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John R. Josephson [5]Jason Josephson [1]J. Josephson [1]John Richard Josephson [1]
  1.  45
    Abductive Inference: Computation, Philosophy, Technology.John R. Josephson & Susan G. Josephson (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    In informal terms, abductive reasoning involves inferring the best or most plausible explanation from a given set of facts or data. It is a common occurrence in everyday life and crops up in such diverse places as medical diagnosis, scientific theory formation, accident investigation, language understanding, and jury deliberation. In recent years, it has become a popular and fruitful topic in artificial intelligence research. This volume breaks new ground in the scientific, philosophical, and technological study of abduction. It presents new (...)
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  2.  56
    Belief Revision Controlled by Meta-Abduction.Vivek Bharathan & John R. Josephson - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):271-285.
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  3.  21
    When Buddhism Became a “Religion”: Religion and Superstition in the Writings of Inoue Enryō.Jason Josephson - 2006 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 33 (1):143-168.
  4.  26
    Abduction-Prediction Model of Scientific Inference Reflected in a Prototype System for Model-Based Diagnosis.John R. Josephson - 1998 - Philosophica 61.
    This paper describes in some detail a pattern of justification which seems to be part of common sense logic and also part of the logic of scientific investigations. Calling this pattern “abduction,” the paper lays out an “abduction-prediction” model of scientific inference as an update to the traditional hypothetico-deductive model. According to this newer model, scientific theories receive their claims for acceptance and belief from the abductive arguments that support them, and the processes of scientific discovery aim to develop theories (...)
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  5.  35
    An Alternative Formulation for the Analysis and Interpretation of the Dirac Hydrogen Atom.J. Josephson - 1980 - Foundations of Physics 10 (3-4):243-266.
    The second-order radial differential equations for the relativistic Dirac hydrogen atom are derived from the Dirac equation treated as a system of partial differential equations. The quantum operators which arise in the development are defined and interpreted as they appear. The splitting in the energy levels is computed by applying the theory of singularities for second-order differential equations to the Klein-Gordon and Dirac relativistic equations. In the Dirac radial equation additional terms appear containing a constant, which is shown to be (...)
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  6.  10
    Abduction by Classification and Assembly.John R. Josephson, B. Chandrasekaran, Jack W. Smith & Michael C. Tanner - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:458 - 470.
    Red-2 is a computer program for red-cell antibody identification, a piece of "normal science". Abstracting from Red-2, a general problem solving mechanism is described that is especially suited for performing a form of abductive inference or best explanation finding. A problem solver embodying this mechanism synthesizes composite hypotheses by combining hypothesis parts. This is a common task of intelligence, and a component of scientific reasoning. The work addresses the question, 'How is science possible?' by showing how a simple but powerful (...)
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  7.  9
    Inference to the Best Explanation is Basic.John R. Josephson - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):477-478.