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Jan Schildmann [36]J. Schildmann [5]
  1.  15
    Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    Background This paper reports the process and outcome of a consensus finding project, which began with a meeting at the Brocher Foundation in May 2015. The project sought to generate and reach consensus on standards of practice for Empirical Bioethics research. The project involved 16 academics from 5 different European Countries, with a range of disciplinary backgrounds. Methods The consensus process used a modified Delphi approach. Results Consensus was reached on 15 standards of practice, organised into 6 domains of research (...)
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  2.  54
    Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: How Conceptual Accounts on Normative-Empirical Collaboration May Improve Research Practice.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.
    BackgroundThe methodology of medical ethics during the last few decades has shifted from a predominant use of normative-philosophical analyses to an increasing involvement of empirical methods. The articles which have been published in the course of this so-called 'empirical turn' can be divided into conceptual accounts of empirical-normative collaboration and studies which use socio-empirical methods to investigate ethically relevant issues in concrete social contexts.DiscussionA considered reference to normative research questions can be expected from good quality empirical research in medical ethics. (...)
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  3.  45
    The Normative Background of Empirical-Ethical Research: First Steps Towards a Transparent and Reasoned Approach in the Selection of an Ethical Theory.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):20.
    Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problematic, an ethical framework is needed to determine the relevance of the empirical data for normative argument. While issues of normative-empirical collaboration and questions of empirical methodology have been widely discussed in the literature, the normative methodology of empirical-ethical research has seldom been addressed. Based on our own research experience, we discuss one aspect of this normative (...)
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  4.  38
    Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services and its Normativity.Jan Schildmann, Bert Molewijk, Lazare Benaroyo, Reidun Forde & Gerald Neitzke - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):681-685.
    Evaluation of clinical ethics support services (CESS) has attracted considerable interest in recent decades. However, few evaluation studies are explicit about normative presuppositions which underlie the goals and the research design of CESS evaluation. In this paper, we provide an account of normative premises of different approaches to CESS evaluation and argue that normativity should be a focus of considerations when designing and conducting evaluation research of CESS. In a first step, we present three different approaches to CESS evaluation from (...)
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  5.  25
    Integrating Theory and Data in Evaluating Clinical Ethics Support. Still a Long Way to Go.Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann & Anne Slowther - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):234-236.
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  6.  26
    Research Across the Disciplines: A Road Map for Quality Criteria in Empirical Ethics Research.Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an EE (...)
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  7.  80
    The Development of a Descriptive Evaluation Tool for Clinical Ethics Case Consultations.R. Pedersen, S. A. Hurst, J. Schildmann, S. Schuster & B. Molewijk - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (3):136-141.
    There is growing interest in clinical ethics. However, we still have sparse knowledge about what is actually going on in the everyday practice of clinical ethics consultations. This paper introduces a descriptive evaluation tool to present, discuss and compare how clinical ethics case consultations are actually carried out. The tool does not aim to define ‘best practice’. Rather, it facilitates concrete comparisons and evaluative discussions of the role, function, procedures and ideals inherent in clinical ethics case consultation practices. The tool (...)
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  8.  28
    Quality of Ethical Guidelines and Ethical Content in Clinical Guidelines: The Example of End-of-Life Decision-Making.D. Strech & J. Schildmann - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):390-396.
    Background While there are many guidelines on how to make ethical decisions at the end of life, there is little evidence regarding the quality of this sort of ethical guidelines. Objectives First, this study aims to demonstrate the conceptual transferability of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument for the quality assessment of ethical guidelines. Second, it aims to illustrate the status quo of the quality of guidelines on end-of-life decision-making by using the AGREE instrument in a (...)
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  9.  34
    Knowledge, Experiences and Views of German University Students Toward Neuroenhancement: An Empirical-Ethical Analysis.Cynthia Forlini, Jan Schildmann, Patrik Roser, Radim Beranek & Jochen Vollmann - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):83-92.
    Across normative and empirical disciplines, considerable attention has been devoted to the prevalence and ethics of the non-medical use of prescription and illegal stimulants for neuroenhancement among students. A predominant assumption is that neuroenhancement is prevalent, in demand, and calls for appropriate policy action. In this paper, we present data on the prevalence, views and knowledge from a large sample of German students in three different universities and analyze the findings from a moral pragmatics perspective. The results of our study (...)
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  10.  55
    Ethics by Opinion Poll?: The Functions of Attitudes Research for Normative Deliberations in Medical Ethics.Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):597-602.
    Empirical studies on people's moral attitudes regarding ethically challenging topics contribute greatly to research in medical ethics. However, it is not always clear in which ways this research adds to medical ethics as a normative discipline. In this article, we aim to provide a systematic account of the different ways in which attitudinal research can be used for normative reflection. In the first part, we discuss whether ethical judgements can be based on empirical work alone and we develop a sceptical (...)
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  11.  18
    Methodological Reflections on the Contribution of Qualitative Research to the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):237-245.
    This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, (...)
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  12. Research Participants’ Perceptions and Views on Consent for Biobank Research: A Review of Empirical Data and Ethical Analysis.Flavio D'Abramo, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):60.
    Appropriate information and consent has been one of the most intensely discussed topics within the context of biobank research. In parallel to the normative debate, many socio-empirical studies have been conducted to gather experiences, preferences and views of patients, healthy research participants and further stakeholders. However, there is scarcity of literature which connects the normative debate about justifications for different consent models with findings gained in empirical research. In this paper we discuss findings of a limited review of socio-empirical research (...)
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  13.  46
    „Personalisierte Medizin“ in der Onkologie: Ärztliche Einschätzungen der aktuellen Entwicklung in der KrankenversorgungPersonalised medicine in oncology: physicians’ perspectives concerning current developments in patient care.Sebastian Wäscher, Jan Schildmann, Caroline Brall & Jochen Vollmann - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):205-214.
    Die öffentliche Diskussion um die „personalisierte Medizin“ legt nahe, dass mit diesem medizinischen Ansatz hohe Erwartungen an einen Beitrag zur klinischen Versorgung verbunden werden. Über die Wahrnehmungen und Bewertungen klinisch tätiger Ärzte ist jedoch wenig bekannt. Die vorliegende qualitative Interviewstudie gibt einen Einblick bezüglich des Einflusses „personalisierter Medizin“ auf die klinische Praxis aus ärztlicher Perspektive. Die Ärzte im vorliegenden Sample nehmen „personalisierte Medizin“ zwar als einen medizinischen Fortschritt wahr, sehen allerdings keine grundsätzliche Veränderung der bisherigen medizinischen Praxis. Als zentrales Problem (...)
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  14.  40
    SterbehilfeAid in Dying.Jan Schildmann, Eva Herrmann, Nicole Burchardi, Ulrich Schwantes & Jochen Vollmann - 2004 - Ethik in der Medizin 16 (2):123-132.
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  15.  39
    How Research on Stakeholder Perspectives Can Inform Policy on Cognitive Enhancement.Cynthia Forlini, Eric Racine, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (7):41 - 43.
  16.  17
    Why the “Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation” Instrument Can and Should Further Inform Ethics Policy Work.Daniel Strech & Jan Schildmann - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):25-27.
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  17.  28
    Limitation of Treatment at the End of Life: An Empirical-Ethical Analysis Regarding the Practices of Physician Members of the German Society for Palliative Medicine.Jan Schildmann, Julia Hoetzel, Anne Baumann, Christof Mueller-Busch & Jochen Vollmann - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):327-332.
    Objectives To determine the frequencies and types of limitation of medical treatment performed by physician members of the German Society for Palliative Medicine and to analyse the findings with respect to clinical and ethical aspects of end-of-life practices. Design Cross-sectional postal survey. Setting Data collection via the secretary of the German Society for Palliative Medicine using the German language version of the EURELD survey instrument. Subjects All 1645 physician members of the German Society for Palliative Medicine. Main outcome measures Types (...)
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  18.  51
    Substitute Decision Making in Medicine: Comparative Analysis of the Ethico-Legal Discourse in England and Germany. [REVIEW]Ralf J. Jox, Sabine Michalowski, Jorn Lorenz & Jan Schildmann - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):153-163.
    Health care decision making for patients without decisional capacity is ethically and legally challenging. Advance directives (living wills) have proved to be of limited usefulness in clinical practice. Therefore, academic attention should focus more on substitute decision making by the next of kin. In this article, we comparatively analyse the legal approaches to substitute medical decision making in England and Germany. Based on the current ethico-legal discourse in both countries, three aspects of substitute decision making will be highlighted: (1) Should (...)
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  19.  50
    Aufklärung im ärztlichen Alltag.Jan Schildmann, Florian Steger & Jochen Vollmann - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (3):187-199.
    Historische, theoretische und ethische Aspekte der Medizin sind Lehrinhalte des medizinischen Ausbildungscurriculums, die in dem neu eingeführten Querschnittsbereich 2 "Geschichte, Theorie, Ethik der Medizin" (GTE) vermittelt werden sollen. Gegenstand dieser Arbeit ist die Darstellung von Unterrichtskonzept und Evaluationsergebnissen eines medizinhistorische und -ethische Inhalte intergrierenden Lehrmoduls zum Thema der Aufklärung und Einwilligung in Klinik und medizinischer Forschung. Die integrierte Vermittlung medizinethischer und -historischer Inhalte wurde von den Studierenden positiv bewertet. Die von den Kursteilnehmenden im Rahmen der Evaluation gezeigten Kenntnisse sowie die (...)
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  20.  33
    Was ist ein ethisches Problem und wie finde ich es? Theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Fragen der Identifikation ethischer Probleme am Beispiel einer empirisch-ethischen Interventionsstudie.Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (4):267-281.
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  21.  33
    Der Beitrag Qualitativer Sozialforschung Zur Handlungsorientierenden Medizinethischen Forschung. Eine Methodenreflexion Am Beispiel des ETHICO-Projekts.Jan Schildmann, Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch & Jochen Vollmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):33-41.
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  22.  17
    Beyond Integrating Social Sciences: Reflecting on the Place of Life Sciences in Empirical Bioethics Methodologies.Marcel Mertz & Jan Schildmann - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (2):207-214.
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  23.  31
    Do Not Try To Run Before You Can Walk: Empirical and Meta-Ethical Presuppositions of Using Ethical Theory in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Joschka Haltaufderheide, Marcel Mertz, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):51-53.
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  24.  40
    Medizinethik und Empirie – Standortbestimmungen eines spannungsreichen Verhältnisses.Silke Schicktanz & Jan Schildmann - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):183-186.
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  25.  7
    Aufklärung Im Ärztlichen Alltag""Informed Consent” – an Integrated Teaching Module on Ethical and Historical Aspects for the New Subject “History, Theory, Ethics of Medicine.Jan Schildmann, Florian Steger & Jochen Vollmann - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (3):187-199.
  26.  13
    “Ceteris Paribus” and Morally Relevant Facts.Jan Schildmann, Florian Bruns & Alexander Kremling - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):66-67.
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  27.  30
    Prinzip und Urteilskraft in der Medizinethik.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):251-268.
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  28.  3
    Do We Understand the Intervention? What Complex Intervention Research Can Teach Us for the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Jan Schildmann, Stephan Nadolny, Joschka Haltaufderheide, Marjolein Gysels, Jochen Vollmann & Claudia Bausewein - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):48.
    Evaluating clinical ethics support services has been hailed as important research task. At the same time, there is considerable debate about how to evaluate CESS appropriately. The criticism, which has been aired, refers to normative as well as empirical aspects of evaluating CESS. In this paper, we argue that a first necessary step for progress is to better understand the intervention in CESS. Tools of complex intervention research methodology may provide relevant means in this respect. In a first step, we (...)
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  29.  15
    Setting Standards for Empirical Bioethics Research: A Response to Carter and Cribb.Michael Dunn, Jonathan Ives, Bert Molewijk & Jan Schildmann - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):66.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  30.  25
    Empirische Forschung in der Medizinethik: Methodenreflexion und forschungspraktische Herausforderungen am Beispiel eines mixed-method Projekts zur ärztlichen Handlungspraxis am Lebensende.Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):259.
    Der Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung medizinethischer Fragestellungen ist Gegenstand eines aktuellen interdisziplinären Diskurses. Während die Anzahl empirischer Studien, die in medizinethisch relevanten Fachzeitschriften publiziert wurden, in den letzten Jahren zugenommen hat, liegen nach Kenntnis der Autoren kaum methodenreflexive Veröffentlichungen zu konkreten empirischen Forschungsprojekten in der Medizinethik vor. Die Untersuchung der Wechselbeziehungen von Ethik und Empirie anhand ausgewählter interdisziplinärer empirisch medizinethischer Forschungsprojekte erscheint aus mehreren Gründen von Interesse. Zum einen kann auf diese Weise der mögliche Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung (...)
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  31.  25
    Symposium on Consent and Confidentiality. J Med Ethics 2003;29:2-40.J. Schildmann - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):609-609.
    We read with interest the papers on informed consent published in a recent issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics.1 Whatever their differences, and however much they questioned some aspects of the duty to respect autonomy through attempting to obtain informed consent for therapeutic interventions, there was general agreement that competent adult patients are entitled to a core of basic information about their treatment options. There was also consensus that training in the process of obtaining consent is important. In our (...)
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  32.  30
    What Quality Is Actually Assessed Within Written Records?Bert Molewijk, Guy Widdershoven, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):48-50.
  33.  7
    Decisions at the End of Life: An Empirical Study on the Involvement, Legal Understanding and Ethical Views of Preregistration House Officers.J. Schildmann - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (10):567-570.
    Objectives: To collect information on the involvement, legal understanding and ethical views of preregistration house officers regarding end-of-life decision making in clinical practice.Design: Structured telephone interviews.Participants: 104 PRHO who responded.Main outcome measures: Information on the frequency and quality of involvement of PRHO in end-of-life decision making, their legal understanding and ethical views on do-not-resuscitate order and withdrawal of treatment.Results: Most PRHO participated in team discussions on the withdrawal of treatment or a DNR order . Of them, 46 participants had themselves (...)
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  34.  19
    On Classifying the Field of Medical Ethics.Kristine Bærøe, Jonathan Ives, Martine de Vries & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):30.
    In 2014, the editorial board of BMC Medical Ethics came together to devise sections for the journal that would give structure to the journal help ensure that authors’ research is matched to the most appropriate editors and help readers to find the research most relevant to them. The editorial board decided to take a practical approach to devising sections that dealt with the challenges of content management. After that, we started thinking more theoretically about how one could go about classifying (...)
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  35.  19
    Personalisierte Medizin. Medizinische, ethische, rechtliche und ökonomische Analysen.Jan Schildmann, Georg Marckmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):169-172.
  36.  16
    Information and Participation in Decision-Making About Treatment: A Qualitative Study of the Perceptions and Preferences of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.J. Schildmann, M. Grunke, J. R. Kalden & J. Vollmann - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):775-779.
    Objectives: To elicit the perceptions and preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis regarding information and participation in treatment decision-making. To analyse the patients’ narratives on the background of the ethical discourse on various approaches to treatment decision-making. Design: In-depth interviews with themes identified using principles of grounded theory. Participants: 22 patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis. Main outcome measures: Qualitative data on patients’ perceptions and preferences regarding information and participation in decision-making about treatment. Results: Decision-making about treatment has been described by (...)
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  37.  5
    Kommentar II zum Fall: „Palliative Sedierung bei Malignom und Psychose?“.Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):65-66.
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  38.  3
    The Importance of Trust and the Importance of Trustworthiness.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):27-28.
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  39. Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: A Reflection on Methods and Practical Challenges of a Mixed-Method Project on Physicians' End of Life Practices.Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):259-269.
     
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  40. Enhancement der Moral.Raphael van Riel, Ezio Di Nucci & Jan Schildmann (eds.) - forthcoming - Mentis.
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  41. " Personalised Medicine" in Oncology: Physicians' Perspectives Concerning Current Developments in Patient Care Results of a Qualitative Interview Study.Sebastian Wäscher, Jan Schildmann, Caroline Brall & Jochen Vollmann - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):205-214.
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