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Jochen Schmidt [112]James Schmidt [54]J. Schmidt [31]Jan C. Schmidt [20]
Jürgen Schmidt [19]Johannes Schmidt [16]Josef Schmidt [15]Jan Cornelius Schmidt [14]

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James Schmidt
Boston University
3 more
  1.  45
    Philosophical Investigations Into the Essence of Human Freedom.F. W. J. Schelling, Jeff Love & Johannes Schmidt (eds.) - 2006 - State University of New York Press.
    Schelling’s masterpiece investigating evil and freedom.
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  2.  54
    Changing the Paradigm for Engineering Ethics.Jon Alan Schmidt - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):985-1010.
    Modern philosophy recognizes two major ethical theories: deontology, which encourages adherence to rules and fulfillment of duties or obligations; and consequentialism, which evaluates morally significant actions strictly on the basis of their actual or anticipated outcomes. Both involve the systematic application of universal abstract principles, reflecting the culturally dominant paradigm of technical rationality. Professional societies promulgate codes of ethics with which engineers are expected to comply, while courts and the public generally assign liability to engineers primarily in accordance with the (...)
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  3.  17
    Measuring Adaptive Control in Conflict Tasks.Senne Braem, Julie M. Bugg, James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Daniel H. Weissman, Wim Notebaert & Tobias Egner - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):769-783.
  4.  62
    Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control.James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.
    The results of four experiments provide evidence for controlled processing in the absence of awareness. Participants identified the colour of a neutral distracter word. Each of four words was presented in one of the four colours 75% of the time or 50% of the time . Colour identification was faster when the words appeared in the colour they were most often presented in relative to when they appeared in another colour, even for participants who were subjectively unaware of any contingencies (...)
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  5. What is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions.James Schmidt (ed.) - 1996 - University of California Press.
    This collection contains the first English translations of a group of important eighteenth-century German essays that address the question, "What is Enlightenment?" The book also includes newly translated and newly written interpretive essays by leading historians and philosophers, which examine the origins of eighteenth-century debate on Enlightenment and explore its significance for the present. In recent years, critics from across the political and philosophical spectrum have condemned the Enlightenment for its complicity with any number of present-day social and cultural maladies. (...)
     
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  6. Towards a Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity.Jan Schmidt - 2007 - Poiesis and Praxis 5 (1):53-69.
    This paper aims to contribute to the expanding discourse on inter- and transdisciplinarity. Referring to well-established distinctions in philosophy of science, the paper argues in favor of a plurality of four different dimensions: Interdisciplinarity with regard to objects, knowledge/theories, methods/practices, and further, problem perception/problem solving. Different philosophical thought traditions can be related to these distinguishable meanings. The philosophical framework of the four different dimensions will be illustrated by some of the most popular examples of research programs that are labeled interdisciplinary (...)
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  7.  83
    Philosophy of and as Interdisciplinarity.Michael Hg Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  8.  41
    Kant's Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Aim: A Critical Guide.Amélie Oksenberg Rorty & James Schmidt (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Lively current debates about narratives of historical progress, the conditions for international justice, and the implications of globalisation have prompted a renewed interest in Kant's Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Aim. The essays in this volume, written by distinguished contributors, discuss the questions that are at the core of Kant's investigations. Does the study of history convey any philosophical insight? Can it provide political guidance? How are we to understand the destructive and bloody upheavals that constitute so (...)
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  9.  62
    Philosophy of and as Interdisciplinarity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  10.  16
    Peirce's Topical Continuum: A “Thicker” Theory.Jon Alan Schmidt - 2020 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 56 (1):62-80.
    Although Peirce frequently insisted that continuity was a core component of his philosophical thought, his conception of it evolved considerably during his lifetime, culminating in a theory grounded primarily in topical geometry. Two manuscripts, one of which has never before been published, reveal that his formulation of this approach was both earlier and more thorough than most scholars seem to have realized. Combining these and other relevant texts with the better-known passages highlights a key ontological distinction: a collection is bottom-up, (...)
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  11. What Enlightenment Project?James Schmidt - 2000 - Political Theory 28 (6):734-757.
  12.  60
    Collingridge’s Dilemma and Technoscience.Wolfgang Liebert & Jan C. Schmidt - 2010 - Poiesis and Praxis 7 (1-2):55-71.
    Collingridge’s dilemma is one of the most well-established paradigms presenting a challenge to Technology Assessment (TA). This paper aims to reconstruct the dilemma from an analytic perspective and explicates three assumptions underlying the dilemma: the temporal, knowledge and power/actor assumptions. In the light of the recent transformation of the science, technology and innovation system—in the age of technoscience —these underlying assumptions are called into question. The same result is obtained from a normative angle by Collingridge himself; he criticises the dilemma (...)
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  13.  9
    Is Conflict Adaptation an Illusion?James R. Schmidt, Wim Notebaert & Eva Van Den Bussche - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  14.  64
    What is a Problem?Jan C. Schmidt - 2011 - Poiesis and Praxis 7 (4):249-274.
    Among others, the term problem plays a major role in the various attempts to characterize interdisciplinarity or transdisciplinarity, as used synonymously in this paper. Interdisciplinarity is regarded as problem solving among science, technology and society and as problem orientation beyond disciplinary constraints. The point of departure of this paper is that the discourse and practice of ID have problems with the problem. The objective here is to shed some light on the vague notion of problem in order to advocate a (...)
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  15.  1
    Instabilität in Natur Und Wissenschaft: Eine Wissenschaftsphilosophie der Nachmodernen Physik.Jan Cornelius Schmidt - 2008 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  16.  26
    Rational Engineering Principles in Synthetic Biology: A Framework for Quantitative Analysis and an Initial Assessment.Bernd Giese, Stefan Koenigstein, Henning Wigger, Jan C. Schmidt & Arnim von Gleich - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (4):324-333.
    The term “synthetic biology” is a popular label of an emerging biotechnological field with strong claims to robustness, modularity, and controlled construction, finally enabling the creation of new organisms. Although the research community is heterogeneous, it advocates a common denominator that seems to define this field: the principles of rational engineering. However, it still remains unclear to what extent rational engineering—rather than “tinkering” or the usage of random based or non-rational processes—actually constitutes the basis for the techniques of synthetic biology. (...)
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  17.  40
    Contingencies and Attentional Capture: The Importance of Matching Stimulus Informativeness in the Item-Specific Proportion Congruent Task.James R. Schmidt - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  18.  67
    The Question of Enlightenment: Kant, Mendelssohn, and the Mittwochsgesellschaft.James Schmidt - 1989 - Journal of the History of Ideas 50 (2):269.
    An analysis of the 1784 essays by immanuel kant and moses mendelssohn on the question "what is enlightenment?" emphasis is placed on discussions of the nature and limits of enlightenment within the berlin "aufklarung" as evidenced by debates within the berlin "mittwochsgesellschaft" (a secret society of "friends of the enlightenment") and articles in the "berlinische monatsschrift". Among the views surveyed are those of the publicists johann erich biester, Friedrich gedike, And friedrich nicolai, The jurists karl gottlieb svarez and ernst ferdinand (...)
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  19.  21
    Unbounded Technologies. Working Through the Technological Reductionism of Nanotechnology.Jan C. Schmidt - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 35--50.
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  20.  23
    Towards a Prospective Technology Assessment: Challenges and Requirements for Technology Assessment in the Age of Technoscience. [REVIEW]Wolfgang Liebert & Jan C. Schmidt - 2010 - Poiesis and Praxis 7 (1-2):99-116.
    The objective of this paper is to contribute to the expanding discourse on conceptual elements of TA. As a point of departure, it takes the recent transformation of the science, technology and innovation system ( technoscience ). We will show that the age of technoscience can be regarded as presenting not only a challenge, but also a chance and opportunity for TA. Embracing this opportunity, however, implies imposing several requirements on TA. In order to specify these requirements and to foster (...)
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  21.  83
    Contingency Learning and Unlearning in the Blink of an Eye: A Resource Dependent Process.James R. Schmidt, Jan De Houwer & Derek Besner - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):235-250.
  22.  46
    Inventing the Enlightenment: Anti-Jacobins, British Hegelians, and the "Oxford English Dictionary".James Schmidt - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (3):421.
  23. Prospects for a Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity.Jan C. Schmidt - 2010 - In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press. pp. 39--42.
     
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  24.  24
    What Enlightenment Was: How Moses Mendelssohn and Immanuel Kant Answered the Berlinische Monatsschrift.James Schmidt - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1):77-101.
  25.  54
    The Renaissance of Francis Bacon: On Bacon’s Account of Recent Nano-Technoscience.Jan Cornelius Schmidt - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):29-41.
    The program of intervening, manipulating, constructing and creating is central to natural and engineering sciences. A renewed wave of interest in this program has emerged within the recent practices and discourse of nano-technoscience. However, it is striking that, framed from the perspective of well-established epistemologies, the constructed technoscientific objects and engineered things remain invisible. Their ontological and epistemological status is unclear. The purpose of the present paper is to support present-day approaches to techno-objects ( ontology ) insofar as they make (...)
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  26. Newcomb’s Paradox Realized with Backward Causation.Jan Hendrik Schmidt - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):67-87.
    In order to refute the widely held belief that the game known as ‘Newcomb's paradox’ is physically nonsensical and impossible to imagine (e.g. because it involves backward causation), I tell a story in which the game is realized in a classical, deterministic universe in a physically plausible way. The predictor is a collection of beings which are by many orders of magnitude smaller than the player and which can, with their exquisite measurement techniques, observe the particles in the player's body (...)
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  27.  15
    Associative Confusions in Mental Arithmetic.John H. Winkelman & Janet Schmidt - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):734.
  28.  18
    Technoscientia Est Potentia?Karen Kastenhofer & Jan C. Schmidt - 2011 - Poiesis and Praxis 8 (2-3):125-149.
    Within the realm of nano-, bio-, info- and cogno- (or NBIC) technosciences, the ‘power to change the world’ is often invoked. One could dismiss such formulations as ‘purely rhetorical’, interpret them as rhetorical and self-fulfilling or view them as an adequate depiction of one of the fundamental characteristics of technoscience. In the latter case, a very specific nexus between science and technology, or, the epistemic and the constructionist realm is envisioned. The following paper focuses on this nexus drawing on theoretical (...)
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  29.  4
    Kommentar Zu Nietzsches "Morgenröthe", "Idyllen Aus Messina".Sebastian Kaufmann & Jochen Schmidt - 2015 - De Gruyter.
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  30.  31
    The Fool's Truth: Diderot, Goethe, and Hegel.James Schmidt - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (4):625-644.
  31.  13
    Defending Hans Jonas’ Environmental Ethics.Jan Cornelius Schmidt - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (4):461-479.
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  32.  15
    Contingency Learning and Unlearning in the Blink of an Eye: A Resource Dependent Process.James R. Schmidt, Jan Houweder & Derek Besner - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):235-250.
    Recent studies show that when words are correlated with the colours they are printed in , colour identification is faster when the word is presented in its correlated colour than in an uncorrelated colour . The present series of experiments explored the possible mechanisms involved in this colour-word contingency learning effect. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the effect is already present after 18 learning trials. During subsequent unlearning, the effect extinguished equally rapidly. Two reanalyses of data from Schmidt, Crump, Cheesman, and (...)
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  33.  21
    Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity. Workshop Report.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jan C. Schmidt - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):169-175.
  34.  36
    Toward an Epistemology of Nano-Technosciences.Jan Schmidt - 2011 - Poiesis and Praxis 8 (2-3):103-124.
    This paper aims to contribute to the attempts to clarify and classify the vague notion of “technosciences” from a historical perspective. A key question that is raised is as follows: Does Francis Bacon, one of the founding fathers of the modern age, provide a hitherto largely undiscovered programmatic position, which might facilitate a more profound understanding of technosciences ? The paper argues that nearly everything we need today for an ontologically well-informed epistemology of technoscience can be found in the works (...)
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  35.  7
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Between Phenomenology and Structuralism.John J. Compton & James Schmidt - 1987 - History and Theory 26 (3):365.
  36.  15
    Learning, Awareness, and Instruction: Subjective Contingency Awareness Does Matter in the Colour-Word Contingency Learning Paradigm.James R. Schmidt & Jan De Houwer - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1754-1768.
    In three experiments, each of a set colour-unrelated distracting words was presented most often in a particular target print colour . In Experiment 1, half of the participants were told the word-colour contingencies in advance and half were not . The instructed group showed a larger learning effect. This instruction effect was fully explained by increases in subjective awareness with instruction. In Experiment 2, contingency instructions were again given, but no contingencies were actually present. Although many participants claimed to be (...)
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  37.  14
    Classical Universes Are Perfectly Predictable!Jan Hendrik Schmidt - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 28 (4):433-460.
  38.  12
    Contingency Learning and Unlearning in the Blink of an Eye: A Resource Dependent Process.James Schmidt, Jan de Houwer & Derek Besner - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):235-250.
    Recent studies show that when words are correlated with the colours they are printed in, colour identification is faster when the word is presented in its correlated colour than in an uncorrelated colour. The present series of experiments explored the possible mechanisms involved in this colour-word contingency learning effect. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the effect is already present after 18 learning trials. During subsequent unlearning, the effect extinguished equally rapidly. Two reanalyses of data from Schmidt, Crump, Cheesman, and Besner ruled (...)
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  39.  11
    Prospective Technology Assessment of Synthetic Biology: Fundamental and Propaedeutic Reflections in Order to Enable an Early Assessment.Jan Cornelius Schmidt - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1151-1170.
    Synthetic biology is regarded as one of the key technosciences of the future. The goal of this paper is to present some fundamental considerations to enable procedures of a technology assessment of synthetic biology. To accomplish such an early “upstream” assessment of a not yet fully developed technology, a special type of TA will be considered: Prospective TA. At the center of ProTA are the analysis and the framing of “synthetic biology,” including a characterization and assessment of the technological core. (...)
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  40.  7
    Word Morph and Topological Structures: A Graph Generating Algorithm.Jürgen Klüver, Jörn Schmidt & Christina Klüver - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):426-436.
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  41.  29
    Language, Mythology and Enlightenment.James Schmidt - 1998 - Social Research 65.
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  42.  26
    Classical Universes Are Perfectly Predictable!Jan Hendrik Schmidt - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 28 (4):433-460.
  43.  9
    Predicting the Motion of Particles in Newtonian Mechanics and Special Relativity.Jan Hendrik Schmidt - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (1):81-122.
  44.  9
    Enlightenment as Concept and Context.James Schmidt - 2014 - Journal of the History of Ideas 75 (4):677-685.
  45.  7
    Contingency and Congruency Switch in the Congruency Sequence Effect: A Reply to Blais, Stefanidi, and Brewer.James R. Schmidt - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  46.  16
    Modern Water Ethics: Implications for Shared Governance.Jeremy J. Schmidt & Dan Shrubsole - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (3):359-379.
    It has been suggested that water and social values were divorced in modernity. This paper argues otherwise. First, it demonstrates the historical link between ethics and politics using the case of American water governance. It engages theories regarding state-centric water planning under 'high modernism' and the claim that water was seen as a neutral resource that could be objectively governed. By developing an alternate view from the writings of early American water leaders, J.W. Powell and W.J. McGee, the paper offers (...)
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  47.  6
    Sünde Und Selbstverfehlung.Jochen Schmidt - 2014 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 56 (3).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie Jahrgang: 56 Heft: 3 Seiten: 293-305.
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  48.  23
    Melancholy and the Therapeutic Language of Moral Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Thought.Jeremy Schmidt - 2004 - Journal of the History of Ideas 65 (4):583-601.
  49.  22
    Misunderstanding the Question: 'What is Enlightenment?': Venturi, Habermas, and Foucault.James Schmidt - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (1):43-52.
    In his 1969 Trevelyan Lectures, Franco Venturi argued that Kant's response to the question ?What is Enlightenment?? has tended to promote a ?philosophical interpretation? of the Enlightenment that leads scholars away from the political questions that were central to its concerns. But while Kant's response is well known, it has been often misunderstood by scholars who see it as offering a definition of an historical period, rather than an attempt at characterizing a process that had a significant implications. This article (...)
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  50. Die Aktualität der Ethik von Hans Jonas. Eine Kritik der Kritik des Prinzips Verantwortung.Jan C. Schmidt - 2007 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (4):545-569.
    Während in den achtziger Jahren Hans Jonas' Spätwerk Prinzip Verantwortung. Versuch einer Ethik für die technologische Zivilisation in aller Munde war, wird Jonas heute kaum noch zur Kenntnis genommen. Waren seine Analysen und Argumente tatsächlich so unhaltbar, wie seine Kritiker behaupten? Oder hat Jonas mehr auf den Weg gebracht, als seine Kritiker es wahrhaben wollen? Der Text rekonstruiert die Einwände der Kritiker und nimmt eine Kritik der Kritik vor. So zeigt sich eine ungeahnte Aktualität von Jonas' ethischem Denken – auch (...)
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