Results for 'J. P. Gamboa'

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J. P. Gamboa
University of Pittsburgh
  1. Goltz Against Cerebral Localization: Methodology and Experimental Practices.J. P. Gamboa - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84:101304.
    In the late 19th century, physiologists such as David Ferrier, Eduard Hitzig, and Hermann Munk argued that cerebral brain functions are localized in discrete structures. By the early 20th century, this became the dominant position. However, another prominent physiologist, Friedrich Goltz, rejected theories of cerebral localization and argued against these physiologists until his death in 1902. I argue in this paper that previous historical accounts have failed to comprehend why Goltz rejected cerebral localization. I show that Goltz adhered to a (...)
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  2. Integrating Philosophy of Understanding with the Cognitive Sciences.Kareem Khalifa, Farhan Islam, J. P. Gamboa, Daniel Wilkenfeld & Daniel Kostić - 2022 - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 16.
    We provide two programmatic frameworks for integrating philosophical research on understanding with complementary work in computer science, psychology, and neuroscience. First, philosophical theories of understanding have consequences about how agents should reason if they are to understand that can then be evaluated empirically by their concordance with findings in scientific studies of reasoning. Second, these studies use a multitude of explanations, and a philosophical theory of understanding is well suited to integrating these explanations in illuminating ways.
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  3.  67
    Compromise: J. P. Day.J. P. Day - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (250):471-485.
    Human conflict and its resolution is obviously a subject of great practical importance. Equally obviously, it is a vast subject, ranging from total war at one end of the spectrum to negotiated settlement at its other end. The literature on the subject is correspondingly vast and, in recent times, technical, thanks to the valuable contributions made to it by game theorists, economists, and writers on industrial and international relations. In this essay, however, I shall discuss only one familiar form of (...)
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  4.  49
    The process of linguistic understanding.J. P. Grodniewicz - 2021 - Synthese 198 (12):11463-11481.
    The majority of our linguistic exchanges, such as everyday conversations, are divided into turns; one party usually talks at a time, with only relatively rare occurrences of brief overlaps in which there are two simultaneous speakers. Moreover, conversational turn-taking tends to be very fast. We typically start producing our responses before the previous turn has finished, i.e., before we are confronted with the full content of our interlocutor’s utterance. This raises interesting questions about the nature of linguistic understanding. Philosophical theories (...)
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  5.  32
    Individual Liberty: J. P. Day.J. P. Day - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:17-29.
    The philosophical problems of liberty may be classified as those of definition, of justification and of distribution. They are so complex that there is a danger of being unable to see the wood for the trees. It may be helpful, therefore, to provide an aerial photograph of a large part of the wood, namely, the liberty of individual persons . But it is, of course, a photograph taken from an individual point of view, as Leibniz would have put it.
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  6.  18
    The justification of comprehension-based beliefs.J. P. Grodniewicz - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (1):109-126.
    What justifies our beliefs about what other people say? According to epistemic inferentialism​, the justification of comprehension-based beliefs depends on the justification of other beliefs, e.g., beliefs about what words the speaker uttered or even what sounds they produced. According to epistemic non-inferentialism, the justification of comprehension-based beliefs ​does not depend on the justification of other beliefs. This paper offers a new defense of epistemic non-inferentialism. First, I discuss three counterexamples to epistemic non-inferentialism provided recently by Brendan Balcerak Jackson. I (...)
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  7. Morals From Rationality Alone? Some Doubts.J. P. Messina & David Wiens - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (3):248-273.
    Contractarians aim to derive moral principles from the dictates of instrumental rationality alone. But it is well-known that contractarian moral theories struggle to identify normative principles that are both uniquely rational and morally compelling. Michael Moehler's recent book, *Minimal Morality* seeks to avoid these difficulties by developing a novel "two-level" social contract theory, which restricts the scope of contractarian morality to cases of deep and persistent moral disagreement. Yet Moehler remains ambitious, arguing that a restricted version of Kant's categorical imperative (...)
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  8.  38
    Quasi-Boolean Algebras, Empirical Continuity and Three-Valued Logic J. P. Cleave in Bristol.J. P. Cleave - 1976 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 22 (1):481-500.
  9.  29
    Quasi‐Boolean Algebras, Empirical Continuity and Three‐Valued Logic J. P. Cleave in Bristol (Great Britain).J. P. Cleave - 1976 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 22 (1):481-500.
  10.  5
    Doctrines of the Great Educators.J. P. Tuck, Robert R. Rusk & James Scotland - 1980
  11. Debating Christian Theism.J. P. Moreland, K. A. Sweis & Ch V. Meister (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford Univ. Press.
     
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  12.  42
    J. P. Moreland, Chad Meister, and Khaldoun A. Sweis, Eds., Debating Christian Theism: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, $125.00 , $35.00.Daryl L. Hale - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (3):335-338.
    After one has read for a while in the history of Western thought, one becomes cognizant of how many great intellects, believers and non-believers alike, have presented compelling examinations of Christian theism. And until recently, religious skeptics, following in the wake of David Hume, assumed that the ship of Christian philosophy of religion was too damaged to sail again. However, something unexpectedly emerged recently from the weathered ship, even after many pilots advised cautious hugging the shores, especially in light of (...)
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  13. BAGCHI, S. - Inductive Reasoning: A Study of Tarka and its Role in Indian Logic. [REVIEW]J. P. Day - 1958 - Mind 67:112.
     
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  14. DAY, J. P. - "Inductive Probability". [REVIEW]E. H. Hutten - 1962 - Mind 71:583.
     
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  15.  21
    An Enduring Self.J. P. Moreland - 1988 - Process Studies 17 (3):193-199.
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  16. Hope, a Philosophical Inquiry (Acta Philosophica Fennica).J. P. Day - 1991 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  17.  6
    An Enduring Self: The Achilles’ Heel of Process Philosophy.J. P. Moreland - 1988 - Process Studies 17 (3):193-199.
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  18.  5
    La Mimesis Sociale : L'approche Historique de Gunter Gebauer Et Christoph Wulf.J. -P. Fischer & J. -B. Perret - 1998 - Hermes 22:63.
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  19. What Is Money? An Alternative To Searle's Institutional Facts.J. P. Smit, Filip Buekens & Stan du Plessis - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):1-22.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle develops a theory of institutional facts and objects, of which money, borders and property are presented as prime examples. These objects are the result of us collectively intending certain natural objects to have a certain status, i.e. to ‘count as’ being certain social objects. This view renders such objects irreducible to natural objects. In this paper we propose a radically different approach that is more compatible with standard economic theory. We claim that (...)
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  20.  79
    Developing the Incentivized Action View of Institutional Reality.J. P. Smit, Filip8 Buekens & Stan Du Plessis - 2014 - Synthese 191 (8).
    Contemporary discussion concerning institutions focus on, and mostly accept, the Searlean view that institutional objects, i.e. money, borders and the like, exist in virtue of the fact that we collectively represent them as existing. A dissenting note has been sounded by Smit et al. (Econ Philos 27:1–22, 2011), who proposed the incentivized action view of institutional objects. On the incentivized action view, understanding a specific institution is a matter of understanding the specific actions that are associated with the institution and (...)
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  21.  28
    A Hierarchy of Primitive Recursive Functions.J. P. Cleave - 1963 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 9 (22):331-346.
  22.  24
    Creative Functions.J. P. Cleave - 1961 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 7 (11-14):205-212.
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  23.  17
    A Hierarchy of Primitive Recursive Functions.J. P. Cleave - 1963 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 9 (22):331-346.
  24. Consciousness and the Existence of God: A Theistic Argument.J. P. Moreland - 2008 - Routledge.
    In _Consciousness and the Existence of God_, J.P. Moreland argues that the existence of finite, irreducible consciousness provides evidence for the existence of God. Moreover, he analyzes and criticizes the top representative of rival approaches to explaining the origin of consciousness, including John Searle’s contingent correlation, Timothy O’Connor’s emergent necessitation, Colin McGinn’s mysterian ‘‘naturalism,’’ David Skrbina’s panpsychism and Philip Clayton’s pluralistic emergentist monism. Moreland concludes that these approaches should be rejected in favor of what he calls ‘‘the Argument from Consciousness.’’.
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  25.  7
    The Quilting Points of Musical Modernsim: Revolution, Reaction, and William Walton.J. P. E. Harper-Scott - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    A new theory of musical modernism, which brings contemporary philosophy into contact with music theory and interpretation.
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  26.  42
    Byzantine Silver Stamps: With an Excursus on the Comes Sacrarum Largitionum by J. P. C. Kent. [REVIEW]D. M. Metcalf, E. C. Dodd & J. P. C. Kent - 1963 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 83:217-218.
  27. L'Être et le Néant : essai d'ontologie phénoménologique.J. P. Sartre - 1942 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 133 (10):177-179.
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  28.  88
    Cigarettes, Dollars and Bitcoins – an Essay on the Ontology of Money.J. P. Smit, Filip8 Buekens & Stan Du Plessis - 2016 - Journal of Institutional Economics 12 (2):327 - 347.
    What does being money consist in? We argue that something is money if, and only if, it is typically acquired in order to realise the reduction in transaction costs that accrues in virtue of agents coordinating on acquiring the same thing when deciding what thing to acquire in order to exchange. What kinds of things can be money? We argue against the common view that a variety of things (notes, coins, gold, cigarettes, etc.) can be money. All monetary systems are (...)
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  29. The Iterative Conception of Set: A (Bi-)Modal Axiomatisation.J. P. Studd - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):1-29.
    The use of tensed language and the metaphor of set ‘formation’ found in informal descriptions of the iterative conception of set are seldom taken at all seriously. Both are eliminated in the nonmodal stage theories that formalise this account. To avoid the paradoxes, such accounts deny the Maximality thesis, the compelling thesis that any sets can form a set. This paper seeks to save the Maximality thesis by taking the tense more seriously than has been customary (although not literally). A (...)
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  30.  8
    Creative Functions.J. P. Cleave - 1961 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 7 (11‐14):205-212.
  31.  87
    J. L. Bell, A Primer of Infinitesimal Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, Cloth £19.95. ISBN: 0 521 62401 0.J. P. Mayberry - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2):339-345.
  32.  45
    Dr. J. Veenhof, Revelatie en Inspiratie. De Openbarings- en Schriftbeschouwing van Herman Bavinck in vergelijking met die van de ethische theologie. Uitg. Buijten & Schipperheijn, 1968, Amsterdam. 710 p., f 57,50. (Uitgegeven met steun van de Nederlandse Organisatie voor zuiver-wetenschappelijk onderzoek (Z.W.O.)). [REVIEW]K. J. P. Editors - 1969 - Philosophia Reformata 34 (1-2):80-84.
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  33. Critique de la Raison Dialectique.J.-P. SARTRE - 1960
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  34.  9
    Jalabert and Mouterde Inscriptions Grecques Et Latines de la Syrie. Tome Vii. Arados Et Régions Voisines, 4001–4061, Par J.-P. Rey-Coquais. Paris: P. Geuthner. 1970. Pp. 117. 2maps. 16plates. Fr. 50. [REVIEW]E. W. Gray, L. Jalabert, R. Mouterde & J. -P. Rey-Coquais - 1972 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 92:235-236.
  35.  9
    Cicero and Religion - Cicero on the Philosophy of Religion. On the Nature of the Gods and on Divination. Pp. XII + 308. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Cased, £75, Us$99.99. Isbn: 978-1-107-07048-6. [REVIEW]David Glidden & J. P. F. Wynne - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):379-381.
  36.  1
    Brein En Bewustzijn: Gedachtesprongen Tussen Hersenen En Mensbeeld.J. Janssen & J. P. A. van Vugt (eds.) - 2006 - Soeterbeeck Programma, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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  37. Reason and Common Sense an Inquiry Into Some Problems of Philosophy.Robert Grote Mayor, J. P. Corbett & E. Gilman - 1951 - Routlege.
     
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  38.  13
    Why Does Human Twin Research Not Produce Results Consistent with Those From Nonhuman Animals?J. P. Scott - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):39-40.
  39. Arnoldi Geulincx Antverpiensis Opera Philosophica.Arnold Geulincx & J. P. N. Land - 1891 - Martin Nijhoff.
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  40.  92
    Abstraction Reconceived.J. P. Studd - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (2):579-615.
    Neologicists have sought to ground mathematical knowledge in abstraction. One especially obstinate problem for this account is the bad company problem. The leading neologicist strategy for resolving this problem is to attempt to sift the good abstraction principles from the bad. This response faces a dilemma: the system of ‘good’ abstraction principles either falls foul of the Scylla of inconsistency or the Charybdis of being unable to recover a modest portion of Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory with its intended generality. This article (...)
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  41.  16
    Modulation of Tectal Functions by Prosencephalic Loops in Amphibians.J. P. Ewert & Th Finkenstädt - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):122-123.
  42.  18
    Thomas Hobbes: Political Ideas in Historical Context.J. P. Sommerville - 1992 - St. Martin's Press.
    'Johann Sommerville's is an impeccable textbook. Simply written, it provides exposition of Hobbes' arguments in the context of English and continental thought'. P. Springborg, University of Sydney, Political Studies, Vol. XL1, No 2 6/93 Thomas Hobbes was probably the greatest of British political theorists. Too often commentators have failed to grasp his meaning because they have ignored the historical context in which he wrote. Drawing on much recent scholarship and on many little-known seventeenth century sources, this book presents a lucid (...)
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  43.  10
    Adrian Carpentier M.. Creative Sequences and Double Sequences. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 9 No. 1 , Pp. 35–61. [REVIEW]J. P. Cleave - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (4):590-590.
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  44.  43
    J. P. Arnason, P. Murphy : Agon, Logos, Polis: The Greek Achievement and Its Aftermath. Pp. 256. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2001. Paper, DM 86.05. ISBN: 3-515-07747-2. [REVIEW]J. E. Lendon - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (2):400-401.
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  45. WALKER, P. G. - Restatement of Liberty. [REVIEW]J. P. De C. Day - 1953 - Mind 62:386.
     
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  46.  9
    Michael J. P. Robson, Ed., The Cambridge Companion to Francis of Assisi. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Pp. Xvii, 305. $90. ISBN: 978-0521-76043-0. [REVIEW]Colmán Ó Clabaigh - 2014 - Speculum 89 (3):820-821.
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  47. Developing a Model of the Whistle-Blowing Process: How Does Type of Wrongdoing Affect the Process.J. P. Near, M. Rehg, M. P. Miceli & Van Scotter Jr - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):219-242.
  48. Search for a Method.J.-P. SARTRE - 1963
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  49. Bare Particulars and Individuation Reply to Mertz.J. P. Moreland & Timothy Pickavance - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):1 – 13.
    Not long ago, one of us has clarified and defended a bare particular theory of individuation. More recently, D. W. Mertz has raised a set of objections against this account and other accounts of bare particulars and proffered an alternative theory of individuation. He claims to have shown that 'the concept of bare particulars, and consequently substratum ontology that requires it, is untenable.' We disagree with this claim and believe there are adequate responses to the three arguments Mertz raises against (...)
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  50.  45
    How to Do Things Without Words - A Theory of Declarations.J. P. Smit & Filip Buekens - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (3):235-254.
    Declarations like “this meeting is adjourned” make certain facts the case by representing them as being the case. Yet surprisingly little attention has been paid to the mechanism whereby the utterance of a declaration can bring about a new state of affairs. In this paper, we use the incentivization account of institutional facts to address this issue. We argue that declarations can serve to bring about new states of affairs as their utterance have game theoretical import, typically in virtue of (...)
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