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Profile: James William Harold Hill (King's College London)
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  1. A Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training for Scientists: Preliminary Evidence of Training Effectiveness.Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
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  2.  44
    Articles: Validation of Ethical Decision Making Measures: Evidence for a New Set of Measures.Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Shane Connelly, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill & Alison L. Antes - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (4):319 – 345.
    Ethical decision making measures are widely applied as the principal dependent variable used in studies of research integrity. However, evidence bearing on the internal and external validity of these measures is not available. In this study, ethical decision making measures were administered to 102 graduate students in the biological, health, and social sciences, along with measures examining exposure to ethical breaches and the severity of punishments recommended. The ethical decision making measure was found to be related to exposure to ethical (...)
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  3.  31
    Environmental Influences on Ethical Decision Making: Climate and Environmental Predictors of Research Integrity.Michael D. Mumford, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ryan P. Brown & Lynn D. Devenport - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (4):337 – 366.
    It is commonly held that early career experiences influence ethical behavior. One way early career experiences might operate is to influence the decisions people make when presented with problems that raise ethical concerns. To test this proposition, 102 first-year doctoral students were asked to complete a series of measures examining ethical decision making along with a series of measures examining environmental experiences and climate perceptions. Factoring of the environmental measure yielded five dimensions: professional leadership, poor coping, lack of rewards, limited (...)
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  4. Defensive Strategies in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Criticism.James L. Hill - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (2):177-185.
  5. Becoming a Cosmopolitan: What It Means to Be a Human Being in the New Millennium.Jason D. Hill - 2011 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this highly original book, Jason Hill defends a strong form of moral cosmopolitanism and lays the groundwork for a new view of the self. To achieve a radical cosmopolitan identity, he argues it may be necessary to forget aspects of one's racial and ethnic socialization. The idea of forgetting where one came from demands that morally recreated persons disown parts or even all of their cultures if these cultures are oppressive or denigrate human life. Hill draws on existentialism, developmental (...)
     
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  6.  29
    Berkeley's Missing Argument: The Sceptical Attack on Intentionality.Jonathan Hill - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (1):47-77.
    Berkeley argues that our ideas cannot represent external objects, because only an idea can resemble an idea. But he does not offer any argument for the claim that an idea can represent only what it resembles - a premise essential to his argument. I argue that this gap can be both historically explained and filled by examining the debates between Cartesians and sceptics in the late seventeenth century. Descartes held that representation involves two relations between an idea and its object (...)
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  7.  71
    Field and Experience Influences on Ethical Decision Making in the Sciences.Ethan P. Waples, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Lynn D. Devenport, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Michael D. Mumford & Ryan P. Brown - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):263-289.
    Differences across fields and experience levels are frequently considered in discussions of ethical decision making and ethical behavior. In the present study, doctoral students in the health, biological, and social sciences completed measures of ethical decision making. The effects of field and level of experience with respect to ethical decision making, metacognitive reasoning strategies, social-behavioral responses, and exposure to unethical events were examined. Social and biological scientists performed better than health scientists with respect to ethical decision making. Furthermore, the ethical (...)
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  8.  16
    The Organization of Ethics and the Ethics of Organizations: The Case for Expanded Organizational Ethics Audits.Michael Metzger, Dan R. Dalton & John W. Hill - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (1):27.
    The United States Sentencing Commission’s guidelines for the sentencing of organizations found guilty of violating federal laws recently became effective. Dramatically increased penalties are possible under these gudelines, but so too is a substantial reduction in the penalties imposed on organizations that have an effective program in place to prevent and detect violations. This provides corporations with a tremendous new incentive in inaugurate organizational ethics audits both to avoid violations in the first instance and to reduce the penalty imposed in (...)
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  9. Ethics Training for Scientists: Effects on Ethical Decision-Making.M. D. Mumford, S. Connelly, R. P. Brown, S. T. Murphy, J. H. Hill, A. L. Antes, E. P. Waples & L. D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315-339.
     
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  10.  63
    The Metaphysics of the Incarnation.Anna Marmodoro & Jonathan Hill (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This book offers original essays by leading philosophers of religion representing these new approaches to theological problems such as incarnation.
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  11. Pornography and Degradation.Judith M. Hill - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):39 - 54.
    I have taken a Kantian approach to the issue of pornography and degradation. My thesis is that by perpetuating derogatory myths about womankind, for the sake of financial gain, the pornography industry treats the class of women as a means only, and not as composed of individuals who are ends in themselves. It thus de-grades all women, as members of this class, imputing to them less than full human status.
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  12.  17
    Locke's Account of Cohesion and its Philosophical Significance.James Hill - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (4):611 – 630.
  13.  53
    Peter Abelard's Metaphysics of the Incarnation.Jonathan Hill - 2010 - Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):27-48.
    In this paper, we examine Abelard’s model of the incarnation and place it within the wider context of his views in metaphysics and logic. In particular, we consider whether Abelard has the resources to solve the major difficulties faced by the so-called “compositional models” of the incarnation, such as his own. These difficulties include: the requirement to account for Christ’s unity as a single person, despite being composed of two concrete particulars; the requirement to allow that Christ is identical with (...)
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  14.  11
    Examining the Impact of Dons Providing Peer Instruction for Academic Integrity: Dons' and Students' Perspectives. [REVIEW]Lucia Zivcakova, Eileen Wood, Gail Forsyth, Navinder Dhillon, Danielle Ball, Brittany Corolis, Amanda Coulas, Stephen Daniels, Joshua Hill, Anja Krstic, Amy Linseman & Marjan Petkovski - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (2):137-150.
    A peer instruction model was used whereby 78 residence dons (36 males, 42 females) provided instruction regarding academic integrity for 324 students (125 males, 196 females) under their supervision. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted to assess survey responses from both the dons and students regarding presentation content, quality, and learning. Overall, dons consistently identified information-based slides about academic integrity as the most important material for the presentations, indicating that fundamental information was needed. Although student ratings of the usefulness of (...)
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  15.  4
    ‘His Death Belongs to Them’: An Edwardsean Participatory Model of Atonement.Jonathan Hill - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-25.
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  16. The Condition of Native American Languages in the United States.O. Zepeda & J. H. Hill - 1991 - Diogenes 39 (153):45-65.
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  17. Moral Cognitivism: More Unlikely Analogues.John Hill - 1976 - Ethics 86 (3):252-255.
    The article is a reply to joseph margolis, "moral cognitivism", "ethics", Volume 85, 1975, Pages 136-141. It is contended that margolis has neglected an important criterion of moral cognitivism: he is quite right in asserting that a cognitive theory, Beyond maintaining that we know moral propositions to be right or wrong and that we are competent so to judge, Must specify the mode of nonpropositional knowledge on which the propositional assertion is based--But his acceptance of naturalism and intuitionism as types (...)
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  18.  19
    The Organization of Ethics and the Ethics of Organizations.John W. Hill - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (1):27-43.
    The United States Sentencing Commission’s guidelines for the sentencing of organizations found guilty of violating federal laws recently became effective. Dramatically increased penalties are possible under these gudelines, but so too is a substantial reduction in the penalties imposed on organizations that have an effective program in place to prevent and detect violations. This provides corporations with a tremendous new incentive in inaugurate organizational ethics audits both to avoid violations in the first instance and to reduce the penalty imposed in (...)
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  19.  4
    Does Scepticism Presuppose Voluntarism?Jonathan Hill - forthcoming - New Content is Available for International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    _ Source: _Page Count 20 Philosophical scepticism is sometimes thought to presuppose doxastic voluntarism, the claim that we are able to believe or disbelieve propositions at will. This is problematic given that doxastic voluntarism itself is a controversial position. I examine two arguments for the view that scepticism presupposes voluntarism. I show that they rely on different versions of a depiction of scepticism as a conversion narrative. I argue that one version of this narrative does presuppose voluntarism, but the other (...)
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  20.  8
    Probabilism Today: Permissibility and Multi-Account Ethics.Jonathan Hill - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):235-250.
    In ethics, ?probabilism? refers to a position defended by a number of Catholic theologians, mainly in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. They held that, when one is uncertain which of a range of actions is the right one to perform, it is permissible to perform any which has a good chance of being the right one?even if there is another which has a better chance. This paper considers the value of this position from the viewpoint of modern ethical philosophy. The (...)
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  21.  89
    Primary Qualities, Secondary Qualities and Locke's Impulse Principle.James Hill - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):85 – 98.
    In this paper I shall focus attention on a principle which lies at the heart of Locke's distinction between primary and secondary qualities. It is to be found explicitly or implicitly stated at many places in the Essay , but its clearest expression is at E.II.viii.11, where Locke writes that ' Impulse [is] the only way which we can conceive Bodies operate in'. Let us call it 'the impulse principle'. The first task is to describe what exactly the term impulse (...)
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  22.  12
    Markus Gabriel Against the World.James Hill - forthcoming - Sophia:1-11.
    According to Markus Gabriel, the world does not exist. This view—baptised metametaphysical nihilism—is exposited at length in his recent book Fields of Sense, which updates his earlier project of transcendental ontology. In this paper, I question whether meta-metaphysical nihilism is internally coherent, specifically whether the proposition ‘the world does not exist’ is expressible without performative contradiction on that view. Call this the inexpressibility objection. This is not an original objection—indeed it is anticipated in Gabriel’s book. However, I believe that his (...)
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  23.  50
    Modeling the Metaphysics of the Incarnation.Jonathan Hill - 2008 - Philosophy and Theology 20 (1/2):99-128.
    What metaphysics can plausibly back up the claim that God became incarnate? In this essay we investigate the main kinds of models of incarnation that have been historically proposed. We highlight the philosophical assumptions in each model, and on this basis offernovel ways of grouping them as metaphysical rather than doctrinal positions. We examine strengths and weaknesses of the models,and argue that ‘composition models’ offer the most promising way forward to account for the pivotal Christian belief that, in Christ,true divinity (...)
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  24.  43
    Incarnation, Timelessness, and Exaltation.Jonathan Hill - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (1):3-29.
    Christian tradition holds not simply that, in Christ, God became human, but that at the end of his earthly career Christ became exalted (possessing andexercising the divine attributes such as omnipotence and omniscience), and yet remained perpetually human. In this paper I consider several models ofthe incarnation in the light of these requirements. In particular, I contrast models that adopt a temporalist understanding of divine eternity with those that adopt an atemporalist one. I conclude that temporalist models struggle to accommodate (...)
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  25.  16
    Recent Church Teaching on Priestly Identity: Part II.John Hill - 2005 - The Australasian Catholic Record 82 (3):322.
  26.  16
    Recent Church Teaching on Priestly Identity: Part 1.John Hill - 2005 - The Australasian Catholic Record 82 (2):141.
  27.  35
    The Grammar of Restorationism.John Hill - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (2):178.
    Hill, John In a previous article, I discussed the arguments and tactics of those who are variously called 'restorationists' and 'reformers of the reform', in the liturgical areas of the reservation of the Blessed Sacrament, the eastward position (or otherwise) of the priest at Mass and liturgical translation. In this article, I wish to go more deeply into their arguments, specifically by examining the language they use. I propose, in other words, to examine their grammar (in a wide sense), in (...)
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  28. Mind, Meaning and Mental Disorder.D. Bolton & J. Hill - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (285):504-508.
     
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  29.  22
    Meaninglessness: The Solutions of Nietzsche, Freud and Rorty [Book Review].John Hill - 2003 - The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (3):394.
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  30.  45
    Aquinas and the Unity of Christ: A Defence of Compositionalism. [REVIEW]Jonathan Hill - 2012 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (2):117-135.
    Thomas Aquinas is often thought to present a compositionalist model of the incarnation, according to which Christ is a composite of a divine nature and a human nature, understood as concrete particulars. But he sometimes seems to hedge away from this model when insisting on the unity of Christ. I argue that if we interpret some of his texts on the assumption of straightforward compositionalism, we can construct a defence of Christ’s unity within that context. This defence involves the claim (...)
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  31.  12
    Can Restorationism Succeed?John Hill - 2009 - The Australasian Catholic Record 86 (3):259.
  32.  7
    The Exercise of Judicial Discretion in Relation to Applications to Enforce Arbitral Awards Under the New York Convention 1958.Jonathan Hill - 2016 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 36 (2):304-333.
    The New York Convention of 1958 establishes a simplified international regime for the cross-border enforcement of arbitral awards. However, arbitral awards are not entitled to automatic cross-border enforcement; national courts ‘may’ refuse enforcement in a narrow range of circumstances set out in article V NYC. The literature suggests that the use of ‘may’ in article V confers discretion on the enforcing court: even if one of the grounds which would justify non-enforcement is established by the award-debtor, the enforcing court has (...)
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  33. The Synthesis of Empiricism and Innatism in Berkeley’s Doctrine of Notions.James Hill - 2010 - Berkeley Studies:3-15.
    This essay argues that Berkeley’s doctrine of notions is an account of concept-formation that offers a middle-way between empiricism and innatism, something which Berkeley himself asserts at Siris 308. First, the widespread assumption that Berkeley accepts Locke’s conceptual empiricism is questioned, with particular attention given to Berkeley’s views on innatism and ideas of reflection. Then, it is shown that Berkeley’s doctrine of notions comes very close to the refined form ofinnatism to be found in Descartes’ later writings and in Leibniz. (...)
     
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  34.  36
    Reason and Self-Interest.Judith M. Hill - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):193-205.
  35.  34
    Gregory of Nyssa, Material Substance and Berkeleyan Idealism.Jonathan Hill - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):653-683.
  36.  13
    Beds and Blessings in Italy: A Guide to Religious Hospitality [Book Review].John Hill - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (1):125.
  37.  8
    Reflections on the Readings of Sundays and Feasts, November.John Hill - 2000 - The Australasian Catholic Record 77 (4):471.
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  38.  25
    The Exact Mind: Empathising and Systemising in Autism Spectrum Conditions.Simon Baron-Cohen, John Lawson, Rick Griffin & Jacqueline Hill - unknown
    Cognitive developmentalists have had a long-standing interest in neurodevelopmental conditions, such as autism. This is not only out of a desire to understand the causes of such atypical development, in order to advance medical science and develop interventions. It is also because studying the processes that cause atypicality can sometimes throw light on typical development. It is this two-way influence that characterises the field of developmental psychopathology. In this chapter, we focus on autism. We bring out this interaction between what (...)
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  39.  19
    How Hume Became 'The New Hume': A Developmental Approach.James Hill - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (2):163-181.
    It is argued that we should distinguish between an ‘early Hume’ and a ‘mature Hume’ on causality. In his early period, represented by the Treatise, Hume had not yet adopted Newtonian active principles. In the mature period, however, represented in particular by the First Enquiry, his theory of causation has been transformed by a reception of Newton. This leads Hume to drop the condition of contiguity, which had excluded action-at-a-distance in the Treatise. It also leads him to allow real necessary (...)
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  40.  11
    Concepts of Secondary Qualities.James Hill - 1998 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 5 (Supplement):91-98.
    The properties of secondary qualities have recently become an object of interest again in analytic philosophy; it is generally assumed that secondary qualities - in the mind at least - tend to be irreducible to the physical: taste, smell, color perception, the aural, & the tactile all seem to be more subjectively perceived than most other qualities. This is shown to present such topics as realism vs anti-realism, description, & truth-value with a series of problems, which are then discussed. The (...)
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  41.  9
    Restorationism - a Biblical Reflection.John Hill - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (1):77.
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  42.  6
    Is There a Moral Obligation to Save the Family Farm?Jim Hill - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (3):275-278.
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  43.  15
    Pay Equity.Judith M. Hill - 1987 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (3):1-9.
  44.  5
    Processing of Tactual and Visual Point Stimuli Sequentially Presented at High Rates.John W. Hill - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):340.
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  45.  1
    Reason and Self-Interest.Judith M. Hill - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):193-205.
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  46.  8
    1912–2003.John Edward Christopher Hill - 2005 - Proceedings of the British Academy 130:23-49.
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  47.  14
    Moore.John Hill - 1975 - New Scholasticism 49 (3):321-330.
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  48.  2
    Mind, Meaning, and Mental Disorder: The Nature of Causal Explanation in Psychology and Psychiatry.Shaun Nichols, Derek Bolton & Jonathan Hill - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (4):559.
  49.  6
    Comparative Law, Law Reform and Legal Theory.Jonathan Hill - 1989 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 9 (1):101-115.
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  50.  2
    Church and Priesthood: Model and Style.John Hill - 2016 - Australasian Catholic Record, The 93 (1):41.
    Hill, John In a previous article, I broached the subject of priesthood as style, along the lines taken by Christoph Theobald and other contemporary French theologians.1 In that article I argued for a priestly style that fitted in with Theobald's vision of the Christian life as apprenticeship to Christ's own style of hospitable and eschatological messianism, and that also addressed current charges of clericalism and infantilism. I began to formulate that style in terms of citizenship, and I wish to develop (...)
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