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John McMillan [66]J. McMillan [11]John R. McMillan [4]Jeffrey J. McMillan [3]
J. R. McMillan [3]James F. McMillan [1]
  1.  51
    The Kindest Cut? Surgical Castration, Sex Offenders and Coercive Offers.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):583-590.
    The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment have conducted visits and written reports criticising the surgical castration of sex offenders in the Czech Republic and Germany. They claim that surgical castration is degrading treatment and have called for an immediate end to this practice. The Czech and German governments have published rebuttals of these criticisms. The rebuttals cite evidence about clinical effectiveness and point out this is an intervention that must be requested (...)
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  2.  63
    Gender Differences in Determining the Ethical Sensitivity of Future Accounting Professionals.Elsie C. Ameen, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):591 - 597.
    This paper explores possible connections between gender and the willingness to tolerate unethical academic behavior. Data from a sample of 285 accounting majors at four public institutions reveal that females are less tolerant than males when questioned about academic misconduct. Statistically significant differences were found for 17 of 23 questionable activities. Furthermore, females were found to be less cynical and less often involved in academic dishonesty. Overall, the results support the finding of Betz et al. (1989) that the gender socialization (...)
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  3.  55
    COVID-19 and Justice.John McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (10):639-640.
    John Rawls begins a Theory of Justice with the observation that 'Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought… Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override'1. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in lock-downs, the restriction of liberties, debate about the right to refuse medical treatment and many other changes to the everyday behaviour of persons. The justice issues it raises are diverse, (...)
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  4.  97
    Defending Psychopathy: An Argument From Values and Moral Responsibility.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):7-16.
    How psychopaths and their capacity for moral action are viewed is not only philosophically interesting but is also important and relevant for policy. The philosophical discussion of psychopathy has focussed upon the psychological faculties that are prerequisites for moral responsibility and empirical findings regarding psychopathy that are relevant to philosophical accounts of moral understanding and motivation. However, there are legitimate worries about whether psychopathy is a robust scientific construct, and there are risks attached to reifying psychopathy or other psychiatric constructs. (...)
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  5.  98
    Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The discussion of whether psychopaths are morally responsible for their behaviour has long taken place in philosophy. In recent years this has moved into scientific and psychiatric investigation. Responsibility and Psychopathy discusses this subject from both the philosophical and scientific disciplines, as well as a legal perspective.
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  6.  38
    The Ethics of Research Related to Health Care in Developing Countries.J. R. McMillan - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):204-206.
    A report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, contrary to the Declaration of Helsinki, permits most important research initiatives in developing countries.The Ethics of Research Related to Health Care in Developing Countries by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics makes a number of innovative recommendations that depart from codes such as the Declaration of Helsinki. It recommends that standards of care might be relativised to the standard of that nation. It recommends that very good reasons need to be given for not (...)
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  7.  16
    The Possibility of Empirical Psychiatric Ethics.John McMillan & Tony Hope - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 9--22.
  8.  51
    Physicians' Duties and the Non-Identity Problem.Tony Hope & John McMillan - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):21 - 29.
    The non-identity problem arises when an intervention or behavior changes the identity of those affected. Delaying pregnancy is an example of such a behavior. The problem is whether and in what ways such changes in identity affect moral considerations. While a great deal has been written about the non-identity problem, relatively little has been written about the implications for physicians and how they should understand their duties. We argue that the non-identity problem can make a crucial moral difference in some (...)
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  9.  29
    Pandemic Medical Ethics.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Kenneth Boyd, Brian D. Earp, Lucy Frith, Rosalind J. McDougall, John McMillan & Jesse Wall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):353-354.
    The COVID-19 pandemic will generate vexing ethical issues for the foreseeable future and many journals will be open to content that is relevant to our collective effort to meet this challenge. While the pandemic is clearly the critical issue of the moment, it’s important that other issues in medical ethics continue to be addressed as well. As can be seen in this issue, the Journal of Medical Ethics will uphold its commitment to publishing high quality papers on the full array (...)
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  10.  9
    Grounded Ethical Analysis.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):1-2.
    There’s no doubt that medical ethics should be ‘grounded’, in the sense that it aims to make a practical, normative contribution to significant ethical issues in medicine. There are a number of ways in which ethics can do that, two of which feature in this issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics. One way is by responding to significant new policy or legal developments that will have an impact on clinical practice. This issue discusses two legal developments that matter to (...)
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  11.  13
    An Analysis of Glass Ceiling Perceptions in the Accounting Profession.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Derek W. Dalton, Lori L. Holder-Webb & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):17-38.
    Access to a deep pool of talent is essential to the success of every professional services firm. The supply of that talent is contingent upon the available rewards for the exercise of that talent, and both the existence of the potential rewards and the beliefs that individuals hold about the existence of the rewards affect the decision to remain in the field. One structural factor that may affect the judgment about whether to remain in a profession concerns promotions based on (...)
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  12.  40
    Psychopathy: Philosophical and Empirical Challenges.Marko Jurjako, Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2018 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 14 (1):5-14.
  13.  70
    Truth, Consequences and Culture: A Comparative Examination of Cheating and Attitudes About Cheating Among U.S. And U.K. Students. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Salter, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):37-50.
    As Post observes, accounting firms are unique among multinationals. They are more likely than firms in almost any other category to go abroad. They also have less choice in location as their expansion is determined largely by the desired locations of their clients. Given the widespread global presence of such firms, it can be argued that the global audit firm is uniquely at risk from variations in ethical perceptions across nations. This study extends the U.S. accounting literature on determinants of (...)
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  14.  22
    Good Medical Ethics.John McMillan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):511-512.
    The first editorial in the Journal of Medical Ethics described an ambition to be a ‘forum for the reasoned discussion of moral issues arising from the provision of medical care’.1 While that statement of intent might seem broad, it is one that has been reaffirmed by successive editors of the journal.2–4 It is an aim that aligns with the mission statement of JME and The Institute of Medical Ethics, to promote ‘ethical reflection and conduct in scientific research and medical conduct.’ (...)
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  15.  39
    Valuing Hope.John McMillan, Simon Walker & Tony Hope - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):33-42.
    This article argues that hope is of value in clinical ethics and that it can be important for clinicians to be sensitive to both the risks of false hope and the importance of retaining hope. However, this sensitivity requires an understanding of the complexity of hope and how it bears on different aspects of a well-functioning doctor-patient relationship. We discuss hopefulness and distinguish it from three different kinds of hope, or ‘hopes for’, and then relate these distinctions back to differing (...)
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  16.  56
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science * By R. COOPER.J. McMillan - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these pose interesting challenges for (...)
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  17.  7
    Responsibility for Health.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):627-628.
    The question of whether any of us can truly be held responsible for what we do is an issue that occupied the ancient Greeks and continues to entertain our leading thinkers. Whether we can be held responsible for our health, or lack thereof, has additional layers of complexity because of the way in which what we do over time impacts our health. Those of us who have ever self-deceptively wondered about the apparent shrinking of our belt or at the fact (...)
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  18. Why Be Moral in a Virtual World.John McMillan & Mike King - 2017 - Journal of Practical Ethics 5 (2):30-48.
    This article considers two related and fundamental issues about morality in a virtual world. The first is whether the anonymity that is a feature of virtual worlds can shed light upon whether people are moral when they can act with impunity. The second issue is whether there are any moral obligations in a virtual world and if so what they might be. -/- Our reasons for being good are fundamental to understanding what it is that makes us moral or indeed (...)
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  19.  13
    Research Ethics: Payment for Participation in Research: A Pursuit for the Poor?M. Stones & J. McMillan - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):34-36.
    Poor people predominate as a subgroup of those who take part in healthy volunteer research. They are subjected to minimised but unknown risks and unpleasant burdens so that the safety of new medicines can be evaluated. This is prima facie unfair especially given that the poor are often unable to access expensive medicines. Although participants in this kind of research often do receive compensation for their time, these payments are usually capped at a very low level. This paper defends a (...)
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  20.  11
    Capital, Profits and Prices: An Essay in the Philosophy of Economics.John McMillan - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (4):651-653.
  21.  77
    Dangerousness, Mental Disorder, and Responsibility.J. R. McMillan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):232-235.
    While the UK Home Office’s proposals to preventively detain people with what it has called dangerous severe personality disorder have been subjected to debate and criticism the deeply troubling jurisprudential issues in these proposals have not yet entered into public debate in a way that their seriousness deserves.1 It is good that a commentator as well known as Professor Szasz is speaking out on this issue.Professor Szasz focuses upon a crucial question by calling into question the medicalisation of terms like (...)
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  22.  31
    Making Sense of Child Welfare When Regulating Human Reproductive Technologies.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):47-55.
    Policy-makers have attempted to frame the ethical requirements that are relevant to the creation of human beings via reproductive technologies. Various reports and laws enacted in New Zealand, Canada, Australia, and Britain have introduced tests for how we should weigh child welfare when using these technologies. A number of bioethicists have argued that child welfare should be interpreted as a “best interests” test. Others have argued that there are ethical reasons why we should abandon this kind of test. I will (...)
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  23.  8
    Parental Reasoning About Growth Attenuation Therapy: Report of a Single-Case Study.Nicola Kerruish & John R. McMillan - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):745-749.
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  24. Identity: Self and Dementia.John McMillan - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  25.  32
    Balancing Principles, QALYs and the Straw Men of Resource Allocation.John McMillan & Tony Hope - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):48 – 50.
  26.  21
    Coercive Offers and Research Participation: A Comment on Wertheimer and Miller.J. McMillan - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):383-384.
    Concepts such as ‘coercion’ and ‘inducement’ are often used within bioethics without much reflection upon what they mean. This is particularly so in research ethics where they are assumed to imply that payment for research participation is unethical. Wertheimer and Miller advance our thinking about these concepts and research ethics in a significant way, specifically by questioning the possibility of genuine offers ever being coercive. This commentary argues that they are right to question this assumption, however, more needs to be (...)
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  27.  37
    Defending PCL-R.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2010 - In Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.), Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter we argue that Robert Hare's psychopathy checklist revised (PCL-R) offers a construct of psychopathy that is valid enough for philosophical investigations of the moral and legal responsibility of psychopathic offenders.
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  28.  27
    NICE, the Draft Fertility Guideline and Dodging the Big Question.J. R. McMillan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):313-314.
    NICE, the draft fertility guideline and dodging the big question: should fertility treatment be provided by the NHS?In August of this year the National Institute for Clinical Excellence made its draft guideline on fertility treatment available for consultation.1 As has been widely reported in the media the draft guideline recommends that the National Health Service should provide publicly funded fertility treatment in a consistent way across England and Wales. The guideline recommends that three cycles of IVF should be available when (...)
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  29.  19
    The Return of the Inseminator: Eutelegenesis in Past and Contemporary Reproductive Ethics.John McMillan - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):393-410.
    Eugenicists in the 1930s and 1940s emphasised our moral responsibilities to future generations and the importance of positively selecting traits that would benefit humanity. In 1935 Herbert Brewer recommended ‘Eutelegenesis’ so that that future generations are not only protected from hereditary disease but also become more intelligent and fraternal than us. The development of these techniques for human use and animal husbandry was the catalyst for the cross fertilization of moral ideas and the development of a critical procreative morality. While (...)
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  30. Public Health Research Ethics: Is Non-Exploitation the New Principle for Population-Based Research Ethics?J. McMillan & A. Dawson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice:174--190.
  31.  19
    Clinical Ethics Committees: Opportunity or Threat? [REVIEW]Anne Slowther, Donald Hill & John McMillan - 2002 - HEC Forum 14 (1):4-12.
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  32.  19
    Human Rights: The Normative Engine of Fairness and Research in Developing Countries.John McMillan - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):47-49.
    (2010). Human Rights: The Normative Engine of Fairness and Research in Developing Countries. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 47-49.
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  33. Jaspers and Defining Phenomenology.John McMillan - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):91-92.
  34. Moral Responsibility, Consciousness and Psychiatry.John McMillan & Grant R. Gillett - 2005 - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 39 (11):1018-1021.
  35.  66
    Precision and the Rules of Prioritization.John Mcmillan, Tony Hope & Dominic Wilkinson - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (4):336-345.
  36.  23
    Cost-Value Analysis in Health Care: Making Sense Out of QALYs: Eric Nord, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999, 175 Pages, Pound35 (Hb) Pound11.95 (Pb). [REVIEW]J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):139-139.
  37.  25
    Surgical Castration, Coercive Offers and Coercive Effects: It is Still Not About Consent.John McMillan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):596-596.
    In my reply to Wertheimer and Miller's paper on coercive offers and payment for research participation1 I claim that ‘… it's not unreasonable to suppose that there is another normative aspect to these cases, over and above the voluntariness of consent. While the parents of children at Willowbrook and the millionaire's mistress might have given consent that was voluntary and informed, they are still wronged by taking up this offer…’2 Furthermore, nowhere in my paper on surgical castration do I claim (...)
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  38. Consciousness and Intentionality.Grant R. Gillett & John McMillan - 2001 - John Benjamins.
    This book considers questions such as these and argues for a conception of consciousness, mental content and intentionality that is anti-Cartesian in its major...
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  39.  15
    Is Corporate Money Bad for Bioethics?John McMillan - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):167-175.
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  40.  16
    Is Corporate Money Bad for Bioethics?John McMillan - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):167-175.
    Some bioethicists are concerned about other bioethicists being paid by corporations. These concerns make sense if you have a particular view about what the most important role of a bioethicist should be. If you believe that a bioethicist should be a moral critic, attempting to expose wrongdoing, then being paid by corporations might compromise this role. It’s plausible to suppose that this can be a role for bioethicists but it’s unreasonable to insist that all bioethicists should be moral critics.
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  41.  9
    Ethics and Opportunity Costs: Have NICE Grasped the Ethics of Priority Setting?J. McMillan - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (3):127-128.
    The Social Value Judgments consultation document reveals NICE’s failure to understand its role in healthcare prioritisationThe National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence has published a draft guideline, Social Value Judgments: Guidelines for the Institute and its Advisory Bodies , which outlines the ethical framework that will guide its decision making in the future.1 NICE guidance has a profound effect upon the delivery of health care within the National Health Service so it is crucial that an overarching guideline such as (...)
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  42.  23
    Psychiatric Ethics and the Methodological Virtues of Bioethics.John R. McMillan - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):194-194.
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  43.  4
    Psychosurgery.John McMillan - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  44.  4
    Is Corporate Money Bad for Bioethics?John Mcmillan - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):167-175.
    Some bioethicists are concerned about other bioethicists being paid by corporations. These concerns make sense if you have a particular view about what the most important role of a bioethicist should be. If you believe that a bioethicist should be a moral critic, attempting to expose wrongdoing, then being paid by corporations might compromise this role. It’s plausible to suppose that this can be a role for bioethicists but it’s unreasonable to insist that all bioethicists should be moral critics.
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  45.  30
    The Development of Healthcare (Clinical) Ethics Committees in the U.K.Anne Slowther & John McMillan - 2002 - HEC Forum 14 (1):1-3.
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  46.  4
    The Return of the Inseminator: Eutelegenesis in Past and Contemporary Reproductive Ethics.John Mcmillan - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):393-410.
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  47.  4
    Sex Selection in the United Kingdom.John McMillan - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (1):28-31.
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  48.  12
    Pregnancy and the Culture of Extreme Risk Aversion.Angela Ballantyne, Colin Gavaghan, John McMillan & Sue Pullon - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):21-23.
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  49. Trust and Search in Vietnam's Private Sector.Stephan Haggard, John Mcmillan & Christopher Woodruff - 1996 - Centre for Economic Policy Research.
     
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  50.  41
    Intensive Care Triage: Priority Should Be Independent of Whether Patients Are Already Receiving Intensive Care.Tony Hope, John Mcmillan & Elaine Hill - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (5):259-266.
    Intensive care units are not always able to admit all patients who would benefit from intensive care. Pressure on ICU beds is likely to be particularly high during times of epidemics such as might arise in the case of swine influenza. In making choices as to which patients to admit, the key US guidelines state that significant priority should be given to the interests of patients who are already in the ICU over the interests of patients who would benefit from (...)
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