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J. Martin
Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
Jay Martin
University of Notre Dame
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  1.  22
    Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach.James A. Martin - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (1):103.
  2. Themes in Neoplatonic and Aristotelian Logic.John N. Martin - 2005 - Ars Disputandi 5.
     
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  3. Out of Nowhere: Thought Insertion, Ownership and Context-Integration.Jean-Remy Martin & Elisabeth Pacherie - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):111-122.
    We argue that thought insertion primarily involves a disruption of the sense of ownership for thoughts and that the lack of a sense of agency is but a consequence of this disruption. We defend the hypothesis that this disruption of the sense of ownership stems from a fail- ure in the online integration of the contextual information related to a thought, in partic- ular contextual information concerning the different causal factors that may be implicated in their production. Loss of unity (...)
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  4.  87
    Speech and Language Processing: An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition.Daniel Jurafsky & James H. Martin - 2000 - Prentice-Hall.
    The first of its kind to thoroughly cover language technology at all levels and with all modern technologies this book takes an empirical approach to the ...
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  5.  11
    Moral Distress in Nurses at an Acute Care Hospital in Switzerland: Results of a Pilot Study.M. Kleinknecht-Dolf, I. A. Frei, E. Spichiger, M. Muller, J. S. Martin & R. Spirig - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):77-90.
  6.  28
    When Do We Punish People Who Don’T?Justin W. Martin, Jillian J. Jordan, David G. Rand & Fiery Cushman - 2019 - Cognition 193:104040.
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  7. Reclaiming a Conversation: The Ideal of the Educated Woman.Jane Roland Martin - 1985 - Yale University Press.
     
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  8.  93
    Felt Reality and the Opacity of Perception.Jérôme Dokic & Jean-Rémy Martin - 2017 - Topoi 36 (2):299-309.
    We investigate the nature of the sense of presence that usually accompanies perceptual experience. We show that the notion of a sense of presence can be interpreted in two ways, corresponding to the sense that we are acquainted with an object, and the sense that the object is real. In this essay, we focus on the sense of reality. Drawing on several case studies such as derealization disorder, Parkinson’s disease and virtual reality, we argue that the sense of reality is (...)
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  9. Disjunctivism, Hallucination and Metacognition.Jérôme Dokic & Jean-Rémy Martin - 2012 - WIREs Cognitive Science 3:533-543.
    Perceptual experiences have been construed either as representational mental states—Representationalism—or as direct mental relations to the external world—Disjunctivism. Both conceptions are critical reactions to the so-called ‘Argument from Hallucination’, according to which perceptions cannot be about the external world, since they are subjectively indiscriminable from other, hallucinatory experiences, which are about sense-data ormind-dependent entities. Representationalism agrees that perceptions and hallucinations share their most specific mental kind, but accounts for hallucinations as misrepresentations of the external world. According to Disjunctivism, the phenomenal (...)
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  10. Seeing Absence or Absence of Seeing?Jean-Rémy Martin & Jérôme Dokic - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):117-125.
    Imagine that in entering a café, you are struck by the absence of Pierre, with whom you have an appointment. Or imagine that you realize that your keys are missing because they are not hanging from the usual ring-holder. What is the nature of these absence experiences? In this article, we discuss a recent view defended by Farennikova (2012) according to which we literally perceive absences of things in much the same way as we perceive present things. We criticize and (...)
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  11.  24
    Why We Forgive What Can’T Be Controlled.Justin W. Martin & Fiery Cushman - 2016 - Cognition 147:133-143.
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  12.  10
    Smiles as Multipurpose Social Signals.Jared Martin, Magdalena Rychlowska, Adrienne Wood & Paula Niedenthal - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (11):864-877.
  13.  54
    Out of Nowhere: Thought Insertion, Ownership and Context-Integration.Jean-Remy Martin & Pacherie Elisabeth - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):111-122.
  14. The Schoolhome.Jane R. Martin - 1992
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  15.  15
    Negotiating History: Contingency, Canonicity, and Case Studies.Agnes Bolinska & Joseph D. Martin - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 80:37–46.
    Objections to the use of historical case studies for philosophical ends fall into two categories. Methodological objections claim that historical accounts and their uses by philosophers are subject to various biases. We argue that these challenges are not special; they also apply to other epistemic practices. Metaphysical objections, on the other hand, claim that historical case studies are intrinsically unsuited to serve as evidence for philosophical claims, even when carefully constructed and used, and so constitute a distinct class of challenge. (...)
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  16.  26
    Themes in Neoplatonic and Aristotelian Logic: Order, Negotiation, and Abstraction.John N. Martin - 2004 - Ashgate.
    This book shows otherwise. John Martin rehabilitates Neoplatonism, founded by Plotinus and brought into Christianity by St. Augustine.
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  17.  13
    A Cognitive Model of Dynamic Cooperation With Varied Interdependency Information.Cleotilde Gonzalez, Noam Ben-Asher, Jolie M. Martin & Varun Dutt - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (3):457-495.
    We analyze the dynamics of repeated interaction of two players in the Prisoner's Dilemma under various levels of interdependency information and propose an instance-based learning cognitive model to explain how cooperation emerges over time. Six hypotheses are tested regarding how a player accounts for an opponent's outcomes: the selfish hypothesis suggests ignoring information about the opponent and utilizing only the player's own outcomes; the extreme fairness hypothesis weighs the player's own and the opponent's outcomes equally; the moderate fairness hypothesis weighs (...)
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  18.  70
    The Ideal of the Educated Person.Jane Roland Martin - 1981 - Educational Theory 31 (2):97-109.
  19.  33
    Aristotle'S Natural Deduction Reconsidered.John M. Martin - 1997 - History and Philosophy of Logic 18 (1):1-15.
    John Corcoran?s natural deduction system for Aristotle?s syllogistic is reconsidered.Though Corcoran is no doubt right in interpreting Aristotle as viewing syllogisms as arguments and in rejecting Lukasiewicz?s treatment in terms of conditional sentences, it is argued that Corcoran is wrong in thinking that the only alternative is to construe Barbara and Celarent as deduction rules in a natural deduction system.An alternative is presented that is technically more elegant and equally compatible with the texts.The abstract role assigned by tradition and Lukasiewicz (...)
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  20.  12
    The Schoolhome: Rethinking Schools for Changing Families.Jane Roland Martin - 1993 - British Journal of Educational Studies 41 (4):426-427.
  21.  37
    The Education of John Dewey: A Biography.Jay Martin - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    During John Dewey's lifetime, one public opinion poll after another revealed that he was esteemed to be one of the ten most important thinkers in American history. His body of thought, conventionally identified by the shorthand word "Pragmatism," has been the distinctive American philosophy of the last fifty years. His work on education is famous worldwide and is still influential today, anticipating as it did the ascendance in contemporary American pedagogy of multiculturalism and independent thinking. His University of Chicago Laboratory (...)
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  22.  15
    “Cognition” and Dynamical Cognitive Science.Luis H. Favela & Jonathan Martin - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (2):331-355.
    Several philosophers have expressed concerns with some recent uses of the term ‘cognition’. Underlying a number of these concerns are claims that cognition is only located in the brain and that no compelling case has been made to use ‘cognition’ in any way other than as a cause of behavior that is representational in nature. These concerns center on two primary misapprehensions: First, that some adherents of dynamical cognitive science think DCS implies the thesis of extended cognition and the rejection (...)
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  23. Authoritative Knowledge and Heteronomy in Classical Sociological Theory.John Levi Martin - 1998 - Sociological Theory 16 (2):99-130.
    This article traces the impact of philosophical questions regarding the grounds of moral autonomy and heteronomy (rule-from-another as opposed to rule-from-oneself) on classical sociological theory, arguing that both Weber and Durkheim understood sociology to have a contribution to make in the debate with Kant over the grounds of ethical action. Both insisted that the only possible ethical action was one within the bounds of rational knowledge that was inherently authoritative, but this sat uneasily with their focus on the relation between (...)
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  24.  43
    Proclus and the Neoplatonic Syllogistic.John N. Martin - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (3):187-240.
    An investigation of Proclus' logic of the syllogistic and of negations in the Elements of Theology, On the Parmenides, and Platonic Theology. It is shown that Proclus employs interpretations over a linear semantic structure with operators for scalar negations (hypemegationlalpha-intensivum and privative negation). A natural deduction system for scalar negations and the classical syllogistic (as reconstructed by Corcoran and Smiley) is shown to be sound and complete for the non-Boolean linear structures. It is explained how Proclus' syllogistic presupposes converting the (...)
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  25.  25
    Distributive Terms, Truth, and the Port Royal Logic.John N. Martin - 2013 - History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (2):133-154.
    The paper shows that in the Art of Thinking Arnauld and Nicole introduce a new way to state the truth-conditions for categorical propositions. The definition uses two new ideas: the notion of distributive or, as they call it, universal term, which they abstract from distributive supposition in medieval logic, and their own version of what is now called a conservative quantifier in general quantification theory. Contrary to the interpretation of Jean-Claude Parienté and others, the truth-conditions do not require the introduction (...)
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  26.  75
    Sensory Substitution is Substitution.Jean-Rémy Martin & François Le Corre - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (2):209-233.
    Sensory substitution devices make use of one substituting modality to get access to environmental information normally accessed through another modality . Based on behavioural and neuroimaging data, some authors have claimed that using a vision-substituting device results in visual perception. Reviewing these data, we contend that this claim is untenable. We argue that the kind of information processed by a SSD is metamodal, so that it can be accessed through any sensory modality and that the phenomenology associated with the use (...)
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  27. Pierre Rosanvallon's Democratic Legitimacyand the Legacy of Antitotalitarianism in Recent French Thought.James R. Martin - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 114 (1):120-133.
  28.  16
    Investigating Social Gaze as an Action-Perception Online Performance.Ouriel Grynszpan, Jérôme Simonin, Jean-Claude Martin & Jacqueline Nadel - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  29.  90
    Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum.Jane Roland Martin - 1994 - Routledge.
    Changing the Educational Landscape is a collection of the best-known and best-loved essays by the renowned feminist philosopher of education, Jane Roland Martin. The volume charts the remarkable intellectual development of a thinker who has travelled distinctively across a changing educational landscape. Trained as an analytic philosopher at a time before women or feminist ideas were welcome in the field, Martin brought a philosopher's detached perspective to her earliest efforts to reconstitute the curriculum. Her later essays on women and gender (...)
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  30.  89
    The Lover of the Beautiful and the Good: Platonic Foundations of Aesthetic and Moral Value.John Neil Martin - 2008 - Synthese 165 (1):31-51.
    Though acknowledged by scholars, Plato’s identification of the Beautiful and the Good has generated little interest, even in aesthetics where the moral concepts are a current topic. The view is suspect because, e.g., it is easy to find examples of ugly saints and beautiful sinners. In this paper the thesis is defended using ideas from Plato’s ancient commentators, the Neoplatonists. Most interesting is Proclus, who applied to value theory a battery of linguistic tools with fixed semantic properties—comparative adjectives, associated gradable (...)
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  31. Hegel and Deleuze: Together Again for the First Time.Karen Houle, Jim Vernon & Jean-Clet Martin (eds.) - 2013 - Northwestern University Press.
    _Hegel and Deleuze_ cannily examines the various resonances and dissonances between these two major philosophers. The collection represents the best in contemporary international scholarship on G. W. F. Hegel and Gilles Deleuze, and the contributing authors inhabit the as-yet uncharted space between the two thinkers, collectively addressing most of the major tensions and resonances between their ideas and laying a solid ground for future scholarship. The essays are organized thematically into two groups: those that maintain a firm but nuanced disjunction (...)
     
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  32.  17
    Experiences of Activity and Causality in Schizophrenia: When Predictive Deficits Lead to a Retrospective Over-Binding.Jean-Rémy Martin - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1361-1374.
    In this paper I discuss an intriguing and relatively little studied symptomatic expression of schizophrenia known as experiences of activity in which patients form the delusion that they can control some external events by the sole means of their mind. I argue that experiences of activity result from patients being prone to aberrantly infer causal relations between unrelated events in a retrospective way owing to widespread predictive deficits. Moreover, I suggest that such deficits may, in addition, lead to an aberrant (...)
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  33.  35
    Negotiating Values: Narrative and Exposition.J. R. Martin - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (1):41-55.
    In this paper I focus on the limits of narrative by asking what kinds of things narratives do, and what kinds of texts do related things in other ways. In particular I focus on how narrative genres organise time in relation to value, drawing on functional linguistic models of temporality and evaluation. From a linguistic perspective, the various narrative genres negotiate different kinds of solidarity with listeners, and so the limits of narrative materialise various possibilities for communing in a culture, (...)
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  34. Francis Bacon, the State and the Reform of Natural Philosophy.Julian Martin - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why was it that Francis Bacon, trained for high political office, devoted himself to proposing a celebrated and sweeping reform of the natural sciences? Julian Martin's investigative study looks at Bacon's family context, his employment in Queen Elizabeth's security service and his radical critique of the relationship between the Common Law and the Monarchy, to find the key to this important question. Deeply conservative and elitist in his political views, Bacon adapted Tudor strategies of State management and bureaucracy, the social (...)
     
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  35.  50
    The Psychology of Personhood: Philosophical, Historical, Social-Developmental, and Narrative Perspectives.Jack Martin & Mark H. Bickhard (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introducing persons and the psychology of personhood Jack Martin and Mark H. Bickhard; Part I. Philosophical, Conceptual Perspectives: 2. The person concept and the ontology of persons Michael A. Tissaw; 3. Achieving personhood: the perspective of hermeneutic phenomenology Charles Guignon; Part II. Historical Perspectives: 4. Historical psychology of persons: categories and practice Kurt Danziger; 5. Persons and historical ontology Jeff Sugarman; 6. Critical personalism: on its tenets, its historical obscurity, and its future prospects James T. (...)
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  36.  50
    The Educational Psychology of Self-Regulation: A Conceptual and Critical Analysis.Jack Martin & Ann-Marie McLellan - 2008 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 27 (6):433-448.
    The multiplicity of definitions and conceptions of self-regulation that typifies contemporary research on self-regulation in psychology and educational psychology is examined. This examination is followed by critical analyses of theory and research in educational psychology that reveal not only conceptual confusions, but misunderstandings of conceptual versus empirical issues, individualistic biases to the detriment of an adequate consideration of social and cultural contexts, and a tendency to reify psychological states and processes as ontologically foundational to self-regulation. The essay concludes with a (...)
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  37.  15
    Prestige Asymmetry in American Physics: Aspirations, Applications, and the Purloined Letter Effect.Joseph D. Martin - 2017 - Science in Context 30 (4):475-506.
    Why do similar scientific enterprises garner unequal public approbation? High energy physics attracted considerable attention in the late-twentieth-century United States, whereas condensed matter physics – which occupied the greater proportion of US physicists – remained little known to the public, despite its relevance to ubiquitous consumer technologies. This paper supplements existing accounts of this much remarked-upon prestige asymmetry by showing that popular emphasis on the mundane technological offshoots of condensed matter physics and its focus on human-scale phenomena have rendered it (...)
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  38.  22
    Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1.John N. Martin - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
    The paper is a study of the logic of existence, negation, and order in the Neoplatonic tradition. The central idea is that Neoplatonists assume a logic in which the existence predicate is a comparative adjective and in which monadic predicates function as scalar adjectives that nest the background order. Various scalar predicate negations are then identifiable with various Neoplatonic negations, including a privative negation appropriate for the lower orders of reality and a hyper-negation appropriate for the higher. Reversion to the (...)
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  39.  40
    Existential Import in Cartesian Semantics.John N. Martin - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):211-239.
    The paper explores the existential import of universal affirmative in Descartes, Arnauld and Malebranche. Descartes holds, inconsistently, that eternal truths are true even if the subject term is empty but that a proposition with a false idea as subject is false. Malebranche extends Descartes? truth-conditions for eternal truths, which lack existential import, to all knowledge, allowing only for non-propositional knowledge of contingent existence. Malebranche's rather implausible Neoplatonic semantics is detailed as consisting of three key semantic relations: illumination by which God's (...)
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  40.  45
    Is the Contingentist/Inevitabilist Debate a Matter of Degrees?Joseph D. Martin - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):919-930.
    The contingentist/inevitabilist debate contests whether the results of successful science are contingent or inevitable. This article addresses lingering ambiguity in the way contingency is defined in this debate. I argue that contingency in science can be understood as a collection of distinct concepts, distinguished by how they hold science contingent, by what elements of science they hold contingent, and by what those elements are contingent upon. I present a preliminary taxonomy designed to characterize the full-range positions available and illustrate that (...)
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  41. The Explanation of Social Action.John Levi Martin - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    The Explanation of Social Action is a critique of the conventional understanding of methods of explanation in the social sciences. It argues that any scientific approach to explanation must build on the phenomenological experience of actors.
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  42.  2
    26. Rhetoric and the Emotions.James Martin - 2017 - In Gerald Posselt & Andreas Hetzel (eds.), Handbuch Rhetorik Und Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 617-634.
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  43.  32
    Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Student Manual. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 21 Pp. + 2 Disks. - Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Guide for Instructors. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 23 Pp. + Disk. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):368-370.
  44.  4
    Malebranche: Theological Figure, Being 2 by AlainBadiou (New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2019), Xxxvii + 193 Pp. [REVIEW]Jay Martin - 2020 - Modern Theology 36 (3):688-690.
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  45.  5
    All Brutes Are Subhuman: Aristotle and Ockham on Private Negation.John N. Martin - 2003 - Synthese 134 (3):429-461.
    The mediaeval logic of Aristotelian privation, represented by Ockham's exposition of All A is non-P as All S is of a type T that is naturally P and no S is P, is critically evaluated as an account of privative negation. It is argued that there are two senses of privative negation: an intensifier, the dual of Neoplatonic hypernegation, which is studied in linguistics as an operator on scalar adjectives, and a Boolean complement relative to the extension of a privative (...)
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  46. Elements of Formal Semantics: An Introduction to Logic for Students of Language.John N. Martin - 1987 - Academic Press.
     
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  47. Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science.J. R. Martin & Robert Veel (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Reading Science_ looks at the distinctive language of science and technology and the role it plays in building up scientific understandings of the world. It brings together discourse analysis and critical theory for the first time in a single volume. This edited collection examines science discourse from a number of perspectives, drawing on new rhetoric, functional linguistics and critical theory. It explores this language in research and industrial contexts as well as in educational settings and in popular science writing and (...)
     
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  48.  14
    Rhythmic Versus Serial Structure in Speech and Other Behavior.James G. Martin - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (6):487-509.
  49.  18
    Morphogenetic Processes: Application to Cambial Growth Dynamics.Loïc Forest, Jaime San Martín, Fernando Padilla, Fabrice Chassat, Françoise Giroud & Jacques Demongeot - 2004 - Acta Biotheoretica 52 (4):415-438.
    Both the physiological and the pathological morphogenetic processes that we can meet in embryogenesis, neogenesis and degenerative dysgenesis present common features: they are ruled by three different kinds of mechanisms, one related to cell migration, the second to cell differentiation and the third to cell proliferation. We deal here with an application to the cambial growth which essentially involves the third type of mechanism.Woody plants produce secondary tissue (secondary xylem and phloem) from a meristematic tissue called vascular cambium, responsible for (...)
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  50.  2
    Reimagining the Analogia Entis: The Future of Erich Przywara’s Christian Vision. By Philip John Paul Gonzales.Jennifer Newsome Martin - 2020 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (3):495-499.
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