Results for 'Ivor Berkowitz'

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  1.  1
    Legal and Ethical Considerations for Requiring Consent for Apnea Testing in Brain Death Determination.Ivor Berkowitz & Jeremy R. Garrett - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):4-16.
    The past decade has witnessed escalating legal and ethical challenges to the diagnosis of death by neurologic criteria. The legal tactic of demanding consent for the apnea test, if successful, can halt the DNC. However, US law is currently unsettled and inconsistent in this matter. Consent has been required in several trial cases in Montana and Kansas but not in Virginia and Nevada. In this paper, we analyze and evaluate the legal and ethical bases for requiring consent before apnea testing (...)
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  2.  2
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries “Rethinking the Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Foundations of Informed Consent and Shared Decision-Making for Brain Death Determination”.Jeremy R. Garrett & Ivor Berkowitz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):W1-W5.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page W1-W5.
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  3.  5
    Virtue and the Making of Modern Liberalism.Peter Berkowitz - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    Virtue has been rediscovered in the United States as a subject of public debate and of philosophical inquiry. Politicians from both parties, leading intellectuals, and concerned citizens from diverse backgrounds are addressing questions about the content of our character. William Bennett's moral guide for children, A Book of Virtues, was a national bestseller. Yet many continue to associate virtue with a prudish, Victorian morality or with crude attempts by government to legislate morals. Peter Berkowitz clarifies the fundamental issues, arguing (...)
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  4.  6
    "Reassessing" Patient Knowledge".Howard C. Berkowitz - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (3):19.
    A letter from Howard C. Berkowitz about “Impact of a Clinical Trials Information Handbook on Patient Knowledge, Perceptions, and Likelihood of Participation”.
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  5.  13
    Ethics Consultation Quality Assessment Tool: A Novel Method for Assessing the Quality of Ethics Case Consultations Based on Written Records.Robert A. Pearlman, Mary Beth Foglia, Ellen Fox, Jennifer H. Cohen, Barbara L. Chanko & Kenneth A. Berkowitz - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):3-14.
    Although ethics consultation is offered as a clinical service in most hospitals in the United States, few valid and practical tools are available to evaluate, ensure, and improve ethics consultation quality. The quality of ethics consultation is important because poor quality ethics consultation can result in ethically inappropriate outcomes for patients, other stakeholders, or the health care system. To promote accountability for the quality of ethics consultation, we developed the Ethics Consultation Quality Assessment Tool. ECQAT enables raters to assess the (...)
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  6.  7
    What Is the Minimal Competency for a Clinical Ethics Consult Simulation? Setting a Standard for Use of the Assessing Clinical Ethics Skills Tool.Katherine Wasson, William H. Adams, Kenneth Berkowitz, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Mark G. Kuczewski, Michael McCarthy, Kayhan Parsi & Anita J. Tarzian - 2019 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 10 (3):164-172.
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  7. The Improvising Mind: Cognition and Creativity in the Musical Moment.Aaron Berkowitz - 2010 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The ability to improvise represents one of the highest levels of musical achievement. An improviser must master a musical language to such a degree as to be able to spontaneously invent stylistically idiomatic compositions on the spot. This feat is one of the pinnacles of human creativity, and yet its cognitive basis is poorly understood. What musical knowledge is required for improvisation? How does a musician learn to improvise? What are the neural correlates of improvised performance? In 'The Improvising Mind' (...)
     
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  8.  7
    Regulation of Sharing Economy Platforms Through Partial Meta-Organizing.Heloise Berkowitz & Antoine Souchaud - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):961-976.
    Can platforms close the governance gap in the sharing economy, and if so, how? Through an in-depth qualitative case study, we analyze the process by which new regulation and self-regulation emerge in one sector of the sharing economy, crowdfunding, through the actions of a meta-organization. We focus on the principal French sectoral meta-organization, Financement Participatif France. We show that this multi-stakeholder meta-organization not only closed the governance gap through collective legal, ethical, and utilitarian work but also preceded and shaped the (...)
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  9.  72
    Fostering Goodness: Teaching Parents to Facilitate Children's Moral Development.Marvin W. Berkowitz & John H. Grych - 1998 - Journal of Moral Education 27 (3):371-391.
    Although moral development of children has long been ascribed predominantly to the effects of parenting, there has been little systematic examination of the specific nature of this relation. In this paper, we identify four foundational components of children's moral development (social orientation, self?control, compliance, self?esteem) and four central aspects of moral functioning (empathy, conscience, moral reasoning, altruism). The parenting roots of each of these eight psychological characteristics are examined, and five core parenting processes (induction, nurturance, demandingness, modelling, democratic family process) (...)
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  10.  15
    Quality Assessment of the Ethics Consultation Service at the Organizational Level: Accrediting Ethics Consultation Services.Kenneth A. Berkowitz, Aviva L. Katz, Kathleen E. Powderly & Jeffrey P. Spike - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):42-44.
  11.  6
    Assessing Mandatory HPV Vaccination: Who Should Call the Shots?Gail Javitt, Deena Berkowitz & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):384-395.
  12.  36
    Assessing Mandatory HPV Vaccination: Who Should Call the Shots?Gail Javitt, Deena Berkowitz & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):384-395.
    In 2007, many legislatures considered, and two enacted, bills mandating HPV vaccination for young girls as a condition of school attendance. Such mandates raise signifcant legal, ethical, and social concerns. This paper argues that mandating HPV vaccination for minor females is premature since long-term safety and efectiveness of the vaccine has not been established, HPV does not pose imminent and signifcant risk of harm to others, a sex specifc mandate raises constitutional concerns, and a mandate will burden fnancially existing government (...)
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  13.  78
    Nietzsche: The Ethics of an Immoralist.Peter Berkowitz - 1995 - Harvard University Press.
  14. Approaching Infinity: Dignity in Arthur Koestler's Darkness at Noon.Roger Berkowitz - 2009 - Philosophy and Literature 33 (2):pp. 296-314.
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  15.  20
    Racism and Sexism in Medically Assisted Conception.Jonathan M. Berkowitz & Jack W. Snyder - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):25–44.
  16.  35
    The Gift of Science: Leibniz and the Modern Legal Tradition.Roger Stuart Berkowitz - 2005 - Harvard University Press.
    Beyond geometry : Leibniz and the science of law -- The force of law : will -- Leibniz's systema iuris -- From the gesetzbuch to the landrecht : the ALR and the triumph of legality -- The rule of law : the Crown Prince lectures and the grounding of legality in order and security -- From reason to history : Savigny's system and the rise of social legal science -- The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB) of 1900 : positive legal science and (...)
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  17.  58
    “The Angry Jew has Gotten His Revenge”: Hannah Arendt on Revenge and Reconciliation.Roger Berkowitz - 2011 - Philosophical Topics 39 (2):1-20.
    Sholom Schwartzbard killed Simon Petlura in an act of revenge. He admitted his crime and a French jury acquitted him in 1927. For Hannah Arendt, Schwartzbard’s actions show that revenge can, in certain circumstances, be in the service of justice. This paper explores Hannah Arendt’s distinction between reconciliation and revenge and argues that Hannah Arendt embraces revenge as one way in which politics and justice can happen in the world, but only under certain conditions. First, Arendt only endorses revenge when (...)
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  18.  12
    Feelings, Direction of Attention, and Expressed Evaluations of Others.Leonard Berkowitz & Bartholomeu T. Troccoli - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (4):305-325.
  19.  31
    Bearing Logs on Our Shoulders: Reconciliation, Non-Reconciliation, and the Building of a Common World.Roger Berkowitz - 2011 - Theory and Event 14 (1).
  20.  36
    Drones and the Question of “The Human”.Roger Berkowitz - 2014 - Ethics and International Affairs 28 (2):159-169.
    Domino's Pizza is testing “Domicopter” drones to deliver pizzas, which will compete with Taco Bell's “Tacocopter” drones. Not to be outdone, Amazon is working on an army of delivery drones that will cut out the postal service. In Denmark, farmers use drones to inspect fields for the appearance of harmful weeds, which reduces herbicide use as the drones directly apply pesticides only where it is needed. Environmentalists send drones into glacial caves or into deep waters, gathering data that would be (...)
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  21.  91
    Mummy Was a Fetus: Motherhood and Fetal Ovarian Transplantation.J. M. Berkowitz - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):298-304.
    Infertility affects 15 per cent of the world's couples. Research at Edinburgh University has been directed at transplanting fetal ovarian tissue into infertile women, thus enabling them to bear children. Fetal ovary transplantation (FOT) has generated substantial controversy; in fact, one ethicist deemed the procedure 'so grotesque as to be unbelievable' (1). Some have suggested that fetal eggs may harbour unknown chromosomal abnormalities: however, there is no evidence that these eggs possess a higher incidence of genetic anomaly than ova found (...)
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  22. Voting Machinery, Counting and Public Proofs in the 2000 US Presidential Election.Michael Lynch, Stephen Hilgartner & Carin Berkowitz - 2005 - In Bruno Latour & Peter Weibel (eds.), Making Things Public. MIT Press. pp. 814--25.
     
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  23.  12
    Taking Development Seriously: Critique of the 2008 JME Special Issue on Moral Functioning.John C. Gibbs, David Moshman, Marvin W. Berkowitz, Karen S. Basinger & Rebecca L. Grime - 2009 - Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):271-282.
    This essay comments on articles comprising a Journal of Moral Education Special Issue (September, 2008, 37[3]). The issue was intended to honour the 50th anniversary of Lawrence Kohlberg?s doctoral dissertation and his subsequent impact on the field of moral development and education. The articles were characterised by the Issue editor (Don Collins Reed) as providing a ?look forward? from Kohlberg?s work toward a more comprehensive or integrated model of moral functioning. Prominent were culturally pluralist and biologically?based themes, such as cultural (...)
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  24.  10
    Drones and the Question of “The Human”.Roger Berkowitz - 2014 - Ethics and International Affairs 28 (2):159-169.
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  25.  8
    Charles Bell's Seeing Hand: Teaching Anatomy to the Senses in Britain, 1750-1840.C. Berkowitz - 2014 - History of Science 52 (4):377-400.
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  26.  50
    The Contest of Extremes: An Exploration of the Foundations and the Peak of Nietzsche’s Political Philosophy.Peter Berkowitz - 1994 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 4 (1):23-46.
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  27.  23
    The Singularity and the Human Condition.Roger Berkowitz - 2018 - Philosophy Today 62 (2):337-355.
    Hannah Arendt's The Human Condition is frequently read as offering a “theory” of what it means to be human. But the bite of Arendt’s book is to think through the transformation of the human condition in the modern age. She argues that the rise of a scientific worldview fundamentally alters the earthly and worldly conditions in which human beings live. Since humans are conditioned beings, the change from our pre-modern subjection to fate to our modern human capacity to create a (...)
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  28.  24
    Book Review: Hannah Arendt and the Negro Question, by Kathryn T. Gines. [REVIEW]Roger Berkowitz - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (5):815-821.
  29.  60
    Solitude and the Activity of Thinking.Roger Berkowitz - 2010 - In Roger Berkowitz, Jeff Katz & Thomas Keenan (eds.), Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics. Fordham University Press.
    Abstract: This paper reflects on the political importance of the activity of thinking and suggests that Arendt's space of politics may not be limited to its traditional abode within the public realm. Beyond the public realm of politics, Arendt's defense of political action requires attention to the private as well. What has been overlooked amidst all the attention to Arendt's defense of the public realm of politics over and against the rise of the social is her equally strong insistence upon (...)
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  30. Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics.Roger Berkowitz (ed.) - 2010 - Fordham University Press.
    Hannah Arendt is recognized as one of the most important political theorists of the 20th century. This paper, however, suggests that she is as much a thinker as a theorist. Against the professionalized discourse of political theory that offers theories of democracy, citizenship, and liberalism, Arendt insists that political thinking is of more importance that political theory. The force of Arendt's political insight is that we court danger when we take thinking for granted. Against the worship of reason and rationalized (...)
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  31.  22
    The Human Condition Today: The Challenge of Science.Roger Berkowitz - 2018 - Arendt Studies 2:17-24.
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  32. Abraham on Trial: The Social Legacy of Biblical Myth. By Carol Delaney.C. Berkowitz - 2001 - The European Legacy 6 (4):521-522.
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  33. Nietzsche: The Ethics of An Immoralist.Peter Berkowitz, David Krell, David Owen, Stanley Rosen, Richard Schacht & Henry Staten - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):235-242.
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  34.  22
    The Singularity and the Human Condition in Advance.Roger Berkowitz - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  35.  27
    The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche.Peter Berkowitz, Bernd Magnus & Kathleen Higgins - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):340.
    This collection of essays fairly exhibits the diversity of opinions about and approaches to the study of Nietzsche within the contemporary academy’s influential and far flung Nietzsche establishment. Notwithstanding the absence of feminist interpretations of Nietzsche and despite the omission of chapters that take seriously Nietzsche’s debt to the ancients, critique of the spirit of democracy, defense of a rank order of desires and souls, recurring articulations of an aristocratic politics, attack on the morally and politically debilitating effects of professional (...)
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  36.  3
    Patterns of Disengagement: The Practice and Portrayal of Reclusion in Early Medieval China.Charles Holcombe & Alan J. Berkowitz - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (1):138.
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  37.  31
    Friedrich Nietzsche, The Code of Manu, and the Art of Legislation.Roger Berkowitz - 2005 - New Nietzsche Studies 6 (3/4/1/2):155-169.
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  38.  7
    Democratic Legitimacy and the Scientific Foundation of Modern Law.Roger Berkowitz - 2007 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 8 (1):91-115.
    This Article explores the unacknowledged impact of the scientific provenance of modern law. Justice, I argue, is threatened by social scientific thinking that subordinates justice to legitimacy, efficiency, and fairness. In doing so, I show that the power of the asserted connection between positive law and democracy depends upon a dangerous blurring of the distinction between justice and legitimacy. Finally, I offer an alternative genealogy of positive law that shows modern law to have been transformed into a science. My hope (...)
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  39.  31
    Believing is Seeing in Schizophrenia: The Role of Top-Down Processing.Duje Tadin, Peiyan Wong, Michael W. Mebane, Michael J. Berkowitz, Hollister Trott & Sohee Park - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):775-775.
    The etiology of visual hallucinations is largely undetermined in schizophrenia. Collerton et al.'s PAD model partly concurs with what we know about neurocognition in schizophrenia, but we need to specify the types of perceptual and attentional abnormalities that are implicated in recurrent complex visual hallucinations (RCVH). Available data suggest that abnormal attentional control and top-down processing play a larger role than the ventral stream deficits.
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  40.  26
    Aggressive Cues in Aggressive Behavior and Hostility Catharsis.Leonard Berkowitz - 1964 - Psychological Review 71 (2):104-122.
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  41.  28
    Reculsion and "The Chinese Eremitic Tradition"Men of the Cliffs and Caves: The Development of the Chinese Eremitic Tradition to the End of the Han Dynasty.Alan Berkowitz & Aat Vervoorn - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (4):575.
  42.  11
    Disassociating the Relation Between Parents’ Math Anxiety and Children’s Math Achievement: Long-Term Effects of a Math App Intervention.Marjorie W. Schaeffer, Christopher S. Rozek, Talia Berkowitz, Susan C. Levine & Sian L. Beilock - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (12):1782-1790.
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  43.  15
    JME Referees in 2001.Rhys Andrews, William Behre, Marvin Berkowitz, Ronnie Blakeney, Margaret Brockett, Chang Lee Hoon, Henriikka Clarkeburn, Michael Erben, Shui Che Fok & John Gibbs - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (2).
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  44.  36
    Reply to Michael Seidler.Roger Berkowitz - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:101-103.
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  45.  17
    The Watched Pot Does Boil: A Case of the Wrong Control Group.Daniel S. Lordahl & Samuel Berkowitz - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):45-46.
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  46.  40
    Hannah Arendt on Human Rights.Roger Berkowitz - 2011 - In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of Human Rights. Routledge. pp. 59.
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  47.  5
    Some Determinants of Impulsive Aggression: Role of Mediated Associations with Reinforcements for Aggression.Leonard Berkowitz - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (2):165-176.
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  48.  34
    Journal of Moral Education Referees in 2008.Wolfgang Althof, Annice Barber, Yael Barenholtz, Victor Battistich, Clive Beck, Roger Bergman, Marvin Berkowitz, Antonio Bernal Guerrero, Melinda Bier & Lawrence Blum - 2009 - Journal of Moral Education 38 (2):251-254.
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  49.  34
    Torah as Maternal Return: Chiastic Copulation and the Reconception of Sacred History. Or, Un(K)Notting the Love in the Law1.Charlotte Berkowitz - 2004 - The European Legacy 9 (2):147-162.
    Torah, the name of the first five books of the ?sacred history? comprised by the Hebrew Bible, tends to be translated as ?Law? and to be affiliated with the separating ?Law of the Father.? But Torah means ?teaching.? Venerable tradition allies this teaching with feminine Wisdom, ?a tree of life.? Theories of poetic language elaborated by such scholars as Julia Kristeva and Hélène Cixous facilitate discovering beneath the Torah's fractured and labyrinthine surface a way of return to the mother. This (...)
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  50. Peg Birmingham, Hannah Arendt and Human Rights: The Predicament of Common Responsibility.R. Berkowitz - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (2):84.
     
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