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  1. In Defense of the Land Ethic Essays in Environmental Philosophy.J. Baird Callicott - 1989
  2. Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair.J. Baird Callicott - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (4):311-338.
    The ethical foundations of the “animal liberation” movement are compared with those of Aldo Leopold’s “land ethic,” which is taken as the paradigm for environmental ethics in general. Notwithstanding certain superficial similarities, more profound practical and theoretical differences are exposed. While only sentient animals are moraIly considerable according to the humane ethic, the land ethic includes within its purview plants as weIl as animals and even soils and waters. Nor does the land ethic prohibit the hunting, killing, and eating ofcertain (...)
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  3.  58
    Beyond the Land Ethic: More Essays in Environmental Philosophy.J. Baird Callicott - 1999 - State University of New York Press.
    A leading theorist addresses a wide spectrum of topics central to the field of environmental philosophy.
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  4.  28
    Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Bringing together ecology, evolutionary moral psychology, and environmental ethics, J. Baird Callicott counters the narrative of blame and despair that prevails in contemporary discussions of climate ethics and offers a fresh, more optimistic approach.
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  5.  74
    In Defense of the Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (3):437-441.
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  6. The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  7.  23
    Animal Liberation.J. Baird Callicott - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (4):311-338.
    The ethical foundations of the “animal liberation” movement are compared with those of Aldo Leopold’s “land ethic,” which is taken as the paradigm for environmental ethics in general. Notwithstanding certain superficial similarities, more profound practical and theoretical differences are exposed. While only sentient animals are moraIly considerable according to the humane ethic, the land ethic includes within its purview plants as weIl as animals and even soils and waters. Nor does the land ethic prohibit the hunting, killing, and eating ofcertain (...)
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  8. The Case Against Moral Pluralism.J. Baird Callicott - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 12 (2):99-124.
    Despite Christopher Stone’s recent argument on behalf of moral pluralism, the principal architects of environmental ethics remain committed to moral monism. Moral pluralism fails to specify what to do when two or more of its theories indicate inconsistent practical imperatives. More deeply, ethical theories are embedded in moral philosophies and moral pluralism requires us to shift between mutually inconsistent metaphysics of morals, most of which are no Ionger tenable in light of postmodern science. A univocal moral philosophy-traceable to David Hume’s (...)
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  9.  19
    Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair.J. Baird Callicott - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (4):311-338.
    The ethical foundations of the “animal liberation” movement are compared with those of Aldo Leopold’s “land ethic,” which is taken as the paradigm for environmental ethics in general. Notwithstanding certain superficial similarities, more profound practical and theoretical differences are exposed. While only sentient animals are moraIly considerable according to the humane ethic, the land ethic includes within its purview plants as weIl as animals and even soils and waters. Nor does the land ethic prohibit the hunting, killing, and eating ofcertain (...)
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  10. Non-Anthropocentric Value Theory and Environmental Ethics.J. Baird Callicott - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (4):299 - 309.
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  11.  40
    Nature in Asian Traditions of Thought: Essays in Environmental Philosophy.J. Baird Callicott & Roger T. Ames (eds.) - 1989 - State University of New York Press.
    The contributors, not identified except by name, are mostly westerners. No bibliography. Paperback edition ($12.95) not seen. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  12. Environmental Ethics: An Overview.J. Baird Callicott - forthcoming - Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  13. Intrinsic Value in Nature: A Metaethical Analysis.J. Baird Callicott - 1995 - Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 3 (5).
  14. The Metaphysical Implications of Ecology.J. Baird Callicott - 1986 - Environmental Ethics 8 (4):301-316.
    Although ecology is neither a universal nor foundational science, it has metaphysical implications because it profoundly alters traditional Western concepts of terrestrial nature and human being. I briefly sketch the received metaphysical foundations of the modem world view, set out a historical outline of an emerging ecological world view, and identify its principal metaphysical implications. Among these the most salient are a field ontology, the ontological subordination of matter to energy, internal relations, and systemic (as opposed to oceanic) holism. I (...)
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  15. A Critique of and an Alternative to the Wilderness Idea.J. Baird Callicott - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics, A. Light and H. Rolston (Eds), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
  16.  78
    Do Deconstructive Ecology and Sociobiology Undermine Leopold’s Land Ethic?J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (4):353-372.
    Recent deconstructive developments in ecology (doubts about the existence of unified communities and ecosystems, the diversity-stability hypothesis, and a natural homeostasis or “balance of nature”; and an emphasis on “chaos,” “perturbation,” and directionless change in living nature) and the advent of sociobiology (selfish genes) may seem to undermine the scientific foundations of environmental ethics, especially the Leopold land ethic. A reassessment of the Leopold land ethic in light of these developments (and vice versa) indicates that the land ethic is still (...)
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  17.  48
    Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Back Together Again.J. Baird Callicott - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (3):3.
  18. Rolston on Intrinsic Value: A Deconstruction.J. Baird Callicott - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (2):129-143.
    Central to Holmes Rolston’s Environmental Ethics is the theoretical quest of most enviromnental philosophers for a defensible concept of intrinsic value for nonhuman natural entities and nature as a whole. Rolston’s theory is similar to Paul Taylor’s in rooting intrinsic value in conation, but dissimilar in assigning value bonuses to consciousness and self-consciousness and value dividends to organic wholes andelemental nature. I argue that such a theory of intrinsic value flies in the face of the subject/object and fact/value dichotomies of (...)
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  19.  41
    Was Aldo Leopold a Pragmatist? Rescuing Leopold From the Imagination of Bryan Norton.J. Baird Callicott, William Grove-Fanning, Jennifer Rowland, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French & Kerry Walker - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (4):453 - 486.
    Aldo Leopold was a pragmatist in the vernacular sense of the word. Bryan G. Norton claims that Leopold was also heavily influenced by American Pragmatism, a formal school of philosophy. As evidence, Norton offers Leopold's misquotation of a definition of right (as truth) by political economist, A.T. Hadley, who was an admirer of the philosophy of William James. A search of Leopold's digitised literary remains reveals no other evidence that Leopold was directly influenced by any actual American Pragmatist or by (...)
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  20.  81
    Rolston on Intrinsic Value: A Deconstruction.J. Baird Callicott - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (2):129-143.
    Central to Holmes Rolston’s Environmental Ethics is the theoretical quest of most enviromnental philosophers for a defensible concept of intrinsic value for nonhuman natural entities and nature as a whole. Rolston’s theory is similar to Paul Taylor’s in rooting intrinsic value in conation, but dissimilar in assigning value bonuses to consciousness and self-consciousness and value dividends to organic wholes andelemental nature. I argue that such a theory of intrinsic value flies in the face of the subject/object and fact/value dichotomies of (...)
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  21. Elements of an Environmental Ethic: Moral Considerability and the Biotic Community.J. Baird Callicott - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (1):71-81.
  22.  7
    Do Deconstructive Ecology and Sociobiology Undermine Leopold’s Land Ethic?J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (4):353-372.
    Recent deconstructive developments in ecology and the advent of sociobiology may seem to undermine the scientific foundations of environmental ethics, especially the Leopold land ethic. A reassessment of the Leopold land ethic in light of these developments indicates that the land ethic is still a viable environmental ethic, if judiciously updated and revised.
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  23.  48
    Conceptual Resources for Environmental Ethics in Asian Traditions of Thought: A Propaedeutic.J. Baird Callicott - 1987 - Philosophy East and West 37 (2):115-130.
  24. American Indian Environmental Ethics an Ojibwa Case Study.J. Baird Callicott & Michael P. Nelson - 2004
     
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  25.  45
    Agroecology in Context.J. Baird Callicott - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
    Agriculture and medicine palpably manifest a culture's world view. Correspondingly, changes in agriculture and medicine may be barometers of change in a culture's overall outlook. Conventional industrial agriculture and modern surgical/chemical medicine clearly express the Newtonian mechanical model of nature. The modern classical world view represents nature to be an externally related, atomic, reductive, material, and mechanical aggregate. Modern medicine, correspondingly, treats the body as an elaborate mechanism and industrial agriculture regards soil as a substratum for monocultures assembled from fossil (...)
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  26.  32
    Hume’s Is/Ought Dichtomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold’s Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (2):163-174.
    Environmental ethics in its modem classical expression by Aldo Leopold appears to fall afoul of Hume’s prohibition against deriving ought-statements from is-statements since it is presented as a logical consequence of the science of ecology. Hume’s is/ought dichotomy is reviewed in its historical theoretical context. A general formulation bridging is and ought, in Hume’s terms, meeting his own criteria for sound practical argument, is found. It is then shown that Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is expressible as a special case of (...)
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  27.  99
    Hume’s Is/Ought Dichtomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold’s Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (2):163-174.
    Environmental ethics in its modem classical expression by Aldo Leopold appears to fall afoul of Hume’s prohibition against deriving ought-statements from is-statements since it is presented as a logical consequence of the science of ecology. Hume’s is/ought dichotomy is reviewed in its historical theoretical context. A general formulation bridging is and ought, in Hume’s terms, meeting his own criteria for sound practical argument, is found. It is then shown that Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is expressible as a special case of (...)
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  28.  11
    Philosophical Abstracts.J. Baird Callicott - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (4).
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  29.  51
    Wetland Gloom and Wetland Glory.J. Baird Callicott - 2003 - Philosophy and Geography 6 (1):33 – 45.
    Mountains were once no less feared and loathed than wetlands. Mountains, however, were aesthetically rehabilitated (in part by modern landscape painting), but wetlands remain aesthetically reviled. The three giants of American environmental philosophy--Thoreau, Muir, and Leopold--all expressed aesthetic appreciation of wetlands. For Thoreau and Muir--both of whom were a bit misanthropic and contrarian--the beauty of wetlands was largely a matter of their floral interest and wildness (freedom from human inhabitation and economic exploitation). Leopold's aesthetic appreciation of wetlands was better informed (...)
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  30.  48
    The Value of Ecosystem Health.J. Baird Callicott - 1995 - Environmental Values 4 (4):345 - 361.
    The concept of ecosystem health is problematic. Do ecosystems as such exist? Is health an objective condition of organisms or is it socially constructed? Can 'health' be unequivocally predicated of ecosystems? Is ecosystem health both objective and valuative? Are ecosystem health and biological integrity identical? How do these concepts interface with the concept of biodiversity? Ecosystems exist, although they are turning out to be nested sets of linked process-functions with temporal boundaries, not tangible superorganisms with spatial boundaries. Ecosystem health – (...)
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  31. Traditional American Indian and Western European Attitudes Toward Nature: An Overview.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (4):293-318.
    A generalized traditional Western world view is compared with a generalized traditional American Indian world view in respect to the practical relations implied by either to nature. The Western tradition pictures nature as material, mechanical, and devoid of spirit (reserving that exclusively for humans), while the American Indian tradition pictures nature throughout as an extended family or society of living, ensouled beings. The former picture invites unrestrained exploitation of nonhuman nature, while the latter provides the foundations for ethical restraint in (...)
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  32.  6
    The Pragmatic Power and Promise of Theoretical Environmental Ethics.J. Baird Callicott - 2005 - In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer. pp. 185--208.
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  33.  60
    Traditional American Indian and Western European Attitudes Toward Nature: An Overview.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (4):293-318.
    A generalized traditional Western world view is compared with a generalized traditional American Indian world view in respect to the practical relations implied by either to nature. The Western tradition pictures nature as material, mechanical, and devoid of spirit, while the American Indian tradition pictures nature throughout as an extended family or society of living, ensouled beings. The former picture invites unrestrained exploitation of nonhuman nature, while the latter provides the foundations for ethical restraint in relation to nonhuman nature. This (...)
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  34.  13
    Earth's Insights: A Survey of Ecological Ethics From the Mediterranean Basin to the Australian Outback.Frederic L. Bender & J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Philosophy East and West 46 (2):269.
  35.  11
    Earth Summit Ethics: Toward a Reconstructive Postmodern Philosophy of Environmental Education.J. Baird Callicott & Fernando J. R. da Rocha (eds.) - 1996 - State University of New York Press.
    An international group of environmental philosophers and educators propose ways universities can produce and promote ecological literacy and environmental ethics.
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  36.  43
    Can a Theory of Moral Sentiments Support a Genuinely Normative Environmental Ethic?J. Baird Callicott - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):183 – 198.
    The conceptual foundations of Aldo Leopold's seminal land ethic are traceable through Darwin to the sentiment?based ethics of Hume. According to Hume, the moral sentiments are universal; and, according to Darwin, they were naturally selected in the intensely social matrix of human evolution. Hence they may provide a ?consensus of feeling?, functionally equivalent to the normative force of reason overriding inclination. But then ethics, allege K. S. Shrader?Frechette and W. Fox, is reduced to a description of human nature, and the (...)
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  37.  83
    What “Wilderness” in Frontier Ecosystems?J. Baird Callicott - 2008 - Environmental Ethics 30 (3):235-249.
    Wilderness, for seventeenth-century Puritan colonists in America, was hideous and howling. In the eighteenth century, Puritan preacher and theologian, Jonathan Edwards, began the process of transforming the American wilderness into an aesthetic and spiritual resource, a process completed in the nineteenth century by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Henry David. Thoreau was the first American to recommend wilderness preservation for purposes of transcendental recreation (solitude, and aesthetic and spiritual experience). In the twentieth century, Theodore Roosevelt and Aldo Leopold advocated wilderness preservation for (...)
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  38.  3
    Agroecology in Context.J. Baird Callicott - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
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  39.  12
    Postmodern Ecological Restoration: Choosing Appropriate Temporal and Spatial Scales.J. Baird Callicott - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 11--301.
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  40.  48
    Reply to Norton, Re: Aldo Leopold and Pragmatism.J. Baird Callicott, William Grove-Fanning, Jennifer Rowland, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French & Kerry Walker - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (1):17 - 22.
    As a conservation policy advocate and practitioner, Leopold was a pragmatist (in the vernacular sense of the word). He was not, however, a member of the school of philosophy known as American Pragmatism, nor was his environmental philosophy informed by any members of that school. Leopold's environmental philosophy was radically non-anthropocentric; he was an intellectual revolutionary and aspired to transform social values and institutions.
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  41.  55
    The Temporal and Spatial Scales of Global Climate Change and the Limits of Individualistic and Rationalistic Ethics.J. Baird Callicott - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69:101-116.
    Here I argue that the hyper-individualistic and rationalistic ethical paradigms – originating in the late eighteenth century and dominating moral philosophy, in various permutations, ever since – cannot capture the moral concerns evoked by the prospect of global climate change. Those paradigms are undone by the temporal and spatial scales of climate change. To press my argument, I deploy two famous philosophical tropes – John Rawls's notion of the original position and Derek Parfit's paradox – and another that promises to (...)
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  42.  43
    Moral Monism in Environmental Ethics Defended.J. Baird Callicott - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Research 19:51-60.
    In dealing with concern for fellow human beings, sentient animals, and the enviroment, Christopher D. Stone suggests that a single agent adopt a different ethical theory---e.g., Kant’s, Bentham’s, Leopold’s---for each domain. Ethical theories, however, and their attendant rules and principles are embedded in moral philosophies. Employing Kant’s categorical imperative in this case, Bentham’s hedonic caIculus in that, and Leopold’s land ethic in another, a single agent would therefore have either simultaneously or cyclically to endorse contradictory moral philosophies. Instead, I suggest (...)
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  43.  34
    The Indigenous World or Many Indigenous Worlds?J. Baird Callicott - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (3):291-310.
    Earth’s Insights is about more than indigenous North American environmental attitudes and values. The conclusions of Hester, McPherson, Booth, and Cheney about universal indigenous environmental attitudes and values, although pronounced with papal infallibility, are based on no evidence. The unstated authority of their pronouncements seems to be the indigenous identity of two of the authors. Two other self-identified indigenous authors, V. F. Cordova and Sandy Marie Anglás Grande, argue explicitly that indigenous identity is sufficient authority for declaring what pre-Columbian indigenous (...)
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  44.  8
    Moral Monism in Environmental Ethics Defended.J. Baird Callicott - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Research 19:51-60.
    In dealing with concern for fellow human beings, sentient animals, and the enviroment, Christopher D. Stone suggests that a single agent adopt a different ethical theory---e.g., Kant’s, Bentham’s, Leopold’s---for each domain. Ethical theories, however, and their attendant rules and principles are embedded in moral philosophies. Employing Kant’s categorical imperative in this case, Bentham’s hedonic caIculus in that, and Leopold’s land ethic in another, a single agent would therefore have either simultaneously or cyclically to endorse contradictory moral philosophies. Instead, I suggest (...)
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  45. The Land Ethic Today.J. Baird Callicott - 1993 - Topoi 12 (1):41-51.
  46.  16
    Biocomplexity in the Big Thicket.J. Baird Callicott, Miguel Acevedo, Pete Gunter, Paul Harcombe, Christopher Lindquist & Michael Monticino1 - 2006 - Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (1):21-45.
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  47.  68
    On Norton and the Failure of Monistic Inherentism.J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):219-221.
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  48.  24
    Biocomplexity in the Big Thicket.J. Baird Callicott, Miguel Acevedo, Pete Gunter, Paul Harcombe, Christopher Lindquist & Michael Monticino1 - 2006 - Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (1):21 – 45.
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  49.  44
    The Case for Animal Rights.J. Baird Callicott - 1985 - Environmental Ethics 7 (4):365-372.
  50.  29
    A Place in Space.J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (3):321-326.
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