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Jean-Dominique Robert [144]Jason Scott Robert [57]J. Robert [30]J. D. Robert [16]
Jean Robert [5]Jörg Robert [4]J. -D. Robert [4]Jean Dominique Robert [4]

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  1.  11
    Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution: Taking Development Seriously.Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historically, philosophers of biology have tended to sidestep the problem of development by focusing primarily on evolutionary biology and, more recently, on molecular biology and genetics. Quite often too, development has been misunderstood as simply, or even primarily, a matter of gene activation and regulation. Nowadays a growing number of philosophers of science are focusing their analyses on the complexities of development, and in Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution Jason Scott Robert explores the nature of development against current trends in biological (...)
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  2.  3
    Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution: Taking Development Seriously.Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historically, philosophers of biology have tended to sidestep the problem of development by focusing primarily on evolutionary biology and, more recently, on molecular biology and genetics. Quite often too, development has been misunderstood as simply, or even primarily, a matter of gene activation and regulation. Nowadays a growing number of philosophers of science are focusing their analyses on the complexities of development, and in Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution Jason Scott Robert explores the nature of development against current trends in biological (...)
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  3. Crossing Species Boundaries.Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):1 – 13.
    This paper critically examines the biology of species identity and the morality of crossing species boundaries in the context of emerging research that involves combining human and nonhuman animals at the genetic or cellular level. We begin with the notion of species identity, particularly focusing on the ostensible fixity of species boundaries, and we explore the general biological and philosophical problem of defining species. Against this backdrop, we survey and criticize earlier attempts to forbid crossing species boundaries in the creation (...)
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  4.  29
    The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research.Jane Maienschein, Mary Sunderland, Rachel A. Ankeny & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):43 – 51.
    Calls for the “translation” of research from bench to bedside are increasingly demanding. What is translation, and why does it matter? We sketch the recent history of outcome-oriented translational research in the United States, with a particular focus on the Roadmap Initiative of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD). Our main example of contemporary translational research is stem cell research, which has superseded genomics as the translational object of choice. We explore the nature of and obstacles to translational research (...)
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  5.  86
    The Inevitability of Genetic Enhancement Technologies.Francoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (1):1–26.
    We outline a number of ethical objections to genetic technologies aimed at enhancing human capacities and traits. We then argue that, despite the persuasiveness of some of these objections, they are insufficient to stop the development and use of genetic enhancement technologies. We contend that the inevitability of the technologies results from a particular guiding worldview of humans as masters of the human evolutionary future, and conclude that recognising this worldview points to new directions for ethical thinking about genetic enhancement (...)
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  6.  21
    Duty to Disclose What? Querying the Putative Obligation to Return Research Results to Participants.F. A. Miller, R. Christensen, M. Giacomini & J. S. Robert - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):210-213.
    Many research ethics guidelines now oblige researchers to offer research participants the results of research in which they participated. This practice is intended to uphold respect for persons and ensure that participants are not treated as mere means to an end. Yet some scholars have begun to question a generalised duty to disclose research results, highlighting the potential harms arising from disclosure and questioning the ethical justification for a duty to disclose, especially with respect to individual results. In support of (...)
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  7.  39
    Bridging the Gap Between Developmental Systems Theory and Evolutionary Developmental Biology†.Jason Scott Robert, Brian K. Hall & Wendy M. Olson - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):954-962.
    Many scientists and philosophers of science are troubled by the relative isolation of developmental from evolutionary biology. Reconciling the science of development with the science of heredity preoccupied a minority of biologists for much of the twentieth century, but these efforts were not corporately successful. Mainly in the past fifteen years, however, these previously dispersed integrating programmes have been themselves synthesized and so reinvigorated. Two of these more recent synthesizing endeavours are evolutionary developmental biology and developmental systems theory. While the (...)
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  8.  96
    How Developmental is Evolutionary Developmental Biology?Jason Scott Robert - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (5):591-611.
    Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) offers both an account of developmental processes and also new integrative frameworks for analyzing interactions between development and evolution. Biologists and philosophers are keen on evo-devo in part because it appears to offer a comfort zone between, on the one hand, what some take to be the relative inability of mainstream evolutionary biology to integrate a developmental perspective; and, on the other hand, what some take to be more intractable syntheses of development and evolution. In this (...)
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  9.  58
    Part-Human Chimeras: Worrying the Facts, Probing the Ethics.Françoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):41 – 45.
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  10.  5
    The Inevitability of Genetic Enhancement Technologies.FranÇoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (1):1-26.
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  11.  13
    Model Systems in Stem Cell Biology.Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (9):1005-1012.
  12.  73
    Counterfactual Triviality: A Lewis-Impossibility Argument for Counterfactuals.J. Robert & G. Williams - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):648-670.
    I formulate a counterfactual version of the notorious 'Ramsey Test'. Whereas the Ramsey Test for indicative conditionals links credence in indicatives to conditional credences, the counterfactual version links credence in counterfactuals to expected conditional chance. I outline two forms: a Ramsey Identity on which the probability of the conditional should be identical to the corresponding conditional probabihty/expectation of chance; and a Ramsey Bound on which credence in the conditional should never exceed the latter.Even in the weaker, bound, form, the counterfactual (...)
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  13.  17
    Rereading Frankenstein : What If Victor Frankenstein Had Actually Been Evil?Jason Scott Robert - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (6):21-24.
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  14.  49
    Systems Bioethics and Stem Cell Biology.Jason Scott Robert, Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):19-31.
    The complexities of modern science are not adequately reflected in many bioethical discussions. This is especially problematic in highly contested cases where there is significant pressure to generate clinical applications fast, as in stem cell research. In those cases a more integrated approach to bioethics, which we call systems bioethics, can provide a useful framework to address ethical and policy issues. Much as systems biology brings together different experimental and methodological approaches in an integrative way, systems bioethics integrates aspects of (...)
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  15.  35
    Aristotle and Modern Genetics.Thomas C. Vinci & Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - Journal of the History of Ideas 66 (2):201-221.
  16.  13
    Is Risky Pediatric Research Without Prospect of Direct Benefit Ever Justified?Rebecca A. Martin & Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):12 – 15.
  17.  7
    Les « Années Cidoc » D’Ivan Illich, Philosophe Itinérant.Jean Robert - 2013 - Hermes 67:, [ p.].
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  18.  44
    Schizophrenia Epigenesis?Jason Scott Robert - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):191-215.
    I begin by examining how genetics drivesschizophrenia research, and raise both familiar andrelatively novel criticisms of the evidence putativelysupporting the genetic basis of schizophrenia. Inparticular, I call attention to a set of concernsabout the effects of placentation on concordance ratesof schizophrenia in monozygotic twins, which furtherweakens the case for schizophrenia''s so-called stronggenetic component. I then underscore two criticalpoints. First, I emphasize the importance of takingseriously considerations about the complexity of bothontogenesis and the development of hereditarydiseases. The recognition of developmentalconstraints and (...)
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  19.  4
    Rethinking Human Embryo Research Policies.Kirstin R. W. Matthews, Ana S. Iltis, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Daniel S. Wagner, Jason Scott Robert, Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Marieke Bigg, Sarah Franklin, Soren Holm, Ingrid Metzler, Matteo A. Molè, Jochen Taupitz, Giuseppe Testa & Jeremy Sugarman - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):47-51.
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  20.  9
    When Research Seems Like Clinical Care: A Qualitative Study of the Communication of Individual Cancer Genetic Research Results.Fiona A. Miller, Mita Giacomini, Catherine Ahern, Jason S. Robert & Sonya de Laat - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):4.
    Research ethicists have recently declared a new ethical imperative: that researchers should communicate the results of research to participants. For some analysts, the obligation is restricted to the communication of the general findings or conclusions of the study. However, other analysts extend the obligation to the disclosure of individual research results, especially where these results are perceived to have clinical relevance. Several scholars have advanced cogent critiques of the putative obligation to disclose individual research results. They question whether ethical goals (...)
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  21. The Structure of Evolution by Natural Selection.Richmond Campbell & Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):673-696.
    We attempt a conclusive resolution of the debate over whether the principle of natural selection (PNS), especially conceived as the `principle' of the `survival of the fittest', is a tautology. This debate has been largely ignored for the past 15 years but not, we think, because it has actually been settled. We begin by describing the tautology objection, and situating the problem in the philosophical and biology literature. We then demonstrate the inadequacy of six prima facie plausible reasons for believing (...)
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  22.  52
    Developmental Systems and Animal Behaviour.Jason Scott Robert - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (3):477-489.
    This is a critical notice of Evolution's Eye by Susan Oyama, focusing on developmental systems theory primarily in relation to the nature-nurture debates and the explanation of behaviour.
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  23.  15
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research”.Jason Scott Robert, Mary Sunderland, Rachel A. Ankeny & Jane Maienschein - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):1-3.
    Calls for the “translation” of research from bench to bedside are increasingly demanding. What is translation, and why does it matter? We sketch the recent history of outcome-oriented translational research in the United States, with a particular focus on the Roadmap Initiative of the National Institutes of Health. Our main example of contemporary translational research is stem cell research, which has superseded genomics as the translational object of choice. We explore the nature of and obstacles to translational research and assess (...)
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  24.  25
    Toxic Ethics: Environmental Genomics and the Health of Populations.Jason Scott Robert & Andrea Smith - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (6):493–514.
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  25. Molecular and Systems Biology and Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  26.  44
    Gene Maps, Brain Scans, and Psychiatric Nosology.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):209-218.
    Neuroethics to date has tended to focus on social and ethical implications of developments in brain science, especially in functional neuroimaging. Within clinical neuroethics, the emphasis has been on ethical issues in clinical neuroscience practice, including informed consent to neuroimaging; the development of ethical research protocols for functional magnetic resonance imaging especially, and especially in children; and the ethical clinical management of incidental findings. Within normative neuroethics, we have witnessed the more philosophical and/or social scientific study of the meanings of (...)
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  27.  36
    Continuous Deep Sedation in End-of-Life Care: Disentangling Palliation From Physician-Assisted Death.Tito B. Carvalho, Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Jason Scott Robert - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):60 - 62.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 60-62, June 2011.
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  28.  15
    Systems Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):80-82.
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  29. Evo-devo.Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press.
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  30.  44
    Toward a Better Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):283-291.
    It has been argued that bioethicists too often tend to represent the interests of scientists and not of the broader polity. Indeed, bioethicists seem predisposed to discard the voices and viewpoints of all but the cognoscenti . Focusing particularly on human pluripotent stem cell research, this commentary explores a variety of characterizations of bioethics and bioethicists in relation to forbidding science. Rather than proselytizing or prohibiting, bioethicists should work in partnership with scientists and publics to craft scientifically well-informed and morally (...)
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  31.  10
    Toward a Better Bioethics: Commentary on “Forbidding Science: Some Beginning Reflections”.Jason Scott Robert - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics (3):283-291.
    It has been argued that bioethicists too often tend to represent the interests of scientists and not of the broader polity. Indeed, bioethicists seem predisposed to discard the voices and viewpoints of all but the cognoscenti. Focusing particularly on human pluripotent stem cell research, this commentary explores a variety of characterizations of bioethics and bioethicists in relation to forbidding science. Rather than proselytizing or prohibiting, bioethicists should work in partnership with scientists and publics to craft scientifically well-informed and morally sophisticated (...)
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  32.  20
    A Response to Commentators on "Crossing Species Boundaries".Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):66-66.
    This paper critically examines the biology of species identity and the morality of crossing species boundaries in the context of emerging research that involves combining human and nonhuman animals at the genetic or cellular level. We begin with the notion of species identity, particularly focusing on the ostensible fixity of species boundaries, and we explore the general biological and philosophical problem of defining species. Against this backdrop, we survey and criticize earlier attempts to forbid crossing species boundaries in the creation (...)
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  33.  17
    Fastidious, Foundational Heresies.Jason Scott Robert - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):133-145.
  34.  10
    Moral Truthfulness in Genetic Counseling.Jason Scott Robert - 1998 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 17 (1/2):73-93.
  35.  34
    Human Dispossession and Human Enhancement.Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):27 – 29.
  36.  20
    Stem Cell Politics: The NAS Prohibitions Pack More Bark Than Bite.Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):15-16.
  37. Preface.Michael Palencia-Roth & Jean-Noël Robert - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (2):3-5.
  38.  22
    Introduction.Sahotra Sarkar & Jason Scott Robert - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (2):209-217.
  39.  96
    Biotechnology, Bioethics, and the Future: A Review of Ronald Bailey’s Liberation Biology: Ronald Bailey, Liberation Biology: The Scientific and Moral Case for the Biotech Revolution. Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 2005, 332 Pp, $30.00 , ISBN: 1-59102-227-4. [REVIEW]Jenny Dyck Brian & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):125-128.
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  40.  68
    ROBERT, Jean-Dominique, O.P., Philosophie Et Sciences Humaines.Jean-Dominique Robert - 1981 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 37 (1):109-109.
  41.  16
    Wild Ontology: Elaborating Environmental Pragmatism.Jason Scott Robert - 2000 - Ethics and the Environment 5 (2):191 - 209.
    I elaborate and critically evaluate the theses of "environmental pragmatism," especially as captured in a recent collection with that title. While I am hopeful about this new approach, I want nonetheless to make reparations for its shortcomings. The primary difficulty is that environmental pragmatists tend to express only implicitly the metaphysical commitments of, say, William James, and yet the claims of environmental pragmatism would be profoundly strengthened by direct appeal to James's metaphysics. The ecosystem approach is particularly amenable to characterization (...)
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  42.  60
    The Developmental Programme - Concept or Muddle?Programmes for Development, Genes, Chromosomes and Computer Models in Developmental Biology. Edited by Alma Swan, HERBERT Macgregor and Robert Ransom.J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. Volume 83 Supplement. The Company of Biologists Ltd, Cambridge, 1984. Pp. 369. �12.00, $23.00. [REVIEW]J. Robert & S. Whittle - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (2):91-92.
  43. Approche Contemporaine d'Une Affirmation de Dieu.J.-D. ROBERT - 1962
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  44. Abriel Marcel Interrogé Par Pierre Boutang. [REVIEW]J. Robert - 1978 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 34 (2):205.
     
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  45. A propos d'un texte capital d'Étienne Gilson.J. Robert - 1980 - Revue Thomiste 80:439.
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  46.  2
    Bioethics: A Contemporary Introduction.Jason Scott Robert - 2015 - Routledge.
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  47. Bibliographisch repertorium.J. Robert - 1948 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 10:1*-84*.
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  48. Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics. [REVIEW]Jason Scott Robert - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (4):810-811.
    Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics is a series of newly commissioned—though not always new or original—essays on a variety of topics in bioethics. The editors, David Thomasma and Thomasine Kushner, offer a broad interpretation of the meaning of bioethics; in addition to showcasing some of the usual concerns of bioethics, they include several topics usually absent from such volumes. While the collection is unusually broad, it is also unusually shallow.
     
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  49. Chabal, R., Vers une anthropologie philosophique. [REVIEW]J. D. Robert - 1965 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 27:613.
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  50. Dieu de la Métaphysique. Dieu de la Religion.J. Robert - 1982 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 104 (5):658-677.
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1 — 50 / 253