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Profile: Iwao Hirose (McGill University)
  1. Aggregation and the Separateness of Persons.Iwao Hirose - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (2):182-205.
    Many critics of utilitarianism claim that we should reject interpersonal aggregation because aggregative principles do not take the separateness of persons seriously. In this article, I will reject this claim. I will first elucidate the theoretical structure of aggregation. I will then consider various interpretations of the notion of the separateness of persons and clarify what exactly those critics are trying to reject by appealing to the notion of the separateness of persons. I will argue that none of these interpretations (...)
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  2. Moral Aggregation.Iwao Hirose - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    This book elucidates the theoretical structure and scope of interpersonal and intra-personal aggregation--a trade-off between benefits to a group of individuals and losses to another group of individuals--and defends a form of aggregation -- formal aggregation -- that resolves a variety of outstanding problems arising from the conventional understanding of aggregation, including the Number Problem concerning the moral relevance of the number of individuals.
     
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  3.  52
    Weighted Lotteries in Life and Death Cases.Iwao Hirose - 2007 - Ratio 20 (1):45–56.
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  4.  91
    Saving the Greater Number Without Combining Claims.Iwao Hirose - 2001 - Analysis 61 (4):341–342.
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  5. Aggregation and Numbers.Iwao Hirose - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):62-79.
    This article considers the reach of arguments for saving the greater number without interpersonal aggregation, and argues that interpersonal aggregation is useful to encompass the proper respect due to each separate person. I first give a precise definition of interpersonal aggregation, which many non-utilitarians try to avoid. Then, I show that consequentialism and Scanlon can justify the case for the greater number without interpersonal aggregation. However, I propose the Aggregation Approach, which justifies the case for the greater number in some (...)
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  6.  46
    Reconsidering the Value of Equality.Iwao Hirose - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):301-312.
    Some people believe that the equality of people's well-being makes an outcome better, other things being constant. Call this Telic Egalitarianism. In this paper I will propose a new interpretation of Telic Egalitarianism, and compare it with the interpretation that is proposed by Derek Parfit 1995 and widely accepted by many philosophers. I will argue that my proposed interpretation is more plausible than Parfit's. One of the virtues in my interpretation is that it shows his Levelling Down Objection does not (...)
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  7.  32
    Intertemporal Distributive Judgement.Iwao Hirose - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):371-386.
    This paper considers the simple two-person two-period case of distributive judgement, and argues (a) that sensible intertemporal distributive principle should consider both the distribution of people's life time well-being and the distribution of people's well-being at each period and (b) that, if (a) is correct, Egalitarianism is more acceptable than Prioritarianism since the latter must choose either one.
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  8.  20
    Persons, Interests, and Justice, Nils Holtug, Oxford University Press, 2010, 356 Pages. [REVIEW]Iwao Hirose - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (1):98-102.
    Book Reviews Iwao Hirose, Economics and Philosophy, FirstView Article.
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  9.  77
    Review Article: Aggregation and Non-Utilitarian Moral Theories.Iwao Hirose - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (2):273-284.
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  10.  24
    Equality, Priority, and Aggregation.Iwao Hirose - unknown
    In this dissertation, I discuss two distributive principles in moral philosophy: Derek Parfit's Prioritarianism and Egalitarianism. I attempt to defend a version of Egalitarianism, which I call Weighted Egalitarianism. Although Parfit claims that Egalitarianism is subject to what he calls the Levelling Down Objection, I show (a) that my proposed Weighted Egalitarianism is not subject to the Objection, and (b) that it gives priority to the worse off people. The real difference between the two principles lies in how the weight (...)
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  11.  54
    Should We Select People Randomly?Iwao Hirose - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (1):45-46.
  12. Why Be Formal?Iwao Hirose - 2008 - In David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press.
  13.  19
    Review of Serena Olsaretti, Liberty, Desert, and the Market: A Philosophical Study[REVIEW]Iwao Hirose - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (4).
  14. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing: An Introduction.Greg Bognar & Iwao Hirose - 2014 - Routledge.
    Should organ transplants be given to patients who have waited the longest, or need it most urgently, or those whose survival prospects are the best? The rationing of health care is universal and inevitable, taking place in poor and affluent countries, in publicly funded and private health care systems. Someone must budget for as well as dispense health care whilst aging populations severely stretch the availability of resources. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing is a clear and much-needed introduction to (...)
     
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  15. Shlomi Segall.Dan Brock, Eric Cavallero, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Iwao Hirose, Adi Koplovitz, Martin McIvor, David Miller, Ole Norheim & Daniel Schwartz - 2011 - In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  16. Egalitarianism.Iwao Hirose - 2014 - Routledge.
    Some people are worse off than others. Does this fact give rise to moral concern? Egalitarianism claims that it does, for a wide array of reasons. It is one of the most important and hotly debated problems in moral and political philosophy, occupying a central place in the work of John Rawls, Thomas Nagel, G. A. Cohen and Derek Parfit. It also plays an important role in practical contexts such as the allocation of health care resources, the design of education (...)
     
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  17. The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory.Hirose Iwao & Olson Jonas (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good. This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates pertaining not only (...)
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  18.  14
    Weighing and Reasoning: Themes From the Philosophy of John Broome.Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    John Broome has made major contributions to, and radical innovations in, contemporary moral philosophy. His research combines the formal method of economics with the philosophical analysis. Broome's works stretch over formal axiology, decision theory, philosophy of economics, population axiology, the value of life, the ethics of climate change, the nature of rationality, and practical and theoretical reasoning. Weighing and Reasoning brings together fifteen original essays from leading philosophers who have been influenced by the work and thought of John Broome.They explore (...)
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