Results for 'Ivan Phillips'

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  1.  15
    Darwin in the twenty-first century.Phillip R. Sloan, Gerald P. McKenny & Kathleen Eggleson (eds.) - 2015 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Preface Phillip R. Sloan, Gerald McKenny, Kathleen Eggleson pp. xiii-xviii In November of 2009, the University of Notre Dame hosted the conference “Darwin in the Twenty-First Century: Nature, Humanity, and God.‘ Sponsored primarily by the John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values at Notre Dame, and the Science, Theology, and the Ontological Quest project within the Vatican Pontifical... 1. Introduction: Restructuring an Interdisciplinary Dialogue Phillip R. Sloan pp. 1-32 Almost exactly fifty years before the Notre Dame conference, the (...)
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  2. Theodicy: The solution to the problem of evil, or part of the problem?Nick Trakakis - 2008 - Sophia 47 (2):161-191.
    Theodicy, the enterprise of searching for greater goods that might plausibly justify God’s permission of evil, is often criticized on the grounds that the project has systematically failed to unearth any such goods. But theodicists also face a deeper challenge, one that places under question the very attempt to look for any morally sufficient reasons God might have for creating a world littered with evil. This ‘anti-theodical’ view argues that theists (and non-theists) ought to reject, primarily for moral reasons, the (...)
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  3.  74
    Object files and unconscious perception: a reply to Quilty-Dunn.Ian Phillips - 2020 - Analysis 80 (2):293-301.
    A wealth of cases – most notably blindsight and priming under inattention or suppression – have convinced philosophers and scientists alike that perception occurs outside awareness. In recent work (Phillips 2016a, 2018; Phillips and Block 2017, Peters et al. 2017), I dispute this consensus, arguing that any putative case of unconscious perception faces a dilemma. The dilemma divides over how absence of awareness is established. If subjective reports are used, we face the problem of the criterion: the concern (...)
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  4. True happiness: The role of morality in the folk concept of happiness.Jonathan Phillips, Christian Mott, Julian De Freitas, June Gruber & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):165-181.
    Recent scientific research has settled on a purely descriptive definition of happiness that is focused solely on agents’ psychological states (high positive affect, low negative affect, high life satisfaction). In contrast to this understanding, recent research has suggested that the ordinary concept of happiness is also sensitive to the moral value of agents’ lives. Five studies systematically investigate and explain the impact of morality on ordinary assessments of happiness. Study 1 demonstrates that moral judgments influence assessments of happiness not only (...)
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  5.  66
    Evolutionary theory and the ultimate-proximate distinction in the human behavioral sciences.T. C. Scott-Phillips, T. E. Dickins & S. A. West - unknown
    To properly understand behavior, we must obtain both ultimate and proximate explanations. Put briefly, ultimate explanations are concerned with why a behavior exists, and proximate explanations are concerned with how it works. These two types of explanation are complementary and the distinction is critical to evolutionary explanation. We are concerned that they have become conflated in some areas of the evolutionary literature on human behavior. This article brings attention to these issues. We focus on three specific areas: the evolution of (...)
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  6. Consciousness and Criterion: On Block's Case for Unconscious Seeing.Ian Phillips - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):419-451.
    Block () highlights two experimental studies of neglect patients which, he contends, provide ‘dramatic evidence’ for unconscious seeing. In Block's hands this is the highly non-trivial thesis that seeing of the same fundamental kind as ordinary conscious seeing can occur outside of phenomenal consciousness. Block's case for it provides an excellent opportunity to consider a large body of research on clinical syndromes widely held to evidence unconscious perception. I begin by considering in detail the two studies of neglect to which (...)
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  7.  9
    Austin and Berkeley on Perception.Robert L. Phillips - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (148):161 - 163.
  8. The Concept of Prayer.D. Z. Phillips - 1966 - Routledge.
    Many contemporary philosophers assume that, before one can discuss prayer, the question of whether there is a God or not must be settled. In this title, first published in 1965, D. Z. Phillips argues that to understand prayer is to understand what is meant by the reality of God. Beginning by placing the problem of prayer within a philosophical context, Phillips goes on to discuss such topics as prayer and the concept of talking, prayer and dependence, superstition and (...)
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  9.  75
    The niche construction perspective: a critical appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  10. Debate on unconscious perception.Ian Phillips & Ned Block - 2016 - In Bence Nanay (ed.), Current Controversies in Philosophy of Perception. New York: Routledge. pp. 165–192.
  11.  38
    Religion and the hermeneutics of contemplation.D. Z. Phillips - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Leading philosopher of religion D. Z. Phillips argues that intellectuals need not see their task as being for or against religion, but as one of understanding it. What stands in the way of this task are certain methodological assumptions about what enquiry into religion must be. Beginning with Bernard Williams on Greek gods, Phillips goes on to examine these assumptions in the work of Hume, Feuerbach, Marx, Frazer, Tylor, Marett, Freud, Durkheim, Le;vy-Bruhl, Berger and Winch. The result exposes (...)
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  12.  24
    Rethinking Categories and Dimensions in the DSM.James Phillips - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (6):663-682.
    This paper addresses the role of categories and dimensions in the classification of psychopathology. While psychopathology does not sort itself out neatly into natural categories, we do find rough, symptom-based groupings that, through refinement, become diagnostic categories. Given that these categories suffer from comorbidity, uncertain boundaries, and excessive “unspecified disorder” diagnoses, there has been a move toward refining the diagnoses with dimensional measures. The paper traces efforts both to improve the diagnostic categories with validators that allow at least partial validity (...)
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  13.  33
    The Logics of Counterinference and the “Additional Condition” (upādhi) in Gaṅgeśa’s Defense of the Nyāya Theistic Inference from Effects.Stephen Phillips - 2022 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 50 (5):821-833.
    This paper is taken from a long section of the _Tattva-cintā-maṇi_ by Gaṅgeśa that is devoted to proving the existence of—to use an inadequate word—“God” in a somewhat minimalist sense. The _īśvara_, the “Lord,” is for Gaṅgeśa, following Nyāya predecessors, a divine agent, a self, responsible for much, not all, of the order in the world. Unseen Force, _adṛṣṭa_, which is in effect _karman_ made by human action, is also a powerful agent as well as things’ intrinsic natures. Moreover, ordinary (...)
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  14.  25
    Faith and philosophical enquiry.Dewi Zephaniah Phillips - 1970 - New York,: Schocken Books.
    The concern of this book is the nature of religious belief and the ways in which philosophical enquiry is related to it. Six chapters present the positive arguments the author wishes to put forward to discusses religion and rationality, scepticism about religion, language-games, belief and the loss of belief. The remaining chapters include criticisms of some contemporary philosophers of religion in the light of the earlier discussions, and the implications for more specific topics, such as religious education, are investigated. The (...)
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  15. On really believing.D. Z. Phillips - 1993 - In Dewi Zephaniah Phillips (ed.), Wittgenstein and religion. New York, N.Y.: St. Martin's Press. pp. 33-55.
  16.  40
    Reconsiderations on History and Antiquarianism: Arnaldo Momigliano and the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century Britain.Mark Phillips - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (2):297-316.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reconsiderations on History and Antiquarianism: Arnaldo Momigliano and the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century BritainMark Salber PhillipsQuando mia figlia era molto piccola si divertiva a entrare nel mio studio e a chiedermi con finta gravità: “Signore papà che cosa hai concluso?” La sua domanda mi è tornata in mente molte volte più tardi, e mi ritorna nella mente anche oggi. Concludere non è facile, in qualsiasi lingua. E io per natura (...)
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  17.  4
    The Concept of Prayer.D. Z. Phillips - 1965 - Philosophy 42 (159):96-98.
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  18. Sungnōmē in Aristotle.Carissa Phillips-Garrett - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (3):311-333.
    Aristotle claims that in some extenuating circumstances, the correct response to the wrongdoer is sungnōmē rather than blame. Sungnōmē has a wide spectrum of meanings that include aspects of sympathy, pity, fellow-feeling, pardon, and excuse, but the dominant interpretation among scholars takes Aristotle’s meaning to correspond most closely to forgiveness. Thus, it is commonly held that the virtuous Aristotelian agent ought to forgive wrongdoers in specific extenuating circumstances. Against the more popular forgiveness interpretation, I begin by defending a positive account (...)
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  19.  90
    Corporate Moral Responsibility.Michael J. Phillips - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):555-576.
    The debate over corporate moral responsibility has become a fixture in business ethics research and teaching. Only rarely, however, does the sizable literature on that question consider whether the debate has important practical implications. This article examines that question from a corporate control perspective. After assuming corporate moral responsibility’s existence for purposes of argument, the article concludes that such responsibility makes a difference in cases where it is present but personal responsibility is absent. Then the article tries to identify the (...)
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  20.  13
    A neuropsychological theory of hippocampal function: Procrustean treatment of inconvenient data.Ivan Divac - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):326-327.
  21.  29
    Ties that Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory1.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind (Harvard Business School Press, Boston)]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic (...)
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  22.  25
    Value Chain Responsibility: A Farewell to Arm's Length.Robert Phillips & Craig B. Caldwell - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (4):345-370.
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  23.  3
    Firework: A Hawaiian Guidebook to the Goddess.Sara Spaulding-Phillips - 1997 - In Donald Sandner & Steven H. Wong (eds.), The sacred heritage: the influence of shamanism on analytical psychology. New York: Routledge. pp. 239.
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  24.  33
    Key Concepts: Hermeneutics.James Phillips - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (1):61-69.
  25.  24
    Infants' understanding of object-directed action.Ann T. Phillips & Henry M. Wellman - 2005 - Cognition 98 (2):137-155.
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  26.  9
    The possibilities of sense.Dewi Zephaniah Phillips & John H. Whittaker (eds.) - 2002 - New York: Palgrave.
    Remarkable in the range that it covers, The Possibilities of Sense testifies to an equally remarkable philosopher. In essays on ethics and thephilosophy of religion, on literature and education, the contributors displaynot only the breadth of D.Z. Phillips's work but also its power. This powercomes largely from Ludwig Wittgenstein, whose significance as a moral and religious philosopher rivals his reputation as a philosopher of language.
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  27.  8
    Now that we are here:: Discrimination, disparagement, and harassment at work and the experience of women lawyers.William R. F. Phillips, Harry Perlstadt & Janet Rosenberg - 1993 - Gender and Society 7 (3):415-433.
    This article examines the sexist work experiences of a sample of women lawyers in a mediumsized midwestern city. Specifically, it focuses on reports of discrimination, gender disparagement, and sexual harassment as components of gendered systems that maintain and reinforce inequalities between men and women on the job. The relationships between these experiences, professional role orientation and structural work characteristics are explored. Respondents report lower levels of discrimination at the more visible and legally protected “front door” than on the job. For (...)
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  28.  7
    Identity and Alterity in the Primitive Era of Globalization.Ivan Ivlampie - 2018 - Postmodern Openings 9 (2):79-85.
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  29.  12
    Interventions in Ethics.Dewi Zephaniah Phillips (ed.) - 1992 - State University of New York Press.
    This book contains essays, written between 1965 and 1990, which focus on the need to explore such issues as the nature of moral endeavor, the request for a justification of moral endeavor; the appeal to human flourishing; the nature of the ...
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  30.  90
    Perceiving particulars blindly: Remarks on a nyaya-buddhist controversy.Stephen H. Phillips - 2004 - Philosophy East and West 54 (3):389-403.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Perceiving Particulars Blindly:Remarks on a Nyāya-Buddhist ControversyStephen H. PhillipsIntroductionThe discussion by Mark Siderits in this issue—"Perceiving Particulars"—and two pieces by Monima Chadha—the first her article "Perceptual Cognition: A Nyāya-Kantian Approach" (Chadha 2001) and the second her reply to Siderits in this issue—have taught me much.1 I have little to add beyond agreeing on the whole with Siderits and making a few tweaks concerning Nyāya. Chadha astutely captures the insight (...)
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  31.  12
    Why Are There Failures of Systematicity? The Empirical Costs and Benefits of Inducing Universal Constructions.Steven Phillips, Yuji Takeda & Fumie Sugimoto - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  32.  19
    Constructing dystopian experience: A Neurath-Cartwrightian approach to the philosophy of social technology.Ivan Ferreira da Cunha - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 72:41-48.
  33.  82
    Pastoral Care: Finding a Niche in Ethical Decision Making.Donald F. Phillips - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (1):99.
    The last three articles within this section of Cambridge Quarterly have focused on organizations or disciplines outside the mainstream of bioethics that are making inroads within the field. This issue's article may be viewed as a departure, but it is not-my thesis is that despite the active presence of the clergy in the ethics field, individuals involved in pastoral care are often thought by health professionals, as well as by a sizeable number of pastors themselves, to not be within the (...)
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  34.  2
    From World to God?D. Z. Phillips & C. K. Grant - 1967 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 41 (1):133-162.
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  35.  4
    Melancholy Science? German Idealism and Critical Theory Reconsidered.W. Phillips - 2011 - Télos 2011 (157):129-147.
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  36.  27
    Uneven and unequal people-centered development: the case of Fair Trade and Malawi sugar producers.David P. Phillips - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (4):563-576.
    This paper advances critical Fair Trade literature by exploring reasons for and lessons from uneven and unequal lived experiences of Fairtrade certification. Fieldwork was conducted in 2007 and 2008 to explore views and develop interpretations from various actors directly and indirectly participating in a Fairtrade certified sugar organization in Malawi. By exploring an embedded social and political context in a production place, and challenging assumptions and expectations of a Fair Trade community empowerment approach, research reveals intended and unintended consequences since (...)
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  37.  26
    Valores, Verdade e Investigação: uma alternativa pragmatista ao não cognitivismo de Russell.Ivan Ferreira da Cunha - 2020 - Trans/Form/Ação 43 (3):245-268.
    Resumo Este artigo apresenta um referencial pragmatista para compreender o estatuto epistêmico da valoração que é produzida na reflexão acerca das consequências sociais de propostas científicas e tecnológicas. O problema é posto, seguindo-se as considerações de Bertrand Russell sobre o impacto da ciência na sociedade. Russell argumenta que a valoração de arranjos sociais fica fora dos limites do conhecimento, porque valorações não podem ser verdadeiras ou falsas, em sentido correspondencial. Isso leva o pensamento social a um impasse, pois não se (...)
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  38. Religion without Explanation.D. Z. Phillips - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (204):274-275.
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  39. On stakeholder delimitation.Robert Phillips - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (1):32-4.
     
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  40. Normative Dehumanization and the Ordinary Concept of a True Human.Ben Phillips - 2023 - Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology 5.
    Recently, I presented evidence that there are two broad kinds of dehumanization: descriptive dehumanization and normative dehumanization. An individual is descriptively dehumanized when they are perceived as less than fully human in the biological-species sense; whereas an individual is normatively dehumanized when they are perceived as lacking a deep-seated commitment to good moral values. Here, I develop the concept of normative dehumanization by addressing skepticism about two hypotheses that are widely held by dehumanization researchers. The first hypothesis is that dehumanization (...)
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  41.  6
    The Sense of the Presence of God.D. Z. Phillips - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (55):187-188.
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  42. All must have prizes.Melanie Phillips - 1997 - British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (3):324-325.
     
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  43.  48
    The social scientist's bestiary: a guide to fabled threats to, and defenses of, naturalistic social science.Denis Charles Phillips - 1992 - New York: Pergamon Press.
    The Social Scientist's Bestiary addresses a number of important theoretical and philosophical issues in the social sciences from the perspective of contemporary philosophy of science. It is intended to guide social scientists - researchers, teachers and students - so that they will not fall victim to the beasts they will encounter in the course of their enquiries. Such beasts include holism, post-positivistic work in the philosophy of science, Kuhnian relativism, the denial of objectivity, hermeneutics and several others, both good and (...)
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  44.  16
    Superminds: People Harness Hypercomputation, and More.Mark Phillips, Selmer Bringsjord & M. Zenzen - 2003 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    When Ken Malone investigates a case of something causing mental static across the United States, he is teleported to a world that doesn't exist.
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  45.  85
    Feminism and Liberalism Revisited: Has Martha Nussbaum Got It Right?Anne Phillips - 2001 - Constellations 8 (2):249-266.
  46. Vicissitudes of the I: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Hollibert E. Phillips & Hollibert Philips - 1995 - The Personalist Forum 11 (1):55-58.
     
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  47.  9
    Salvaging Locke's Self.James Phillips - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (4):349-354.
  48.  17
    Philosophy and Religion. By Axel Hagerstrom. (Allen and Unwin. 1964. Pp. 320. Price 45s.).D. Z. Phillips - 1965 - Philosophy 40 (153):257-.
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  49.  8
    Off the Beaten Track.James Phillips - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):368-368.
    Book Information Off the Beaten Track. Off the Beaten Track Heidegger Martin, trans. Julian Young and Kenneth Haynes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 291, AUS$49.95 By Heidegger Martin., trans. Julian Young. and Kenneth Haynes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 291. AUS$49.95.
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  50.  14
    Algebraic Properties of Paraorthomodular Posets.Ivan Chajda, Davide Fazio, Helmut Länger, Antonio Ledda & Jan Paseka - 2022 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 30 (5):840-869.
    Paraorthomodular posets are bounded partially ordered sets with an antitone involution induced by quantum structures arising from the logico-algebraic approach to quantum mechanics. The aim of the present work is starting a systematic inquiry into paraorthomodular posets theory both from algebraic and order-theoretic perspectives. On the one hand, we show that paraorthomodular posets are amenable of an algebraic treatment by means of a smooth representation in terms of bounded directoids with antitone involution. On the other, we investigate their order-theoretical features (...)
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