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Jonathan Jacobs [72]J. Y. H. Jacobs [19]Jonathan D. Jacobs [15]James M. Jacobs [15]
Jo Ellen Jacobs [12]J. Y. H. A. Jacobs [11]Joseph Jacobs [10]J. Jacobs [9]

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  1. Powerful Qualities, Not Pure Powers.Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2011 - The Monist 94 (1):81-102.
    I explore two accounts of properties within a dispositional essentialist (or causal powers) framework, the pure powers view and the powerful qualities view. I first attempt to clarify precisely what the pure powers view is, and then raise objections to it. I then present the powerful qualities view and, in order to avoid a common misconception, offer a restatement of it that I shall call the truthmaker view. I end by briefly defending the truthmaker view against objections.
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  2. A Powers Theory of Modality: Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Reject Possible Worlds.Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (2):227-248.
    Possible worlds, concrete or abstract as you like, are irrelevant to the truthmakers for modality—or so I shall argue in this paper. First, I present the neo-Humean picture of modality, and explain why those who accept it deny a common sense view of modality. Second, I present what I take to be the most pressing objection to the neo-Humean account, one that, I argue, applies equally well to any theory that grounds modality in possible worlds. Third, I present an alternative, (...)
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  3.  9
    Choosing Character: Responsibility for Virtue and Vice.Jonathan Jacobs - 2018 - Cornell University Press.
    Are there key respects in which character and character defects are voluntary? Can agents with serious vices be rational agents? Jonathan Jacobs answers in the affirmative. Moral character is shaped through voluntary habits, including the ways we habituate ourselves, Jacobs believes. Just as individuals can voluntarily lead unhappy lives without making unhappiness an end, so can they degrade their ethical characters through voluntary action that does not have establishment of vice as its end. Choosing Character presents an account of ethical (...)
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  4.  14
    Causal Powers.Jonathan D. Jacobs (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    We use concepts of causal powers and their relatives-dispositions, capacities, and abilities-to describe the world around us, both in everyday life and in scientific practice. This volume presents new work on the nature of causal powers, and their connections with other phenomena within metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind.
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  5. The Ineffable, Inconceivable, and Incomprehensible God: Fundamentality and Apophatic Theology.Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 6:158-176.
     
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  6. Emergent Individuals.Timothy O'Connor & Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):540-555.
    We explain the thesis that human mental states are ontologically emergent aspects of a fundamentally biological organism. We then explore the consequences of this thesis for the identity of a human person over time. As these consequences are not obviously independent of one's general ontology of objects and their properties, we consider four such accounts: transcendent universals, kind-Aristotelianism, immanent universals, and tropes. We suggest there are reasons for emergentists to favor the latter two accounts. We then argue that within such (...)
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  7. Agent Causation in a Neo-Aristotelian Metaphysics.Jonathan D. Jacobs & Timothy O'Connor - 2013 - In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press.
    Freedom and moral responsibility have one foot in the practical realm of human affairs and the other in the esoteric realm of fundamental metaphysics—or so we believe. This has been denied, especially in the metaphysics-bashing era occupying the first two-thirds or so of the twentieth century, traces of which linger in the present day. But the reasons for this denial seem to us quite implausible. Certainly, the argument for the general bankruptcy of metaphysics has been soundly discredited. Arguments from Strawson (...)
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  8.  27
    Systems of Survival: A Dialogue on the Moral Foundations of Commerce and Politics.Jane Jacobs - 1994 - Vintage Books.
    The author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities looks at business fraud and criminal enterprise, overextended government farm subsidies and zealous transit police, to show what happens when the moral systems of commerce collide with those of politics.
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  9.  51
    Reconstruction of the Ethical Debate on Naturalness in Discussions About Plant-Biotechnology.P. F. Van Haperen, B. Gremmen & J. Jacobs - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):797-812.
    Abstract This paper argues that in modern (agro)biotechnology, (un)naturalness as an argument contributed to a stalemate in public debate about innovative technologies. Naturalness in this is often placed opposite to human disruption. It also often serves as a label that shapes moral acceptance or rejection of agricultural innovative technologies. The cause of this lies in the use of nature as a closed, static reference to naturalness, while in fact “nature” is an open and dynamic concept with many different meanings. We (...)
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  10.  29
    Direct Brain Recordings Fuel Advances in Cognitive Electrophysiology.Joshua Jacobs & Michael J. Kahana - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):162-171.
  11.  26
    Reconstruction of the Ethical Debate on Naturalness in Discussions About Plant-Biotechnology.P. F. Haperen, B. Gremmen & J. Jacobs - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):797-812.
    This paper argues that in modern (agro)biotechnology, (un)naturalness as an argument contributed to a stalemate in public debate about innovative technologies. Naturalness in this is often placed opposite to human disruption. It also often serves as a label that shapes moral acceptance or rejection of agricultural innovative technologies. The cause of this lies in the use of nature as a closed, static reference to naturalness, while in fact “nature” is an open and dynamic concept with many different meanings. We propose (...)
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  12.  37
    Choosing Character: Responsibility for Virtue and Vice.Jonathan A. Jacobs - 2001 - Cornell University Press.
    Jacobs' interpretation is developed in contrast to the overlooked work of Maimonides, who also used Aristotelian resources but argued for the possibility of ...
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  13.  35
    Moral Imagination, Objectivity, and Practical Wisdom.Jonathan Jacobs - 1991 - International Philosophical Quarterly 31 (1):23-37.
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  14. Emergent Individuals and the Resurrection.Jonathan D. Jacobs & Timothy O'Connor - 2010 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (2):69 - 88.
    We present an original emergent individuals view of human persons, on which persons are substantial biological unities that exemplify metaphysically emergent mental states. We argue that this view allows for a coherent model of identity-preserving resurrection from the dead consistent with orthodox Christian doctrine, one that improves upon alternatives accounts recently proposed by a number of authors. Our model is a variant of the “falling elevator” model advanced by Dean Zimmerman that, unlike Zimmerman’s, does not require a closest continuer account (...)
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  15. Armstrong on Probabilistic Laws of Nature.Jonathan D. Jacobs & Robert J. Hartman - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (3):373-387.
    D. M. Armstrong famously claims that deterministic laws of nature are contingent relations between universals and that his account can also be straightforwardly extended to irreducibly probabilistic laws of nature. For the most part, philosophers have neglected to scrutinize Armstrong’s account of probabilistic laws. This is surprising precisely because his own claims about probabilistic laws make it unclear just what he takes them to be. We offer three interpretations of what Armstrong-style probabilistic laws are, and argue that all three interpretations (...)
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  16.  67
    The Mental Basis of Responsibility.Jon Jacobs - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):711-714.
  17. Experiments on "Prehension".Joseph Jacobs - 1887 - Mind 12 (45):75-79.
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  18. Naturalism.Jon Jacobs - 2002 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  19.  31
    Multidisciplinary Engagement with Nanoethics Through Education—The Nanobio-RAISE Advanced Courses as a Case Study and Model.Daan Schuurbiers, Susanne Sleenhoff, Johannes F. Jacobs & Patricia Osseweijer - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):197-211.
    This paper presents and evaluates two advanced courses organised in Oxford as part of the European project Nanobio-RAISE and suggests using their format to encourage multidisciplinary engagement between nanoscientists and nanoethicists. Several nanoethicists have recently identified the need for ‘better’ ethics of emerging technologies, arguing that ethical reflection should become part and parcel of the research and development (R&D) process itself. Such new forms of ethical deliberation, it is argued, transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries and require the active engagement and involvement (...)
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  20. An Eastern Orthodox Conception of Theosis and Human Nature.Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):615-627.
    Though foreign—and perhaps shocking—to many in the west, the doctrine of theosis is central in the theology and practice of Eastern Orthodoxy. Theosis is “the ultimate goal of human existence”1 and indeed is “a way of summing up the purpose of creation”:2 That God will unite himself to all of creation with humanity at the focal point. What are human persons, that they might be united to God? That is the question I explore in this paper. In particular, I explore (...)
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  21.  22
    High-Frequency Oscillations in Epilepsy and Surgical Outcome. A Meta-Analysis.Yvonne Höller, Raoul Kutil, Lukas Klaffenböck, Aljoscha Thomschewski, Peter M. Höller, Arne C. Bathke, Julia Jacobs, Alexandra C. Taylor, Raffaele Nardone & Eugen Trinka - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22.  16
    Focus Ambiguities.Joachim Jacobs - 1991 - Journal of Semantics 8 (1-2):1-36.
    In what follows I will discuss ambiguities related to focus and stress in German sentences. Some of these ambiguities will be typical instances of what is now widely called ‘focus projection’, a term which was introduced by T. HÖhle in his seminal paper of I982. Focus projection arises in phrases with specific ‘normal’ stress patterns and consists in the possibility of assigning to such phrases several focus–background structures (FBS), differing from each other in the size of the constituent in focus. (...)
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  23. Causal Powers: A Neo-Aristotelian Metaphysic.Jonathan D. Jacobs - 2007 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    Causal powers, say, an electron’s power to repel other electrons, are had in virtue of having properties. Electrons repel other electrons because they are negatively charged. One’s views about causal powers are shaped by—and shape—one’s views concerning properties, causation, laws of nature and modality. It is no surprise, then, that views about the nature of causal powers are generally embedded into larger, more systematic, metaphysical pictures of the world. This dissertation is an exploration of three systematic metaphysics, Neo-Humeanism, Nomicism and (...)
     
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  24. Genomics and Sustainability : Exploring a Societal Norm.J. P. H. Nap, J. Jacobs, B. Gremmen & W. J. Stiekema - unknown
     
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  25.  27
    Aristotle and Maimonides: The Ethics of Perfection and the Perfection of Ethics.Jonathan Jacobs - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (1):145-163.
    Maimonides uses Aristotelian philosophical idiom to articulate his moral philosophy, but there are fundamental differences between his and Aristotle’s conceptions of moral psychology and the nature of the moral agent. The Maimonidean conception of volition and its role in repentance and ethical self-correction are quite un-Aristotelian. The relation between this capacity to alter one’s character and the accessibility of ethical requirements given in the Law is explored. This relation helps explain why for Maimonides practical wisdom is not recognized as a (...)
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  26.  14
    [Book Review] the Pursuit of Absolute Integrity, How Corruption Control Makes Government Ineffective. [REVIEW]Frank Anechiarico & James B. Jacobs - 1997 - Criminal Justice Ethics 16 (2):35-41.
  27.  13
    Civics, Policy, and Demoralization.Jonathan Jacobs - 2017 - Criminal Justice Ethics 36 (1):25-44.
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  28.  1
    An Unconventional History of Western Philosophy: Conversations Between Men and Women Philosophers.Therese Boos Dykeman, Eve Browning, Judith Chelius Stark, Jane Duran, Marilyn Fischer, Lois Frankel, Edward Fullbrook, Jo Ellen Jacobs, Vicki Harper, Joy Laine, Kate Lindemann, Elizabeth Minnich, Andrea Nye, Margaret Simons, Audun Solli, Catherine Villanueva Gardner, Mary Ellen Waithe, Karen J. Warren & Henry West (eds.) - 2008 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique, groundbreaking study in the history of philosophy, combining leading men and women philosophers across 2600 years of Western philosophy, covering key foundational topics, including epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. Introductory essays, primary source readings, and commentaries comprise each chapter to offer a rich and accessible introduction to and evaluation of these vital philosophical contributions. A helpful appendix canvasses an extraordinary number of women philosophers throughout history for further discovery and study.
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  29. The Frankfurt School, Jewish Lives, and Antisemitism.Jack Jacobs - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The history of the Frankfurt School cannot be fully told without examining the relationships of Critical Theorists to their Jewish family backgrounds. Jewish matters had significant effects on key figures in the Frankfurt School, including Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, Leo Lowenthal and Herbert Marcuse. At some points, their Jewish family backgrounds clarify their life paths; at others, these backgrounds help to explain why the leaders of the School stressed the significance of antisemitism. In the post-Second World War (...)
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  30.  13
    Practical Wisdom, Objectivity and Relativism.Jonathan Jacobs - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):199 - 209.
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  31.  24
    Towards a Philosophy of Energy.Robert-Jan Geerts, Bart Gremmen, Josette Jacobs & Guido Ruivenkamp - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (SPE):105-127.
    Transition to a sustainable energy regime is one of the key global societal challenges for the coming decades. Many technological innovations are in the pipeline, but an uncritical appraisal of anything and everything called green innovation lacks methods for testing both the necessity and the sufficiency of these developments. We propose to develop a philosophy of energy to fill this lacuna. Its task is to explore and clarify the space in which the so-called energy transition is taking place. This article (...)
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  32.  21
    Punishing Society: Incarceration, Coercive Corruption, and the Liberal Polity.Jonathan Jacobs - 2014 - Criminal Justice Ethics 33 (3):200-219.
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  33. Introduction: What and How We Punish.James B. Jacobs - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (2):349-351.
     
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  34.  1
    Being True to the World: Moral Realism and Practical Wisdom.Jonathan A. Jacobs - 1990 - Peter Lang.
    This book begins with a critique of moral relativism and proceeds to develop a realist account of practical wisdom. The central claims are that there are objective moral facts and that knowledge of these facts can be action-guiding. The justification for these claims involves explaining the role of imagination in moral judgment and action and also showing how a realist approach to morality enables us to better account for immorality, revealing it to involve ignorance, error or falsification. The book concludes (...)
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  35. Dimensions of Moral Theory: An Introduction to Metaethics and Moral Psychology.Jonathan Jacobs - 2002 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A study of fundamental issues in metaethics and in moral psychology, surveying important approaches with an emphasis on the disputed status of moral value and the roles of cognition and sensibility. Coverage of the issues includes discussion of significant thinkers from antiquity to the present.
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  36.  65
    The Complete Works of Harriet Taylor Mill.Jo Ellen Jacobs (ed.) - 1998 - Indiana University Press.
    For 170 years, Harriet Taylor Mill has been presented as a footnote in John Stuart Mill’s life. This volume gives her a separate voice. Readers may assess for themselves the importance and influence of her ideas on "women’s" issues such as marriage and divorce, education, domestic violence, and suffrage. And they will note the overlap of her ideas on ethics, religion, arts, and socialism, written in the 1830s, with her more famous husband’s works, published 25 years later.
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  37.  8
    The Humanities and the Recovery of the Real World.Jonathan Jacobs - 2009 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 8 (1):26-40.
    This article identifies a common intellectual project of the disciplines that constitute the Humanities. It does not define the humanities but characterizes some of the main features of the distinctive and essential kind of learning uniquely attainable by their study. The humanities enable us to attain an understanding of normativity in the broadest sense; humanistic study leads to a textured, penetrating comprehension of diverse valuative matters and concerns. Moreover, study in the humanities enables us to recognize and appreciate valuative realism (...)
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  38.  86
    Teleology and Reduction in Biology.Jonathan Jacobs - 1986 - Biology and Philosophy 1 (4):389-399.
    The main claim in this paper is that because organisms have teleological constitutions, the reduction of biology to physical science is not possible. It is argued that the teleology of organisms is intrinsic and not merely projected onto them. Many organic phenomena are end-oriented and reference to ends is necessary for explaining them. Accounts in terms of functions or goals are appropriate to organic parts and processes. siis is because ends as systemic requirements for survival and health have explanatory significance (...)
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  39.  59
    Form and Cognition.Jonathan Jacobs & John Zeis - 1997 - The Monist 80 (4):539-557.
  40.  2
    The Punica in English - (A.) Augoustakis, (N.W.) Bernstein Silius Italicus’ Punica. Rome's War with Hannibal. Pp. VI + 327. London and New York: Routledge, 2021. Cased, £120, Us$160. Isbn: 978-1-138-29145-4. [REVIEW]John Jacobs - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (1):178-179.
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  41. Belonging and Non-Belonging: The Apology in a Reconciling Nation.Haydie Gooder & Jane M. Jacobs - 2002 - In Alison Blunt & Cheryl McEwan (eds.), Postcolonial Geographies. Continuum. pp. 200--13.
  42. “Forgiveness and Perfection,”.Jonathan Jacobs - 2013 - In David Konstan Charles Grisowld (ed.), Ancient Forgiveness. Cambridge University Press.
    A study of the ways Maimonides and Aquinas both borrow from Aristotle and depart from him, in regard to the issue of forgiveness. The paper explicates moral-psychological issues and normative issues, connecting them to the perfectionism of the philosophical anthropology shared by the three thinkers. The theistic commitments of Maimonides and Aquinas ground important departures from Aristotle regarding the possibility of moral change and regarding moral relations between persons.
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  43.  42
    Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Saadia Gaon, Bahya Ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides.Jonathan Jacobs - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Jon Jacobs emphasises their distinctive contributions, emphasises the shared rational emphasis of their approach to Torah, and draws out resonances with ...
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  44.  5
    Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Saadia Gaon, Bahya Ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides.Jonathan Jacobs - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    A detailed study of the moral philosophy of medieval Jewish thinkers Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. Jon Jacobs emphasizes their distinctive contributions, emphasises the shared rational emphasis of their approach to Torah, and draws out resonances with contemporary moral philosophy.
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  45. Finding Alternatives to the Carceral State.James B. Jacobs - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (2):695-699.
    Most present-day scholarship on the carceral state, and practically all of the papers and discussion at this conference, involve analysis of the massive increase in prison population over the last 25 years. What has not yet been systematically explored, and what is meant to be the focus of this final panel, is how to decarcerate. This is practically virgin territory. Scholars and activists have hardly begun to create a conversation, much less a literature, on the politics and policy of decarceration. (...)
     
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  46.  16
    The Liberal Polity, Criminal Sanction, and Civil Society.Jonathan Jacobs - 2013 - Criminal Justice Ethics 32 (3):1-16.
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  47.  97
    The Political Background to the Beijing Massacre.J. Bruce Jacobs - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 25 (1):5-21.
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  48.  27
    “The Lot of Gifted Ladies Is Hard”: A Study of Harriet Taylor Mill Criticism.Jo Ellen Jacobs - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (3):132 - 162.
    The question, "Why has Harriet Taylor Mill appeared in the history of philosophy as she has?" has several answers. The answers intertwine the personality and politics of Harriet, the sexism of those who wrote of her (which was a reflection of the overall status of women during the period the commentator wrote), misunderstandings of the means and meaning of her collaboration with John Stuart Mill, and the disturbing challenge of her questioning.
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  49. A Powers Theory of Causation.Jonathan D. Jacobs - unknown
    In this paper, my central aim is to defend the Powers Theory of causation, according to which causation is the exercise of a power (or manifestation of a disposition). I will do so by, first, presenting a recent version of the Powers Theory, that of Mumford (Forthcoming). Second, I will raise an objection to Mumford’s account. Third, I will offer a revised version that avoids the objection. And, fourth, I will end by briefly comparing the proposed Powers Theory with the (...)
     
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  50.  83
    The Epistemology of Moral Tradition: A Defense of a Maimonidean Thesis.Jonathan Jacobs - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):55-74.
    An explication of the Maimonidean view that tradition--even when anchored in revelation---can be a mode of access to rationally justified moral requirements. The discussion focuses on the mutually reinforcing roles of enlarging understanding on the one hand, and engagement in practice on the other. Deepened understanding of the 'reasons for the commandments' can motivate commitment to practice, which in turn can aid in deepening understanding.
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