Results for 'Itiel E. Dror'

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  1.  77
    The Collapsing Choice Theory: Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making. [REVIEW]Jeffrey M. Stibel, Itiel E. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
    Decision making theory in general, and mental models in particular, associate judgment and choice. Decision choice follows probability estimates and errors in choice derive mainly from errors in judgment. In the studies reported here we use the Monty Hall dilemma to illustrate that judgment and choice do not always go together, and that such a dissociation can lead to better decision-making. Specifically, we demonstrate that in certain decision problems, exceeding working memory limitations can actually improve decision choice. We show across (...)
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  2. Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):14.
    Some of the papers in this special issue distribute cognition between what is going on inside individual cognizers' heads and their outside worlds; others distribute cognition among different individual cognizers. Turing's criterion for cognition was individual, autonomous input/output capacity. It is not clear that distributed cognition could pass the Turing Test.
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  3.  22
    Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):209-213.
    Some of the papers in this Special Issue distribute cognition between what is going on inside individual cognizers' heads and their outside worlds; others distribute cognition among different individual cognizers. Turing's criterion for cognition was for individual, autonomous input/output capacity. It is not clear that distributed cognition could pass the Turing Test.
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  4.  7
    Can Wittgenstein Help Free the Mind From Rules?Itiel E. Dror & Marcelo Dascal - 1997 - In David Martel Johnson & Christina E. Erneling (eds.), The Future of the Cognitive Revolution. Oxford University Press. pp. 217.
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  5.  27
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
  6.  17
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451-457.
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  7.  14
    Fourth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Learning Technologies and Cognition. [REVIEW]Itiel E. Dror - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (2):227-228.
  8. Perception is Far From Perfection: The Role of the Brain and Mind in Constructing Realities.Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):763-763.
    Dichotomizing perceptions, by those that have an objective reality and those that do not, is rejected. Perceptions are suggested to fall along a multidimensional continuum in which neither end is totally “pure.” At the extreme ends, perceptions neither have an objective reality without some subjectivity, nor, at the other end, even as hallucinations, are they totally dissociated from reality.
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  9. Distributed Cognition. Special Issue of Pragmatics & Cognition 14: 2 (2006).Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):268.
  10.  48
    Dynamic Reasoning and Time Pressure: Transition From Analytical Operations to Experiential Responses.Peter A. F. Fraser-Mackenzie & Itiel E. Dror - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):211-225.
    Based upon the Decision Field Theory (Busemeyer and Townsend 1993), we tested a model of dynamic reasoning to predict the effect of time pressure on analytical and experiential processing during decision-making. Forty-six participants were required to make investment decisions under four levels of time pressure. In each decision, participants were presented with experiential cues which were either congruent or incongruent with the analytical information. The congruent/incongruent conditions allowed us to examine how many decisions were based upon the experiential versus the (...)
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  11.  9
    Object Identification as a Function of Discriminability and Learning Presentations: The Effect of Stimulus Similarity and Canonical Frame Alignment on Aircraft Identification.Alan R. S. Ashworth & Itiel E. Dror - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (2):148-157.
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  12.  8
    Comment: Historians in the Emotion Laboratory.Otniel E. Dror - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):191-192.
    In this comment, I indicate several challenges and opportunities—out of the many—for an integrated science–humanities approach to emotions, from the perspective of a historian of the modern science...
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  13. The Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory: A Framework for the Science of Mind.Itiel Dror & Thomas & Robin - 2005 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oup Usa.
  14.  9
    Is the Mind a Scientific Object of Study? Lessons From History.Otniel E. Dror - 2005 - In D. M. Johnson & C. E. Erneling (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 101.
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  15.  33
    Fifth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology Cognitive Research in the Light of Technological Developments: Advances and New Challenges. [REVIEW]Boris M. Velichkovsky & Itiel Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):1-2.
  16.  24
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory: A Framework for the Science of Mind.Itiel Dror & Robin Thomas - 2004 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), Mind As a Scientific Object. Oxford University Press. pp. 283.
  17.  29
    The Cannon–Bard Thalamic Theory of Emotions: A Brief Genealogy and Reappraisal.Otniel E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):13-20.
    In this contribution, I examine several key publications on the physiology of emotions from the 1860s to the 1930s. I focus on physiologists who studied the emotions prior to and following William James’s 1884 Mind article, by critically reflecting on the conceptual and practical origins and constituents of the Cannon–Bard thalamic theory of emotions. I offer a historical corrective to several major assumptions in our histories of the scientific study of emotions.
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  18.  32
    Deconstructing the “Two Factors”: The Historical Origins of the Schachter–Singer Theory of Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):7-16.
    In this contribution, I interrogate the historical-intellectual narrative that dominates the history of the Schachter–Singer two-factor theory of emotion. In the first part, I propose that a social influence model became generalized to a cognitive view. I argue that Schachter and Singer presented a cognitive theory of emotions in enacting inside the laboratory Schachter’s preceding “social influence” model of emotions and that Schachter’s adoption of a cognitive model of emotion was driven by and was necessary for his previous research on (...)
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  19.  16
    The Affect of Experiment: The Turn to Emotions in Anglo-American Physiology, 1900-1940.Otniel E. Dror - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):205-237.
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  20. Seeing the Blush : Feeling Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - In Lorraine Daston & Elizabeth Lunbeck (eds.), Histories of Scientific Observation. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  21.  30
    De-Medicalizing the Medical Humanities.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (3):317-326.
    In this essay I argue that the integration of the humanities into ?medical humanities? has implicitly medicalized the humanities. This medicalization of the humanities suppresses those dimensions of the humanities that can most significantly contribute to medicine. I present my argument by studying the critical and crucial gap between the humanities as they are presented and taught in the context of medical schools, often as a set of skills, sensitivities, and competencies, and the humanities as they are experienced and lived (...)
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  22.  13
    Afterword: A Reflection on Feelings and the History of Science.Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (4):848-851.
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  23.  17
    Techniques of the Brain and the Paradox of Emotions, 1880–1930.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Science in Context 14 (4).
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  24.  12
    A Cognitive Neuroscience of Alzheimer's Disease: What Can Be Learned From Studies of Visual Imagery?S. M. Kosslyn & I. E. Dror - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 49--59.
  25.  38
    Call-for-Papers: Third Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Mechanicism and Autonomy: What Can Robotics Teach Us About Human Cognition and Action?Maria Eunice Q. Gonzalez, Willem Ed Haselager & Itiel Ed Dror - forthcoming - Pragmatics and Cognition.
  26.  26
    Pragmatics & Cognition.Marcelo Dascal, Jens Allwood, Benny Shanon, Stephen Stich, Yorick Wilks, Itiel Dror, Edson Françozo & Amir Horowitz - 1996 - Cognition 7:1.
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  27.  20
    Author Reply: Is Cannon’s Theory (Only) a “Centralized” Version of James's?Otniel E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):48-49.
    In this reply, I focus on the question of whether Cannon’s theory was a “centralized” version of James’s. Due to space limitations, I briefly present six observations that problematize this assertion. One of my guiding principles is that theories acquire their meaning within a particular context. From this historical perspective, and in their historical contexts, the theories were quite distinct.
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  28.  17
    Edward Shorter;, David Healy. Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness. Xii + 384 Pp., Illus., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. $45. [REVIEW]Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):688-690.
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  29.  12
    Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Jonathan Crary.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):201-203.
  30. Cognitive Technologies.M. Dascal & I. E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3).
     
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  31.  19
    On-Line Confidence Monitoring During Decision Making.Dror Dotan, Florent Meyniel & Stanislas Dehaene - 2018 - Cognition 171:112-121.
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  32. G. E. Moore: Selected Writings.G. E. Moore - 1993 - Routledge.
    G.E. Moore, more than either Bertrand Russell or Ludwig Wittgenstein, was chiefly responsible for the rise of the analytic method in twentieth-century philosophy. This selection of his writings shows Moore at his very best. The classic essays are crucial to major philosophical debates that still resonate today. Amongst those included are: * A Defense of Common Sense * Certainty * Sense-Data * External and Internal Relations * Hume's Theory Explained * Is Existence a Predicate? * Proof of an External World (...)
     
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  33.  8
    Network Science: A Useful Tool in Economics and Finance.Dror Y. Kenett & Shlomo Havlin - 2015 - Mind and Society 14 (2):155-167.
    The increasing frequency and scope of financial crises has made global financial stability one of the major concerns of economic policy and decision makers. Under this highly complex environment, supervision of the financial system has to be thought of as a systemic task, focusing not only on the strength of the institutions but also on the interdependent relations among them, unraveling the structure and dynamic of the system as a whole. In recent years, network science has emerged as a leading (...)
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  34.  30
    How Do We Convert a Number Into a Finger Trajectory?Dror Dotan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):512-529.
  35.  88
    The Collected Philosophical Papers of G.E.M. Anscombe.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1900 - Blackwell.
    -- v. 2. Metaphysics and the philosophy of mind.
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  36.  2
    On the Origins of Logarithmic Number-to-Position Mapping.Dror Dotan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (6):637-666.
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  37.  4
    Track It to Crack It: Dissecting Processing Stages with Finger Tracking.Dror Dotan, Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas, Fosca Al Roumi & Stanislas Dehaene - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (12):1058-1070.
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  38.  28
    Professional Ethics of Psychologists and Physicians: Mortality, Confidentiality, and Sexuality in Israel.Simon Shimshon Rubin & Omer Dror - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):213 – 238.
    Clinical psychologists' and nonpsychiatric physicians' attitudes and behaviors in sexual and confidentiality boundary violations were examined. The 171 participants' responses were analyzed by profession, sex, and status (student, resident, professional) on semantic differential, boundary violation vignettes, and a version of Pope, Tabachnick, and Keith-Spiegel's (1987) ethical scale. Psychologists rated sexual boundary violation as more unethical than did physicians (p<.001). Rationale (p<.01) and timing (p<.001) influenced ratings. Psychologists reported fewer sexualized behaviors than physicians (p<05). Professional experience (p<.01) and sex (p<.05) were (...)
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  39. Ontological Dependence.Tuomas E. Tahko & E. J. Lowe - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ontological dependence is a relation—or, more accurately, a family of relations—between entities or beings. For there are various ways in which one being may be said to depend upon one or more other beings, in a sense of “depend” that is distinctly metaphysical in character and that may be contrasted, thus, with various causal senses of this word. More specifically, a being may be said to depend, in such a sense, upon one or more other beings for its existence or (...)
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  40. O Pluralismo E a Nova Ordem Mundial: Para Uma Ressignificação Do Político a Partir de Mouffe.Rita de Cassia Ferreira Lins E. Silva - 2016 - Pensando - Revista de Filosofia 7 (13):220.
    O presente trabalho examina uma perspectiva hermenêutica do político presente no pensamento de Chantal Mouffe, cujo empreendimento se dá com o seu postulado em torno do que denomina por democracia radical e plural e da resultante desse postulado dentro de uma ordem cosmopolita da política e o reflexo do empreendimento dos direitos nesse sentido. A chave de leitura que orienta esta perspectiva advém da concepção do político realizada pela autora, em que o antagonismo é nuclear na formação da identidade plural (...)
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  41.  40
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  42.  14
    Acquisition and Processing of an Artificial Mini-Language Combining Semantic and Syntactic Elements.Fosca Al Roumi, Dror Dotan, Tianming Yang, Liping Wang & Stanislas Dehaene - 2019 - Cognition 185:49-61.
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  43.  91
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  44.  85
    Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:23-48.
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  45. VKnowledge Activation: Accessibility, Applicability, and Salience, V in E. Tory Higgins and Arie W. Kruglanski, Eds.E. T. Higgins - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford.
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  46. Intention and Intentionality: Essays in Honour of G. E. M. Anscombe.G. E. M. Anscombe, Cora Diamond & Jenny Teichman (eds.) - 1979 - Cornell University Press.
  47.  52
    Substance and Selfhood: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):81-99.
    How could the self be a substance? There are various ways in which it could be, some familiar from the history of philosophy. I shall be rejecting these more familiar substantivalist approaches, but also the non-substantival theories traditionally opposed to them. I believe that the self is indeed a substance—in fact, that it is a simple or noncomposite substance—and, perhaps more remarkably still, that selves are, in a sense, self-creating substances. Of course, if one thinks of the notion of substance (...)
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  48.  27
    Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
    What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible (...)
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  49.  54
    The Greeks and the Irrational. By E. R. Dodds. Pp. Ix + 327. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press , 1951. 37s. 6d. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose & E. R. Dodds - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73 (105):176-177.
    In this philosophy classic, which was first published in 1951, E. R. Dodds takes on the traditional view of Greek culture as a triumph of rationalism. Using the analytical tools of modern anthropology and psychology, Dodds asks, "Why should we attribute to the ancient Greeks an immunity from 'primitive' modes of thought which we do not find in any society open to our direct observation?" Praised by reviewers as "an event in modern Greek scholarship" and "a book which it would (...)
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  50.  71
    Heraclitus’s Hope for the Unhoped.Dror Post - 2009 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (2):229-240.
    The Concept “hope,”, appears in two of Heraclitus’s fragments. This essay offers an attentive reading of these fragments and examines the role of hope in Heraclitus’s thinking. The essay is divided into two parts. The first part examines the meaning of the Greek notion for hope,, by looking into archaic and classical sources, particularly the myth about the origin of hope in Hesiod’s Works and Days. Based upon the renewed understanding of the concept, the second part of the essay examines (...)
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