92 found
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  1.  24
    Many-Valued Logics.J. Barkley Rosser - 1952 - Greenwood Press.
  2.  7
    [Fragments of Many-Valued Statement Calculi.Alan Rose & J. Barkley Rosser - 1958 - [S.N.].
  3.  3
    Logic for Mathematicians.J. Barkley Rosser - 1953 - Dover Publications.
  4.  47
    Colloquium: Statistical Mechanics of Money, Wealth, and Income.Victor M. Yakovenko & J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    The paper reviews statistical models for money, wealth, and income distributions developed in the econophysics literature since the late 1990s. By analogy with the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution of energy in physics, it is shown that the probability distribution of money is exponential for certain classes of models with interacting economic agents. Alternative scenarios are also reviewed. Data analysis of the empirical distributions of wealth and income reveals a two-class distribution. The majority of the population belongs to the lower class, characterized by (...)
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  5.  24
    Emergence and Complexity in Austrian Economics.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    A deep theme of Austrian economics has been that of spontaneous order or selforganization of the economy. The origin of this theme dates to the putative founder of the Austrian School, Carl Menger, with his theory of the spontaneous emergence of money for transactions purposes in primitive economies being archetypal example (Menger, 1892). Menger drew this approach from the Scottish Enlightenment figures David Hume, Adam Ferguson, and Adam Smith, with the latter’s Wealth of Nations (1776) particularly important. The most important (...)
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  6.  24
    Econophysics.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    According to Bikas Chakrabarti (2005, p. 225), the term econophysics was neologized in 1995 at the second Statphys-Kolkata conference in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India by the physicist H. Eugene Stanley, who was also the first to use it in print (Stanley, 1996). Mantegna and Stanley (2000, pp. viii-ix) define “the multidisciplinary field of econophysics” as “a neologism that denotes the activities of physicists who are working on economics problems to test a variety of new conceptual approaches deriving from the physical (...)
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  7.  11
    Between Vienna and Cambridge: The Risky Business of New Austrian Business‐Cycle Theory.J. Barkley Rosser - 1999 - Critical Review 13 (3-4):373-389.
    Abstract Tyler Cowen's ?New Austrian? theory of business cycles is based on risk analysis and the assumption of rational expectations. This contrasts with the Old Austrian view, which questions the feasibility of measuring economic risk. Despite Cowen's admirable eclecticism, the way he applies risk analysis to business cycles suffers from serious inconsistencies, and his use of rational expectations is mistaken in the face of economic complexity?a phenomenon that was accurately understood by the traditional Austrians.
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  8.  18
    William B. Easton. Powers of Regular Cardinals. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 1 No. 2 , Pp. 139–178. - J. R. Shoenfield. Unramified Forcing. Axiomatic Set Theory, Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics, Vol. 13 Part 1, American Mathematical Society, Providence, Rhode Island, 1971, Pp. 357–381. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):460-461.
  9.  39
    The Complexity Era in Economics.Richard P. F. Holt & J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    This article argues that the neoclassical era in economics has ended and is being replaced by a new era. What best characterizes the new era is its acceptance that the economy is complex, and thus that it might be called the complexity era. The complexity era has not arrived through a revolution. Instead, it has evolved out of the many strains of neoclassical work, along with work done by less orthodox mainstream and heterodox economists. It is only in its beginning (...)
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  10.  23
    Colloquium: Statistical Mechanics of Money, Wealth, and Income.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    The paper reviews statistical models for money, wealth, and income distributions developed in the econophysics literature since the late 1990s. By analogy with the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution of energy in physics, it is shown that the probability distribution of money is exponential for certain classes of models with interacting economic agents. Alternative scenarios are also reviewed. Data analysis of the empirical distributions of wealth and income reveals a two-class distribution. The majority of the population belongs to the lower class, characterized by (...)
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  11.  44
    Non-Standard Models for Formal Logics.J. Barkley Rosser & Hao Wang - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):113-129.
    In his doctor's thesis [1], Henkin has shown that if a formal logic is consistent, and sufficiently complex, then it must admit a non-standard model. In particular, he showed that there must be a model in which that portion of the model which is supposed to represent the positive integers of the formal logic is not in fact isomorphic to the positive integers; indeed it is not even well ordered by what is supposed to be the relation of ≦.For the (...)
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  12.  66
    Epistemological Implications of Economic Complexity.J. Barkley Rosser - 2004 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 13 (1):45-57.
  13.  6
    Axiomatization of Infinite-Valued Logics.J. Barkley Rosser - 1960 - Logique Et Analyse 3 (1):137-153.
  14.  10
    Simplified Independence Proofs. Boolean Valued Models of Set Theory.J. Barkley Rosser - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):328-329.
  15.  23
    Dopp J.. La Notion d'Existence Dans la Logique Moderne. Actes du Xme Congrès International de Philosophie —Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Philosophy , North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1949, Pp. 735–739. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):247-247.
  16.  32
    The Axiom of Infinity in Quine's New Foundations.J. Barkley Rosser - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (4):238-242.
    We use NF to designate the system known as Quine's New Foundations, and NF + AF to designate the same system with a suitable axiom of infinity adjoined. We use ML to designate the revised system appearing in the third printing of Quine's “Mathematical Logic”. This system ML is just the systemPproposed by Wang in [4], and essentially includes NF as a part.The pripcipal results of the present paper are:A. In NF the axiom of infinity is equivalent to the definability (...)
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  17.  17
    Specker Ernst P.. The Axiom of Choice in Quine's New Foundations for Mathematical Logic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 39 , Pp. 972–975. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):127-128.
  18.  5
    Risk and Austrian Business‐Cycle Theory: Rejoinder to Cowen.J. Barkley Rosser - 2000 - Critical Review 14 (1):95-97.
    abstract Cowen and I agree that rational?expectations theory is unrealistic and that risk is difficult to quantify. However, we continue to disagree about the riskiness of consumption as opposed to investment. Since more investment might lead to a recession if investment is relatively risky, Cowen's use of rational?expectations theory to buttress the Austrian school's claim that market economies can shift toward relatively more investment without experiencing macroeconomic disruption remains suspect.
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  19.  45
    How Complex Are the Austrians?J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Roger Koppl (2009, p. 1) argues that “Austrian economics is a school of thought within the broader complexity movement in economics.” Is he correct? While there are many who have argued for some overlapping between the two, I shall argue that this is probably an overly strong statement. The main reason is that there are substantial elements and strands within Austrian economics that do not fit in with any of the multiple varieties of complexity theory, even though there are some (...)
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  20.  17
    Kunugui Kinjiro. Skolem-Löwenheim no teiri ni tuite . Kisokagaku, no. 30 , pp. 35–39.Denjoy Arnaud. L'énumération transfinie. Livre IV. Notes sur les sujets controversés. Gauthier-Villars, Paris 1954, title pages + pp. 773–971. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (1):95-96.
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  21.  16
    Stephen Cole Kleene. Vvédénié V Métamatématiku. Russian Translation of XIX 215 by A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin, Edited by V. A. Uspénskij. Izdatél′Stvo Inostrannoj Litératury, Moscow1957, 526 Pp. . - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Ot Péravodčika . Therein, Pp. 5–6. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié I. Dokazatél′Stvo Vtoroj Téorémy Gëdéla. Therein, Pp. 459–474. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié II. Vospolnénié Probêla Υ §§49 I 74. Therein, Pp. 474–478. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié III. O Formalizuémosti Péréhoda Ot K V Dokazatél'stvé Téorémy 36. To in the Proof of Theorem 36.) Therein, P. 479. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié IV. Postroénié Formuly B Priméra 2 §79. Therein, Pp. 479–481. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié V. Ob Ustranimosti Ravénstva I Néoprédélénnyh Opisanij. Therein, Pp. 481–484. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié VI. O Formalizacii Indukcii Do Porádkovyhčisél Mén′Sih Ε0 V Sistémé Gl. IV . .) Therein, Pp. 484–485. - A. S. Ésénin-Vol′Pin. Dobavlénié VII. Dokazatél′Stvo Néproti. [REVIEW]David D. Comey & J. Barkley Rosser - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):280-282.
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  22.  13
    Beth E. W.. Sur la Description de Certains Modèles d'Un Système Formel. Actes du XIème Congrès International de Philosophie, Volume V, Logique, Analyse Philosophique, Philosophie des Mathématiques, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1953, and Éditions E. Nauwelaerts, Louvain 1953, Pp. 64–69. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):224-224.
  23.  30
    Long Wave Chaos and Systemic Economic Transformation.J. Barkley Rosser & Marina Vcherashnaya Rosser - 1994 - World Futures 39 (4):197-207.
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  24.  21
    Special Problems of Forests as Ecologic-Economic Systems.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Ecologic-economic systems tend to exhibit greater complexity than systems that are purely ecological or economic. The interactions between the two types often generates nonlinear relations that lead to various kinds of complex dynamics that complicate management and decisionmaking regarding them. Of these, forests have characteristics that lead them to have special problems not usually encountered in the management of such systems. A central one is the long time periods involved managing forests compared to most other such systems. This means that (...)
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  25.  14
    Review: P. G. J. Vredenduin, The Constructive Method. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):247-247.
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  26.  16
    Review: Hao Wang, Set-Theoretical Basis for Real Numbers. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):216-216.
  27.  13
    Review: Haskell B. Curry, Combinatory Logic. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):267-268.
  28.  23
    Emerging Markets and Stock Market Bubbles: Nonlinear Speculation?J. Barkley Rosser & Jamshed Y. Uppal - unknown
    Daily returns of stock markets in 27 emerging markets in Asia, Africa, South America, and Eastern Europe from the early 1990s through 2006 are analyzed for the possible presence of nonlinear speculative bubbles. The absence of these is tested for by studying residuals of VAR-based fundamentals, using the Hamilton regime-switching model and the rescaled range analysis of Hurst. For the first test absence of bubbles is rejected for 24 countries (except Mexico, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan), and for the second it (...)
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  29.  10
    Curry Haskell B.. La théorie des combinateurs. Università di Roma, Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica, Rendiconti di matematica e delle sue applicazioni, ser. 5 vol. 10 , pp. 347–359.Curry Haskell B.. La logique combinatoire et les antinomies. Ibid., pp. 360–370. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (4):378-378.
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  30.  10
    Kreisel G.. On the Interpretation of Non-Finitist Proofs. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):78-80.
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  31.  10
    Quine W. V.. The Ordered Pair in Number Theory. Structure, Method and Meaning, Essays in Honor of Henry M. Sheffer, Edited by Henle Paul, Kallen Horace M., and Langer Susanne K., The Liberal Arts Press, New York 1951, Pp. 84–87. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):289-289.
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  32.  22
    Do Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics Amount to a Kuhnian Paradigm Shift?Mohammed H. I. Dore & J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Much empirical analysis and econometric work recognizes that there are nonlinearities, regime shifts or structural breaks, asymmetric adjustment costs, irreversibilities and lagged dependencies. Hence, empirical work has already transcended neoclassical economics. Some progress has also been made in modeling endogenously generated cyclical growth and fluctuations. All this is inconsistent with neoclassical general equilibrium. Hence there is growing evidence of Kuhnian anomalies. It therefore follows that there is a Kuhnian crisis in economics and further research in nonlinear dynamics and complexity can (...)
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  33.  4
    Review: Daniel Lacombe, Roger Apery, Maurice Frechet, Daniel Lacombe, Andre Lalande, Jean Porte, Jean Ullmo, Maurice Frechet, Les Idees Actuelles Sur la Structure des Mathematiques; Daniel Lacombe, Expose Complementaire Sur le Theoreme de Godel. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (3):228-229.
  34.  20
    Complex Dynamics and Post Keynesian Economics.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    distraction that leads innocent Post Keynesians into “classical sin.” Davidson (1994, 1996) argues that core Post Keynesian (PK) ideas such as that insufficient aggregate demand arise from fundamental uncertainty in a monetary economy do not depend on nonlinearity or complexity, that these core concepts are axiomatically and ontologically true, and that the inability of agents to forecast well in dynamically complex situations reflects mere epistemological problems of insufficient computational abilities. Thus complex dynamics is merely a classical stalking horse. This writer (...)
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  35.  9
    Wang Hao. Set-Theoretical Basis for Real Numbers.J. Barkley Rosser - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):216-216.
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  36.  19
    Chaos Theory Before Lorenz.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    September 2008 Abstract: We consider the precursors to the discovery of sensitive dependence on initial conditions by Edward Lorenz (1963) in his model of climatic fluid dynamics. This will focus on work in various disciplines that imply either such sensitivity, irregular endogenous dynamic patterns, or fractal nature of an attractor, as is also found in the attractor underlying the model Lorenz studied. Going from ancient hints in Anaxagoras through nineteenth century mathematics and physics, the main areas of such development will (...)
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  37.  22
    How to Win Friends and (Possibly) Influence Mainstream Economists.Richard P. F. Holt & J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    The first is that we are wrong to suggest that the mainstream is no longer limited to a restrictive orthodoxy of beliefs and assumptions that discourages dissenting voices. In developing his argument, Vernengo claims that our characterization of a cutting edge branch of the mainstream that does not hold to a neoclassical orthodoxy is misleading. Although he states that he accepts our characterization of the economics profession as a complex adaptive system, with many competing views, he sees the cutting edge (...)
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  38.  12
    Review: N. Bourbaki, Foundations of Mathematics for the Working Mathematician. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):258-259.
  39.  10
    Review: Jean-Louis Destouches, Louis de Broglie, Principes Fondamentaux de Physique Theorique. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1948 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 13 (4):213-213.
  40.  12
    Review: Joseph Dopp, Essai d'une Presentation de la Logique Combinatoire. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1962 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 27 (1):77-77.
  41.  17
    Live and Dead Issues in the Methodology of Economics.Richard P. F. Holt & J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    We attempt to clarify divisions made by us in previous work (Colander et al., 2004a,b) between “orthodox, mainstream, and heterodox” in economics, following very useful remarks in Dequech (2007-08), whom we thank. We also provide specific advice for heterodox economists, namely: worry less about methodology, focus on being economists first and heterodox economists second, and prepare ideas to leave the incubator of heterodoxy to enter the mainstream economic debate.
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  42. Powers of Regular Cardinals.J. Barkley Rosser - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):460-461.
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  43.  16
    Complex Ecologic-Economic Dynamics and Environmental Policy Forthcoming, Ecological Economics.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Various complex dynamics in ecologic-economic systems are presented with an emphasis upon models of global warming dynamics and fishery dynamics. Chaotic and catastrophic dynamic patterns are shown to be possible, along with other complex dynamics arising from nonlinearities in such combined systems. Problems associated with amplified oscillations due to these nonlinear interactions in the combined interactions of human economic decisionmaking with ecological dynamics are identified and discussed. Implications for policy are examined with strong recommendations for greater emphasis in particular upon (...)
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  44.  11
    Review: Kinjiro Kungui, On the Theorem of Skolem-Lowenheim; Arnaud Denjoy, L'Enumeration Transfinie. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (1):95-96.
  45.  14
    A Review of An Out to Lunch Economist, by Tailor Coward. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Needless to say, Coward has not only innovated the main ideas of Cowen, but has succeeded in going much further in suggesting how to implement them in a successful effort to consume exciting while inexpensive cuisine. Thus, while Cowen recommend seeking out low price outlets such as carts and cheap Chinese restaurants in obscure shopping malls with ugly women in them and awful décor, not to mention scowling and feuding members of the ethnic groups associated with the restaurants, Coward has (...)
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  46.  10
    The Foundations of Economic Complexity in Behavioral Rationality and Heterogeneous Expectations.J. Barkley Rosser - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (3):308-312.
  47.  7
    Wang Hao. The Non-Finitizability of Impredicalive Principles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 36 , Pp. 479–484. [REVIEW]J. Barkley Rosser - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (2):143-144.
  48.  9
    Complex Dynamics of Macroeconomic Collapse and Its Aftermath in Transition Economies.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    This paper presents a view of the process of transition from planned command socialism to mixed market capitalism involving nonlinear complex dynamical phenomena. After the former institutional structure disappears a coordination failure can bring about macroeconomic collapse as in almost all of the former Soviet bloc or macroeconomic boom as in China. A closely linked phenomenon is the rise of the underground economy as inflation and income inequality increase. This can lead to a jump from one equilibrium to a very (...)
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  49.  15
    The New Institutional Economy and the New Traditional Economy in Korea: Does the Confucian Tradition Give It a Competitive Edge?J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    A new traditional economy combines elements of traditional culture, such as Confucianism, with a modern, technologically advanced economy, while a new institutional economy minimizes transactions costs through its institutional structure. South Korea has enhanced its competitive edge by drawing on Confucian elements such as respect for education and the search for family-like harmony in chaebol corporations that can reduce transactions costs (despite problems) in an open system. Despite also emphasizing respect for education, North Korea has drawn on anti-mercantile elements of (...)
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  50.  14
    Multiple Unofficial Economy Equilibria and Income Distribution Dynamics in Systemic Transition.J. Barkley Rosser - unknown
    Large increases unofficial economies in many transition economies arise from a dynamic interaction with rising income inequality and public sector changes in multiple equilibria system. Returns to unofficial activity are first increasing and then decreasing, implying two distinct stable equilibria, with changes in inequality possibly causing a jump from one to the other. Multiple regressions of data from 18 transition economies find income inequality significantly correlated with the size of the unofficial economy, with the maximum annual rate of inflation also (...)
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1 — 50 / 92