Results for 'Itiel E. Dror'

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  1.  55
    The Collapsing Choice Theory: Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making. [REVIEW]Jeffrey M. Stibel, Itiel E. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
    Decision making theory in general, and mental models in particular, associate judgment and choice. Decision choice follows probability estimates and errors in choice derive mainly from errors in judgment. In the studies reported here we use the Monty Hall dilemma to illustrate that judgment and choice do not always go together, and that such a dissociation can lead to better decision-making. Specifically, we demonstrate that in certain decision problems, exceeding working memory limitations can actually improve decision choice. We show across (...)
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  2.  21
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
  3.  13
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451-457.
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  4.  11
    Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):209-213.
  5.  27
    Technology Enhanced Learning: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Itiel E. Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):215-223.
    Training is intimately connected with and dependent on the human cognitive system. Learning means that the cognitive system acquires information and stores it for further use. If these processes do not occur properly, then the learners will not initially acquire the information, and even if they do, then they will not be able to recall it later, or/and the information will not be utilised and behaviour will not be modified. Regardless whether the objective is learning new information , acquiring new (...)
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  6.  48
    Dynamic Reasoning and Time Pressure: Transition From Analytical Operations to Experiential Responses.Peter A. F. Fraser-Mackenzie & Itiel E. Dror - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):211-225.
    Based upon the Decision Field Theory (Busemeyer and Townsend 1993), we tested a model of dynamic reasoning to predict the effect of time pressure on analytical and experiential processing during decision-making. Forty-six participants were required to make investment decisions under four levels of time pressure. In each decision, participants were presented with experiential cues which were either congruent or incongruent with the analytical information. The congruent/incongruent conditions allowed us to examine how many decisions were based upon the experiential versus the (...)
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  7.  51
    Perception is Far From Perfection: The Role of the Brain and Mind in Constructing Realities.Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):763-763.
    Dichotomizing perceptions, by those that have an objective reality and those that do not, is rejected. Perceptions are suggested to fall along a multidimensional continuum in which neither end is totally “pure.” At the extreme ends, perceptions neither have an objective reality without some subjectivity, nor, at the other end, even as hallucinations, are they totally dissociated from reality.
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  8.  13
    Fourth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Learning Technologies and Cognition. [REVIEW]Itiel E. Dror - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (2):227-228.
  9.  8
    Object Identification as a Function of Discriminability and Learning Presentations: The Effect of Stimulus Similarity and Canonical Frame Alignment on Aircraft Identification.Alan R. S. Ashworth & Itiel E. Dror - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (2):148-157.
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  10.  8
    Technology Enhanced Learning: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Itiel E. Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):215-223.
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  11.  10
    Matthias Scheutz, Computationalism New Directions.Itiel E. Dror & Ailsa E. Péron - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):404-409.
  12. Distributed Cognition. Special Issue of Pragmatics & Cognition 14: 2 (2006).Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):268.
  13.  5
    Can Wittgenstein Help Free the Mind From Rules?Itiel E. Dror & Marcelo Dascal - 1997 - In David Martel Johnson & Christina E. Erneling (eds.), The Future of the Cognitive Revolution. Oxford University Press. pp. 217.
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  14.  20
    The Cannon–Bard Thalamic Theory of Emotions: A Brief Genealogy and Reappraisal.O. E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):13-20.
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  15.  16
    Deconstructing the “Two Factors”: The Historical Origins of the Schachter–Singer Theory of Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):7-16.
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  16.  9
    The Affect of Experiment: The Turn to Emotions in Anglo-American Physiology, 1900-1940.Otniel E. Dror - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):205-237.
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  17.  8
    Afterword: A Reflection on Feelings and the History of Science.Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (4):848-851.
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  18. Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):14.
    Some of the papers in this special issue distribute cognition between what is going on inside individual cognizers' heads and their outside worlds; others distribute cognition among different individual cognizers. Turing's criterion for cognition was individual, autonomous input/output capacity. It is not clear that distributed cognition could pass the Turing Test.
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  19. Seeing the Blush : Feeling Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - In Lorraine Daston & Elizabeth Lunbeck (eds.), Histories of Scientific Observation. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  20.  10
    Techniques of the Brain and the Paradox of Emotions, 1880–1930.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Science in Context 14 (4).
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  21.  21
    De-Medicalizing the Medical Humanities.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (3):317-326.
    In this essay I argue that the integration of the humanities into ?medical humanities? has implicitly medicalized the humanities. This medicalization of the humanities suppresses those dimensions of the humanities that can most significantly contribute to medicine. I present my argument by studying the critical and crucial gap between the humanities as they are presented and taught in the context of medical schools, often as a set of skills, sensitivities, and competencies, and the humanities as they are experienced and lived (...)
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  22.  8
    Is the Mind a Scientific Object of Study? Lessons From History.Otniel E. Dror - 2005 - In D. M. Johnson & C. E. Erneling (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 101.
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  23.  33
    Fifth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology Cognitive Research in the Light of Technological Developments: Advances and New Challenges. [REVIEW]Boris M. Velichkovsky & Itiel Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):1-2.
  24.  10
    A Cognitive Neuroscience of Alzheimer's Disease: What Can Be Learned From Studies of Visual Imagery?S. M. Kosslyn & I. E. Dror - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 49--59.
  25.  28
    Call-for-Papers: Third Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Mechanicism and Autonomy: What Can Robotics Teach Us About Human Cognition and Action?Maria Eunice Q. Gonzalez, Willem Ed Haselager & Itiel Ed Dror - forthcoming - Pragmatics and Cognition.
  26.  21
    Pragmatics & Cognition.Marcelo Dascal, Jens Allwood, Benny Shanon, Stephen Stich, Yorick Wilks, Itiel Dror, Edson Françozo & Amir Horowitz - 1996 - Cognition 7:1.
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  27.  11
    Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Jonathan Crary.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):201-203.
  28.  10
    Edward Shorter;, David Healy. Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness. Xii + 384 Pp., Illus., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. $45. [REVIEW]Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):688-690.
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  29.  14
    Author Reply: Is Cannon’s Theory a “Centralized” Version of James's?O. E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):48-49.
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  30.  21
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory: A Framework for the Science of Mind.Itiel Dror & Robin Thomas - 2004 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), Mind As a Scientific Object. Oxford University Press. pp. 283.
  31.  4
    Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):209-213.
    Some of the papers in this Special Issue distribute cognition between what is going on inside individual cognizers' heads and their outside worlds; others distribute cognition among different individual cognizers. Turing's criterion for cognition was for individual, autonomous input/output capacity. It is not clear that distributed cognition could pass the Turing Test.
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  32. Cognitive Technologies.M. Dascal & I. E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3).
     
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  33.  27
    A C.E. Real That Cannot Be SW-Computed by Any Ω Number.George Barmpalias & Andrew E. M. Lewis - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):197-209.
    The strong weak truth table (sw) reducibility was suggested by Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte as a measure of relative randomness, alternative to the Solovay reducibility. It also occurs naturally in proofs in classical computability theory as well as in the recent work of Soare, Nabutovsky, and Weinberger on applications of computability to differential geometry. We study the sw-degrees of c.e. reals and construct a c.e. real which has no random c.e. real (i.e., Ω number) sw-above it.
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  34.  13
    O caminho estreito e o caminho largo de Hieronymus Wierix do ano 1619: uma leitura panofskiana de uma gravura da reforma católica.Helmut Renders - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (50):750-779.
    O artigo apresenta e interpreta a gravura De smalle en de brede Weg de Hieronymus Wierix, criada no ano de 1619 na cidade de Antuérpia, já sob domínio espanhol. O objetivo é analisar uma expressão da cultura visual religiosa católica que influenciou as Américas e o Brasil colônia e que inspirou a cultura visual evangélica brasileira, no caso, mediante a xilogravura de Charlotte Reihlen no século 19. Como método aplicam-se os três passos de interpretação de arte religiosa renascentista propostos por (...)
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  35.  5
    La punizione e la cooperazione in contesti di ingroup e outgroup.Rosalba Morese - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (3):286-301.
    Riassunto: In letteratura è nota la tendenza delle persone a punire i comportamenti sleali, anche nel caso in cui tali comportamenti non li riguardino direttamente, e tale punizione possa implicare un costo personale. Sono stati individuati differenti comportamenti di punizione: la punizione altruistica, la punizione di comportamenti sleali ; l’altruismo parrocchiale, la tendenza attraverso la punizione a proteggere e favorire, anche senza alcun guadagno personale, i membri del proprio gruppo a scapito di quelli di altri gruppi, e la punizione antisociale, (...)
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  36.  3
    A semiótica greimasiana no quadro epistemológico das teorias da linguagem e dos estudos da religião.Sueli Maria Ramos da Silva - 2019 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (51):1066.
    Este artigo tem por objetivo proceder à relação entre as teorias da linguagem e o estudo das religiões, notadamente por meio da apresentação do quadro epistemológico da semiótica greimasiana de linha francesa. O artigo, de natureza teórica, ao observar as recorrências dos mecanismos de construção do sentido dos textos, presentes nos enunciados de interpretação religiosa, efetivados pela semiótica, procura realizar um breve histórico desses estudos, traçando algumas considerações acerca de como se processa o projeto da semiótica no que concerne ao (...)
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  37.  4
    O Movimento Nacional Fé e Política: história, concepções, estratégias de atuação e desafios.Geraldo Agostinho Teixeira - 2019 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (51):1436.
    A necessidade de homens e mulheres de fé esclarecida e bem fundamentada na política tornou-se preponderante na contemporaneidade. Vive-se em um contexto em que muitos perderam a esperança e não acreditam mais na política. Na perspectiva cristã, a fé se traduz na prática do amor e é alimentada pela esperança. Não é possível sonhar com uma qualidade de vida melhor, em âmbito pessoal e coletivo, se não houver pessoas de fé na política, imbuídas dessa missão. O Movimento Nacional Fé e (...)
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  38.  9
    Dom Francisco de Aquino Corrêa e a construção da identidade mato-grossense.Jérri Roberto Marin - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (50):780-811.
    Apresenta-se neste artigo o papel desempenhado pelo bispo e arcebispo de Cuiabá Dom Francisco de Aquino Corrêa na construção da identidade mato-grossense, entre as décadas de 1910 a 1930. Como governador de Mato Grosso, interveio na esfera cultural a fim de fortalecer as elites cuiabanas e superar as crises política, econômica e social. Para tal, arregimentou um grupo de intelectuais que se empenharam na construção da identidade regional assentada na idealização das terras e do homem mato-grossense, superando os estigmas de (...)
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  39.  3
    Aparecida: significados e perspectivas.André Rocha Cordeiro - 2019 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (51):1447.
    Resenha da obra Aparecida: significados e perspectivas, organizada pelo Professor Doutor Wagner Lopez Sanchez. Referência: SANCHEZ, Wagner Lopes. Aparecida: significados e perspectivas. Aparecida: Editora Santuário, 2018. 214 p.
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  40.  3
    L'Embodied Cognition e la sfida dei concetti astratti. Un approccio multidimensionale.Caterina Villani - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (3):239-253.
    Riassunto: Se anche i concetti astratti possono essere spiegati completamente attraverso un approccio embodied e grounded è argomento di un crescente dibattito. Tuttavia, le teorie proposte tendono a trattarli come un insieme unitario opposto a quello dei concetti concreti; e nelle ricerche empiriche non c’è concordanza sui criteri per selezionare gli stimoli. Questo studio investiga le implicazioni di tali limitazioni con l’obiettivo di proporre un approccio di ricerca alternativo. Verranno brevemente esaminate le differenze fra parole astratte e concrete, nonché i (...)
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  41.  34
    Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully.R. E. Tully - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore's ‘A Defence of Common Sense’ has generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its (...)
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  42. Wittgenstein e a imanência da Arte na Ética.José Fernando da Silva - 2015 - Revista de Filosofia Moderna E Contemporânea 3 (1):49-67.
    Esse artigo mostra o significado da unicidade da ética e da estética no Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Primeiro, ele apresenta os principais aspectos ética tractatiana: que ela não hierarquiza fatos, que ela é eudemonista, e que ela não propõe qualquer finalidade externa às ações do sujeito ético. Segundo, ele mostra que a obra de arte é a expressão da vida de um ponto de vista ético, ou seja, ela é a expressão do significado da vida de um ponto de vista da eternidade. (...)
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  43. Software Livre: Genealogia e "ideologias" de um movimento social.Flora Dauphin - 2008 - Logos: Comuniação e Univerisdade 15 (2):71-85.
    O artigo tenta compreender como o software livre tornou-se vetor de um movimento social militante para criação e difusão de bens comuns. Como, para além de suas características de “meio” esses softwares foram transformados em questões de política, economia, sociedade, cultura e ética? São emergência, os modos de organização e as ideologias desse movimento que o artigo se propõe a analisar.
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  44. A “guerra contra o terror”: mídia e terrorismo na Indonésia, na Malásia e em Cingapura.Sonia Ambrosio de Nelson - 2008 - Logos: Comuniação e Univerisdade 15 (1):60-72.
    Assim como em outras partes do mundo, a situação midiática na Ásia sofre a influência dos poderes políticos, econômicos e culturais, refletidos em uma variedade de sistemas de funcionamento da mídia. Este artigo é trecho de tese de doutorado defendida em 2007 e analisa os discursos jornalísticos em três jornais (da Indonésia, da Malásia e de Cingapura) referentes aos atentados de Bali em 2002; contra o hotel JW Marriott em Jacarta em 2003; contra a embaixada da Austrália em Jacarta em (...)
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  45. Support Extent Provided by Universities Senior Management in Assisting the Transition to E-Management.Mazen J. Al Shobaki, Samy S. Abu-Naser, Youssef M. Abu Amuna & Suliman A. El Talla - 2018 - International Journal of Academic Management Science Research (IJAMSR) 2 (5):1-26.
    The aim of this study is to identify the support provided by senior management at universities to assist in the transition to electronic management. The study population consists of different administrative levels in the universities, with total of (239) employees. The study sample consisted of (148) individuals from different administrative levels, with a response rate of (84.31%). The researchers used the questionnaire as a tool for the study, the descriptive analytical approach to achieve the objectives of the study, and the (...)
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  46.  95
    Modelling Trust in Artificial Agents, A First Step Toward the Analysis of E-Trust.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):243-257.
    This paper provides a new analysis of e - trust , trust occurring in digital contexts, among the artificial agents of a distributed artificial system. The analysis endorses a non-psychological approach and rests on a Kantian regulative ideal of a rational agent, able to choose the best option for itself, given a specific scenario and a goal to achieve. The paper first introduces e-trust describing its relevance for the contemporary society and then presents a new theoretical analysis of this phenomenon. (...)
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  47.  81
    The E-Z Reader Model of Eye-Movement Control in Reading: Comparisons to Other Models.Erik D. Reichle, Keith Rayner & Alexander Pollatsek - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):445-476.
    The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of (...)
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  48. E. F. Carritt (1876-1964).Anthony Skelton - 2016 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964) was educated at and taught in Oxford University. He made substantial contributions both to aesthetics and to moral philosophy. The focus of this entry is his work in moral philosophy. His most notable works in this field are The Theory of Morals (1928) and Ethical and Political Thinking (1947). Carritt developed views in metaethics and in normative ethics. In meta-ethics he defends a cognitivist, non-naturalist moral realism and was among the first to respond to A. J. (...)
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  49.  42
    Review of David E. Cooper, "Animals and Misanthropy" (Routledge, 2018). [REVIEW]Ian James Kidd - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    A review of David E. Cooper's book, "Animals and Misanthropy", which argues that reflection on awful treatment of animals justifies a negative critical judgment on human life and culture.
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  50.  26
    E-Care as Craftsmanship: Virtuous Work, Skilled Engagement, and Information Technology in Health Care.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):807-816.
    Contemporary health care relies on electronic devices. These technologies are not ethically neutral but change the practice of care. In light of Sennett’s work and that of other thinkers (Dewey, Dreyfus, Borgmann) one worry is that “e-care”—care by means of new information and communication technologies—does not promote skilful and careful engagement with patients and hence is neither conducive to the quality of care nor to the virtues of the care worker. Attending to the kinds of knowledge involved in care work (...)
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