Results for 'J. Rips Lance'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. LANCE, M. And O'LEARY-HAWTHORNE, J.-The Grammar of Meaning.D. Pitt, M. Lance & J. O'Leary-Hawthorne - 2000 - Philosophical Books 41 (2):89-96.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  6
    Parts of Activities: Reply to Fellbaum and Miller.Lance J. Rips & Frederick G. Conrad - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (4):571-575.
    If people believe that one activity is a kind of another, they also tend to believe that the second activity is a part of the first. For example, they assert that deciding is a kind of thinking and that thinking is a part of deciding. C. Fellbaum and G. A. Miller's (see record 1991-03356-001) explanation for this phenomenon is based on the idea that people interpret part of in the domain of verbs as a type of logical entailment. Their explanation, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  15
    Structure and Process in Semantic Memory: A Featural Model for Semantic Decisions.Edward E. Smith, Edward J. Shoben & Lance J. Rips - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (3):214-241.
  4.  7
    Cognitive Processes in Propositional Reasoning.Lance J. Rips - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (1):38-71.
  5. The Psychology of Proof Deductive Reasoning in Human Thinking.Lance J. Rips - 1994
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  6.  73
    From Numerical Concepts to Concepts of Number.Lance J. Rips, Amber Bloomfield & Jennifer Asmuth - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):623-642.
    Many experiments with infants suggest that they possess quantitative abilities, and many experimentalists believe that these abilities set the stage for later mathematics: natural numbers and arithmetic. However, the connection between these early and later skills is far from obvious. We evaluate two possible routes to mathematics and argue that neither is sufficient: (1) We first sketch what we think is the most likely model for infant abilities in this domain, and we examine proposals for extrapolating the natural number concept (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  7.  17
    Tracing the Identity of Objects.Lance J. Rips, Sergey Blok & George Newman - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (1):1-30.
    This article considers how people judge the identity of objects (e.g., how people decide that a description of an object at one time, t₀, belongs to the same object as a description of it at another time, t₁). The authors propose a causal continuer model for these judgments, based on an earlier theory by Nozick (1981). According to this model, the 2 descriptions belong to the same object if (a) the object at t₁ is among those that are causally close (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  8.  9
    Five-Month-Old Infants Have Expectations for the Accumulation of Nonsolid Substances.Erin M. Anderson, Susan J. Hespos & Lance J. Rips - 2018 - Cognition 175:1-10.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  6
    Folk Psychology of Mental Activities.Lance J. Rips & Frederick G. Conrad - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (2):187-207.
    A central aspect of people's beliefs about the mind is that mental activities—for example, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving—are interrelated, with some activities being kinds or parts of others. In common-sense psychology, reasoning is a kind of thinking and reasoning is part of problem solving. People's conceptions of these mental kinds and parts can furnish clues to the ordinary meaning of these terms and to the differences between folk and scientific psychology. In this article, we use a new technique for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   72 citations  
  10. Conditionals, Context, and the Suppression Effect.Fabrizio Cariani & Lance J. Rips - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (3):540-589.
    Modus ponens is the argument from premises of the form If A, then B and A to the conclusion B. Nearly all participants agree that the modus ponens conclusion logically follows when the argument appears in this Basic form. However, adding a further premise can lower participants’ rate of agreement—an effect called suppression. We propose a theory of suppression that draws on contemporary ideas about conditional sentences in linguistics and philosophy. Semantically, the theory assumes that people interpret an indicative conditional (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  11
    The Psychology of Knights and Knaves.Lance J. Rips - 1989 - Cognition 31 (2):85-116.
  12.  22
    Giving the Boot to the Bootstrap: How Not to Learn the Natural Numbers.Lance J. Rips, Jennifer Asmuth & Amber Bloomfield - 2006 - Cognition 101 (3):B51-B60.
  13.  25
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model.Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips & Margaret Keane - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):485-527.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  14. Experimenting with (Conditional) Perfection.Fabrizio Cariani & Lance J. Rips - manuscript
    We present and discuss a series of experiments designed to test one of the most promising pragmatic accounts of conditional perfection—the phenomenon according to which conditionals can sometimes be strengthened to biconditionals. We test the idea that conditional perfection is a form of exhaustification triggered by the kind of question that the conditional is used to answer. We uncover evidence that conditional perfection is a form of exhaustification, but not that it is triggered by a relationship to a salient question.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  20
    Psychological Connectedness and Intertemporal Choice.Daniel M. Bartels & Lance J. Rips - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (1):49-69.
  16.  22
    Explanation and Evidence in Informal Argument.Sarah K. Brem & Lance J. Rips - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (4):573-604.
    A substantial body of evidence shows that people tend to rely too heavily on explanations when trying to justify an opinion. Some research suggests these errors may arise from an inability to distinguish between explanations and the evidence that bears upon them. We examine an alternative account, that many people do distinguish between explanations and evidence, but rely more heavily on unsubstantiated explanations when evidence is scarce or absent. We examine the philosophical and psychological distinctions between explanation and evidence, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  17.  6
    Reasoning.Lance J. Rips - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  18.  35
    Two Causal Theories of Counterfactual Conditionals.Lance J. Rips - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (2):175-221.
    Bayes nets are formal representations of causal systems that many psychologists have claimed as plausible mental representations. One purported advantage of Bayes nets is that they may provide a theory of counterfactual conditionals, such as If Calvin had been at the party, Miriam would have left early. This article compares two proposed Bayes net theories as models of people's understanding of counterfactuals. Experiments 1-3 show that neither theory makes correct predictions about backtracking counterfactuals (in which the event of the if-clause (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  19. Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations.Jonathan E. Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This interdisciplinary work is a collection of major essays on reasoning: deductive, inductive, abductive, belief revision, defeasible, cross cultural, conversational, and argumentative. They are each oriented toward contemporary empirical studies. The book focuses on foundational issues, including paradoxes, fallacies, and debates about the nature of rationality, the traditional modes of reasoning, as well as counterfactual and causal reasoning. It also includes chapters on the interface between reasoning and other forms of thought. In general, this last set of essays represents growth (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  20.  21
    Circular Reasoning.Lance J. Rips - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (6):767-795.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  21.  48
    The Current Status of Research on Concept Combination.Lance J. Rips - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (1-2):72-104.
  22.  20
    Do Children Learn the Integers by Induction?Lance J. Rips, Jennifer Asmuth & Amber Bloomfield - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):940-951.
  23.  32
    Inference and Explanation in Counterfactual Reasoning.Lance J. Rips & Brian J. Edwards - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (6):1107-1135.
    This article reports results from two studies of how people answer counterfactual questions about simple machines. Participants learned about devices that have a specific configuration of components, and they answered questions of the form “If component X had not operated [failed], would component Y have operated?” The data from these studies indicate that participants were sensitive to the way in which the antecedent state is described—whether component X “had not operated” or “had failed.” Answers also depended on whether the device (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  11
    Inductive Judgments About Natural Categories.Lance J. Rips - 1975 - Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 14 (6):665-681.
    The present study examined the effects of semantic structure on simple inductive judgments about category members. For a particular category, subjects were told that one of the species had a given property and were asked to estimate the proportion of instances in the other species that possessed the property. The results indicated that category structure—in particular, the typicality of the species—influenced subjects' judgments. These results were interpreted by models based on the following assumption: When little is known about the underlying (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  25.  44
    Concepts and Categories: Memory, Meaning, and Metaphysics.Douglas L. Medin & Lance J. Rips - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37--72.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  26.  5
    Reasoning and Conversation.Lance J. Rips - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):411-441.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  27.  3
    Necessity and Natural Categories.Lance J. Rips - 2001 - Psychological Bulletin 127:827-852.
    Our knowledge of natural categories includes beliefs not only about what is true of them but also about what would be true if the categories had properties other than (or in addition to) their actual ones. Evidence about these beliefs comes from three lines of research: experiments on category-based induction, on hypothetical transformations of category members, and on definitions of kind terms. The 1st part of this article examines results and theories arising from each of these research streams. The 2nd (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  28.  11
    Similarity as an Explanatory Construct.Steven A. Sloman & Lance J. Rips - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):87-101.
  29.  56
    Identity, Causality, and Pronoun Ambiguity.Eyal Sagi & Lance J. Rips - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):663-680.
    This article looks at the way people determine the antecedent of a pronoun in sentence pairs, such as: Albert invited Ron to dinner. He spent hours cleaning the house. The experiment reported here is motivated by the idea that such judgments depend on reasoning about identity . Because the identity of an individual over time depends on the causal-historical path connecting the stages of the individual, the correct antecedent will also depend on causal connections. The experiment varied how likely it (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  19
    Identifying and Counting Objects: The Role of Sortal Concepts.Nick Leonard & Lance J. Rips - 2015 - Cognition 145:89-103.
    Sortal terms, such as table or horse, are count nouns (akin to a basic-level terms). According to some theories, the meaning of sortals provides conditions for telling objects apart (individuating objects, e.g., telling one table from a second) and for identifying objects over time (e.g., determining that a particular horse at one time is the same horse at another). A number of psychologists have proposed that sortal concepts likewise provide psychologically real conditions for individuating and identifying things. However, this paper (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  22
    Can Statistical Learning Bootstrap the Integers?Lance J. Rips, Jennifer Asmuth & Amber Bloomfield - 2013 - Cognition 128 (3):320-330.
  32.  38
    Rebooting the Bootstrap Argument: Two Puzzles for Bootstrap Theories of Concept Development.Lance J. Rips, Susan J. Hespos & Susan Carey - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):145.
    The Origin of Concepts sets out an impressive defense of the view that children construct entirely new systems of concepts. We offer here two questions about this theory. First, why doesn't the bootstrapping process provide a pattern for translating between the old and new systems, contradicting their claimed incommensurability? Second, can the bootstrapping process properly distinguish meaning change from belief change?
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  18
    Split Identity: Intransitive Judgments of the Identity of Objects.Lance J. Rips - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):356-373.
    Identity is a transitive relation, according to all standard accounts. Necessarily, if x = y and y = z, then x = z. However, people sometimes say that two objects, x and z, are the same as a third, y, even when x and z have different properties (thus, x = y and y = z, but x ≠ z). In the present experiments, participants read stories about an iceberg that breaks into two icebergs, one to the east and the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  34.  10
    Categories and Resemblance.Lance J. Rips & Allan Collins - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (4):468.
  35.  13
    Out of Sorts? Some Remedies for Theories of Object Concepts: A Reply to Rhemtulla and Xu.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1096-1102.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36.  17
    Qualities and Relations in Folk Theories of Mind.Lance J. Rips - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):75-76.
  37.  42
    Goals for a Theory of Deduction: Reply to Johnson-Laird. [REVIEW]Lance J. Rips - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):409-424.
  38.  6
    Paralogical Reasoning: Evans, Johnson-Laird, and Byrne on Liar and Truth-Teller Puzzles.Lance J. Rips - 1990 - Cognition 36 (3):291-314.
  39.  50
    Beliefs in Afterlife as a by-Product of Persistence Judgments.E. Newman George, V. Blok Sergey & J. Rips Lance - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):481.
    We agree that supernatural beliefs are pervasive. However, we propose a more general account rooted in how people trace ordinary objects over time. Tracking identity involves attending to the causal history of an object, a process that may implicate hidden mechanisms. We discuss experiments in which participants exhibit the same “supernatural” beliefs when reasoning about the fates of cups and automobiles as those exhibited by Bering's participants when reasoning about spirits.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  7
    Set-Theoretic and Network Models Reconsidered: A Comment on Hollan's "Features and Semantic Memory.".Lance J. Rips, Edward E. Smith & Edward J. Shoben - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (2):156-157.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  16
    Core Cognition and its Aftermath.Lance J. Rips - 2017 - Philosophical Topics 45 (1):157-179.
    A current and very influential theory in psychology holds that infants have innate, perceptually informed systems that endow them with surprisingly high-level concepts—for example, concepts of cardinality and causality. Proponents of core cognition hold that these initial concepts then provide the building blocks for later adult ideas within these domains. This paper reviews the evidence for core cognition and argues that these systems aren’t sufficient to explain how children learn their way to adult thoughts about language, number, or cause.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  6
    Children's Understanding of the Natural Numbers’ Structure.Jennifer Asmuth, Emily M. Morson & Lance J. Rips - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1945-1973.
    When young children attempt to locate numbers along a number line, they show logarithmic (or other compressive) placement. For example, the distance between “5” and “10” is larger than the distance between “75” and “80.” This has often been explained by assuming that children have a logarithmically scaled mental representation of number (e.g., Berteletti, Lucangeli, Piazza, Dehaene, & Zorzi, 2010; Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, several investigators have questioned this argument (e.g., Barth & Paladino, 2011; Cantlon, Cordes, Libertus, & Brannon, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  21
    Argumentative Thinking: An Introduction to the Special Issue on Psychology and Argumentation.Lance J. Rips - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (4):327-336.
    This special issue of Informal Logic brings together a num-ber of traditions from the psychology and philosophy of argument. Psycho-logists’ interest in argument typically arises in understanding how indivi-duals form and change their beliefs. Thus, theories of argument can serve as models of the structure of justi-fications for belief, as methods of diagnosing errors in beliefs, and as prototypes for learning. The articles in this issue illustrate all three of these connections.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  44
    Dissonances in Theories of Number Understanding.Lance J. Rips, Amber Bloomfield & Jennifer Asmuth - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):671-687.
    Traditional theories of how children learn the positive integers start from infants' abilities in detecting the quantity of physical objects. Our target article examined this view and found no plausible accounts of such development. Most of our commentators appear to agree that no adequate developmental theory is presently available, but they attempt to hold onto a role for early enumeration. Although some defend the traditional theories, others introduce new basic quantitative abilities, new methods of transformation, or new types of end (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  10
    Postscript: Sorting Out Object Persistence.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1103-1104.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  14
    Norms, Competence, and the Explanation of Reasoning.Gary S. Kahn & Lance J. Rips - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):501.
  47.  8
    Claim Strength and Burden of Proof.Jeremy Bailenson & Lance J. Rips - unknown
    In this paper, we report results from experiments in which people read conversational arguments and then judge the convincingness of each claim and the individual speakers' burden of proof. The results showed an "anti-primacy" effect: People judge the speaker who makes the first claim as having greater burden of proof. This effect persists even when each speaker's claims are rated equally convincing. We also find that people rate claims less convincing when they appear in the first part of an argument (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. OCk, athryn, 163 Byrne, Ruth MJ, 61 Cosmides, Leda, 187 Garnham, Alan, 45, 117.P. N. Johnson-Laird, Jane Oakhill, Josef Perner, Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, Lance J. Rips, Jennifer A. Sanderson, Michael Siegal & Yohtaro Takano - 1989 - Cognition 31:295.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. LLI-PAL (Center for Cognitive Science.Lance J. Rips - 1989 - Cognition 31:293-294.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Review of 'Reasoning. Studies of Human Inference and Its Foundations' by Jonathan E. Adler and Lance J. Rips[REVIEW]María G. Navarro - 2011 - Anuario Filosófico 44 (3):629-632.
    Reasoning es una obra monumental de más de mil páginas editada en estrecha colaboración por el filósofo Jonathan E. Adler y el psicólogo Lance J. Rips para esclarecer el intrincado campo de investigación relacionado con los fundamentos de la inferencia y, en general, del razonamiento humano. En la actualidad, en pocos casos va unido el trabajo de compilar y editar textos científicos con el afán enciclopédico: un proyecto editorial que sobrepasa con razón los objetivos de la mayor parte (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000