Results for 'J. B. Cicchino'

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  1. McDermott, J., B11 Milders, M., B23 Needham, A., 215 Newman, RS, B45 Niedeggen, M., B23.P. Bloom, N. Burgess, J. B. Cicchino, F. M. del Prado Martın, G. Dueker, L. R. Gleitman, A. E. Goldberg, A. I. Goldman, T. Hartley & H. Intraub - 2005 - Cognition 94:257.
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  2.  92
    Voluntarism and the Origins of Utilitarianism: J. B. Schneewind.J. B. Schneewind - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (1):87-96.
    In the paper I offer a brief sketch of one of the sources of utilitarianism. Our biological ancestry is a matter of fact that is not altered by the way we describe ourselves. With philosophical theories it is otherwise. Utilitarianism can be described in ways that make it look as if it is as old as moral philosophy – as J. S. Mill thought it was. For my historical purposes, it is more useful to have an account that brings out (...)
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  3.  27
    Prehistoric Thessaly. By A. J. B. Wace and M. S. Thompson. Pp. Xv + 272. With 6 Plates and 151 Illustrations in the Text. Cambridge University Press, 1912. 18s. [REVIEW]H. H., A. J. B. Wace & M. S. Thompson - 1912 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 32:197-197.
  4.  38
    Plato's Statesman. A Translation of the Politicus of Plato with Introductory Essays and Footnotes. By J. B. Skemp. Pp. 254. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1952. 28s. [REVIEW]D. Tarrant, Plato & J. B. Skemp - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74 (2):238-238.
  5.  15
    J. B. Rosser and A. R. Turquette. Axiom Schemes for M-Valued Functional Calculi of First Order. Part II. Deductive Completeness. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 16 , Pp. 22–34. See Errata, Ibid., P. Iv.Burton Spencer Dreben, J. B. Rosser & A. R. Turquette - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):269.
  6.  79
    Classical Republicanism and the History of Ethics: J. B. Schneewind.J. B. Schneewind - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):185-207.
    The ‘modern’ natural law philosophers of the seventeenth century believed that conflict was an unavoidable concomitant of human intercourse, rooted in our nature. They understood the normative laws of nature as serving the purpose of setting the limits within which conflict is compatible with lasting social cooperation, thus showing, in effect, how warfare can be turned into competition. The natural lawyers were interested primarily in legal and political problems, not in ethics. But in order to provide reasoned approaches to immediate (...)
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  7.  21
    Moral Knowledge and Moral Principles: J. B. Schneewind.J. B. Schneewind - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:249-262.
    What is the function of moral principles within the body of moral knowledge? And what must be the nature of moral principles in order for them to carry out this function? A specific set of answers to these questions is widely accepted among moral philosophers – so widely accepted as almost to constitute a sort of orthodoxy. The answers embody a view of the place of principles within the body of morality which crosses the lines between cognitivism and non-cognitivism. Though (...)
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  8.  28
    The Uncertain Reasoner's Companion: A Mathematical Perspective.J. B. Paris - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Reasoning under uncertainty, that is, making judgements with only partial knowledge, is a major theme in artificial intelligence. Professor Paris provides here an introduction to the mathematical foundations of the subject. It is suited for readers with some knowledge of undergraduate mathematics but is otherwise self-contained, collecting together the key results on the subject, and formalising within a unified framework the main contemporary approaches and assumptions. The author has concentrated on giving clear mathematical formulations, analyses, justifications and consequences of the (...)
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  9.  71
    New Essays on the History of Autonomy: A Collection Honoring J. B. Schneewind.Natalie Brender, Larry Krasnoff & J. B. Schneewind (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kantian autonomy is often thought to be independent of time and place, but J. B. Schneewind in his landmark study, The Invention of Autonomy, has shown that there is much to be learned by setting Kant's moral philosophy in the context of the history of modern moral philosophy. The distinguished authors in the collection continue Schneewind's project by relating Kant's work to the historical context of his predecessors and to the empirical context of human agency. This will be a valuable (...)
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  10. Science and Life Essays of a Rationalist [by] J.B.S. Haldane; Introduction by J. Maynard Smith.J. B. S. Haldane - 1968 - Pemberton Publishing in Association with Barrie & Rockliff.
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  11.  50
    Sources of the Self.J. B. Schneewind - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (8):422-426.
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  12. The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy.J. B. Schneewind - 1998 - Philosophy 74 (289):446-448.
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  13.  11
    Kant’s Ethical Thought.J. B. Schneewind - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):583-585.
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  14.  41
    Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy.J. B. Schneewind - 1977 - Oxford University Press.
    Henry Sedgewick's The Methods of Ethics challenges comparison, as no other work in moral philosophy, with Aristotle's Ethics in the depth of its understanding of practical rationality, and in its architectural coherence it rivals the work of Kant. In this historical, rather than critical study, Professor Schneewind shows how Sidgewick's arguments and conclusions represent rational developments of the work of Sidgewick's predecessors, and brings out the nature and structure of the reasoning underlying his position.
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  15. The Misfortunes of Virtue.J. B. Schneewind - 1990 - Ethics 101 (1):42-63.
  16.  76
    J. B. S. Haldane, Ernst Mayr and the Beanbag Genetics Dispute.Veena Rao & Vidyanand Nanjundiah - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (2):233 - 281.
    Starting from the early decades of the twentieth century, evolutionary biology began to acquire mathematical overtones. This took place via the development of a set of models in which the Darwinian picture of evolution was shown to be consistent with the laws of heredity discovered by Mendel. The models, which came to be elaborated over the years, define a field of study known as population genetics. Population genetics is generally looked upon as an essential component of modern evolutionary theory. This (...)
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  17.  24
    The Idea of Progress an Inquiry Into its Origin and Growth.J.-B. BURY - 1920 - Macmillan & Co..
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  18.  30
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus.J. B. Gould - 1970 - Leiden: Brill.
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus is a reconstruction of the philosophy of an eminent Stoic philosopher, based upon the fragmentary remains of his voluminous writings. Chrysippus of Cilicia, who lived in a period that covers roughly the last three-quarters of the third century B.C., studied philosophy in Athens and upon Cleanthes’ death became the third head of the Stoa, one of the four great schools of philosophy of the Hellenistic period. Chrysippus wrote a number of treatises in each of the major (...)
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  19.  40
    Malament–Hogarth Machines.J. B. Manchak - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (3):1143-1153.
    This article shows a clear sense in which general relativity allows for a type of ‘machine’ that can bring about a spacetime structure suitable for the implementation of ‘supertasks’. 1Introduction2Preliminaries3Malament–Hogarth Spacetimes4Machines5Malament–Hogarth Machines6Conclusion.
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  20.  55
    Real Space and Represented Space: Cross-Cultural Perspectives.J. B. Deregowski - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):51-74.
  21.  19
    The Pre-Socratic Philosophers. A Critical History with a Selection of Texts. [REVIEW]J. B. Skemp, G. S. Kirk & J. E. Raven - 1961 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 81 (11):182-184.
  22.  34
    The Laws.J. B. Skemp, Plato & T. J. Saunders - 1972 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 92:200-200.
  23.  5
    The Uncertain Reasoner’s Companion.J. B. Paris - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):397-400.
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  24. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  25.  40
    Atom Exchangeability and Instantial Relevance.J. B. Paris & P. Waterhouse - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (3):313-332.
    We give an account of some relationships between the principles of Constant and Atom Exchangeability and various generalizations of the Principle of Instantial Relevance within the framework of Inductive Logic. In particular we demonstrate some surprising and somewhat counterintuitive dependencies of these relationships on ostensibly unimportant parameters, such as the number of predicates in the overlying language.
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  26.  21
    Provability of the Pigeonhole Principle and the Existence of Infinitely Many Primes.J. B. Paris, A. J. Wilkie & A. R. Woods - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1235-1244.
  27.  15
    Political Argument.J. B. Schneewind & Brian Barry - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):508.
  28.  65
    Moral Philosophy From Montaigne to Kant.J. B. Schneewind (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This anthology contains excerpts from some thirty-two important seventeenth- and eighteenth-century moral philosophers. Including a substantial introduction and extensive bibliographies, the anthology facilitates the study and teaching of early modern moral philosophy in its crucial formative period. As well as well-known thinkers such as Hobbes, Hume, and Kant, there are excerpts from a wide range of philosophers never previously assembled in one text, such as Grotius, Pufendorf, Nicole, Clarke, Leibniz, Malebranche, Holbach and Paley. Originally issued as a two-volume edition in (...)
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  29.  95
    10 Autonomy, Obligation, and Virtue: An Overview of Kant's Moral Philosophy.J. B. Schneewind - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--309.
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  30.  44
    O is Not Enough.J. B. Paris & R. Simmonds - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (2):298-309.
    We examine the closure conditions of the probabilistic consequence relation of Hawthorne and Makinson, specifically the outstanding question of completeness in terms of Horn rules, of their proposed (finite) set of rules O. We show that on the contrary no such finite set of Horn rules exists, though we are able to specify an infinite set which is complete.
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  31.  5
    Perception of the Two-Pronged Trident by Two- and Three-Dimensional Perceivers.J. B. Deregowski - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):9.
  32. On the Empirical Foundations of the Quantum No-Signalling Proofs.J. B. Kennedy - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (4):543-560.
    I analyze a number of the quantum no-signalling proofs (Ghirardi et al. 1980, Bussey 1982, Jordan 1983, Shimony 1985, Redhead 1987, Eberhard and Ross 1989, Sherer and Busch 1993). These purport to show that the EPR correlations cannot be exploited for transmitting signals, i.e., are not causal. First, I show that these proofs can be mathematically unified; they are disguised versions of a single theorem. Second, I argue that these proofs are circular. The essential theorem relies upon the tensor product (...)
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  33.  27
    The Pragmatic Power and Promise of Theoretical Environmental Ethics: Forging a New Discourse.J. B. Callicott - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (1):3-25.
    Pragmatist environmental philosophers have (erroneously) assumed that environmental ethics has made little impact on environmental policy because environmental ethics has been absorbed with arcane theoretical controversies, mostly centred on the question of intrinsic value in nature. Positions on this question generate the allegedly divisive categories of anthropocentrism/nonanthropocentrism, shallow/deep ecology, and individualism/holism. The locus classicus for the objectivist concept of intrinsic value is traceable to Kant, and modifications of the Kantian form of ethical theory terminate in biocentrism. A subjectivist approach to (...)
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  34.  26
    Putting the Puzzle Together: Toward a General Theory of the Neural Correlates of Consciousness.J. B. Newman - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (1):47-66.
    Part I of this two-part paper provided a broad overview of clinical and experimental findings bearing on the neural correlates of conscious processes. It was argued that several neurocognitive models related to: orienting to the outer world, dream sleep, and the integration of sensory-motor representations, converge upon a core ‘conscious system’, dubbed the extended reticular-thalamic activating system . The functions of the ERTAS, which shares extensive projections with the cerebral cortex, are mostly ‘implicit’, in contrast to the explicit representation of (...)
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  35.  53
    A Neural Global Workspace Model for Conscious Attention.J. B. Newman, Bernard J. Baars & S. Cho - 1997 - Neural Networks 10:1195-1206.
  36.  40
    Perceptual Differences of Sales Practitioners and Students Concerning Ethical Behavior.J. B. DeConinck & D. J. Good - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (9):667 - 676.
    This study investigates specific behavioral perceptual differences of ethics between practitioners and students enrolled in sales classes. Respondents were asked to indicate their beliefs to issues related to ethics in sales. A highly significant difference was found between mean responses of students and sales personnel. Managers indicated a greater concern for ethical behavior and less attention to sales than did the students. Students indicated a strong desire for success regardless of ethical constraints violated.
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  37.  9
    A Hierarchy of Cuts in Models of Arithmetic.J. B. Paris, L. Pacholski, J. Wierzejewski, A. J. Wilkie, George Mills & Jussi Ketonen - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1062-1066.
  38.  1
    An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.J. B. Schneewind (ed.) - 1983 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    A splendid edition. Schneewind's illuminating introduction succinctly situates the _Enquiry_ in its historical context, clarifying its relationship to Calvinism, to Newtonian science, and to earlier moral philosophers, and providing a persuasive account of Hume's ethical naturalism. --Martha C. Nussbaum, Brown University.
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  39.  37
    Plato's Theory of Knowledge.J. B. Skemp - 1965 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 85:204.
    First published in 1962, this book provides a systematic account of the development of Plato’s theory of knowledge. Beginning with a consideration of the Socratic and other influences which determined the form in which the problem of knowledge first presented itself to Plato, the author then works through the dialogues from the Meno to the Laws and examines in detail Plato’s progressive attempts to solve the problem.
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  40. The Ancient Greek Historians.J. B. Bury - 1909 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 29:133.
  41.  31
    The British Moralists and the Internal 'Ought'.J. B. Schneewind - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):992-995.
  42.  74
    Kant and Natural Law Ethics.J. B. Schneewind - 1993 - Ethics 104 (1):53-74.
  43. The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity.J. B. Stump & Alan G. Padgett (eds.) - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  44.  15
    A Short History of Ethics.J. B. Schneewind - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (2):261.
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  45.  24
    A Note on Priest's Finite Inconsistent Arithmetics.J. B. Paris & N. Pathmanathan - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (5):529-537.
    We give a complete characterization of Priest's Finite Inconsistent Arithmetics observing that his original putative characterization included arithmetics which cannot in fact be realized.
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  46.  20
    Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology.J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.) - 2011 - Edward Elgar Publishers.
    Practitioners in the vanguard of new economic thinking will also find plenty of useful information in this path-breaking book.
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  47.  41
    Some Independence Results for Peano Arithmetic.J. B. Paris - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (4):725-731.
  48.  34
    Paradox Regained? A Brief Comment on Maudlin on Black Hole Information Loss.J. B. Manchak & James Owen Weatherall - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (6):611-627.
    We discuss some recent work by Tim Maudlin concerning Black Hole Information Loss. We argue, contra Maudlin, that there is a paradox, in the straightforward sense that there are propositions that appear true, but which are incompatible with one another. We discuss the significance of the paradox and Maudlin's response to it.
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  49.  38
    8 Locke's Moral Philosophy.J. B. Schneewind - 1994 - In V. C. Chappell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke. Cambridge University Press. pp. 199.
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  50.  97
    Pufendorf's Place in the History of Ethics.J. B. Schneewind - 1987 - Synthese 72 (1):123 - 155.
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