Provides a critical and analytical history of ancient Greek theories on the nature of pleasure, and of its value and rolein human lfie, from the ealriest times down to the period of Epicurus and the early Stoics.
Weakness of the Will gives an excellent historical survey of philosophers' puzzles about the possibility of deliberately taking the worse course. Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, a selection of medieval philosophers, and more contemporary philosophers are explored to illustrate why and how they avoid discussing the problem.
Although wisdom might be considered a quaint concept in a post-industrialised, instrumental and secular world, it deserves serious consideration. This is done primarily from a philosophical perspective and is intended to encourage the reintroduction of wisdom into educational and developmental programmes, especially for managers and leaders. Mindful of the potential naïvete of transplanting systems of thinking from one epoch to another, we nonetheless examine the relevance of pre-modern thought to the post-modern condition. This is done by radically reinterpreting classical Greek (...) texts as Pierre Hadot has done to derive a meaning of "philosophy" and the place of wisdom in the ancient world. The concepts of wisdom, virtue and enacted ethics derived from this re-interpretation are then applied to an ethnographic case study involving a senior executive. This study suggests that a Stoical "wisdom of the moment" philosophy may characterize contemporary leadership practice. (shrink)
This article introduces a non-Anglophone concept of gong qi as a metaphor for ‘corporation’. It contributes an endogenous perspective from a Sino-Japanese organizational context that enriches mainstream business ethics literature, otherwise heavily reliant on Western traditions. We translate the multi-layered meanings of gong qi based on analysis of its ideograms, its references into classical philosophies, and contemporary application in this Japanese multinational corporation in China. Gong qi contributes a perspective that sees a corporation as an inclusive and virtuous social entity, (...) and also addresses the elusive, implicit, and forever evolving nature of organizational life that is rarely noticed. We propose gong qi can be applied in other organizations and wider cultural contexts to show a new way of seeing and understanding business ethics and organization. Rather than considering virtue as a list of definable individual qualities, we suggest that the metaphor of gong qi reveals how virtue can be experienced as indeterminate, yet immanently present, like the substance of emptiness. This, then allows us to see the virtue of immanence, the beauty of implicitness, and hence, the efficacy of gong qi. (shrink)
FIRST A CRITIQUE OF G E L OWEN'S VERSION OF THE CONTRAST BETWEEN BOOKS VII AND X OF THE NICOMACHEAN ETHICS. IT IS ARGUED THAT BOTH BOOKS ARE OFFERING SIMILAR ACCOUNTS OF THE NATURE OF PLEASURE, WHICH OFFER GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF PLEASURE. HOWEVER, ARISTOTLE IS INTERESTED IN 'REAL' PLEASURE, WHICH IS RELATED TO THE NATURE OF THE RELEVANT BEING. ONLY BY IMPLICATION DOES HE GIVE A GENERAL ACCOUNT OF PLEASURE. THE BOOK X VERSION ENABLES HIM TO HAVE (...) A VIEW OF PLEASURE THAT PRESERVES THE TRUTH IN BOTH HEDONISM AND PLATONIC CRITICISMS OF IT. (shrink)