Results for 'J. P. Gamboa'

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J. P. Gamboa
University of Pittsburgh
  1. Goltz against cerebral localization: Methodology and experimental practices.J. P. Gamboa - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84:101304.
    In the late 19th century, physiologists such as David Ferrier, Eduard Hitzig, and Hermann Munk argued that cerebral brain functions are localized in discrete structures. By the early 20th century, this became the dominant position. However, another prominent physiologist, Friedrich Goltz, rejected theories of cerebral localization and argued against these physiologists until his death in 1902. I argue in this paper that previous historical accounts have failed to comprehend why Goltz rejected cerebral localization. I show that Goltz adhered to a (...)
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  2. Integrating Philosophy of Understanding with the Cognitive Sciences.Kareem Khalifa, Farhan Islam, J. P. Gamboa, Daniel Wilkenfeld & Daniel Kostić - 2022 - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 16.
    We provide two programmatic frameworks for integrating philosophical research on understanding with complementary work in computer science, psychology, and neuroscience. First, philosophical theories of understanding have consequences about how agents should reason if they are to understand that can then be evaluated empirically by their concordance with findings in scientific studies of reasoning. Second, these studies use a multitude of explanations, and a philosophical theory of understanding is well suited to integrating these explanations in illuminating ways.
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  3.  1
    Soames, S. (2019). El surgimiento de la filosofía analítica. F. M. Wong, E. V. Chigne, J. C. Gamboa y P. L. Dammert (trads.). Tecnos-Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. 272 pp. [REVIEW]David Rojas Lizama - 2023 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 67:481-484.
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  4.  33
    Thomas Hobbes: political ideas in historical context.J. P. Sommerville - 1992 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
    'Johann Sommerville's is an impeccable textbook. Simply written, it provides exposition of Hobbes' arguments in the context of English and continental thought'. P. Springborg, University of Sydney, Political Studies, Vol. XL1, No 2 6/93 Thomas Hobbes was probably the greatest of British political theorists. Too often commentators have failed to grasp his meaning because they have ignored the historical context in which he wrote. Drawing on much recent scholarship and on many little-known seventeenth century sources, this book presents a lucid (...)
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  5.  15
    Political thought.J. P. Mayer - 1939 - Freeport, N.Y.,: Books for Libraries Press. Edited by R. H. S. Crossman.
    PRELIMINARY NOTE1 Quae sint, quae fuerint, quae max futura trahantur. THE present work is not a history of political theories, of which a number of very ...
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  6.  29
    The Value of Topoi.J. P. Zompetti - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (1):15-28.
    Despite Vancil’s (1979) proclamation over twenty years ago that topoi have been abandoned in argument theory, this essay contends that topoi should have a vital role in contemporary argumentation theory. Four key areas are identified where topoi are (or can be) essential tools for argumentation: Locating argument, building argument, development of critical thinking, and argument pedagogy. As a result, teachers and students of argument can both benefit from a (re)discovery of topoi.
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  7.  28
    The Role of Advocacy in Civil Society.J. P. Zompetti - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (2):167-183.
    The concept of civil society has once again emerged as a viable mechanism for developing and sustaining deliberative democracy. However, an essential component of many strategies to sustain civil society appears lacking, especially when we see the growing cynicism and apathy among citizens. What is missing is a strategy for training or encouraging citizens to participate more fully in civil society. The skills of advocacy can, at least in part, help renew civic activism. Thus, the role of advocacy will be (...)
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  8. Human Development.J. P. ZUBECK - 1954
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  9. The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology.William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  10. L'Être et le Néant.J. -P. Sartre - 1943 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 49 (2):183-184.
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  11.  31
    Quasi‐Boolean Algebras, Empirical Continuity and Three‐Valued Logic J. P. Cleave in Bristol (Great Britain).J. P. Cleave - 1976 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 22 (1):481-500.
  12.  43
    Quasi-Boolean Algebras, Empirical Continuity and Three-Valued Logic J. P. Cleave in Bristol.J. P. Cleave - 1976 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 22 (1):481-500.
  13. L'Être et le Néant : essai d'ontologie phénoménologique.J. P. Sartre - 1942 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 133 (10):177-179.
     
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  14. Critique de la Raison Dialectique.J.-P. SARTRE - 1960
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  15. Naturalism: A Critical Analysis.William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    _Naturalism_ provides a rigorous analysis and critique of the major varieties of contemporary philosophical naturalism. The authors advocate the thesis that contemporary naturalism should be abandoned, in light of the serious objections raised against it. Contributors draw on a wide range of topics including: epistemology, the philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind and agency, and natural theology.
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  16. The Iterative Conception of Set: a (Bi-)Modal Axiomatisation.J. P. Studd - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):1-29.
    The use of tensed language and the metaphor of set ‘formation’ found in informal descriptions of the iterative conception of set are seldom taken at all seriously. Both are eliminated in the nonmodal stage theories that formalise this account. To avoid the paradoxes, such accounts deny the Maximality thesis, the compelling thesis that any sets can form a set. This paper seeks to save the Maximality thesis by taking the tense more seriously than has been customary (although not literally). A (...)
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  17.  18
    Modulation of tectal functions by prosencephalic loops in amphibians.J. P. Ewert & Th Finkenstädt - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):122-123.
  18. Search for a Method.J.-P. SARTRE - 1963
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  19. Therapeutic Conversational Artificial Intelligence and the Acquisition of Self-understanding.J. P. Grodniewicz & Mateusz Hohol - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (5):59-61.
    In their thought-provoking article, Sedlakova and Trachsel (2023) defend the view that the status—both epistemic and ethical—of Conversational Artificial Intelligence (CAI) used in psychotherapy is complicated. While therapeutic CAI seems to be more than a mere tool implementing particular therapeutic techniques, it falls short of being a “digital therapist.” One of the main arguments supporting the latter claim is that even though “the interaction with CAI happens in the course of conversation… the conversation is profoundly different from a conversation with (...)
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  20. What is money? An alternative to Searle's institutional facts.J. P. Smit, Filip Buekens & Stan du Plessis - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):1-22.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle develops a theory of institutional facts and objects, of which money, borders and property are presented as prime examples. These objects are the result of us collectively intending certain natural objects to have a certain status, i.e. to ‘count as’ being certain social objects. This view renders such objects irreducible to natural objects. In this paper we propose a radically different approach that is more compatible with standard economic theory. We claim that (...)
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  21. Developing a model of the whistle-blowing process: How does type of wrongdoing affect the process.J. P. Near, M. Rehg, M. P. Miceli & Van Scotter Jr - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):219-242.
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    The Logic of Education.J. P. Tuck, P. H. Hirst & R. S. Peters - 1971 - British Journal of Educational Studies 19 (2):214.
  23. Abstraction Reconceived.J. P. Studd - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (2):579-615.
    Neologicists have sought to ground mathematical knowledge in abstraction. One especially obstinate problem for this account is the bad company problem. The leading neologicist strategy for resolving this problem is to attempt to sift the good abstraction principles from the bad. This response faces a dilemma: the system of ‘good’ abstraction principles either falls foul of the Scylla of inconsistency or the Charybdis of being unable to recover a modest portion of Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory with its intended generality. This article (...)
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  24.  15
    Why does human twin research not produce results consistent with those from nonhuman animals?J. P. Scott - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):39-40.
  25.  19
    Towards a Compulsory Curriculum.J. P. White - 1974 - British Journal of Educational Studies 22 (2):207-208.
  26. Effective Filtering: Language Comprehension and Testimonial Entitlement.J. P. Grodniewicz - 2022 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):291-311.
    It is often suggested that we are equipped with a set of cognitive tools that help us to filter out unreliable testimony. But are these tools effective? I answer this question in two steps. Firstly, I argue that they are not real-time effective. The process of filtering, which takes place simultaneously with or right after language comprehension, does not prevent a particular hearer on a particular occasion from forming beliefs based on false testimony. Secondly, I argue that they are long-term (...)
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  27.  24
    The Philosophy of Education.J. P. Tuck & R. S. Peters - 1974 - British Journal of Educational Studies 22 (2):204.
  28.  9
    Symmetry.J. P. Hodin - 1953 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 12 (1):133-134.
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  29.  96
    Developing the incentivized action view of institutional reality.J. P. Smit, Filip Buekens & Stan Du Plessis - 2014 - Synthese 191 (8).
    Contemporary discussion concerning institutions focus on, and mostly accept, the Searlean view that institutional objects, i.e. money, borders and the like, exist in virtue of the fact that we collectively represent them as existing. A dissenting note has been sounded by Smit et al. (Econ Philos 27:1–22, 2011), who proposed the incentivized action view of institutional objects. On the incentivized action view, understanding a specific institution is a matter of understanding the specific actions that are associated with the institution and (...)
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  30.  14
    A generalized psychophysical law.J. P. Guilford - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (1):73-85.
  31. Madagascar revisited.J. P. Burgess - 2014 - Analysis 74 (2):195-201.
    The history behind the ‘Madagascar’ example of Gareth Evans is traced, suggesting that the decisive reference-shift occurred in the 16th, not the 17, century. The difference between this example and the ‘Gödel’ example of Saul Kripke is explained in terms of the distinction between de re and de dicto beliefs and intentions.
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  32. Saint Genet: Actor and Martyr.J.-P. Sartre - 1963
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  33.  14
    Behavioral selectivity based on thalamotectal interactions: Ontogenetic and phylogenetic aspects in amphibians.J. P. Ewert - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (3):337-338.
  34.  26
    In Defense of a Thomistic‐like Dualism.J. P. Moreland - 2018 - In Jonathan J. Loose, Angus J. L. Menuge & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley. pp. 102–122.
    This chapter discusses author's view a Thomistic‐like dualism. Next, it lays out the details of his position and he argues that it has certain advantages over physicalist treatments of the human person, and, to a lesser degree, over alternate versions of substance dualism. Then, he responds to some objections against his position. He accepts constituent realism regarding properties (and relations), according to which properties (and relations) are universals that, when exemplified (and they need not be to exist), become constituents of (...)
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  35. The process of linguistic understanding.J. P. Grodniewicz - 2020 - Synthese 198 (12):11463-11481.
    The majority of our linguistic exchanges, such as everyday conversations, are divided into turns; one party usually talks at a time, with only relatively rare occurrences of brief overlaps in which there are two simultaneous speakers. Moreover, conversational turn-taking tends to be very fast. We typically start producing our responses before the previous turn has finished, i.e., before we are confronted with the full content of our interlocutor’s utterance. This raises interesting questions about the nature of linguistic understanding. Philosophical theories (...)
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  36. Cigarettes, dollars and bitcoins – an essay on the ontology of money.J. P. Smit, Filip Buekens & Stan Du Plessis - 2016 - Journal of Institutional Economics 12 (2):327 - 347.
    What does being money consist in? We argue that something is money if, and only if, it is typically acquired in order to realise the reduction in transaction costs that accrues in virtue of agents coordinating on acquiring the same thing when deciding what thing to acquire in order to exchange. What kinds of things can be money? We argue against the common view that a variety of things (notes, coins, gold, cigarettes, etc.) can be money. All monetary systems are (...)
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  37. Bare particulars and individuation reply to Mertz.J. P. Moreland & Timothy Pickavance - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):1 – 13.
    Not long ago, one of us has clarified and defended a bare particular theory of individuation. More recently, D. W. Mertz has raised a set of objections against this account and other accounts of bare particulars and proffered an alternative theory of individuation. He claims to have shown that 'the concept of bare particulars, and consequently substratum ontology that requires it, is untenable.' We disagree with this claim and believe there are adequate responses to the three arguments Mertz raises against (...)
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  38.  31
    Frege, Dedekind, and Peano on the Foundations of Arithmetic (Routledge Revivals).J. P. Mayberry - 2013 - Assen, Netherlands: Routledge.
    First published in 1982, this reissue contains a critical exposition of the views of Frege, Dedekind and Peano on the foundations of arithmetic. The last quarter of the 19th century witnessed a remarkable growth of interest in the foundations of arithmetic. This work analyses both the reasons for this growth of interest within both mathematics and philosophy and the ways in which this study of the foundations of arithmetic led to new insights in philosophy and striking advances in logic. This (...)
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  39.  12
    The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke.J. P. Day - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (56):266-268.
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  40.  20
    Cognitive psychology's ambiguities: Some suggested remedies.J. P. Guilford - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):48-59.
  41.  2
    Insanity and Divinity: Studies in Psychosis and Spirituality.John Gale, Michael J. P. Robson & Georgia Rapsomatioti (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    How close is spirituality to psychosis? Covering the interrelation of psychosis and spirituality from a number of angles, _Insanity and Divinity_ will generate dialogue and discussion, aid critical reflection and stimulate creative approaches to clinical work for those interested in the connections between religious studies, psychoanalysis, anthropology and hagiography. Bringing together an international range of contributors and covering many different types of religious experience, this book presents its theme in three parts: Psychoanalysis, belief and mysticism Anthropology, history and hagiography Psychology, (...)
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  42. Aristotle’s School.J. P. Lynch - 1972
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  43.  92
    J. L. Bell, A Primer of Infinitesimal Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, cloth £19.95. ISBN: 0 521 62401 0.J. P. Mayberry - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2):339-345.
  44.  22
    Experience and Theory: An Essay in the Philosophy of Science.J. P. Day & Stephan Korner - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):284.
  45.  66
    Where's Waldo? The 'decapitation gambit' and the definition of death.J. P. Lizza - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):743-746.
    The ‘decapitation gambit’ holds that, if physical decapitation normally entails the death of the human being, then physiological decapitation, evident in cases of total brain failure, entails the death of the human being. This argument has been challenged by Franklin Miller and Robert Truog, who argue that physical decapitation does not necessarily entail the death of human beings and that therefore, by analogy, artificially sustained human bodies with total brain failure are living human beings. They thus challenge the current neurological (...)
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  46. A conceptualist argument for a spiritual substantial soul.J. P. Moreland - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (1):35-43.
    I advance a type of conceptualist argument for substance dualism – minimally, the view that we are spiritual substances that have bodies – based on the understandability of what it would be for something to be a spirit, e.g. what it would be for God to be a spirit. After presenting the argument formally, I clarify and defend its various premises with a special focus on what I take to be the most controversial one, namely, if thinking matter is metaphysically (...)
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  47.  30
    Threats, Offers, Law, Opinion and Liberty.J. P. Day - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):257 - 272.
  48.  78
    The Argument from Consciousness.J. P. Moreland - 2009 - In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 282–343.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Section One: The Backdrop for Locating Consciousness in a Naturalist Ontology Section Two: The AC Section Three: John Searle and Contingent Correlation Section Four: Timothy O'Connor and Emergent Necessitation Section Five: Colin McGinn and Mysterian “Naturalism” Conclusion Further Reading References.
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  49. The self-conscious emotions: Shame, guilt, embarrassment and pride (pp. 541–568).J. P. Tangney - 1999 - In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley.
     
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  50.  28
    Bare Particulars and Individuation Reply to Mertz.J. P. T. MorelandPickavance - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):1-13.
    Not long ago, one of us has clarified and defended a bare particular theory of individuation. More recently, D. W. Mertz has raised a set of objections against this account and other accounts of bare particulars and proffered an alternative theory of individuation. He claims to have shown that 'the concept of bare particulars, and consequently substratum ontology that requires it, is untenable.' We disagree with this claim and believe there are adequate responses to the three arguments Mertz raises against (...)
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