Results for 'J. Mark Bishop'

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John Mark Bishop
Goldsmiths College, University of London
  1. Artificial Intelligence Is Stupid and Causal Reasoning Will Not Fix It.J. Mark Bishop - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Artificial Neural Networks have reached “grandmaster” and even “super-human” performance across a variety of games, from those involving perfect information, such as Go, to those involving imperfect information, such as “Starcraft”. Such technological developments from artificial intelligence (AI) labs have ushered concomitant applications across the world of business, where an “AI” brand-tag is quickly becoming ubiquitous. A corollary of such widespread commercial deployment is that when AI gets things wrong—an autonomous vehicle crashes, a chatbot exhibits “racist” behavior, automated credit-scoring processes (...)
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  2.  46
    Rethinking Construction: On Luciano Floridi’s ‘Against Digital Ontology’.Chryssa Sdrolia & J. Mark Bishop - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (1):89-99.
    In the fourteenth chapter of The Philosophy of Information, Luciano Floridi puts forth a criticism of ‘digital ontology’ as a step toward the articulation of an ‘informational structural realism’. Based on the claims made in the chapter, the present paper seeks to evaluate the distinctly Kantian scope of the chapter from a rather unconventional viewpoint: while in sympathy with the author’s doubts ‘against’ digital philosophy, we follow a different route. We turn our attention to the concept of construction as used (...)
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  3.  66
    Of goals and goods and floundering about: A dissensus report on clinical ethics consultation.Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End (...)
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  4. Echo calling narcissus: What exceeds the gaze of clinical ethics consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, (...)
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  5.  37
    Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):73-84.
    Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies—individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms—that further divide the body from the web of significances that matter to that body, where only she, the patient, is located. The security of policy, standards, and employment will pull against and eventually sever the authorization secured (...)
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  6. Disagreement and Free Speech.Sebastien Bishop & Robert Mark Simpson - forthcoming - In Maria Baghramian, Adam Carter & R. Rowland (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Disagreement. Routledge.
    This chapter examines two ways in which liberal thinkers have appealed to claims about disagreement in order to defend a principle of free speech. One argument, from Mill, says that free speech is a necessary condition for healthy disagreement, and that healthy disagreement is conducive to human flourishing. The other argument says that in a community of people who disagree about questions of value, free speech is a necessary condition of legitimate democratic government. We argue that both of these arguments, (...)
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  7.  26
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):171-171.
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  8. Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence.John Mark Bishop & John Preston (eds.) - 2002 - London: Oxford University Press.
  9.  33
    Anxiety, anticipation and contextual information: A test of attentional control theory.Adam J. Cocks, Robin C. Jackson, Daniel T. Bishop & A. Mark Williams - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  10.  74
    Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room.Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):209-223.
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the divide (...)
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  11. Ansorge, Ulrich, 528 Arnel Trevena, Judy, 162, 308.Elisabeth Bacon, Clive G. Ballard, William P. Banks, James J. Barrell, John Barresi, Melissa R. Beck, Derek Besner, Uri Bibi, Niels Birbaumer & Mark Bishop - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:689-690.
     
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  12.  63
    Should Analytic Epistemology Be Replaced By Ameliorative Psychology?Mark McEvoy - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):163-171.
    Michael Bishop and J.D.Trout have recently argued that analytic epistemology is incapable of incorporating insights from experimental psychology, and that while an acceptable epistemology should be normative, analytic epistemology lacks normativity. For these reasons, they urge that analytic epistemology should be replaced by what they call “ameliorative psychology”: a view that draws on empirical findings in psychology in order to help people become better reasoners. In this paper, I argue that analytic epistemology does not need to be replaced, as (...)
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  13.  2
    In Place of a Conclusion: The Common School and the Melting Pot.J. Mark Halstead - 2008-10-10 - In Mark Halstead & Graham Haydon (eds.), The Common School and the Comprehensive Ideal. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 322–334.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Common School, Culture and Religion Justifications for the Common School Burdens and Dilemmas of the Common School Responding to Cultural Difference Conclusion References.
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  14.  13
    Romanita Mark II: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (The Second Session: 1963).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (3):341.
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  15. Towards Constructive Foundations of Cognitivism: Breaking in Open Doors?J. Wiedermann - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):38-40.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory” by Etienne B. Roesch, Matthew Spencer, Slawomir J. Nasuto, Thomas Tanay & J. Mark Bishop. Upshot: We challenge the authors’ claim in the target article that “departing from cognitivism requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment.” We argue that (...)
     
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  16. Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma.J. Mark G. Williams & Jon Kabat-Zinn - 2011 - Contemporary Buddhism 12 (1):1-18.
    (2011). Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma. Contemporary Buddhism: Vol. 12, Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma, pp. 1-18. doi: 10.1080/14639947.2011.564811.
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  17.  42
    Depression, SSRIs, and the supposed obligation to suffer mentally.J. Mark Olsen - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (3):283-303.
    : Within both popular and academic literature, concerns have been expressed about the implications of antidepressant use on character development. In this paper, I identify specific versions of these worries and argue that they are misguided. I begin by arguing that the obligation to suffer if it will bring about a noble character is imagined. Legitimate concerns about character enhancement remain, but they do not count against most antidepressant use. Thus there is no moral prohibition against antidepressant use. Furthermore, some (...)
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  18.  16
    Emotional Disturbance and the Specificity of Autobiographical Memory.J. Mark G. Williams & Barbara H. Dritschel - 1988 - Cognition and Emotion 2 (3):221-234.
  19.  11
    Capture andrumination,functionalavoidance, and executive control : Three processes that underlie overgeneral memory.J. Mark G. Williams - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):548-568.
  20.  7
    Types of reaction.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (3):259-273.
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  21.  29
    Islamic values: a distinctive framework for moral education?J. Mark Halstead - 2007 - Journal of Moral Education 36 (3):283-296.
    The first half of this Editorial examines the implications of the close link between morality and religion in Islamic thinking. There is no separate discipline of ethics in Islam, and the comparative importance of reason and revelation in determining moral values is open to debate. For most Muslims, what is considered halāl (permitted) and harām (forbidden) in Islam is understood in terms of what God defines as right and good. There are three main kinds of values: (a) akhlāq, which refers (...)
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  22. Values in Sex Education: From Principles to Practice.J. Mark Halstead - 2003 - Routledgefalmer. Edited by Michael J. Reiss.
    This absorbing and accessible book provides an analysis of the principles, policy and practice of sex education. Utilizing unpublished research, the authors critically examine sex education within the growing discourse on the teaching of values and citizenship education.
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  23.  15
    On selective thinking.J. Mark Baldwin - 1898 - Psychological Review 5 (1):1-24.
  24.  9
    The influence of Darwin on theory of knowledge and philosophy.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (3):207-218.
  25. A Certain Rectitude of Order: Jesus and Justification according to Aquinas.J. Mark Armitage - 2008 - The Thomist 72 (1):45-66.
     
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  26.  80
    Chesterton, Gilson and St. Thomas.J. Mark Armitage - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1-2):159-177.
  27.  17
    Chesterton, Gilson and St. Thomas.J. Mark Armitage - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1-2):159-177.
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  28.  11
    Conflicts of Interest in Japanese Insolvencies: The Problem of Bank Rescues.J. Mark Ramseyer & Yoshiro Miwa - 2005 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 6 (2):301-340.
    Economists and legal scholars routinely posit an implicit contract between Japanese firms and their principal lender. Under this arrangement, the bank implicitly agrees to rescue the firm when times turn bad. Out of court, it rescues the firm from insolvency. Not only does it save the investments specific to the troubled firm, it lowers the use of costly bankruptcy proceedings and cuts the costs of those bankruptcy procedures firms do occasionally invoke. Given the creditor-shareholder conflicts of interest that arise as (...)
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  29.  13
    Why Power Companies Build Nuclear Reactors on Fault Lines: The Case of Japan.J. Mark Ramseyer - 2012 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 13 (2):457-486.
    On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and thirty-eightmeter high tsunami destroyed Tokyo Electric’s Fukushima nuclear power complex. The disaster was not a high-damage, low-probability event. It was a high-damage, high-probability event. Massive earthquakes and tsunamis assault the coast every century. Tokyo Electric built its reactors as it did because it would not pay the full cost of a meltdown anyway. Given the limited liability at the heart of corporate law, it could externalize the cost of running reactors. In (...)
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  30.  22
    Consciousness and Evolution.J. Mark Baldwin - 1896 - Psychological Review 3 (3):300-309.
  31.  4
    Personality-suggestion.J. Mark Baldwin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (3):274-279.
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  32.  7
    The origin of a 'Thing' and its nature.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (6):551-573.
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  33. Reading kuki shzs : The structure of Iki in the shadow of laffaire Heidegger.J. Mark Mikkelsen - 2004 - In Hiroshi Nara (ed.), The structure of detachment: the aesthetic vision of Kuki Shuzo. University of Hawaii Press.
     
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  34.  34
    Schooling and Cultural Maintenance for Religious Minorities in the Liberal State.J. Mark Halstead - 2003 - In Kevin McDonough & Walter Feinberg (eds.), Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities. Oxford University Press.
    This is the last of the four essays in Part II of the book on liberalism and traditionalist education; all four are by authors who would like to find ways for the liberal state to honour the self-definitions of traditional cultures and to find ways of avoiding a confrontation with differences. One of the tasks of the book is to separate out different kinds of affiliation and the extent to which the arguments made about cultural recognition can be extended to (...)
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  35.  9
    Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks, Volume 9: Journals Nb26–Nb30.Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, Bruce H. Kirmmse, David D. Possen, Joel D. S. Rasmussen & Vanessa Rumble (eds.) - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    For over a century, the Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard has been at the center of a number of important discussions, concerning not only philosophy and theology, but also, more recently, fields such as social thought, psychology, and contemporary aesthetics, especially literary theory. Despite his relatively short life, Kierkegaard was an extraordinarily prolific writer, as attested to by the 26-volume Princeton University Press edition of all of his published writings. But Kierkegaard left behind nearly as much unpublished writing, most of which (...)
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  36.  19
    Breast cancer screening in younger women: evidence and decision making.J. Mark Elwood - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (3):179-186.
  37.  7
    Determinate evolution.J. Mark Baldwin - 1897 - Psychological Review 4 (4):393-401.
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  38.  3
    Mind and body, from the genetic point of view.J. Mark Baldwin - 1903 - Psychological Review 10 (3):225-247.
  39.  11
    Psychology past and present.J. Mark Baldwin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (4):363-391.
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  40.  7
    The limits of pragmatism.J. Mark Baldwin - 1904 - Psychological Review 11 (1):30-60.
  41.  19
    The `type-theory' of reaction.J. Mark Baldwin - 1896 - Mind 5 (17):81-90.
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  42.  14
    In place of a conclusion: The common school and the melting pot.J. Mark Halstead - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (4):829–842.
    Drawing substantially on the arguments put forward by the contributors to this Special Issue, this final article examines the two main purposes of the common school in contemporary western societies: to develop a set of shared values and a unified sense of citizenship, on the one hand, and to iron out disadvantage and equalise opportunities, on the other. Four main justifications for the common school are discussed—its symbolic value, its compatibility with liberal values, its inclusiveness and its provision of practical (...)
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  43.  28
    Teaching about love.J. Mark Halstead - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (3):290-305.
    After a brief discussion of the concept of love and contemporary attitudes towards it, the article examines previously unpublished findings about children's ways of thinking about love, using evidence drawn from a research project on the developing sexual values of 9 and 10 year-old children. Love features extensively in their discussions and appears central to their worldview. They are aware of some of the complexities of love, and would value opportunities to discuss it further. The article concludes with a discussion (...)
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  44.  4
    Analytic Psychology.J. Mark Baldwin - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (4):522-524.
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  45. Applications morales et sociales de la théorie du développement mental, Étude de Psychologie sociale, 1 vol.J. Mark Baldwin - 1898 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 6 (1):7-8.
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  46.  8
    Analytic Psychology.G. F. Stout.J. Mark Baldwin - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (4):522-524.
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  47.  2
    A scheme of classification for psychology.J. Mark Baldwin - 1901 - Psychological Review 8 (1):60-63.
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  48.  6
    Darwinism and logic: A reply to Professor Creighton.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (6):431-436.
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  49. Discussion and reports: Notes on social psychology and other things.J. Mark Baldwin - 1902 - Psychological Review 9 (1):57-69.
  50.  3
    Discussion and reports: Dr. Bosanquet on 'imitation'.J. Mark Baldwin - 1902 - Psychological Review 9 (6):597-603.
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