of Operator Algebras II: Model Theory_. Israel Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 201 (2014), No. 1, Pp. 477–505, Doi:10.1007/S11856-014-1046-7. - Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. _Model Theory of Operator Algebras III: Elementary Equivalence And_ II 1 _factors_. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, Vol. 46 (2014), No. 3, Pp. 609–628, Doi:10.1112/Blms/Bdu012. - Isaac Goldbring, Bradd Hart, and Thomas Sinclair. _The Theory of Tracial von Neumann Algebras Does Not Have a Model Companion. Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 78 (2013), No. 3, Pp. 1000–1004. [REVIEW]Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2015 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 21 (4):425-427.
  33.  3
    Fraïssé Limits of Metric Structures.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):100-115.
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  34.  20
    Fondements de la Logique Positive.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Et Bruno Poizat - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1141-1162.
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  35.  48
    A Proof of Completeness for Continuous First-Order Logic.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):168-190.
    -/- Continuous first-order logic has found interest among model theorists who wish to extend the classical analysis of “algebraic” structures (such as fields, group, and graphs) to various natural classes of complete metric structures (such as probability algebras, Hilbert spaces, and Banach spaces). With research in continuous first-order logic preoccupied with studying the model theory of this framework, we find a natural question calls for attention. Is there an interesting set of axioms yielding a completeness result? -/- The primary purpose (...)
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  36.  12
    An Independence Theorem for Ntp2 Theories.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Artem Chernikov - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):135-153.
  37.  3
    A Metric Version of Schlichting’s Theorem.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Frank O. Wagner - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (4):1607-1613.
    If ${\mathfrak {F}}$ is a type-definable family of commensurable subsets, subgroups or subvector spaces in a metric structure, then there is an invariant subset, subgroup or subvector space commensurable with ${\mathfrak {F}}$. This in particular applies to type-definable or hyper-definable objects in a classical first-order structure.
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  38.  7
    Almost Indiscernible Sequences and Convergence of Canonical Bases.Itaï Ben Yaacov, Alexander Berenstein & C. Ward Henson - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (2):460-484.
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  39. Clinical Ethics Discussion 4: Urgent "Lifesaving" Clinical Research.Atsushi Asai & Koichiro Itai - 2004 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 14 (2):52-57.
    No matter how far medicine advances, incurable disease will inevitably exist; and the dying patient's last resort will likewise look to medical research. In this report, we examine a case concerning the use of experimental medical therapy on a critically ill child. We discuss the ethical argument pertaining to the recommending of experimental medical therapy to the family of a dying patient.Under the circumstances of having to face the impending death of one's own child, parents of a terminally ill child (...)
     
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  40. Foundations of Positive Logic.Itai Ben Yaacov & Bruno Poizat - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1141-1162.
  41.  21
    Do Wave Functions Jump? Perspectives on the Work of GianCarlo Ghirardi.Valia Allori, Angelo Bassi, Detlef Duerr & Nino Zanghi (eds.) - 2020 - Springer.
    Book to honor the work of GianCarlo Ghirardi.
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  42.  20
    A Report on Small Team Clinical Ethics Consultation Programmes in Japan.M. Fukuyama, A. Asai, K. Itai & S. Bito - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):858-862.
    Clinical ethics support, including ethics consultation, has become established in the field of medical practice throughout the world. This practice has been regarded as useful, most notably in the UK and the USA, in solving ethical problems encountered by both medical practitioners and those who receive medical treatment. In Japan, however, few services are available to respond to everyday clinical ethical issues, although a variety of difficult ethical problems arise daily in the medical field: termination of life support, euthanasia and (...)
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  43. Bruno and the" Munera Lulliani Ingenii". Notes for a Reinterpretation.Simonetta Bassi-Elisabetta Scapparone - 2010 - Rinascimento 50:55-85.
  44. E-mail: [email protected] niimm. kazan. su.John T. Baldwin & Masanori Itai - 1995 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 1 (1).
     
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  45.  91
    Yoshio Nagai, Jeremy Bentham (Critical Biography of British Intellectuals 7; Kenkyusha, 2003), Pp. 292.Kayoko Komatsu & Hiroaki Itai - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (3):354-355.
  46.  32
    A Proof Of Completeness For Continuous First-Order Logic.Arthur Pedersen & Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):168-190.
    Continuous first-order logic has found interest among model theorists who wish to extend the classical analysis of “algebraic” structures to various natural classes of complete metric structures. With research in continuous first-order logic preoccupied with studying the model theory of this framework, we find a natural question calls for attention. Is there an interesting set of axioms yielding a completeness result?The primary purpose of this article is to show that a certain, interesting set of axioms does indeed yield a completeness (...)
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  47.  7
    The Governance of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS): Aviation Law, Human Rights, and the Free Movement of Data in the EU.Ugo Pagallo & Eleonora Bassi - 2020 - Minds and Machines 30 (3):439-455.
    The paper deals with the governance of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in European law. Three different kinds of balance have been struck between multiple regulatory systems, in accordance with the sector of the governance of UAS which is taken into account. The first model regards the field of civil aviation law and its European Union ’s regulation: the model looks like a traditional mix of top-down regulation and soft law. The second model concerns the EU general data protection law, the GDPR, (...)
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  48.  14
    Le ipotesi interpretative dei bassi livelli di fertilità presso i Dobe!Kung e la loro rilevanza nello studio degli aspetti socio- demografici delle società di caccia-raccolta.F. Cappelletto - 1992 - Global Bioethics 5 (2-3):81-87.
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  49.  2
    Book Review: A Feminist Theory of Refusal, by Bonnie Honig. [REVIEW]Karen Bassi - 2022 - Political Theory 50 (6):980-985.
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  50.  15
    A Study of Envy and Jealousy. E. Sanders Envy and Jealousy in Classical Athens. A Socio-Psychological Approach. Pp. XIV + 207. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. Cased, £47.99, Us$74. Isbn: 978-0-19-989772-8. [REVIEW]Karen Bassi - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (2):364-366.
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