Results for 'J. R. Stroop'

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  1. Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
  2.  12
    Is the Judgment of the Group Better Than That of the Average Member of the Group?J. R. Stroop - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (5):550.
  3.  31
    Posthypnotic Suggestion and the Modulation of Stroop Interference Under Cycloplegia.A. Raz, S. K., R. H., R. Z., T. Shapiro, J. Fan & I. M. - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):332-346.
    Recent data indicate that under a specific posthypnotic suggestion to circumvent reading, highly suggestible subjects successfully eliminated the Stroop interference effect. The present study examined whether an optical explanation could account for this finding. Using cyclopentolate hydrochloride eye drops to pharmacologically prevent visual accommodation in all subjects, behavioral Stroop data were collected from six highly hypnotizables and six less suggestibles using an optical setup that guaranteed either sharply focused or blurred vision. The highly suggestibles performed the Stroop (...)
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  4.  7
    Stroop Theory, Memory, and Prefrontal Cortical Functioning: Reply to Cohen Et Al.Carmi Schooler, Ewald Neumann, Leslie J. Caplan & Bruce R. Roberts - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (1):42-44.
  5.  5
    A Time Course Analysis of Stroop Interference and Facilitation: Comparing Normal Individuals and Individuals with Schizophrenia.Carmi Schooler, Ewald Neumann, Leslie J. Caplan & Bruce R. Roberts - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (1):19-36.
  6.  33
    Experimental Study of Phantom Colours in a Colour Blind Synaesthete.M. Hochel, E. G. Milan, A. González, F. Tornay, K. McKenney, R. Díaz Caviedes, J. L. Mata Martín, Rodriguez Artacho, E. Domínguez García & J. Vila - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (4):75-95.
    Synaesthesia is a condition in which one type of stimulation evokes the sensation of another, as when the hearing of a sound produces photisms, i.e. mental percepts of colours. R is a 20 year old colour blind subject who, in addition to the relatively common grapheme-colour synaesthesia, presents a rarely reported cross modal perception in which a variety of visual stimuli elicit aura-like percepts of colour. In R, photisms seem to be closely related to the affective valence of stimuli and (...)
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  7.  53
    Experimental Study of Phantom Colours in a Colour Blind Synaesthete.M. Hochel, E. G. Milan, A. Gonzalez, F. Tornay, K. McKenney, R. Diaz Caviedes, J. L. Mata Martin, M. A. Rodriguez Artacho, E. Dominguez Garcia & J. Vila - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (4):75-95.
    Synaesthesia is a condition in which one type of stimulation evokes the sensation of another, as when the hearing of a sound produces photisms, i.e. mental percepts of colours. R is a 20 year old colour blind subject who, in addition to the relatively common grapheme-colour synaesthesia, presents a rarely reported cross modal perception in which a variety of visual stimuli elicit aura-like percepts of colour. In R, photisms seem to be closely related to the affective valence of stimuli and (...)
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  8.  89
    Adjudication Under Bentham's Pannomion: J. R. Dinwiddy.J. R. Dinwiddy - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (2):283-289.
  9.  34
    Against Equality Again: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):255-280.
    Equality in the present age has become an idol, in much the same way as property was in the age of Locke. Many people worship it, and think that it provides the key to the proper understanding of politics, and that on it alone can a genuinely just society be reconstructed. This is a mistake. Although, like property, it is a useful concept, and although, like property, there are occasions when we want to have it in practice, it is not (...)
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  10.  31
    Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45–56.
  11.  53
    ‘Because You Are a Woman’: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (184):161-171.
    Plato was the first feminist. In the Republic he puts forward the view that women are just the same as men, only not quite so good. It is a view which has often been expressed in recent years, and generates strong passions. Some of these have deep biological origins, which a philosopher can only hope to recognize and not to assuage. But much of the heat engendered is due to unnecessary friction between views which are certainly compatible and probably correct. (...)
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  12.  20
    II–J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45-56.
  13.  19
    A Mind of One's Own: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (266):457-471.
    Whatever good or ill it did to Guy Fawkes, his resuscitation at the hands of Bernard Williams has, by any utilitarian reckoning, been a Good Thing. A casual glance at the literature that has accumulated over the past thirty-five years leaves no doubt that the topic has been reduplicated many times over, to the great enjoyment of undergraduates, who have been able to write science fiction under the guise of essays in the Philosophy of Mind, and of dons, who in (...)
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  14. In Memory of J.R. Firth.J. R. Firth, C. E. Bazell, J. C. Catford, M. A. K. Halliday & R. H. Robins - 1969 - Foundations of Language 5 (3):391-408.
     
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  15.  73
    Letter of J. R. R. Tolkien to His Son Christopher.J. R. R. Tolkien - 1991 - The Chesterton Review 17 (3/4):536-537.
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  16.  20
    Orphism. By J. R. Whatmough. . Pp. Vii + 80. Cambridge University Press, 1934. 3s. 6d.J. R. H. - 1934 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 54 (2):223-223.
  17.  45
    The Basis of Plato's Society: J. R. S. Wilson.J. R. S. Wilson - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):313-320.
    At the beginning of Book II of the Republic , Glaucon and Adeimantus ask Socrates to tell them what it is to be just or unjust, and why a man should be the former. Socrates suggests in reply that they consider first what it is for a polis to be just or unjust—a polis is bigger than an individual, he says, so its justice should be more readily visible. Now if we were to view in imagination a polis coming into (...)
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  18.  20
    The Metaphysics of Representation: Précis By J.R.G. Williams.J. R. G. Williams - 2021 - Analysis 81 (3):499-501.
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  19. The Price of Inscrutability.J. R. G. Williams - 2008 - Noûs 42 (4):600 - 641.
  20.  5
    Thoughts Unlocked by Technology—a Survey in Germany About Brain-Computer Interfaces.J. R. Schmid, O. Friedrich, S. Kessner & R. J. Jox - 2021 - NanoEthics 15 (3):303-313.
    A brain-computer interface is a rapidly evolving neurotechnology connecting the human brain with a computer. In its classic form, brain activity is recorded and used to control external devices like protheses or wheelchairs. Thus, BCI users act with the power of their thoughts. While the initial development has focused on medical uses of BCIs, non-medical applications have recently been gaining more attention, for example in automobiles, airplanes, and the entertainment context. However, the attitudes of the general public towards BCIs have (...)
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  21. Minds, Machines and Gödel.J. R. Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this article, Lucas maintains the falseness of Mechanism - the attempt to explain minds as machines - by means of Incompleteness Theorem of Gödel. Gödel’s theorem shows that in any system consistent and adequate for simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but that human minds can recognize as true; Lucas points out in his turn that Gödel’s theorem applies to machines because a machine is the concrete instantiation of a formal system: therefore, for (...)
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  22. Fundamental and Derivative Truths.J. R. G. Williams - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):103 - 141.
    This article investigates the claim that some truths are fundamentally or really true — and that other truths are not. Such a distinction can help us reconcile radically minimal metaphysical views with the verities of common sense. I develop an understanding of the distinction whereby Fundamentality is not itself a metaphysical distinction, but rather a device that must be presupposed to express metaphysical distinctions. Drawing on recent work by Rayo on anti-Quinean theories of ontological commitments, I formulate a rigourous theory (...)
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  23.  21
    Resolving Ambiguity: Effects of Biasing Context in the Unattended Ear.J. R. Lackner & M. F. Garrett - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):359-372.
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  24.  41
    Towards a Theory of Taxation*: J. R. LUCAS.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (1):161-173.
    “Towards a Theory of Taxation” is a proper theme for an Englishman to take when giving a paper in America. After all it was from the absence of such a theory that the United States derived its existence. The Colonists felt strongly that there should be no taxation without representation, and George III was unable to explain to them convincingly why they should contribute to the cost of their defense. Since that time, understanding has not advanced much. In Britain we (...)
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  25. Indeterminacy and Normative Silence.J. R. G. Williams - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):217-225.
    This paper examines two puzzles of indeterminacy. The first puzzle concerns the hypothesis that there is a unified phenomenon of indeterminacy. How are we to reconcile this with the apparent diversity of reactions that indeterminacy prompts? The second puzzle focuses narrowly on borderline cases of vague predicates. How are we to account for the lack of theoretical consensus about what the proper reaction to borderline cases is? I suggest (building on work by Maudlin) that the characteristic feature of indeterminacy is (...)
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  26.  63
    Suppressing Liberty, Censoring Information, Wasting Resources, and Calling It Good for the Environment: J. R. Clark and Dwight R. Lee. [REVIEW]J. R. Clark - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):272-295.
    This paper considers prevailing environmental policy in the United States with the emphasis on liberty, markets, utilizing information, entrepreneurial discovery, and the economic analysis of political decisions. The general discussion is illustrated by the concern over global warming and policies for addressing this concern. The political incentives to confront environmental problems directly with mandates, restrictions, and subsidies ignore the power of liberty and market incentives to solve problems by fostering an impressive network of information transfer, increasing innovation, and expanding prosperity. (...)
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  27.  6
    Scales in K(R) at the End of a Weak Gap.J. R. Steel - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):369 - 390.
  28. Responsibility.J. R. Lucas - 1995 - Clarendon Press.
    Responsibility is a key concept in our moral, social, and political thinking, but it is not itself properly understood. J.R. Lucas here presents a lively, broad, and accessible discussion of responsibility in various areas of human life, from personal and sexual relations to politics.
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  29. Supervaluationism and Logical Revisionism.J. R. G. Williams - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (4):192-212.
    In the literature on supervaluationism, a central source of concern has been the acceptability, or otherwise, of its alleged logical revisionism. I attack the presupposition of this debate: arguing that when properly construed, there is no sense in which supervaluational consequence is revisionary. I provide new considerations supporting the claim that the supervaluational consequence should be characterized in a ‘global’ way. But pace Williamson (1994) and Keefe (2000), I argue that supervaluationism does not give rise to counterexamples to familiar inference-patterns (...)
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  30. Surveying Philosophers About Philosophical Intuition.J. R. C. Kuntz & J. R. Kuntz - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (4):643-665.
    This paper addresses the definition and the operational use of intuitions in philosophical methods in the form of a research study encompassing several regions of the globe, involving 282 philosophers from a wide array of academic backgrounds and areas of specialisation. The authors tested whether philosophers agree on the conceptual definition and the operational use of intuitions, and investigated whether specific demographic variables and philosophical specialisation influence how philosophers define and use intuitions. The results obtained point to a number of (...)
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  31. A Taxonomy of Illocutionary Acts.J. R. Searle - 1975 - In K. Gunderson (ed.), Language, Mind and Knowledge. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 344-369.
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  32.  15
    Reply to Critics.J. R. G. Williams - 2021 - Analysis 81 (3):536-548.
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  33.  26
    Logic: Techniques of Formal Reasoning. [REVIEW]J. R. Cameron - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):81.
  34.  45
    Characterizing the Dynamics of Mental Representations: The Temporal Generalization Method.J.-R. King & S. Dehaene - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):203-210.
  35.  59
    Characterizing Ethical Cases: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Individual Differences, Organisational Climate, and Leadership on Ethical Decision-Making. [REVIEW]J. R. C. Kuntz, J. R. Kuntz, Detelin Elenkov & Anna Nabirukhina - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):317-331.
    The primary purpose of this study was to explore the unique impact of individual differences (e.g. gender, managerial experience), social culture, ethical leadership, and ethical climate on the manner in which individuals analyse and interpret an organisational scenario. Furthermore, we sought to explore whether the manner in which a scenario is initially interpreted by respondents (i.e. as a legal issue, ethical issue, and/or ethical dilemma) influenced subsequent recognition of the relevant stakeholders involved and the identification of intra- and extra-organisational variables (...)
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  36.  93
    Induction Before Hume.J. R. Milton - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (1):49-74.
  37. Lewis on Reference and Eligibility.J. R. G. Williams - 2015 - In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), A companion to David Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 367-382.
    This paper outlines Lewis’s favoured foundational account of linguistic representation, and outlines and briefly evaluates variations and modifications. Section 1 gives an opinionated exegesis of Lewis’ work on the foundations of reference—his interpretationism. I look at the way that the metaphysical distinction between natural and non-natural properties came to play a central role in his thinking about language. Lewis’s own deployment of this notion has implausible commitments, so in section 2 I consider variations and alternatives. Section 3 briefly considers a (...)
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  38.  28
    Locke, Medicine and the Mechanical Philosophy.J. R. Milton - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (2):221 – 243.
  39.  8
    Semantic Analysis of Non-Reflexive Logics.J. R. B. Arenhart - 2014 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 22 (4):565-584.
  40.  7
    On Some Corruptions of the Doctrine of Homeostasis.J. R. Maze - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (6):405-412.
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  41.  5
    Outline of Greek Art. By J. R. Elliott. Pp. 107; 12 Pls. New Zealand: Whitcombe and Tombs, Ltd.1939. 7s. 6d.A. D. Trendall & J. R. Elliott - 1940 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 60:103-104.
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  42.  53
    Enactive Music Cognition: Background and Research Themes.J. R. Matyja & A. Schiavio - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):351-357.
    Context: The past few years have presented us with a growing amount of theoretical research (yet that is often based on neuroscientific developments) in the field of enactive music cognition. Problem: Current cognitivist and embodied approaches to music cognition suffer, in our opinion, from a too firm commitment to the explanatory role of mental representations in musical experience. This particular problem can be solved by adopting an enactive approach to music cognition. Method: We present and compare cognitivist, embodied and enactive (...)
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  43.  38
    The Ethics of Research Related to Health Care in Developing Countries.J. R. McMillan - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):204-206.
    A report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, contrary to the Declaration of Helsinki, permits most important research initiatives in developing countries.The Ethics of Research Related to Health Care in Developing Countries by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics makes a number of innovative recommendations that depart from codes such as the Declaration of Helsinki. It recommends that standards of care might be relativised to the standard of that nation. It recommends that very good reasons need to be given for not (...)
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  44.  54
    Analysis Of Perception.J. R. Smythies - 1956 - London: : Routledge &Amp; K Paul,.
    Routledge is now re-issuing this prestigious series of 204 volumes originally published between 1910 and 1965.
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  45.  98
    The Unacceptable Face of Evidence‐Based Medicine.J. R. Stradling & R. J. O. Davies - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):99-103.
  46.  37
    The Meaning of Meaning. A Study of the Influence of Language Upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism.J. R. Kantor - 1924 - Journal of Philosophy 21 (8):212-219.
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  47.  33
    Consciousness: A Philosophic Study of Minds and Machines.J. R. Lucas & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):241.
  48.  7
    Spacetime and Electromagnetism: An Essay on the Philosophy of the Special Theory of Relativity.J. R. Lucas - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    That space and time should be integrated into a single entity, spacetime, is the great insight of Einstein's special theory of relativity, and leads us to regard spacetime as a fundamental context in which to make sense of the world around us. But it is not the only one. Causality is equally important and at least as far as the special theory goes, it cannot be subsumed under a fundamentally geometrical form of explanation. In fact, the agent of propagation of (...)
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  49.  5
    Inner Models with Many Woodin Cardinals.J. R. Steel - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 65 (2):185-209.
    We extend the theory of “Fine structure and iteration trees” to models having more than one Woodin cardinal.
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  50.  10
    Projectively Well-Ordered Inner Models.J. R. Steel - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 74 (1):77-104.
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