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Jean-Dominique Robert [145]Jason Scott Robert [51]J. Robert [32]J. D. Robert [16]
Jason Robert [5]Jean Robert [5]J. -D. Robert [4]Jean Dominique Robert [4]

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Joerissen Robert
Freie Universität Berlin
Julien Robert
University of Maastricht
  1. Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution: Taking Development Seriously.Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historically, philosophers of biology have tended to sidestep the problem of development by focusing primarily on evolutionary biology and, more recently, on molecular biology and genetics. Quite often too, development has been misunderstood as simply, or even primarily, a matter of gene activation and regulation. Nowadays a growing number of philosophers of science are focusing their analyses on the complexities of development, and in Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution Jason Scott Robert explores the nature of development against current trends in biological (...)
     
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  2.  70
    Crossing Species Boundaries.Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):1 – 13.
    This paper critically examines the biology of species identity and the morality of crossing species boundaries in the context of emerging research that involves combining human and nonhuman animals at the genetic or cellular level. We begin with the notion of species identity, particularly focusing on the ostensible fixity of species boundaries, and we explore the general biological and philosophical problem of defining species. Against this backdrop, we survey and criticize earlier attempts to forbid crossing species boundaries in the creation (...)
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  3.  21
    The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research.Jane Maienschein, Mary Sunderland, Rachel A. Ankeny & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):43 – 51.
    Calls for the “translation” of research from bench to bedside are increasingly demanding. What is translation, and why does it matter? We sketch the recent history of outcome-oriented translational research in the United States, with a particular focus on the Roadmap Initiative of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD). Our main example of contemporary translational research is stem cell research, which has superseded genomics as the translational object of choice. We explore the nature of and obstacles to translational research (...)
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  4.  93
    Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference.J. Robert - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):44-70.
    Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference is a defense and reconciliation of the two apparently conflicting theses that the self is peculiarly elusive and that our basic, cogito-judgments are certain. On the one hand, Descartes seems to be correct that nothing is more certain than basic statements of self-knowledge, such as "I am thinking." On the other hand, there is the compelling Humean observation that when we introspect, nothing is found except for various "impressions." The problem, then, is that the Humean and Cartesian (...)
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  5.  66
    The Inevitability of Genetic Enhancement Technologies.Francoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (1):1–26.
    We outline a number of ethical objections to genetic technologies aimed at enhancing human capacities and traits. We then argue that, despite the persuasiveness of some of these objections, they are insufficient to stop the development and use of genetic enhancement technologies. We contend that the inevitability of the technologies results from a particular guiding worldview of humans as masters of the human evolutionary future, and conclude that recognising this worldview points to new directions for ethical thinking about genetic enhancement (...)
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  6.  23
    Bridging the Gap Between Developmental Systems Theory and Evolutionary Developmental Biology†.Jason Scott Robert, Brian K. Hall & Wendy M. Olson - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):954-962.
  7.  9
    Duty to Disclose What? Querying the Putative Obligation to Return Research Results to Participants.F. A. Miller, R. Christensen, M. Giacomini & J. S. Robert - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):210-213.
    Many research ethics guidelines now oblige researchers to offer research participants the results of research in which they participated. This practice is intended to uphold respect for persons and ensure that participants are not treated as mere means to an end. Yet some scholars have begun to question a generalised duty to disclose research results, highlighting the potential harms arising from disclosure and questioning the ethical justification for a duty to disclose, especially with respect to individual results. In support of (...)
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  8.  6
    Model Systems in Stem Cell Biology.Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (9):1005-1012.
  9.  57
    How Developmental is Evolutionary Developmental Biology?Jason Scott Robert - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (5):591-611.
    Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) offers both an account of developmental processes and also new integrative frameworks for analyzing interactions between development and evolution. Biologists and philosophers are keen on evo-devo in part because it appears to offer a comfort zone between, on the one hand, what some take to be the relative inability of mainstream evolutionary biology to integrate a developmental perspective; and, on the other hand, what some take to be more intractable syntheses of development and evolution. In this (...)
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  10.  46
    Part-Human Chimeras: Worrying the Facts, Probing the Ethics.Françoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):41 – 45.
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  11.  27
    Systems Bioethics and Stem Cell Biology.Jason Scott Robert, Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):19-31.
    The complexities of modern science are not adequately reflected in many bioethical discussions. This is especially problematic in highly contested cases where there is significant pressure to generate clinical applications fast, as in stem cell research. In those cases a more integrated approach to bioethics, which we call systems bioethics, can provide a useful framework to address ethical and policy issues. Much as systems biology brings together different experimental and methodological approaches in an integrative way, systems bioethics integrates aspects of (...)
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  12.  85
    Counterfactual Triviality: A Lewis-Impossibility Argument for Counterfactuals.J. Robert & G. Williams - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):648-670.
    I formulate a counterfactual version of the notorious 'Ramsey Test'. Whereas the Ramsey Test for indicative conditionals links credence in indicatives to conditional credences, the counterfactual version links credence in counterfactuals to expected conditional chance. I outline two forms: a Ramsey Identity on which the probability of the conditional should be identical to the corresponding conditional probabihty/expectation of chance; and a Ramsey Bound on which credence in the conditional should never exceed the latter.Even in the weaker, bound, form, the counterfactual (...)
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  13.  6
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research”.Jason Scott Robert, Mary Sunderland, Rachel Ankeny & Jane Maienschein - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):1-3.
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  14.  30
    Aristotle and Modern Genetics.Thomas C. Vinci & Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - Journal of the History of Ideas 66 (2):201-221.
  15.  58
    Counterfactual Triviality.J. Robert & G. Williams - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):648-670.
    I formulate a counterfactual version of the notorious 'Ramsey Test'. Whereas the Ramsey Test for indicative conditionals links credence in indicatives to conditional credences, the counterfactual version links credence in counterfactuals to expected conditional chance. I outline two forms: a Ramsey Identity on which the probability of the conditional should be identical to the corresponding conditional probabihty/expectation of chance; and a Ramsey Bound on which credence in the conditional should never exceed the latter.Even in the weaker, bound, form, the counterfactual (...)
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  16.  1
    The Inevitability of Genetic Enhancement Technologies.FranÇoise Baylis & Jason Scott Robert - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (1):1-26.
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  17.  11
    Systems Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):80-82.
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  18.  37
    Schizophrenia Epigenesis?Jason Scott Robert - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):191-215.
    I begin by examining how genetics drivesschizophrenia research, and raise both familiar andrelatively novel criticisms of the evidence putativelysupporting the genetic basis of schizophrenia. Inparticular, I call attention to a set of concernsabout the effects of placentation on concordance ratesof schizophrenia in monozygotic twins, which furtherweakens the case for schizophrenia''s so-called stronggenetic component. I then underscore two criticalpoints. First, I emphasize the importance of takingseriously considerations about the complexity of bothontogenesis and the development of hereditarydiseases. The recognition of developmentalconstraints and (...)
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  19.  96
    Preface.M. Palencia-Roth & J. -N. Robert - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (2):3-5.
  20.  21
    Gene Maps, Brain Scans, and Psychiatric Nosology.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):209-218.
    Neuroethics to date has tended to focus on social and ethical implications of developments in brain science, especially in functional neuroimaging. Within clinical neuroethics, the emphasis has been on ethical issues in clinical neuroscience practice, including informed consent to neuroimaging; the development of ethical research protocols for functional magnetic resonance imaging especially, and especially in children; and the ethical clinical management of incidental findings. Within normative neuroethics, we have witnessed the more philosophical and/or social scientific study of the meanings of (...)
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  21.  3
    When Research Seems Like Clinical Care: A Qualitative Study of the Communication of Individual Cancer Genetic Research Results.Fiona A. Miller, Mita Giacomini, Catherine Ahern, Jason S. Robert & Sonya de Laat - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):4.
    Research ethicists have recently declared a new ethical imperative: that researchers should communicate the results of research to participants. For some analysts, the obligation is restricted to the communication of the general findings or conclusions of the study. However, other analysts extend the obligation to the disclosure of individual research results, especially where these results are perceived to have clinical relevance. Several scholars have advanced cogent critiques of the putative obligation to disclose individual research results. They question whether ethical goals (...)
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  22. Evo-devo.Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press.
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  23.  16
    Toxic Ethics: Environmental Genomics and the Health of Populations.Jason Scott Robert & Andrea Smith - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (6):493–514.
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  24.  17
    Stem Cell Politics: The NAS Prohibitions Pack More Bark Than Bite.Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):15-16.
  25.  76
    Biotechnology, Bioethics, and the Future: A Review of Ronald Bailey's Liberation Biology. [REVIEW]Jenny Dyck Brian & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):125-128.
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  26.  5
    Is Risky Pediatric Research Without Prospect of Direct Benefit Ever Justified?Rebecca A. Martin & Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):12 – 15.
  27. Molecular and Systems Biology and Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  28.  65
    The Structure of Evolution by Natural Selection.Richmond Campbell & Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):673-696.
    We attempt a conclusive resolution of the debate over whether the principle of natural selection (PNS), especially conceived as the `principle' of the `survival of the fittest', is a tautology. This debate has been largely ignored for the past 15 years but not, we think, because it has actually been settled. We begin by describing the tautology objection, and situating the problem in the philosophical and biology literature. We then demonstrate the inadequacy of six prima facie plausible reasons for believing (...)
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  29.  7
    A Response to Commentators on "Crossing Species Boundaries".Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):66-66.
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  30.  42
    Developmental Systems and Animal Behaviour.Jason Scott Robert - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (3):477-489.
    This is a critical notice of Evolution's Eye by Susan Oyama, focusing on developmental systems theory primarily in relation to the nature-nurture debates and the explanation of behaviour.
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  31.  17
    Toward a Better Bioethics.Jason Scott Robert - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):283-291.
    It has been argued that bioethicists too often tend to represent the interests of scientists and not of the broader polity. Indeed, bioethicists seem predisposed to discard the voices and viewpoints of all but the cognoscenti . Focusing particularly on human pluripotent stem cell research, this commentary explores a variety of characterizations of bioethics and bioethicists in relation to forbidding science. Rather than proselytizing or prohibiting, bioethicists should work in partnership with scientists and publics to craft scientifically well-informed and morally (...)
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  32.  1
    Moral Truthfulness in Genetic Counseling.Jason Scott Robert - 1998 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 17 (1/2):73-93.
  33.  14
    Human Dispossession and Human Enhancement.Jason Scott Robert - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):27 – 29.
  34.  14
    Introduction.Sahotra Sarkar & Jason Scott Robert - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (2):209-217.
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  35.  30
    The Developmental Programme - Concept or Muddle?Programmes for Development, Genes, Chromosomes and Computer Models in Developmental Biology. Edited by Alma Swan, HERBERT Macgregor and Robert Ransom.J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. Volume 83 Supplement. The Company of Biologists Ltd, Cambridge, 1984. Pp. 369. �12.00, $23.00. [REVIEW]J. Robert & S. Whittle - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (2):91-92.
  36.  6
    Constant Factors and Hedgeless Hedges: On Heuristics and Biases in Biological Research.Jason Scott Robert - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):975-988.
    How does a complex organism develop from a relatively simple, homogeneous mass? The usual answer is: through the (context‐dependent) execution of species‐specific genetic instructions specifying the development of that organism. Commentators are sometimes skeptical of this usual answer, but of course not all commentators, and not always for the same reasons. Here I attempt to lay bare the logical structure of the usual answer through an extended analysis of the heuristics and methodological principles at play in the exploration and explanation (...)
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  37.  17
    Constant Factors and Hedgeless Hedges: On Heuristics and Biases Developmental Biology.Jason Scott Robert - unknown
    How does a complex organism develop from a relatively simple, homogeneous mass? The usual answer is: through the execution of species-specific genetic instructions specifying the development of that organism. Commentators are sometimes sceptical of this usual answer, but of course not all commentators. Some biologists refer to master control genes responsible for the activation of all the genes responsible for every aspect of organismal development; and some philosophers, most notoriously Rosenberg, buy this claim hook, line, and sinker. Here I explore (...)
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  38.  17
    Une Contribution Sovietique Essentielle au Debat Sur l'Unite de la Geographie.Jean Robert - 1980 - Studies in East European Thought 21 (1):59-67.
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  39.  19
    The Strange Case of the Humanzee Patent Quest.Brock Heathcotte & Jason Scott Robert - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (1):51-59.
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  40.  16
    The Marxian Ideal of Freedom and the Problem of Justice. van der Veen & J. Robert - 1984 - Philosophica 34.
  41.  19
    Martial Gueroult, Spinoza, T. I : Dieu , Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1968 , 621 Pages. [REVIEW]Jean-Dominique Robert - 1971 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 27 (2):202.
  42.  19
    ROBERT, Jean-Dominique, O.P., Philosophie Et Sciences Humaines.Jean-Dominique Robert - 1981 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 37 (1):109-109.
  43.  18
    Les Personnes Atteintes de l'Hépatite C Sont-Elles des Victimes Comme les Autres?Jacques-Antoine Robert & Alexandre Regniault - 2002 - Médecine et Droit 2002 (52):20-29.
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  44.  8
    La Critique de l'Onto-Théologie Chez Heidegger.Jean-Dominique Robert - 1980 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 78 (40):533-552.
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  45.  12
    Approches convergentes de l'idée de „nature” et implications actuelles du concept de „nature humaine”.J. -D. Robert - 1979 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 41 (1):113 - 138.
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  46.  12
    Conséquences tragiques du refoulement du „symbolique” dans le monde occidental, d'après François laplantine.J. D. Robert - 1976 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 38 (4):614 - 628.
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  47.  11
    Rapports de l'idéologique, du scientifique et du philosophique chez Althusser d'apres ses écrits Les plus récents (1968-1970). [REVIEW]J. D. Robert - 1971 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 33 (2):279 - 382.
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  48.  36
    Tort Liability for Breach of Statute: A Natural Rights Perspective. [REVIEW]J. Robert, S. Prichard & Alan Brudner - 1983 - Law and Philosophy 2 (1):89-117.
    This essay applies Hegel's theory of remedies to the question of whether and when breach of a penal statute should attract civil liability in tort. For Hegel, the purpose of a remedy is to vindicate the human right to self-determination by refuting the claim to validity implied in intentional or negligent acts that infringe this right. Accordingly, in determining the civil effect of legislation, a distinction must be made between statutes that effectuate pre-existing rights and those which create new rights (...)
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  49.  15
    Fastidious, Foundational Heresies.Jason Scott Robert - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):133-145.
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  50.  10
    Aperçus sur Des recherches actuelLes relatives aux relations entre le scientifique et l'idéologique à l'œuvre dans Les sciences, et particulièrement dans Les sciences de l'homme.J. -D. Robert - 1970 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 32 (4):740 - 790.
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