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B. J. [61]B. B. J. [18]B. L. J. [16]B. M. J. [7]
B. S. J. [5]B. R. J. [2]Braeckman J. [1]Breuer J. [1]
  1.  31
    Aristotle. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):704-704.
    An enthusiastic and not completely implausible attempt to interpret Aristotle as a "thoroughgoing behaviorist. He is, of course, a functional and contextual behaviorist, not a mechanistic behaviorist. For him, life is the power of living and knowing, the power of selective response to the world." Randall sees in Aristotle a disturbing and philosophically inexplicable tendency to "platonize" in the Organon, the De Caelo, Bk. X of the Ethics, and so on. The physical treatises, the Politics and Ethics, the Poetics and (...)
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  2.  31
    Heidegger Und Die Tradition. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):307-308.
    The bulk of the book is devoted to working out basic features or categories for each of the three senses of being which Heidegger develops: the original sense of the earliest Greeks, the obscured sense of metaphysics and science, and the new sense which is just appearing. This is preceded by a brief but intensive presentation of Aristotle's notion of ousia and Hegel's notion of the absolute self-knowing idea as the beginning and end of a tradition which Heidegger seeks to (...)
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  3.  17
    The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (8):219-220.
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  4.  12
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):176-178.
    In a strictly deterministic universe a Laplacian superman undertakes to predict if a certain ongoing Turing machine will ever halt. Well, he may predict that the machine will be struck by lightning tomorrow but Judson Webb invites us to "idealize" the case sufficiently so that it is not any lack of physical knowledge that stymies the Laplacian superman but rather the negative result of Turing's metamathematical or formal "indeterminacy" that suggests to Webb a the-Turing machines are thus seen to enjoy (...)
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  5. The Cat's Pilgrimage.James Anthony Froude & B. J. - 1870 - Edmonston & Douglas.
     
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  6. Philosophical Hermeneutics. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):477-478.
    A collection of thirteen essays drawn from the three volumes of Gadamer’s Kleine Schriften, all written after the publication of his Wahrheit und Methode, and generally elaborating its arguments or background. The editor, David E. Linge, who did most of the translations, supplies a long introduction and an index.
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  7.  10
    A Contextualistic Theory of Perception. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):25-26.
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  8.  14
    Against Empiricism. On Education, Epistemology, and Value. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):790-790.
    Although the title proper is certainly a misnomer, the subtitle may be adequate for a collection of fourteen fairly miscellaneous essays by a professional philosopher reaching out to a wider public. It should be said, however, that Holland believes that much of what he undertakes to "speak for can be found in Plato.".
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  9.  16
    A Modern Formal Logic. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):381-382.
    One of five short texts in the publisher's "Foundations of Logic Series." Fisk presents a sentential calculus and extensions to uniform and full first-order quantification in terms of natural-deduction principles. The principles laid down are continually justified by reference to our instinctive use of language. In keeping with this approach, Fisk is concerned to base the system on an intensional implication relation which will avoid the familiar paradoxes. Unfortunately, his system S can be proved equivalent to the classical two-valued calculus. (...)
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  10.  29
    Aristotle's Modal Syllogisms. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):629-630.
    Extending Lukasiewicz's approach of axiomatization to the modal syllogistic, McCall develops a system of fourteen axioms with decision procedure, in which exactly those necessity syllogisms recognized by Aristotle are provable. Primitives, besides those of propositional logic, are Necessity and the A and I statement forms. The approach thus contrasts with that of the "structuralists", who would analyze Aristotle's modal statements further in terms of contemporary logic systems. The seemingly insurmountable problems of the contingency syllogisms are circumvented by taking contingency as (...)
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  11.  35
    An Outline of a System of Utilitarian Ethics. [REVIEW]B. S. J. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):399-399.
    Adopting a noncognitivist metaethics, Smart presents hedonistic-act utilitarianism as a position which appeals to benevolent and sympathetic men. He renounces any attempt to prove the position, but he does try to show that it is not open to the usual objections. There are some interesting comments on the concept of happiness and a brief attempt to show a way in which game theory can be used in a utilitarian position.--J. B. S.
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  12.  26
    Ableitbarkeit Und Abfolge in der Wissenschaftstheorie Bolzanos. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):302-302.
  13.  73
    Critical Notices.B. B. J. - 1912 - Mind 21 (84):564-571.
    Burgess, J.P. and Rosen, G. Subject with No ObjectElliott, R.Faking Nature.
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  14. Bibliothèque Nationale. Léopold Delisle. Exposition organisée pour le cinquantenaire de sa mort.B. J. - 1962 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 24 (1):255.
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  15. Book Review. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (2):219.
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  16.  21
    Back to Kant. The Revival of Kantianism in German Social and Historical Thought, 1860-1914. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):402-403.
    Willey emphasizes the social-political context as the source of problems which neo-Kantian thought had to—and largely failed to—cope with. "I believe the neo-Kantians expressed the tentative and unsuccessful efforts of a segment of the upper bourgeoisie to make peace with the proletariat and to retain an attitude of cultural community with the West". The first of these two themes refers to the rapprochement of academic philosophy and socialism which is mainly associated with "the Marburg School," above all, F. A. Lange (...)
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  17.  20
    Chronology.B. J. - 1979 - Studies in East European Thought 19 (2):389-389.
  18.  26
    De Duali Graecorum Et Emoriente Et Reviviscente. Hermannus Schmidt. (A Reprint From the Breslauer Philologische Abhandlungen.) 1893. Pp. 54. [REVIEW]B. M. J. - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (08):367-.
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  19.  3
    De Duali Graecorum Et Emoriente Et Reviviscente.Hermannus Schmidt. 1893. Pp. 54. [REVIEW]B. M. J. - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (8):367-367.
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  20.  5
    Die Marxsche Theorie.B. J. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (2):342-343.
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  21.  10
    Die Marxsche Theorie: Eine Philosophische Untersuchung Zu Den Hauptschriften. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (2):342-343.
    This book is one of the more important works to appear in its field in the last ten years. Besides his well known abilities in Hegelian studies, Hartmann here demonstrates a wide and serious understanding of Marxism after Lenin. His references to the Frankfurt School, Althusseur, Lukacs, Merleau-Ponty, etc., are not only good presentations of their thought but often show critical insight into their works. Hartmann’s major concern is to examine Marx’s dialectical interpretation of history and in so doing decide (...)
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  22.  17
    Expression and Meaning.B. J. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (4):803-804.
  23.  41
    Essays in Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):384-386.
    This, the fifth volume to appear in the "authoritative" edition of The Works of William James, is the first that is not strictly based on a previously published work, although 11 of the 21 essays were included in Collected Essays and Reviews, edited in 1920 by Ralph Barton Perry, and 2 in Memories and Studies, edited in 1911 by Henry James, the philosopher’s son. The selection is based on subject matter, "philosophy in a narrower sense" than was customary for James, (...)
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  24.  14
    Review of H. Hahn, Empiricism, Logic, and Mathematics[REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):789-790.
  25.  16
    Empiricism, Logic, and Mathematics. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):789-790.
    At once a distinguished mathematician and an important figure in the Vienna Circle, Hans Hahn conducted a seminar in 1924-25 on the Principia Mathematica to "a very large audience" of mathematicians and philosophers. Translated from the German and edited by Brian McGuinness, with a biographical introduction by Karl Menger, the present volume consists largely of papers in the philosophy of mathematics covering the years 1929-34. "Our adoption of Russell’s position," writes Hahn, "may cause some surprise in Germany where all ears (...)
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  26.  20
    Essays on Indian Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. L. J. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):756-757.
    This book stands as a panegyric of the glories and grandeur of Indian philosophy without managing to embody or display those heights of attainment itself. In the few essays that are worthwhile, the author attempts to correct a number of misconceptions about Indian thought: that it is world-denying, that it promotes spiritual pessimism, that it bases its philosophical claims more on intuition than on rational argument, and that it is concerned more with inner than with outer reality. In support of (...)
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  27.  10
    Elements of Logic and Formal Science. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (5):136-137.
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  28.  14
    Frege and the Philosophy of Mathematics. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):160-161.
    Are the truths of arithmetic analytic, as Frege insisted in opposition to Kant? Although bits and pieces of an adequate answer to the question are doubtless to be found scattered throughout the literature, one continues to be disappointed by the absence of any extended treatment of the issue that would undertake to digest the rich body of diverse material that has accumulated since the publication of Frege's Begriffsschrift in 1879.
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  29.  32
    Freud's Early Psychology of the Neuroses: A Historical Perspective. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):612-614.
    Levin follows the development of Freud's ideas up to Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, claiming that "his writings through 1905 can easily be recognized as containing virtually all the fundamental elements of his system." The interpretation has two complementary emphases: "that his early theoretical models were much more closely tied to current medical and psychological literature than has previously been acknowledged, and that, contrary to presently accepted views, Freud, from his first studies of the neuroses, consistently eschewed speculations (...)
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  30. Formale Logik. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):804-804.
    A clear, compact, technical presentation of the traditional topics of symbolic logic. The propositional calculus, which Lorenzen develops for ten truth functions, is formulated in six axioms to enable comparison with intuitionism. An important part of the book is Lorenzen's "establishment" of the axioms of Brouwer's intuitionistic calculus by proving their universal admissibility for any calculus. If the and's and if's of these axioms are interpreted as metalinguistic terms used in stating inference rules for object calculi, then no matter what (...)
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  31.  7
    Fundamentals of Logic. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):635-635.
    Another textbook of traditional logic, subject to the characteristic limitations of that tradition. Propositional logic receives scant attention, and polyadic predicates are ignored. Propositions are in places confused with terms, as when the transitivity of implication is analyzed in terms of the Barbara syllogism. Although professedly Aristotelian, the treatment departs from Aristotle on a number of points: syllogisms are presented as inference rules rather than as logical theses; singular statements are assimilated to universal ones; and modal syllogisms are not covered. (...)
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  32.  23
    Foundations of Theory. [REVIEW]B. L. J. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):142-143.
    This essay in transcendental philosophy argues for theism on the basis that God is the guarantor of meaning. In the pursuit of the logical and metaphysical foundations of theoretical thought, where thought is taken as that which stands "in intentional relation to the act or function of thinking," Young begins by dwelling overly long on the linguistic origin of "theory" in the Greek theoria as used by the Pythagoreans, Plato, and Aristotle. He then proceeds through a discussion of the family (...)
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  33.  33
    Frege’s Theory of Judgment. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):371-373.
    It is largely through a return to the old-fashioned topic of judgment that the new "revisionist" history is seen to be taking shape according to which the "apostolic succession" proceeds from Kant not to Hegel but to Frege, though the Begriff is by no means ignored. A pivotal work, David Bell’s elegant monograph is at once useful and challenging. In the forefront lies the purely exegetical question, "What does Frege mean when he says that concepts are unsaturated?" In the background: (...)
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  34.  16
    From Æther to Cosmos. Cosmology. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (13):362-363.
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  35.  9
    Greifswald. Greifswalder Antiken, von A. Hundt Und K. Peters. Ed. E. Boehringer. Berlin: W. De Gruyter. 1961. Pp. Xvi + 148. 72 Plates. DM 118. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1963 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 83:222-223.
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  36.  19
    Grammar in Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):399-400.
    Although Ordinary Language Philosophy is widely believed to have disappeared leaving scarcely a trace in this era of formal semantics, it is very much the formal semantics of ordinary language that dominates the scene. More common ground than one might have supposed proves thus to be available for the unreconstructed ordinary language philosopher, in the present volume, to enter into the thick of current discussion. The prevailing tone of the work is certainly much more formal than anything one recalls from (...)
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  37.  30
    General Introduction to Library Science. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):393-393.
    A description of the characteristics of libraries in general is followed by a discussion of the objectives and functions of national, university, special, and public libraries considered in the context of their historical development. The libraries should observe ideological neutrality by reflecting the pluralistic intellectual life of the times and thus avoid being the tool of either a democratic or a totalitarian way of life.--J. B. B.
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  38.  8
    Gesammelte Schriften. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (4):669-672.
    The first of two volumes to be added to Dilthey’s Collected Works, making available unpublished manuscripts connected with his Introduction to the Human Sciences. The present volume includes plans and outlines from Dilthey’s philosophical beginnings, ca. 1865, with an appendix of aphorisms from his student years, probably pre-1860, preliminary writings for what was to become the "Treatise of 1875," i.e., "On the Study of the History of the Sciences of Man, Society, and the State," with the related project of a (...)
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  39.  37
    Husserlian Meditations. How Words Present Things. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):136-137.
    Sokolowski’s book is a refreshing departure from the norm of much Husserlian literature in English. Neither paraphrase nor summary, it explores and illumines the central and thorniest issues in Husserl’s thought, doing so in lively and graceful language unencumbered by transcendental jargon. The author insightfully draws parallels between Husserl and philosophers in the linguistic tradition such as Austin and Strawson. The binding thread throughout the work is the theme of "being truthful." Through the exploration of Husserl’s texts, Sokolowski aims at (...)
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  40.  17
    Handelnder Mensch Und Objektiver Geist. Zur Theorie der Geistes- Und Sozialwissenschaften Bei Wilhelm Dilthey. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (4):764-766.
    Since 1968 there has been a renewal of interest in Dilthey which has revealed new facets of his work and shown the need for a fundamental revision of the prevailing general conception of Dilthey. In 1968 Peter Krausser, in Kritik der endlichen Vernunft. Diltheys Revolution der allgemeinen Wissenschafts- und Handlungstheorie, brought out the connection between his epistemological and social-hermeneutic concerns by isolating a theory of functional structure running through his work which was seen as an anticipation of a cybernetic approach. (...)
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  41. History of Science Through Koyre's Lenses.B. J. - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (2):243-263.
    Alexandre Koyre was one of the most prominent historians of science of the twentieth century. The standard interpretation of Koyre is that he falls squarely within the internalist camp of historians of science-that he focuses on the history of the ideas themselves, eschewing cultural and sociological interpretations regarding the influence of ideologies and institutions on the development of science. When we read what Koyre has to say about his historical studies (and most of what others have said about them), we (...)
     
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  42.  20
    Hume's Philosophy of Belief. [REVIEW]B. S. J. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):581-581.
    This is a detailed commentary on Hume's first Inquiry. Flew argues, rightly, that it should not be treated simply as a weakened abridgement of part of the Treatise. He gives a great deal of the historical context in an interesting and helpful way, but he is primarily concerned to lay out and to assess Hume's arguments. Inevitably much of the book covers quite familiar ground, but in discussing Hume's arguments on miracles and on religion generally, Flew has a number of (...)
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  43.  26
    Henry Sidgwick and Later Utilitarian Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):701-701.
    A careful discussion of Sidgwick's views on politics and economics, traced to their basis in his ethics. Sidgwick is rightly treated primarily as a critical thinker who sifted the prevalent views of his time against the background of a common-sense hedonism. In view of this, a good part of Havard's book is devoted to the influence of early utilitarian and positivistic thinking on the "climate" of nineteenth century England.--J. B.
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  44.  33
    Identity and Essence. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):782-783.
    If the slogan "No entity without identity" might be said to encapsulate the new essentialism, it has in any case been felt to serve the working ontologist as a powerful tool for ruling out certain dubious entities. The first half of Baruch Brody’s book consists in a radical "critique of this whole philosophical tradition," as it is seen to be "based upon a fundamental erroneous assumption," namely that "the truth-conditions of claims concerning identity vary as the type of entity in (...)
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  45.  24
    Introduction to Comparative Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. L. J. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):549-549.
    Students of philosophy, East and West, will be benefited greatly by this reprint of Professor Raju's pioneering study of comparative philosophy, which is the outgrowth of a series of lectures presented in Saugor University during 1955. Even for comparative philosophy, man must be the leitmotif, the common denominator for analyzing and interpreting the diversity of philosophical traditions. In his attempt to contribute to the "sense of the basic oneness of humanity, the human solidarity in spite of differences," he interprets the (...)
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  46.  9
    Language and Myth. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (21):582-584.
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  47.  18
    Logic and Reality. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):171-171.
    In addition to essays which have appeared before, this collection includes two new works, "Synthetic a Priori" and "Realistic Postscript." Clearing away the last remnants of his former phenomenalism, Bergmann explicitly proclaims a realistic ontology. Characters are things just as truly as individuals are. Non-obtaining facts exist in a mode of possibility. Bergmann extends his analysis of the act, which he acknowledges to be central to his philosophy, to acts with physical or non-mental intentions. In the light of his own (...)
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  48.  21
    Library Deontology. [REVIEW]B. B. J. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):393-394.
    A general discussion of the nature and extent of professional ethics precedes an analysis of the specific duties and obligations of the library profession.--J. B. B.
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  49. Les Tapisseries Du Wawel.B. J. - 1961 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 23 (3):592.
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  50.  14
    Metaphysical Analysis. [REVIEW]B. L. J. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (1):144-144.
    This work should be quite useful as a problem guide to phenomenalist and dualist metaphysics. Professor Yolton is concerned that any system be read both from an internal and an external perspective keeping them as separate and distinct as possible. He also cautions that the external perspective should not presuppose another metaphysic for that has often resulted in gross misreadings of earlier authors. In the first section of the book, phenomenalism, he shows how, for example, D. M. Armstrong and G. (...)
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