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John W. Carroll
North Carolina State University
John W. Carroll
North Carolina State University
John Carroll
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  1.  34
    Dispositions. [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):82-84.
    With the possible exception of causation, disposition concepts are as prevalent in ordinary thought as any of the nomic concepts. Progress on their nature has been hard to come by. No doubt the difficulty of saying anything illuminating and suitably general about their nature is a function of their pervasiveness.
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  2.  16
    From an Ontological Point of View.John W. Carroll - 2003 - Philosophical Review 115 (1):127-131.
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  3. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that emperically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
     
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  4. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that emperically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
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  5. Language, Thought and Reality.Benjamin Lee Whorf, John B. Carroll & Stuart Chase - 1956 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 11 (4):695-695.
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  6. Anti-Reductionism.John Carroll - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
    showing what makes causal facts both true and accessible enough for us to have the knowledge of them that we ordinarily take ourselves to have. Some current approaches to analyzing causation were once resisted. First, analyses that use the counterfactual conditional were viewed with suspicion because philosophers also sought (and still do seek) similar understanding of counterfactual facts. Since the same can be said for the other nomic concepts--causation, lawhood, explanation, chance, dispositions, and their conceptual kin--philosophy demonstrated a preference for (...)
     
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  7.  55
    Natural Laws in Scientific Practice.John W. Carroll - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):240-245.
    This is a review of Marc Lange's _Natural Laws in Scientific Practice<D>.
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  8. Laws of Nature.John Carroll - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):603-609.
     
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  9.  15
    The Emerging Science of Virtue.Blaine Fowers, Bradford Cokelet, Jason Carroll & Nathan Leonhardt - 2020 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:1-30.
    Abstract: Numerous scholars have claimed that positive ethical traits such as virtues are important in human psychology and behavior. Psychologists have begun to test these claims. The scores of studies on virtue do not yet constitute a mature science of virtue because of unresolved theoretical and methods challenges. In this article, we addressed those challenges by clarifying how virtue research relates to prosocial behavior, positive psychology, and personality psychology and does not run afoul of the fact–value distinction. We propose the (...)
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  10. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that emperically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
     
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  11. An Introduction to Metaphysics.John W. Carroll & Ned Markosian - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an accessible introduction to the central themes of contemporary metaphysics. It carefully considers accounts of causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, personal identity, mental states, time, material objects, and properties, while inviting students to reflect on metaphysical problems. The philosophical questions discussed include: What makes it the case that one event causes another event? What are material objects? Given that material objects exist, do such things as properties exist? What makes it the case that a person (...)
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  12. Nailed to Hume's Cross?John Carroll - 2008 - In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 67--81.
    Some scientists try to discover and report laws of nature. And, they do so with success. There are many principles that were for a long time thought to be laws that turned out to be useful approximations, like Newton’s gravitational principle. There are others that were thought to be laws and still are considered laws, like Einstein’s principle that no signals travel faster than light. Laws of nature are not just important to scientists. They are also of great interest to (...)
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  13. Readings on Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll (ed.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    As a subject of inquiry, laws of nature exist in the overlap between metaphysics and the philosophy of science. Over the past three decades, this area of study has become increasingly central to the philosophy of science. It also has relevance to a variety of topics in metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and epistemology. Readings on Laws of Nature is the first anthology to offer a contemporary history of the problem of laws. The book is organized around three (...)
     
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  14.  19
    Ethical Oversight in Quality Improvement and Quality Improvement Research: New Approaches to Promote a Learning Health Care System.Kevin Fiscella, Jonathan N. Tobin, Jennifer K. Carroll, Hua He & Gbenga Ogedegbe - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):63.
    Institutional review boards distinguish health care quality improvement and health care quality improvement research based primarily on the rigor of the methods used and the purported generalizability of the knowledge gained. Neither of these criteria holds up upon scrutiny. Rather, this apparently false dichotomy may foster under-protection of participants in QI projects and over-protection of participants within QIR.
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  15.  64
    Instantaneous Motion.John W. Carroll - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (1):49 - 67.
    There is a longstanding definition of instantaneous velocity. It saysthat the velocity at t 0 of an object moving along a coordinate line is r if and only if the value of the first derivative of the object's position function at t 0 is r. The goal of this paper is to determine to what extent this definition successfully underpins a standard account of motion at an instant. Counterexamples proposed by Michael Tooley (1988) and also by John Bigelow and Robert (...)
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  16. The Humean Tradition.John Carroll - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):185-219.
  17.  56
    Pediatric Do-Not-Attempt-Resuscitation Orders and Public Schools: A National Assessment of Policies and Laws.Michael B. Kimberly, Amanda L. Forte, Jean M. Carroll & Chris Feudtner - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):59 – 65.
    Some children living with life-shortening medical conditions may wish to attend school without the threat of having resuscitation attempted in the event of cardiopulmonary arrest on the school premises. Despite recent attention to in-school do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) orders, no assessment of state laws or school policies has yet been made. We therefore sought to survey a national sample of prominent school districts and situate their policies in the context of relevant state laws. Most (80%) school districts sampled did not have policies, (...)
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  18.  6
    Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):483-486.
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  19.  48
    Context, Conditionals, Fatalism, Time Travel, and Freedom.John Carroll - 2010 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry Silverstein (eds.), Time and Identity. MIT Press. pp. 79.
    This chapter illustrates a theory that describes how certain modal statements, including counterfactual sentences, are dependent on context. Building on the work of Robert Stalnaker and David Lewis, its application to a familiar argument for fatalism and a recent exchange about time-traveler freedom between Kadri Vihvelin and Ted Sider is considered. This chapter presents a new perspective on the flaws and the seductiveness of both the fatalist argument and the freedom paradox. This new perspective may be applied to arguments for (...)
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  20.  16
    In Defense of Strict Compliance as a Modeling Assumption.Jeffrey Carroll - 2020 - Social Theory and Practice 46 (3):441-466.
    Rawlsian ideal theory has as its foundational assumption strict compliance with the principles of justice. Whereas Rawls employed strict compliance for his particular positive purpose, I defend the more general methodological point that strict compliance can be a permissible modeling assumption. Strict compliance can be assumed in a model that determines the most just set of principles, but such a model, while informative, is not straightforwardly action-guiding. I construct such a model and defend it against influential contemporary criticisms of models (...)
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  21. Self Visitation, Traveler Time, and Compatible Properties.John W. Carroll - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):359-370.
    Ted Sider aptly and concisely states the self-visitation paradox thus: 'Suppose I travel back in time and stand in a room with my sitting 10-year-old self. I seem to be both sitting and standing, but how can that be?' (2001, 101). I will explore a relativist resolution of this paradox offered by, or on behalf of, endurantists.1 It maintains that the sitting and the standing are relative to the personal time or proper time of the time traveler and is intended (...)
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  22. Laws of Nature: Essays on the Philosophical, Scientific and Historical Dimensions. [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):625-627.
  23.  53
    Evolution and Literary Theory.Joseph Carroll - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (2):119-134.
    Presupposing that all knowledge is the study of a unitary order of nature, the author maintains that the study of literature should be included within the larger field of evolutionary theory. He outlines four elementary concepts in evolutionary theory, and he argues that these concepts should regulate our understanding of literature. On the basis of these concepts, he repudiates the antirealist and irrationalist views that, under the aegis of “poststructuralism,” have dominated academic literary studies for the past two decades. He (...)
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  24. Book Review: Early Narrative Chrlstology: The Lord In the Gospel of LukeEarly Narrative Chrlstology: The Lord In the Gospel of LukebyRoweC. KavinBaker Academic, Grand Rapids, 2009. 304 Pp. $39.99. ISBN 978-0-8010-3591-3. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (2):203-204.
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  25. Book Review: Spiritual Landscape: Images of the Spiritual Life in the Gospel of LukeSpiritual Landscape: Images of the Spiritual Life in the Gospel of Luke by ResseguieJames L.Hendrickson, Peabody, Mass., 2004. 195 Pp., $ 19.95. ISBN 1-56563-827-1. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (2):228-230.
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  26. Book Review: Many Things in Parables: Jesus and His Modern CriticsMany Things in Parables: Jesus and His Modern Critics by HedrickCharles W.Westminister John Knox, Louisville, Ky., 2004. 142 Pp., $ 19.95. ISBN 0-664-22427-X. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (1):104-104.
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  27. Ontology and the Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):261 – 276.
    An argument for realism (i.E., The ontological thesis that there exist universals) has emerged in the writings of david armstrong, Fred dretske, And michael tooley. These authors have persuasively argued against traditional reductive accounts of laws and nature. The failure of traditional reductive accounts leads all three authors to opt for a non-Traditional reductive account of laws which requires the existence of universals. In other words, These authors have opted for accounts of laws which (together with the fact that there (...)
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  28.  98
    Book Review: Fracture: The Cross as Irreconcilable in the Language and Thought of the Biblical WritersFracture: The Cross as Irreconcilable in the Language and Thought of the Biblical WritersbyHarrisvilleRoy A.Eerdmans, Grand Rapids. 2006. 310 Pp $20 00 ISBN 978-0-8028-3308-2. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (4):455-455.
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  29.  12
    Personalized Medicine and Genome-Based Treatments: Why Personalized Medicine ≠ Individualized Treatments.S. Nicholls, B. Wilson, D. Castle, H. Etchegary & J. Carroll - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (4):135-144.
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  30.  9
    Causation and Universals (Review). [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):1001-1004.
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  31.  11
    William James and 18th-Century Anthropology.Jerome Carroll - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):3-20.
  32. The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency.John W. Carroll - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by raising several new (...)
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  33. Aestheticism, Homoeroticism, and Christian Guilt in The Picture of Dorian Gray.Joseph Carroll - 2005 - Philosophy and Literature 29 (2):286-304.
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  34. Maximal R.E. Equivalence Relations.Jeffrey S. Carroll - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1048-1058.
    The lattice of r.e. equivalence relations has not been carefully examined even though r.e. equivalence relations have proved useful in logic. A maximal r.e. equivalence relation has the expected lattice theoretic definition. It is proved that, in every pair of r.e. nonrecursive Turing degrees, there exist maximal r.e. equivalence relations which intersect trivially. This is, so far, unique among r.e. submodel lattices.
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  35. Counterfactuals All the Way Down?: Marc Lange: Laws and Lawmakers: Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009, 280 Pp, $99 HB, $24.95 PB.Jim Woodward, Barry Loewer, John W. Carroll & Marc Lange - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):27-52.
    Counterfactuals all the way down? Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9437-9 Authors Jim Woodward, History and Philosophy of Science, 1017 Cathedral of Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA Barry Loewer, Department of Philosophy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA John W. Carroll, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8103, USA Marc Lange, Department of Philosophy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#3125—Caldwell Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3125, USA Journal Metascience Online (...)
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  36. Reply to Peter Murphy.John Carroll - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 41 (1):128-129.
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  37.  72
    Book Review: Luke, Judaism, and the Scholars: Critical Approaches to Luke-ActsLuke, Judaism, and the Scholars: Critical Approaches to Luke-ActsbyTysonJoseph B.University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, 1999. 196 Pp. $29.95 . ISBN 1-57003-334-X. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (2):200-200.
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  38. John T. Roberts: The Law-Governed Universe. [REVIEW]J. W. Carroll - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (4):895-901.
  39.  11
    The Two Dams and That Damned Paresis.J. Carroll - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (1):65-81.
    Philosophers of science take it as a datum that Mayor John's having syphilis explains why he, rather than certain nonsyphilitics, had paresis. Using a new hypothetical example, the case of the two dams, it is argued that three independent considerations invalidate these philosophers' starting point.
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  40. An Unstable Eliminativism.John W. Carroll & William R. Carter - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (1):1–17.
    In his book Objects and Persons, Trenton Merricks has reoriented and fine-tuned an argument from the philosophy of mind to support a selective eliminativism about macroscopic objects.1 The argument turns on a rejection of systematic causal overdetermination and the conviction that microscopic things do the causal work that is attributed to a great many (though not all) macroscopic things. We will argue that Merricks’ argument fails to establish his selective eliminativism.
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  41. Review of Alexander Bird, Nature's Metaphysics. [REVIEW]J. W. Carroll - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  42.  89
    Lipton on Compatible Contrasts.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):170–178.
  43. Review: Laws in Nature. [REVIEW]J. W. Carroll - 2006 - Mind 115 (459):780-784.
  44.  89
    English Riots, 2011 Two Comments.John Carroll - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 109 (1):24-28.
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  45.  12
    The Ethics of Isolation for Patients With Tuberculosis in Australia.Jane Carroll - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (1):153-155.
    This case study examines the ethical dimensions of isolation for patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Australia. It seeks to explore the issues of resource allocation, liberty, and public safety for wider consideration and discussion.
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  46. The Cuckoo's History: Human Nature in Wuthering Heights.Joseph Carroll - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (2):pp. 241-257.
    Wuthering Heights has proved exceptionally elusive to interpretation. By foregrounding the idea of human nature, Darwinian literary theory provides a framework within which we can assimilate previous insights about Wuthering Heights , delineate the norms Brontë shares with her projected audience, analyze her divided impulses, and explain the generic forms in which those impulses manifest themselves. Brontë herself presupposes a folk understanding of human nature in her audience. Evolutionary psychology converges with that folk understanding but provides explanations that are broader (...)
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  47.  40
    Clinical Obligations and Public Health Programmes: Healthcare Provider Reasoning About Managing the Incidental Results of Newborn Screening.F. A. Miller, R. Z. Hayeems, Y. Bombard, J. Little, J. C. Carroll, B. Wilson, J. Allanson, M. Paynter, J. P. Bytautas, R. Christensen & P. Chakraborty - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (10):626-634.
    Background: Expanded newborn screening generates incidental results, notably carrier results. Yet newborn screening programmes typically restrict parental choice regarding receipt of this non-health serving genetic information. Healthcare providers play a key role in educating families or caring for screened infants and have strong beliefs about the management of incidental results. Methods: To inform policy on disclosure of infant sickle cell disorder (SCD) carrier results, a mixed-methods study of healthcare providers was conducted in Ontario, Canada, to understand attitudes regarding result management (...)
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  48. The Art of Education.John Carroll - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 100 (1):31-36.
  49.  43
    Steven Pinker's Cheesecake for the Mind.Joseph Carroll - 1998 - Philosophy and Literature 22 (2):478-485.
  50.  8
    What Are the Pragmatics of Explanation?John W. Carroll - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (3):337-357.
    An enticing view about explanation consists of two theses. First, there is the Relevance Thesis, the thesis that the truth of explanation sentences depends on a contextually selected relevance relation. The idea is that whether an utterance is true depends on what factors the context counts as relevant. Second, there is the Contrastivity Thesis, the thesis that the truth of explanation sentences depends on a contextually determined contrastive focus. This metalinguistic view is enticing, and elements of it have been defended (...)
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