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James Bogen [59]Jim Bogen [16]Joseph E. Bogen [14]J. Bogen [4]
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Profile: James Bogen (University of Pittsburgh)
  1. Saving the Phenomena.James Bogen & James Woodward - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (3):303-352.
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  2. Regularities and Causality; Generalizations and Causal Explanations.Jim Bogen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (2):397-420.
    Machamer, Darden, and Craver argue (Mechanism) that causal explanations explain effects by describing the operations of the mechanisms (systems of entities engaging in productive activities) which produce them. One of this paper’s aims is to take advantage of neglected resources of Mechanism to rethink the traditional idea (Regularism) that actual or counterfactual natural regularities are essential to the distinction between causal and non-causal co-occurrences, and that generalizations describing natural regularities are essential components of causal explanations. I think that causal productivity (...)
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  3.  44
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part II: Constraining the Semantic Problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
    The main idea in this series of essays is that subjective awareness depends upon the intralaminar nuclei of each thalmus. This implies that the internal structure and external relations of ILN make subjective awareness possible. An array of material relevant to this proposal was briefly reviewed in Part I. This Part II considers in more detail some semantic aspects and a bit of philosophic background as these pertain to propositions 0, 1, and 2 of Part I. Part II should be (...)
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  4.  40
    Analysing Causality: The Opposite of Counterfactual is Factual.Jim Bogen - 2004 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):3 – 26.
    Using Jim Woodward's Counterfactual Dependency account as an example, I argue that causal claims about indeterministic systems cannot be satisfactorily analysed as including counterfactual conditionals among their truth conditions because the counterfactuals such accounts must appeal to need not have truth values. Where this happens, counterfactual analyses transform true causal claims into expressions which are not true.
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  5. Causally Productive Activities.Jim Bogen - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):112-123.
    This paper suggests and discusses an answer to the question what distinguishes causal from non-causal or coincidental co-occurrences based on Elizabeth Anscombe’s idea that causality is a highly abstract concept whose meaning derives from our understanding of specific causally productive activities (e.g., pulling, scraping, burning), and her rejection of the assumption that causality can be informatively understood in terms of general regularities of some sort.
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  6.  14
    Regularities and Causality; Generalizations and Causal Explanations.Jim Bogen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):397-420.
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  7.  41
    Further Discussion of Split Brains and Hemispheric Capabilities.Joseph E. Bogen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (September):281-6.
  8. On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part I: An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  9.  52
    Mechanistic Information and Causal Continuity.Jim Bogen & Peter Machamer - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
    Some biological processes move from step to step in a way that cannot be completely understood solely in terms of causes and correlations. This paper develops a notion of mechanistic information that can be used to explain the continuities of such processes. We compare them to processes that do not involve information. We compare our conception of mechanistic information to some familiar notions including Crick’s idea of genetic information, Shannon-Weaver information, and Millikan’s biosemantic information.
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  10.  80
    Theory and Observation in Science.Jim Bogen - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientists obtain a great deal of the evidence they use by observingnatural and experimentally generated objects and effects. Much of thestandard philosophical literature on this subject comes from20th century logical positivists and empiricists, theirfollowers, and critics who embraced their issues and accepted some oftheir assumptions even as they objected to specific views. Theirdiscussions of observational evidence tend to focus on epistemologicalquestions about its role in theory testing. This entry follows theirlead even though observational evidence also plays important andphilosophically interesting roles (...)
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  11.  74
    Epistemological Custard Pies From Functional Brain Imaging.James Bogen - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):S59-S71.
    This paper discusses features of an epistemically valuable form of evidence that raise troubles for received and new epistemological treatments of experimental evidence.
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  12.  44
    The Hodgkin‐Huxley Equations and the Concrete Model: Comments on Craver, Schaffner, and Weber.Jim Bogen - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):1034-1046.
    I claim that the Hodgkin‐Huxley (HH) current equations owe a great deal of their importance to their role in bringing results from experiments on squid giant action preparations to bear on the study of the action potential in other neurons in other in vitro and in vivo environments. I consider ideas from Weber and Craver about the role of Coulomb’s and other fundamental equations in explaining the action potential and in HH’s development of their equations. Also, I offer an embellishment (...)
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  13. 'Saving the Phenomena' and Saving the Phenomena.Jim Bogen - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):7-22.
    Empiricists claim that in accepting a scientific theory one should not commit oneself to claims about things that are not observable in the sense of registering on human perceptual systems (according to Van Fraassen’s constructive empiricism) or experimental equipment (according to what I call liberal empiricism ). They also claim scientific theories should be accepted or rejected on the basis of how well they save the phenomena in the sense delivering unified descriptions of natural regularities among things that meet their (...)
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  14. The Possibility of Language: Internal Tensions in Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Review).James Bogen - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):167-169.
    James Bogen - The Possibility of Language: Internal Tensions in Wittgenstein's Tractatus - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 167-169 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by James Bogen University of Pittsburgh María Cerezo. The Possibility of Language: Internal Tensions in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. CSLI Lecture Notes, 147. Stanford: CSLI, 2005. Pp. xiv + 321. Paper, $30.00. The Possibility of Language is a difficult, painstakingly detailed interpretation and evaluation of central doctrines of (...)
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  15.  42
    Observations, Theories and the Evolution of the Human Spirit.Jim Bogen & Jim Woodward - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):590-611.
    Standard philosophical discussions of theory-ladeness assume that observational evidence consists of perceptual outputs (or reports of such outputs) that are sentential or propositional in structure. Theory-ladeness is conceptualized as having to do with logical or semantical relationships between such outputs or reports and background theories held by observers. Using the recent debate between Fodor and Churchland as a point of departure, we propose an alternative picture in which much of what serves as evidence in science is not perceptual outputs or (...)
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  16.  46
    Evading the Irs.James Bogen & Jim Woodward - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):233-268.
    'IRS' is our term for the logical empiricist idea that the best way to understand the epistemic bearing of observational evidence on scientific theories is to model it in terms of Inferential Relations among Sentences representing the evidence, and sentences representing hypotheses the evidence is used to evaluate. Developing ideas from our earlier work, including 'Saving the Phenomena'(Phil Review 97, 1988, p.303-52 )we argue that the bearing of observational evidence on theory depends upon causal connections and error characteristics of the (...)
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  17.  62
    Some Neurophysiologic Aspects of Consciousness.Joseph E. Bogen - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103.
  18.  29
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
    How certain neural mechanisms momentarily endow with the subjective awareness percepts and affects represented elsewhere is more likely to be clarified when structures essential to Mc are identified. The loss of C with bilateral thalmic lesions involving the intralaminar nuclei contrasts with retention of C after large cortical ablations depriving C of specific contents. A role of ILN in the perception of primitive sensations is suggested by their afference of directly ascending pathways. A role for ILN in awareness of cortical (...)
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  19. Identity and Origin.James Bogen - 1966 - Analysis 26 (5):160 - 165.
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  20. Review: Tracking Truth. [REVIEW]J. Bogen - 2007 - Mind 116 (462):472-478.
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  21. The Other Side of the Brain: An Appositional Mind.Joseph E. Bogen - 1968 - Bulletin of the Los Angeles Neurological Society 34:135-62.
  22.  11
    Noise in the World.Jim Bogen - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):778-791.
  23.  27
    Interhemispheric Relationships: The Neocortical Commissures; Syndromes of Hemisphere Disconnection.Roger W. Sperry, Michael S. Gazzaniga & Joseph E. Bogen - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 4--273.
  24.  42
    On Being and Saying: Essays for Richard Cartwright.James Bogen - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (2):92-94.
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  25.  66
    Metaphors as Theory Fragments.James Bogen - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (2):177-188.
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  26.  19
    Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Comments on "the Sociology of Knowledge About Child Abuse".James Bogen - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):65-66.
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  27.  62
    Aristotelian Contraries.James Bogen - 1991 - Topoi 10 (1):53-66.
  28.  23
    Empiricism and After.Jim Bogen - unknown
    Familiar versions of empiricism overemphasize and misconstrue the importance of perceptual experience. I discuss their main shortcomings and sketch an alternative framework for thinking about how human sensory systems contribute to scientific knowledge.
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  29.  15
    Functional Imaging Evidence: Some Epistemic Hotspots.James Bogen - 2001 - In Peter K. Machamer, Peter McLaughlin & Rick Grush (eds.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 173--199.
  30.  39
    An Empirical Refutation of Cartesian Scepticism.James Bogen & Morton Beckner - 1979 - Mind 88 (351):351-369.
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  31.  26
    `Two as Good as a Hundred': Poorly Replicated Evidence in Some Nineteenth-Century Neuroscientific Research.J. Bogen - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):491-533.
    According to a received doctrine, espoused, by Karl Popper and Harry Collins, and taken for granted by many others, poorly replicated evidence should be epistemically defective and incapable of persuading scientists to accept the views it is used to argue for. But John Hughlings Jackson used poorly replicated clinical and post-mortem evidence to mount rationally compelling and influential arguments for a highly progressive theory of the organization of the brain and its functions. This paper sets out a number of Jackson's (...)
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  32.  20
    Human Knowledge.James Bogen - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (2):183-185.
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  33.  42
    Kierkegaard and the 'Teleological Suspension of the Ethical'.James Bogen - 1962 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 5 (1-4):305-317.
    This article discusses the claim made by Kierkegaard in Fear and Trembling that the story of Abraham involves a ?teleological suspension of the ethical?. It tries to show that this claim is intelligible and plausible when considered within the context of a philosophical position which views morality as a system of duties.
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  34.  23
    Aristotle's Great Clock.James Bogen & J. E. McGuire - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:387-448.
    This paper offers a detailed account of arguments in De Caelo I by which Aristotle tried to demonstrate the necessity of the perpetual existence and the perpetual rotation of the cosmos. On our interpretation, Aristotle’s arguments are naturalistic. Instead of being based (as many have thought) on rules of logic and language, they depend, we argue, on natural science theories about abilities (δυνάμεις), e.g., to move and to change, which things have by nature and about the conditions under which these (...)
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  35.  16
    Wittgenstein's Tractatus.James Bogen - 1982 - Teaching Philosophy 5 (4):325-326.
  36.  21
    Recent Wittgensteiniana.James Bogen - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (1):67-74.
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  37.  58
    Traditional Epistemology and Naturalistic Replies to its Skeptical Critics.James Bogen - 1985 - Synthese 64 (2):195 - 224.
  38.  59
    Remarks on the Kierkegaard-Hegel Controversy.James Bogen - 1961 - Synthese 13 (4):372 - 389.
  39.  35
    Freedom and Happiness in Mill's Defence of Liberty.James Bogen & Daniel M. Farrell - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (113):325-338.
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  40. Fire in the Belly.J. Bogen - 1995 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 76 (3-4):3-4.
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  41. Locating the Subjectivity Pump: The Thalamic Intralaminar Nuclei.Joseph E. Bogen - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A.C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press.
  42. The Thalamic Intralaminar Nuclei and the Property of Consciousness.Joseph E. Bogen - 2007 - In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  43.  22
    Experiment and Observation.James Bogen - 2002 - In Peter K. Machamer & Michael Silberstein (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Blackwell. pp. 128--148.
  44.  40
    Occasion-Sensitivity – Charles Travis.Jim Bogen - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):196-201.
  45.  48
    Moravcsik on Explanation.James Bogen - 1974 - Synthese 28 (1):19 - 25.
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  46.  48
    Aristotle's Forbidden Sweets.James Bogen & J. M. E. Moravcsik - 1982 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 20 (2):111-127.
  47.  17
    The Criterion of Truth: Essays Written in Honour of George Kerlerd Together with a Text and Translation (with Annotations) of Ptolemy's on the Criterion and Hegemonikon.James Bogen - 1990 - Ancient Philosophy 10 (2):324-327.
  48. How Things Are Studies in Predication and the History of Philosophy and Science.James Bogen, J. E. Mcguire & Pitzer College - 1985
     
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  49.  40
    Wittgenstein and Skepticism.James Bogen - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):364-373.
  50.  39
    An Example of Access-Consciousness Without Phenomenal Consciousness?Joseph E. Bogen - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):144-144.
    Both Block and the commentators who accepted his P versus A distinction readily recognize examples of P without A but not vice versa. As an example of A without P, Block hypothesized a computationally like a human but without subjectivity. This would appear to describe the disconnected right hemisphere of the split-brain subject, unless one alternatively opts for two parallel mechanisms for P?
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