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Jason Bridges [23]John Henry Bridges [16]J. W. Bridges [4]James W. Bridges [4]
J. Thomas Bridges [2]J. Bridges [2]J. H. Bridges [1]John Howell Bridges [1]

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Jason Bridges
University of Chicago
  1. Rule-Following Skepticism, Properly So Called.Jason Bridges - 2014 - In Andrea Kern & James Conant (eds.), Varieties of Skepticism: Essays After Kant, Wittgenstein, and Cavell. De Gruyter. pp. 249-288.
  2. Rationality, Normativity, and Transparency.Jason Bridges - 2009 - Mind 118 (470):353-367.
    Although in everyday life and thought we take for granted that there are norms of rationality, their existence presents severe philosophical problems. Kolodny (2005) is thus moved to deny that rationality is normative. But this denial is not itself unproblematic, and I argue that Kolodny's defence of it—particularly his Transparency Account, which aims to explain why rationality appears to be normative even though it is not—is unsuccessful.
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  3. Davidson’s Transcendental Externalism.Jason Bridges - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):290-315.
    One of the chief aims of Donald Davidson's later work was to show that participation in a certain causal nexus involving two creatures and a shared environment–Davidson calls this nexus “triangulation”–is a metaphysically necessary condition for the acquisition of thought. This doctrine, I suggest, is aptly regarded as a form of what I call transcendental externalism. I extract two arguments for the transcendental-externalist doctrine from Davidson's writings, and argue that neither succeeds. A central interpretive claim is that the arguments are (...)
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  4. The Search for the "Essence of Human Language" in Wittgenstein and Davidson.Jason Bridges - forthcoming - In Claudine Verheggen (ed.), Wittgenstein and Davidson on Language, Thought and Action. cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 139-158.
    This paper offers an interpretation of the later Wittgenstein's handling of the idea of an "essence of human language", and examines in particular his treatment of the 'Augustinean' vision of reference as constituting this "essence". A central theme of the interpretation is the perennial philosophical desire to impose upon linguistic meaning conceptual templates drawn from outside the forms of thought about meaning in which we engage when we exercise our capacity to speak and understand a language. The paper closes with (...)
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  5.  11
    Knowledge and Presuppositions.Jason Bridges - 2017 - Analysis 77 (2):473-476.
    © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comMichael Blome-Tillmann’s Knowledge and Presuppositions proposes and defends a novel form of epistemological contextualism. As the title would suggest, the view’s novelty lies in its deployment of the pragmatic-theoretic concept of a conversational presupposition to delineate a role for context in shaping the meaning of our knowledge claims. Over the course of six dense, argument-filled chapters, Blome-Tillmann brings his (...)
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  6.  9
    Epistemic Contextualism: A Defense By Peter Baumann.Jason Bridges - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):378-381.
    Epistemic Contextualism: A Defense By BaumannPeterOxford University Press, 2017. x + 266 pp.
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  7.  73
    Meaning and Understanding.Jason Bridges - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 375-389.
    Explores the central role in Wittgenstein's later work of his opposition to a 'mechanistic' conception of understanding. Offers a diagnosis of Kripke's skeptical paradox on this basis.
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  8.  12
    Davidson’s Transcendental Externalism.Jason Bridges - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):290-315.
    One of the chief aims of Donald Davidson' s later work was to show that participation in a certain causal nexus involving two creatures and a shared environment-Davidson calls this nexus "triangulation"-is a metaphysically necessary condition for the acquisition of thought. This doctrine, I suggest, is aptly regarded as a form of what I call transcendental externalism. I extract two arguments for the transcendental-extemalist doctrine from Davidson's writings, and argue that neither succeeds. A central interpretive claim is that the arguments (...)
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  9.  99
    Dispositions and Rational Explanation.Jason Bridges - 2011 - In Jason Bridges Niko Kolodny & Wai-Hung Wong (eds.), The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud. Oxford University Press.
    Some philosophers hold that rational explanations­—explanations of people’s attitudes and actions that cite their reasons for forming these attitudes or performing these actions—are dispositional. The hold that rational explanations do their explanatory work by representing these attitudes and actions as the product of dispositions on the part of the subject. I challenge arguments to this effect by Barry Stroud and Michael Smith. And I argue that human beings do not possess, and could not possess, the dispositions required for the dispositionalist (...)
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  10.  62
    The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud.Jason Bridges, Niko Kolodny & Wai-Hung Wong (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Barry Stroud's work has had a profound impact on a very wide array of philosophical topics, but there has heretofore been no book-length treatment of his work. The current collection aims to redress this gap, with 13 essays on Stroud's work, all but one new to this volume.
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  11. Does Informational Semantics Commit Euthyphro's Fallacy?Jason Bridges - 2006 - Noûs 40 (3):522-547.
    In this paper, I argue that informational semantics, the most well-known and worked-out naturalistic account of intentional content, conflicts with a fundamental psychological principle about the conditions of belief-formation. Since this principle is an important premise in the argument for informational semantics, the upshot is that the view is self-contradictory??indeed, it turns out to be guilty of a sophisticated version of the fallacy famously committed by Euthyphro in the eponymous Platonic dialogue. Criticisms of naturalistic accounts of content typically proceed piecemeal (...)
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  12. The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Essays for Barry Stroud.W. Wong, N. Kolodny & J. Bridges (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    I argue that the contextualist anti-skeptical strategy fails because it misconstrues skepticism by overlooking two important aspects of skepticism: first, all of our knowledge of the external world is brought into question at one fell swoop; second, skepticism depends on certain ideas about sense-perception and its role in our knowledge of the world. Contextualists may have solved ‘the skeptical paradox’ in their own terms, but such a solution cannot in any way make skepticism less threatening to human knowledge or to (...)
     
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  13. Review: The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality. [REVIEW]Jason Bridges - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1083-1088.
  14. The Philosophy of Animal Minds * Edited by ROBERT W. LURZ.J. Bridges - 2012 - Analysis 72 (3):625-627.
  15. Wittgenstein Vs Contextualism.Jason Bridges - 2010 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
    A critique of attempts by Charles Travis and others to read contextualism back into Philosophical Investigations. The central interpretive claim is that this reading is not only unsupported; it gets Wittgenstein's intent, in the parts of the text at issue, precisely backwards. The focus of the chapter is on Wittgenstein's treatment of explanation, understanding, proper names, and family-resemblance concepts.
     
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  16.  6
    Teleofunctionalism and Psychological Explanation.Jason Bridges - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):403-421.
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  17. Teleofunctionalism and Psychological Explanation.Jason Bridges - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 28 (September):359-372.
    Fred Dretske’s teleofunctional theory of content aims to simultaneously solve two ground-floor philosophical puzzles about mental content: the problem of naturalism and the problem of epiphenomenalism. It is argued here that his theory fails on the latter score. Indeed, the theory insures that content can have no place in the causal explanation of action at all. The argument for this conclusion depends upon only very weak premises about the nature of causal explanation. The difficulties Dretske’s theory encounters indicate the severe (...)
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  18.  7
    A Moderate-Realist Perspective on God and Abstract Objects.J. Thomas Bridges - 2015 - Philosophia Christi 17 (2):277-283.
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  19.  69
    Context and Use.Jason Bridges - 2012 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 18 (1):133-142.
  20.  89
    Pulling Semantic Contextualism Out by its Roots.Jason Bridges - manuscript
  21.  20
    Knowledge and Presuppositions By Michael Blome-Tillmann.Jason Bridges - forthcoming - Analysis:anx026.
    Knowledge and presuppositions By Blome-TillmannMichaelOxford University Press, 2014. xii + 198 pp. £35.00.
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  22.  13
    Skepticism and Beyond.Jason Bridges - 2016 - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research (14):76-99.
    A sympathetic exegesis of themes in Barry Stroud's later writings, with a particular emphasis on the role of a certain conception of "perceptual experience" in generating the skeptical challenge to our knowledge of the external world. The resultant morals are brought to bear on John McDowell's evolving account of the role of contentful "experiences" in providing for empirical thought. For Stroud's response to this essay (and others) see: http://philosophicalskepticism.org/skepsis/numero-14/.
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  23.  3
    Response to Van Inwagen and Craig.J. Thomas Bridges - 2015 - Philosophia Christi 17 (2):307-312.
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  24. Wittgenstein Vs. Semantic Contextualism.Jason Bridges - manuscript
    Semantic contextualism is a view about the meanings of utterances. The relevant notion of meaning is that of what is said by an utterance, as it is sometimes put, of the content of the utterance. Semantic contextualism (which I will henceforth simply label “contextualism”) holds that the content of an utterance is shaped in far-reaching and unobvious ways by the circumstances, the context, in which it is uttered. Two utterances of the same sentence might vary in content as a result (...)
     
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  25.  10
    The Relation of Intelligence to Social Status.James W. Bridges & E. Coler Lillian - 1917 - Psychological Review 24 (1):1-31.
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  26.  28
    Review of Richard Gaskin, Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism[REVIEW]Jason Bridges - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
  27.  10
    Barber, Michael. The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011. $69.95 Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten, Ed. Inception and Philosophy: Ideas to Die For. Chicago: Open Court, 2011. $19.95 Pb. Bouchard, Larry D. Theater and Integrity: Emptying Selves in Drama, Ethics, and Religion. Evanston: North. [REVIEW]Jason Bridges, Mik Kolodyny & Wai-Hung Wong - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  28.  18
    Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies.J. W. Bridges - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9 (3):57-65.
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  29.  5
    The Correlation Between Interests and Abilities in College Courses.James W. Bridges & Verona M. Dollinger - 1920 - Psychological Review 27 (4):308-314.
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  30.  4
    Personality as a Work of Art.J. W. Bridges - 1945 - Psychological Review 52 (6):320-323.
  31.  3
    A Point Scale for Measuring Mental Ability.Robert M. Yerkes, James W. Bridges & Rose S. Hardwick - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (12):330-333.
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  32.  1
    Theories of Temperament: An Attempt at Reconciliation.J. W. Bridges - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (1):36-44.
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  33. A General View of Positivism.J. H. Bridges (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In A General View of Positivism French philosopher Auguste Comte gives an overview of his social philosophy known as Positivism. Comte, credited with coining the term 'sociology' and one of the first to argue for it as a science, is concerned with reform, progress and the problem of social order in society. In this English edition of the work, published in 1865, he addresses the practical problems of implementing his philosophy or doctrine, as he also refers to Positivism, into society. (...)
     
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  34. Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies.J. W. Bridges - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):57.
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  35. Essays and Addresses.John Henry Bridges & Frederic Harrison - 1907 - Chapman & Hall.
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  36.  3
    Illustrations of Positivism.John Henry Bridges - 1915 - New York: B. Franklin.
    CHAPTER I1 BIOLOGY i BICHAT" Six months have passed since the centenary of the death of Bichat, which took place, in his thirty-first year, on July 22, ...
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  37. Illustrations of Positivism, a Selection of Articles From the 'Positivist Review', Ed. By E.S. Beesly.John Henry Bridges & H. Gordon Jones - 1915
     
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  38. Kolodny on the Normativity of Rationality.Jason Bridges - manuscript
    Although in everyday life and thought we take for granted that there are norms of rationality, their existence presents severe philosophical problems. Kolodny (2005) is thus moved to deny that rationality is normative. But this denial is not itself unproblematic, and I argue that Kolodny’s defense of it—especially his Transparency Account, which aims to explain why rationality appears to be normative even though it isn’t—is unsuccessful. I close with a sketch of an alternative proposal, one that provides for a genuine (...)
     
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  39. The Life & Work of Roger Bacon: An Introduction to the Opus Majus.John Henry Bridges - 1914 - Richwood Pub. Co..
  40. The Life & Work of Roger Bacon, Ed. By H.G. Jones.John Henry Bridges & H. Gordon Jones - 1914
     
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