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Jeffrey S. Bowers [20]John M. Bowers [9]John Bowers [9]J. Bowers [3]
Jason Bowers [3]Jeffrey Bowers [2]John Waite Bowers [2]Jennifer Dorfman Bowers [1]

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  1. Implicit Memory: Theoretical Issues.D. L. Schacter, J. S. Bowers, J. Booker, S. Lewandowsky, J. C. Dunn & K. Kirsner - 1989 - In S. Lewandowsky, J. M. Dunn & K. Kirsner (eds.), Implicit Memory: Theoretical Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  2.  31
    Towards a Universal Model of Reading.Ram Frost, Christina Behme, Madeleine El Beveridge, Thomas H. Bak, Jeffrey S. Bowers, Max Coltheart, Stephen Crain, Colin J. Davis, S. Hélène Deacon & Laurie Beth Feldman - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):263.
    In the last decade, reading research has seen a paradigmatic shift. A new wave of computational models of orthographic processing that offer various forms of noisy position or context-sensitive coding have revolutionized the field of visual word recognition. The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order. Underlying the current revolution is the theoretical assumption that the insensitivity of readers to letter order reflects the (...)
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  3.  62
    The Haecceitic Euthyphro Problem.Jason Bowers & Meg Wallace - 2018 - Analysis 78 (1):13-22.
    Haecceitism is the thesis that, necessarily, in addition to its qualities, each thing has a haecceity or individual essence. The purpose of this paper is to expose a flaw in haecceitism: it entails that familiar cases of fission and fusion either admit of no explanation or else only admit of explanations too bizarre to warrant serious consideration. Because the explanatory problem we raise for haecceitism closely resembles the Euthyphro problem for divine command theory, we refer to our objection as the (...)
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  4.  3
    On the Biological Plausibility of Grandmother Cells: Implications for Neural Network Theories in Psychology and Neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (1):220-251.
  5.  6
    Neural Networks Learn Highly Selective Representations in Order to Overcome the Superposition Catastrophe.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):248-261.
  6.  20
    Parallel Distributed Processing Theory in the Age of Deep Networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (12):950-961.
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  7.  8
    Interfering Neighbours: The Impact of Novel Word Learning on the Identification of Visually Similar Words.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Colin J. Davis & Derek A. Hanley - 2005 - Cognition 97 (3):B45-B54.
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  8.  8
    Why Do Some Neurons in Cortex Respond to Information in a Selective Manner? Insights From Artificial Neural Networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2016 - Cognition 148:47-63.
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  9.  5
    Learning Representations of Wordforms With Recurrent Networks: Comment on Sibley, Kello, Plaut, & Elman (2008).Jeffrey S. Bowers & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (7):1183-1186.
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  10.  3
    A Fundamental Limitation of the Conjunctive Codes Learned in PDP Models of Cognition: Comment on Botvinick and Plaut.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):986-995.
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  11. Intention, Awareness, and Implicit Memory: The Retrieval Intentionality Criterion.Daniel L. Schacter, J. Bowers & J. Booker - 1989 - In S. Lewandowsky, J. M. Dunn & K. Kirsner (eds.), Implicit Memory: Theoretical Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  12. Priming is Not All Bias: Commentary on Ratcliff and McKoon.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):582-596.
  13.  13
    Age-of-Acquisition Effects in Visual Word Recognition: Evidence From Expert Vocabularies.Hans Stadthagen-Gonzalez, Jeffrey S. Bowers & Markus F. Damian - 2004 - Cognition 93 (1):B11-B26.
  14.  19
    A Simple Dialogue.Jason Bowers - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):122-128.
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  15.  11
    Neither Mereology nor Magic, but Teleology.Jason Bowers - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (2):177-195.
    Contemporary theories of universals have two things in common: first, they are unable to account for necessary connections between universals that form a structure. Second, they leave teleology out of their accounts of instantiation. These facts are not unrelated; the reason why contemporary theories have such trouble is they neglect the ancient idea that universals are ends at which nature aims. If we want a working theory of universals, however, we must return to this idea. Despite its unpopularity among realists, (...)
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  16. Postscript: More Problems with Botvinick and Plaut’s PDP Model of Short-Term Memory.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):995-997.
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  17.  36
    Is Speech Perception Modular or Interactive?Jeffrey S. Bowers & Colin J. Davis - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):3-5.
  18. Grossberg and Colleagues Solved the Hyperonym Problem Over a Decade Ago.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):38-39.
    Levelt et al. describe a model of speech production in which lemma access is achieved via input from nondecompositional conceptual representations. They claim that existing decompositional theories are unable to account for lexical retrieval because of the so-called hyperonym problem. However, existing decompositional models have solved a formally equivalent problem.
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  19.  13
    Converging Methods for Understanding Reading and Dyslexia.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):476.
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  20.  18
    Radical Constructivism: A Theory of Individual and Collective Change?J. Bowers, J. Gruver & V. Trang - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (3):310-312.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Constructing Constructivism” by Hugh Gash. Upshot: Gash’s retrospective analysis suggests a number of different roles for RC over the past thirty years. We outline three of these roles and then conduct a thought experiment to argue that while RC itself could be seen as a living theory that accommodates new ideas, its strongest contributions remain when it stays true to its roots and serves as a milestone along the path of educational paradigm shifts.
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  21.  6
    Adjectives and Adverbs in English.John S. Bowers - 1975 - Foundations of Language 13 (4):529-562.
  22.  12
    Position-Invariant Letter Identification is a Key Component of Any Universal Model of Reading.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):281-282.
    A universal property of visual word identification is position-invariant letter identification, such that the letter is coded in the same way in CAT and ACT. This should provide a fundamental constraint on theories of word identification, and, indeed, it inspired some of the theories that Frost has criticized. I show how the spatial coding scheme of Colin Davis can, in principle, account for contrasting transposed letter priming effects, and at the same time, position-invariant letter identification.
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  23.  22
    Further Arguments in Support of Localist Coding in Connectionist Networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):471-471.
    Two additional sources of evidence are provided in support of localist coding within connectionist networks. First, only models with localist codes can currently represent multiple pieces of information simultaneously or represent order among a set of items on-line. Second, recent priming data appear problematic for theories that rely on distributed representations. However, a faulty argument advanced by Page is also pointed out.
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  24.  6
    Documenting the Learning Process From a Constructionist Perspective.J. Bowers - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (3):348-349.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Elementary Students’ Construction of Geometric Transformation Reasoning in a Dynamic Animation Environment” by Alan Maloney. Upshot: This commentary assumes a constructionist perspective to discuss the choice of methods, conclusions and design goals that Panorkou and Maloney make in their study of students’ activities with the Graph ’n Glyphs microworld.
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  25. Derek Pearsall, John Lydgate (1371–1449): A Bio-Bibliography. (English Literary Studies, Monograph Series, 71.) Victoria, B.C.: English Literary Studies, University of Victoria, 1997. Paper. Pp. 92. $9.50. [REVIEW]John M. Bowers - 1998 - Speculum 73 (4):1160-1161.
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  26.  4
    The Siege of ThebesJohn Lydgate Robert R. Edwards.John M. Bowers - 2003 - Speculum 78 (3):949-950.
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  27.  5
    More Varieties of Bayesian Theories, but No Enlightenment.Jeffrey S. Bowers & Colin J. Davis - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):193-194.
    We argue that Bayesian models are best categorized as methodological or theoretical. That is, models are used as tools to constrain theories, with no commitment to the processes that mediate cognition, or models are intended to approximate the underlying algorithmic solutions. We argue that both approaches are flawed, and that the Enlightened Bayesian approach is unlikely to help.
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  28.  11
    The Visual Categories for Letters and Words Reside Outside Any Informationally Encapsulated Perceptual System.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):368-369.
    According to Pylyshyn, the early visual system is able to categorize perceptual inputs into shape classes based on visual similarity criteria; it is also suggested that written words may be categorized within early vision. This speculation is contradicted by the fact that visually unrelated exemplars of a given letter (e.g., a/A) or word (e.g., read/READ) map onto common visual categories.
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  29.  6
    How Do Forward Models Work? And Why Would You Want Them?Jeffrey Bowers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):349-350.
    The project of coordinating perception, comprehension, and motor control is an exciting one, but I found it hard to follow some of Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) arguments as presented. Consequently, my comment is not so much a disagreement with P&G but a query about the logic of forward models: It is not clear how they are supposed to work, nor why they are needed in this (or many other) contexts, and toward that end I present an alternative idea.
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  30.  3
    The Practical and Principled Problems With Educational Neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  31. Peggy A. Knapp, Time-Bound Words: Semantic and Social Economies From Chaucer's England to Shakespeare's. London: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. Pp. Vii, 224. $59.95. [REVIEW]John M. Bowers - 2002 - Speculum 77 (3):941-943.
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  32.  4
    John Lydgate, The Siege of Thebes, Ed. Robert R. Edwards. Kalamazoo, Mich.: Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, for TEAMS in Association with the University of Rochester, 2001. Paper. Pp. X, 190. [REVIEW]John M. Bowers - 2003 - Speculum 78 (3):949-950.
  33.  2
    John Lydgate : A Bio-Bibliography.Derek Pearsall.John M. Bowers - 1998 - Speculum 73 (4):1160-1161.
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  34.  2
    Time-Bound Words: Semantic and Social Economies From Chaucer's England to Shakespeare's. Peggy A. Knapp.John M. Bowers - 2002 - Speculum 77 (3):941-943.
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  35.  2
    Paul Strohm, Theory and the Premodern Text. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2000. Pp. Xvi, 271; 1 Chart. $42.95 ; $16.95. [REVIEW]John M. Bowers - 2003 - Speculum 78 (3):1003-1005.
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  36.  1
    Theory and the Premodern TextPaul Strohm.John M. Bowers - 2003 - Speculum 78 (3):1003-1005.
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  37.  1
    More on Grandmother Cells and the Biological Implausibility of PDP Models of Cognition: A Reply to Plaut and McClelland and Quian Quiroga and Kreiman.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):300-306.
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  38.  1
    Engelbert Kaempfer's First Report of the Torpedo Fish of the Persian Gulf in the Late Seventeenth Century.RobertW Carrubba & JohnZ Bowers - 1982 - Journal of the History of Biology 15 (2):263 - 274.
  39. Postscript: Some Final Thoughts on Grandmother Cells, Distributed Representations, and PDP Models of Cognition.Jeffrey Bowers - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):306-308.
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  40. Terrence M. Barnhardt.Jennifer Dorfman Bowers, Elizabeth Glisky, Martha Glisky, Lori Marchese, Susan McGovern, Sheila Mulvaney, Robin Pennington, Michael Polster, Barbara Routhieux & Victor Shames - 1993 - In Daniel M. Wegner & J. Pennebaker (eds.), Handbook of Mental Control. Prentice-Hall.
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