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  1. Rationalization in Philosophical and Moral Thought.Eric Schwitzgebel & Jonathan Ellis - 2017 - In Jean-François Bonnefon & Bastien Trémolière (eds.), Moral Inferences. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Rationalization, in our intended sense of the term, occurs when a person favors a particular conclusion as a result of some factor (such as self-interest) that is of little justificatory epistemic relevance, if that factor then biases the person’s subsequent search for, and assessment of, potential justifications for the conclusion. Empirical evidence suggests that rationalization is common in people’s moral and philosophical thought. We argue that it is likely that the moral and philosophical thought of philosophers and moral psychologists is (...)
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  2.  46
    The Einstellung effect in anagram problem solving: evidence from eye movements.Jessica J. Ellis & Eyal M. Reingold - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  3.  33
    Eye movements reveal solution knowledge prior to insight.Jessica J. Ellis, Mackenzie G. Glaholt & Eyal M. Reingold - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):768-776.
    In two experiments, participants solved anagram problems while their eye movements were monitored. Each problem consisted of a circular array of five letters: a scrambled four-letter solution word containing three consonants and one vowel, and an additional randomly-placed distractor consonant. Viewing times on the distractor consonant compared to the solution consonants provided an online measure of knowledge of the solution. Viewing times on the distractor consonant and the solution consonants were indistinguishable early in the trial. In contrast, several seconds prior (...)
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  4. Motivated reasoning and the ethics of belief.Jon Ellis - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12828.
    In recent years, motivated reasoning has received significant attention across numerous areas of philosophy, including political philosophy, social philosophy, epistemology, moral psychology, philosophy of science, even metaphysics. At the heart of much of this interest is the idea that motivated reasoning (e.g., rationalization, wishful thinking, and self‐deception) is problematic, that it runs afoul of epistemic normativity, or is otherwise irrational. Is motivated reasoning epistemically problematic? Is it always? When it is, what is the nature of the violation? Philosophical projects on (...)
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  5.  13
    Language and Materialism: Developments in Semiology and the Theory of the Subject.Rosalind Coward & John Ellis - 1977 - Routledge.
    Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Original Title -- Original Copyright -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- 1 The philosophical context -- 2 Structuralism -- 3 Semiology as a science of signs -- 4 S/Z -- 5 Marxism, language, and ideology -- 6 On the subject of Lacan -- 7 The critique of the sign -- 8 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Index.
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  6.  32
    Art expertise modulates the emotional response to modern art, especially abstract: an ERP investigation.Jane E. Else, Jason Ellis & Elizabeth Orme - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  7. Integrating the history and nature of science and technology in science and social studies curriculum.Rodger W. Bybee, Janet C. Powell, James D. Ellis, James R. Giese, Lynn Parisi & Laurel Singleton - 1990 - Science Education 75 (1):143-155.
  8.  38
    Context, indexicals and the sorites.Jonathan Ellis - 2004 - Analysis 64 (4):362-364.
    I defend contextualist solutions to the sorites paradox (according to which solutions vague terms are indexicals) from a recent objection raised by Jason Stanley. Stanley's argument depends on the claim that indexical expressions always have invariant interpretations in "Verb Phrase" ellipsis. I argue that this claim is false.
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  9. On the Concept of a Game.Jonathan Ellis - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (4):381-392.
    Thomas Hurka writes, “an anti-theoretical position is properly open only to those who have made a serious effort to theorize a given domain and found that it cannot succeed. Anti-theorists who do not make this effort are simply being lazy, like Wittgenstein himself. His central example of a concept that cannot be given a unifying analysis was that of a game, but in one of the great underappreciated books of the twentieth century Bernard Suits gives perfectly persuasive necessary and sufficient (...)
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  10. Phenomenal character, phenomenal concepts, and externalism.Jonathan Ellis - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):273 - 299.
    A celebrated problem for representationalist theories of phenomenal character is that, given externalism about content, these theories lead to externalism about phenomenal character. While externalism about content is widely accepted, externalism about phenomenal character strikes many philosophers as wildly implausible. Even if internally identical individuals could have different thoughts, it is said, if one of them has a headache, or a tingly sensation, so must the other. In this paper, I argue that recent work on phenomenal concepts reveals that, contrary (...)
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  11. The Contents of Hume’s Appendix and the Source of His Despair.Jonathan Ellis - 2006 - Hume Studies 32 (2):195-231.
    This paper has two goals: first, to show that the footnote and structure of App. 20, to which too little careful attention has been given, ultimately undermine a great many interpretations of Hume’s dissatisfaction with his theory of personal identity; and second, to offer an interpretation that both heeds these textual features and (unlike other interpretations consistent with these features) renders Hume worried about something that would have truly bothered him. Hume’s problem, I contend, concerns the relation, in his genetic (...)
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  12.  66
    Against Deconstruction.John Martin Ellis - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
    "The focus of any genuinely new piece of criticism or interpretation must be on the creative act of finding the new, but deconstruction puts the matter the other way around: its emphasis is on debunking the old. But aside from the fact that this program is inherently uninteresting, it is, in fact, not at all clear that it is possible.... [T]he naïvetê of the crowd is deconstruction's very starting point, and its subsequent move is as much an emotional as an (...)
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  13.  10
    Visible Fictions: Cinema: Television: Video.John Ellis - 2002 - Routledge.
    This revised edition of a standard textbook combines an examination of the cinema and television industries with a detailed analysis of their aesthetic and semiotic characteristics. John Ellis draws on his experience as an independent television producer to provide a comprehensive and challenging overview of the place of film, television and video in our daily lives and their future prospects in a changing media landscape.
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  14.  33
    Rationalization in the pejorative sense: Cushman's account overlooks the scope and costs of rationalization.Jonathan Ellis & Eric Schwitzgebel - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    According to Cushman, rationalization occurs when a person has performed an action and then concocts beliefs and desires that would have made it rational. We argue that this isn't the paradigmatic form of rationalization. Consequently, Cushman's explanation of the function and usefulness of rationalization is less broad-reaching than he intends. Cushman's account also obscures some of rationalization's pernicious consequences.
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  15.  30
    Is prospective memory enhanced by cue-action semantic relatedness and enactment at encoding?Antonina Pereira, Judi Ellis & Jayne Freeman - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1257-1266.
    Benefits and costs on prospective memory performance, of enactment at encoding and a semantic association between a cue-action word pair, were investigated in two experiments. Findings revealed superior performance for both younger and older adults following enactment, in contrast to verbal encoding, and when cue-action semantic relatedness was high. Although younger adults outperformed older adults, age did not moderate benefits of cue-action relatedness or enactment. Findings from a second experiment revealed that the inclusion of an instruction to perform a prospective (...)
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  16.  27
    Autobiographical memory and well-being in aging: The central role of semantic self-images.Clare J. Rathbone, Emily A. Holmes, Susannah E. Murphy & Judi A. Ellis - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:422-431.
  17.  38
    Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind.Jonathan Ellis & Daniel Guevara (eds.) - 2012 - , US: Oxford University Press.
    Based on a conference held in June 2007 at the University of California Santa Cruz.
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  18. Content externalism and phenomenal character: A new worry about privileged access.Jonathan Ellis - 2007 - Synthese 159 (1):47 - 60.
    I argue that, if content externalism is in tension with privileged access to content, then content externalism is also in tension with privileged access to phenomenal character. Content externalists may thus have a new problem on their hands. This is not because content externalism implies externalism about phenomenal character. My argument is compatible with the conviction that, unlike some propositional content, phenomenal character is not individuated by environmental factors. Rather, the argument involves considering in tandem two ideas which have become (...)
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  19.  52
    Quantum reflections.John Ellis - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by D. Amati.
    This volume introduces some of the basic philosophical and conceptual questions underlying the formulation of quantum mechanics, one of the most baffling and far-reaching aspects of modern physics. The book consists of articles by leading thinkers in this field, who have been inspired by the profound work of the late John Bell. Some of the deepest issues concerning the nature of physical reality are debated, including the theory of physical measurements, how to test quantum mechanics, and how classical and quantum (...)
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  20. Colour irrealism and the formation of colour concepts.Jonathan Ellis - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):53-73.
    According to colour irrealism, material objects do not have colour; they only appear to have colour. The appeal of this view, prominent among philosophers and scientists alike, stems in large part from the conviction that scientific explanations of colour facts do not ascribe colour to material objects. To explain why objects appear to have colour, for instance, we need only appeal to surface reflectance properties, properties of light, the neurophysiology of observers, etc. Typically attending colour irrealism is the error theory (...)
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  21.  64
    American Catholics and the Intellectual Life.John Tracy Ellis - 1955 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 30 (3):351-388.
  22.  10
    Philip II and Macedonian Imperialism.Minor M. Markle & John R. Ellis - 1979 - American Journal of Philology 100 (2):327.
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  23.  28
    Stay calm! Regulating emotional responses by implementation intentions: Assessing the impact on physiological and subjective arousal.Lena Azbel-Jackson, Laurie T. Butler, Judi A. Ellis & Carien M. van Reekum - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  24. Thinking about Thinking about Thinking about Thinking (about Poker).Jonathan Ellis - 2006 - In Eric Bronson (ed.), Poker and Philosophy: Pocket Rockets and Philosopher Kings. Open Court Press.
    Remember that childhood game “Odds or Evens” you used to play in order to settle important disputes such as who gets the last slice of pizza? There was only one element of skill to that game: trying to figure out what the other person would throw. But that wasn’t easy. If your opponent was savvy, that meant trying to figure out what he thought you were going to throw. And that sometimes meant figuring out what he thought you thought he (...)
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  25. Sensation, Introspection, and the Phenomenal.Jonathan Ellis - 2012 - In Jonathan Ellis & Daniel Guevara (eds.), Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind. , US: Oxford University Press.
  26. The Significance of Radical Interpretation for Understanding the Mind.Jonathan Ellis - 2011 - In J. Malpas (ed.), The Hermeneutic Davidson. MIT Press.
    In Davidson's philosophy, one finds a wide variety of rich, provocative, and influential arguments concerning the nature of the mind—that mental states emerge only in the context of interpretation, that belief is "in its nature" veridical, that mental events are physical events, and so on. Most, if not all, of Davidson's conclusions about the mind have their source in discussions about the project of "radical interpretation." They rely upon arguments concerning the conditions on the successful interpretation of a speaker by (...)
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  27. American Catholicism.John Tracy Ellis - 1956
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  28.  31
    Δύναμις and Being.John Ellis - 1995 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (1-2):43-78.
  29.  5
    Δύναμις and Being.John Ellis - 1995 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (1-2):43-78.
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  30.  8
    American Catholicism, 1953-1979.John Tracy Ellis - 1979 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 54 (2):113-131.
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  31.  52
    American Catholic Clerical-Lay Relations.John Tracy Ellis - 1966 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 41 (3):327-348.
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  32.  53
    Archbishop Hallinan.John Tracy Ellis - 1968 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 43 (4):539-572.
  33.  10
    Archbishop Hallinan.John Tracy Ellis - 1968 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 43 (4):539-572.
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  34.  11
    Apostle Paul in Ephesus: Christianity’s Clash with the Cult of Artemis.James W. Ellis - 2023 - European Journal of Theology and Philosophy 3 (1):22-34.
    This essay contextualizes the apostle Paul’s pivotal missionary residence in Ephesus, giving particular attention to the intriguing confrontation between Paul’s associates and devotees of the cult of Ephesian Artemis. The essay begins by examining aspects of the city of Ephesus and its residents that presented Paul both with unique challenges and unique evangelical opportunities. Specific attention is given to the shift in Paul’s locus of evangelism, from the Ephesian synagogue to residential house churches. This is followed by an exploration of (...)
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  35.  19
    Amyntas Perdikka, Philip II and Alexander the Great: a study in conspiracy.J. R. Ellis - 1971 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 91:15-24.
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  36.  26
    Critical discussion: Literature lost: Social agendas and the corruption of the humanities.John M. Ellis - 1998 - Philosophy and Literature 22 (2).
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  37. Color, error, and explanatory power.Jonathan Ellis - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (2):171-179.
    Error theorists about color argue that our ordinary judgments ascribing color to material objects are all false. The error theorist proposes that everything that is so, including the fact that material objects appear to us to have color, can best be explained without ever attributing color to objects (for instance, by appealing to surface reflectance properties, the nature of light, the neurophysiology of perceivers, etc.). The appeal of this view stems in significant part from the prevalent thought that such explanations (...)
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  38.  21
    Color, Error, and Explanatory Power.Jonathan Ellis - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (2):171-179.
    Error theorists about color argue that our ordinary judgments ascribing color to material objects are all false. The error theorist proposes that everything that is so, including the fact that material objects appear to us to have color, can best be explained without ever attributing color to objects. The appeal of this view stems in significant part from the prevalent thought that such explanations are strongly suggested by our present scientific conception of the world. Recently, however, Barry Stroud has argued (...)
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  39.  28
    Critical interpretation, stylistic analysis, and the logic of inquiry.John M. Ellis - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (3):253-262.
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  40.  26
    Description and critical appraisal.J. M. Ellis - 1964 - Mind 73 (290):284-286.
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  41.  25
    Emerging as a TeacherTeacher Supply and Teacher Quality.James W. Ellis, R. V. Bullough, J. G. Knowles, N. A. Crow, Gerald Grace & Martin Lawn - 1992 - British Journal of Educational Studies 40 (2):183.
  42.  27
    Editor's Introduction.John Ellis - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (S1):i-i.
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  43.  25
    Great art. A study in meaning.J. M. Ellis - 1963 - British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (2):165-171.
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  44.  5
    Hannah’s Song: A Foreshadowing of the Magnificat.James W. Ellis - 2021 - European Journal of Theology and Philosophy 1 (3):15-24.
    Although women’s words account for a small portion of biblical scripture, the Bible records two related prayerful songs that were sung by female prophets: the song of Hannah, in the Old Testament, and the Magnificat of Mary, in the New Testament. This essay uses typological methodology to explore the songs’ connections, including their shared literary precedents and nearly identical theological themes. Their fundamental similarities suggest Hannah’s song served as a harbinger of the Magnificat. Hannah and Mary’s shared blessing, divinely ordained (...)
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  45.  7
    How to Read a Tattoo, and Other Perilous Quests.Juniper Ellis - 2012-04-06 - In Fritz Allhoff & Robert Arp (eds.), Tattoos – Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 14–26.
    This chapter contains sections titled: I Tattoo Myself, Therefore I Will Commit Murder The Mark of Cain Tatau: First Signifier Name Beyond Face Truth Itself, Unread Tattoo Devotion.
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  46.  13
    Logic and criticism.J. M. Ellis - 1964 - Philosophical Books 5 (1):17-19.
  47.  18
    Language, Thought, and Logic.John Martin Ellis - 1993 - Evanston, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
    Argues that categorization, and not syntax, is the most important aspect of language, suggests that some philosophical problems are caused by an inadequate theory of language, and promotes a fresh approach to linguistic theory.
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  48. Phenomenology and Cortical Microstimulation.John Bickle & Ellis & Ralph - 2005 - In David Woodruff Smith & Amie Lynn Thomasson (eds.), Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind. Oxford, GB: Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  49.  22
    Pain, emotion, and the situational specificity of catastrophising.Jacqueline A. Ellis & Joyce L. D'Eon - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (4):519-532.
  50.  4
    Question Preference in Literature Studies.James Ellis - 1979 - Educational Studies 5 (2):117-126.
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