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Jacques Schwartz [53]Joseph Schwartz [36]Jeffrey H. Schwartz [22]Jean-Luc Schwartz [16]
Joseph M. Schwartz [16]Justin Schwartz [14]Joel Schwartz [13]Jack Schwartz [13]

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Justin Schwartz
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (PhD)
Jeremy Schwartz
Texas Tech University
James S. J. Schwartz
Wichita State University
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  1. Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test.Debbie E. McGhee & Jordan L. K. Schwartz - unknown
    in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions oblige highly associated categories (e.g., liower + pleasant) to share a response key, performance is faster than when less associated categories (e.g., insect + pleasant) share a key. This performance difference implicitly measures differential association of the 2 concepts with the attribute. In 3..
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  2.  30
    The Ethics of Smart Pills and Self-Acting Devices: Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Trust at the Dawn of Digital Medicine.Craig M. Klugman, Laura B. Dunn, Jack Schwartz & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):38-47.
    Digital medicine is a medical treatment that combines technology with drug delivery. The promises of this combination are continuous and remote monitoring, better disease management, self-tracking, self-management of diseases, and improved treatment adherence. These devices pose ethical challenges for patients, providers, and the social practice of medicine. For patients, having both informed consent and a user agreement raises questions of understanding for autonomy and informed consent, therapeutic misconception, external influences on decision making, confidentiality and privacy, and device dependability. For providers, (...)
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  3. Quantum Physics in Neuroscience and Psychology: A Neurophysical Model of Mind–Brain Interaction.Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard - 2005 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 360:1309-1327.
    Neuropsychological research on the neural basis of behaviour generally posits that brain mechanisms will ultimately suffice to explain all psychologically described phenomena. This assumption stems from the idea that the brain is made up entirely of material particles and fields, and that all causal mechanisms relevant to neuroscience can therefore be formulated solely in terms of properties of these elements. Thus, terms having intrinsic mentalistic and/or experiential content (e.g. ‘feeling’, ‘knowing’ and ‘effort’) are not included as primary causal factors. This (...)
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  4. Unity and the Frege–Geach Problem.Christopher Hom & Jeremy Schwartz - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (1):15-24.
    The problem of the unity of the proposition asks what binds together the constituents of a proposition into a fully formed proposition that provides truth conditions for the assertoric sentence that expresses it, rather than merely a set of objects. Hanks’ solution is to reject the traditional distinction between content and force. If his theory is successful, then there is a plausible extension of it that readily solves the Frege–Geach problem for normative propositions. Unfortunately Hanks’ theory isn’t successful, but it (...)
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  5. Why the Negation Problem Is Not a Problem for Expressivism.Jeremy Schwartz & Christopher Hom - 2014 - Noûs 48 (2):824-845.
    The Negation Problem states that expressivism has insufficient structure to account for the various ways in which a moral sentence can be negated. We argue that the Negation Problem does not arise for expressivist accounts of all normative language but arises only for the specific examples on which expressivists usually focus. In support of this claim, we argue for the following three theses: 1) a problem that is structurally identical to the Negation Problem arises in non-normative cases, and this problem (...)
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  6. Do Hypothetical Imperatives Require Categorical Imperatives?Jeremy Schwartz - 2010 - European Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):84-107.
    : Recently, the idea that every hypothetical imperative must somehow be ‘backed up’ by a prior categorical imperative has gained a certain influence among Kant interpreters and ethicists influenced by Kant. Since instrumentalism is the position that holds that hypothetical imperatives can by themselves and without the aid of categorical imperatives explain all valid forms of practical reasoning, the influential idea amounts to a rejection of instrumentalism as internally incoherent. This paper argues against this prevailing view both as an interpretation (...)
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  7. Our Moral Obligation to Support Space Exploration.James S. J. Schwartz - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (1):67-88.
    The moral obligation to support space exploration follows from our obligations to protect the environment and to survive as a species. It can be justified through three related arguments: one supporting space exploration as necessary for acquiring resources, and two illustrating the need for space technology in order to combat extraterrestrial threats such as meteorite impacts. Three sorts of objections have been raised against this obligation. The first are objections alleging that supporting space exploration is impractical. The second is the (...)
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  8.  15
    Parabrahman Among the Yogins.Jason Schwartz - 2017 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 21 (3):345-389.
    This article demonstrates that, on the eve of colonialism, Advaita Vedānta in its most institutionalized forms represented itself before a wider public in terms of its authorship of miracles, and not śāstras, and provides evidence, particularly on the basis of textual traditions associated with the renunciate tradition out of Śṛṅgeri, that a range of Tantra-inflected subtle body practices had come to be understood as integral to the process of the realization of Brahman. It argues that the tradition’s ability to incorporate (...)
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  9.  45
    To Choose One’s Company: Arendt, Kant, and the Political Sixth Sense.Jonathan P. Schwartz - 2019 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (1):108-127.
    This essay explores the phenomenon of common sense through a contextual analysis of Hannah Arendt’s political application of Kant’s Critique of Judgment. I begin by tracing the development of Arendt’s thinking on judgment and common sense during the 1950s which led her to turn to the third Critique. I then consider the justification of her move by examining the philosophical context and political applications of the third Critique, arguing that within it Kant made an original and profound discovery: that the (...)
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  10.  55
    Seeing to Hear Better: Evidence for Early Audio-Visual Interactions in Speech Identification.Jean-Luc Schwartz, Frédéric Berthommier & Christophe Savariaux - 2004 - Cognition 93 (2):69-78.
    Lip reading is the ability to partially understand speech by looking at the speaker's lips. It improves the intelligibility of speech in noise when audio-visual perception is compared with audio-only perception. A recent set of experiments showed that seeing the speaker's lips also enhances sensitivity to acoustic information, decreasing the auditory detection threshold of speech embedded in noise [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109 (2001) 2272; J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (2000) 1197]. However, detection is different from comprehension, and it remains (...)
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  11. A Role for Volition and Attention in the Generation of New Brain Circuitry. Toward a Neurobiology of Mental Force.Jeffrey M. Schwartz - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):115-142.
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a commonly occurring neuropsychiatric condition characterized by bothersome intrusive thoughts and urges that frequently lead to repetitive dysfunctional behaviours such as excessive handwashing. There are well-documented alterations in cerebral function which appear to be closely related to the manifestation of these symptoms. Controlled studies of cognitive-behavioural therapy techniques utilizing the active refocusing of attention away from the intrusive phenomena of OCD and onto adaptive alternative activities have demonstrated both significant improvements in clinical symptoms and systematic changes in (...)
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  12.  25
    The Great Colonization Debate.Kelly C. Smith, Keith Abney, Gregory Anderson, Linda Billings, Carl L. DeVito, Brian Patrick Green, Alan R. Johnson, Lori Marino, Gonzalo Munevar, Michael P. Oman-Reagan, Adam Potthast, James S. J. Schwartz, Koji Tachibana, John W. Traphagan & Sheri Wells-Jensen - 2019 - Futures 110:4-14.
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  13.  4
    Maryland’s Experience With the COVID-19 Surge: What Worked, What Didn’T, What Next?H. Gwon, M. Haeri, D. E. Hoffmann, A. Khan, A. Kelmenson, J. F. Kraus, C. Onyegwara, C. Paradissis, G. Povar, J. Schwartz, F. Sheikh & A. J. Tarzian - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):150-152.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 150-152.
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  14.  16
    The Complementary Roles of Auditory and Motor Information Evaluated in a Bayesian Perceptuo-Motor Model of Speech Perception.Raphaël Laurent, Marie-Lou Barnaud, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Pierre Bessière & Julien Diard - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (5):572-602.
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  15.  10
    Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research.Jack Schwartz & Adil E. Shamoo - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):3-5.
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  16.  10
    Non-Local Mind From the Perspective of Social Cognition.Jonas Chatel-Goldman, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Christian Jutten & Marco Congedo - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  17.  19
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethics of Smart Pills and Self-Acting Devices: Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Trust at the Dawn of Digital Medicine”.Craig M. Klugman, Laura B. Dunn, Jack Schwartz & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):4-7.
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  18.  4
    Why the Negation Problem Is Not a Problem for Expressivism.Jeremy Schwartz & Christopher Hom - 2015 - Noûs 49 (4):824-845.
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  19. Population Genetics and Sociobiology: Conflicting Views of Evolution.James Schwartz - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):224-240.
  20.  11
    Perspectives on Citizenship and Political Judgment in an Era of Democratic Anxiety.Jonathan Peter Schwartz - 2018 - Arendt Studies 2:235-241.
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  21.  13
    The Sexual Politics of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Joel Schwartz - 1985 - University of Chicago Press.
    Analyzes the eighteenth-century French philosopher's writings about women, sexuality, and the family, and suggests that Rousseau's philosophy is not misogynous.
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  22.  27
    Do Molecular Clocks Run at All? A Critique of Molecular Systematics.Jeffrey H. Schwartz & Bruno Maresca - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):357-371.
    Although molecular systematists may use the terminology of cladism, claiming that the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships is based on shared derived states , the latter is not the case. Rather, molecular systematics is based on the assumption, first clearly articulated by Zuckerkandl and Pauling , that degree of overall similarity reflects degree of relatedness. This assumption derives from interpreting molecular similarity between taxa in the context of a Darwinian model of continual and gradual change. Review of the history of molecular (...)
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  23.  7
    Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research.Adil E. Shamoo & Jack Schwartz - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):7 – 9.
  24.  28
    The Ethics of Space Exploration.James S. J. Schwartz & Tony Milligan (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
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  25. On the Moral Permissibility of Terraforming.James S. J. Schwartz - 2013 - Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):1-31.
    Terraforming is a process of planetary engineering by which the extant environment of a planetary body is transformed into an environment capable of supporting human inhabitants. The question I would like to consider in this paper is whether there is any reason to believe that the terraforming of another planet—for instance, the terraforming of Mars—is morally problematic. Topics related to the human exploration of space are not often discussed in philosophical circles. Nevertheless, there exists a growing body of philosophical literature (...)
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  26. What's Wrong with Exploitation?Justin Schwartz - 1995 - Noûs 29 (2):158-188.
    Marx thinks that capitalism is exploitative, and that is a major basis for his objections to it. But what's wrong with exploitation, as Marx sees it? (The paper is exegetical in character: my object is to understand what Marx believed,) The received view, held by Norman Geras, G.A. Cohen, and others, is that Marx thought that capitalism was unjust, because in the crudest sense, capitalists robbed labor of property that was rightfully the workers' because the workers and not the capitalists (...)
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  27.  22
    From Domestic to Global Solidarity: The Dialectic of the Particular and Universal in the Building of Social Solidarity.Joseph M. Schwartz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):131–147.
  28.  20
    Darwin, Wallace, and the Descent of Man.Joel S. Schwartz - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):271 - 289.
  29.  8
    Darwin, Wallace, and the Descent of Man.Joel S. Schwartz - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):271-289.
  30. Rights of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Status of the Family.Justin Schwartz - 2001 - Legal Theory 7 (1):83-117.
    Is the family subject to principles of justice? In "A Theory of Justice", John Rawls includes the (monogamous) family along with the market and the government as among the, "basic institutions of society", to which principles of justice apply. Justice, he famously insists, is primary in politics as truth is in science: the only excuse for tolerating injustice is that no lesser injustice is possible. The point of the present paper is that Rawls doesn't actually mean this. When it comes (...)
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  31.  43
    Decisions, Decisions: Why Thomas Hunt Morgan Was Not the “Father” of Evo‐Devo.Jeffrey H. Schwartz - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):918-929.
    Although the construction of neo-Darwinism grew out of Thomas Hunt Morgan's melding of Darwinism and Mendelism, his evidence did not soley support a model of gradual change. To the contrary, he was confronted with observations that could have led him to a more "evo-devo" understanding of the emergence of novel features. Indeed, since Morgan was an embryologist before he became a fruit-fly geneticist, one would have predicted that the combination of these two lines of research would have resulted in early (...)
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  32.  12
    The Sexual Politics of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Patrick Coleman & Joel Schwartz - 1986 - Substance 14 (3):99.
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  33.  15
    Emergence of Shape.Jeffrey H. Schwartz - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):209-210.
  34.  6
    The Shadow of a Doubt? Evidence for Perceptuo-Motor Linkage During Auditory and Audiovisual Close-Shadowing.Lucie Scarbel, Denis Beautemps, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Marc Sato - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  35. Functional Explanation and Metaphysical Individualism.Justin Schwartz - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (2):278-301.
    G. A. Cohen defends and Jon Elster criticizes Marxist use of functional explanation. But Elster's mechanical conception of explanation is, contrary to Elster's claims, a better basis for vindication of functional explanation than Cohen's nomological conception, which cannot provide an adequate account of functional explanation. Elster also objects that functional explanation commits us to metaphysically bizarre collective subjects, but his argument requires an implausible reading of methodological individualism which involves an unattractive eliminativism about social phenomena.
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  36.  23
    The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation.Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard - 2004 - In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins. pp. 195-238.
  37.  8
    Darwin, Wallace, and Huxley, and Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation.Joel S. Schwartz - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1):127-153.
  38.  18
    Darwin, Wallace, and Huxley, and "Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation".Joel S. Schwartz - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1):127 - 153.
    Publication of the Vestiges and the rather primitive theory of evolution it expounded thus played a significant role in the careers of Darwin and Wallace. In addition, in spite of his poor opinion of the Vestiges, it presented Huxley with a convenient topic for critical discussion and the opportunity to focus more attention on the subject of evolution. The dynamic interactions among these leading figures of nineteenth-century natural science helped spur the development of more sophisticated models of evolution.Darwin had a (...)
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  39.  9
    Charles Darwin's Debt to Malthus and Edward Blyth.Joel S. Schwartz - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (2):301-318.
    It is not justifiable to accuse Darwin of conscious or unconscious plagiarism. This charge is contrary to the historical evidence and to the extensive information that we have about his character. When Darwin listed the writers on the origin of species by natural selection before himself, he did not mention Blyth, and this omission did not disturb the cordial relations between Darwin and Blyth. Blyth continued to supply Darwin with information which Darwin used in his later publications with due acknowledgment (...)
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  40.  54
    Building a Talking Baby Robot: A Contribution to the Study of Speech Acquisition and Evolution.Jihène Serkhane, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Pierre Bessiere - 2005 - Interaction Studies 6 (2):253-286.
  41.  5
    Index.Joseph M. Schwartz - 1995 - In The Permanence of the Political: A Democratic Critique of the Radical Impulse to Transcend Politics. Princeton University Press. pp. 325-336.
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  42.  85
    From Libertarianism to Egalitarianism.Justin Schwartz - 1992 - Social Theory and Practice 18 (3):259-288.
    A standard natural rights argument for libertarianism is based on the labor theory of property: the idea that I own my self and my labor, and so if I "mix" my own labor with something previously unowned or to which I have a have a right, I come to own the thing with which I have mixed by labor. This initially intuitively attractive idea is at the basis of the theories of property and the role of government of John Locke (...)
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  43.  21
    Trying to Make Chimpanzees Into Humans. [REVIEW]Jeffrey H. Schwartz - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):271 - 277.
  44.  4
    Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research.Adil E. Shamoo & Jack Schwartz - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):7-9.
  45.  4
    The Permanence of the Political: A Democratic Critique of the Radical Impulse to Transcend Politics.Joseph M. Schwartz - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
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  46.  13
    Three Unpublished Letters to Charles Darwin: The Solution to a 'Geometrico-Geological' Problem.Joel S. Schwartz - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (6):631-637.
    (1980). Three unpublished letters to Charles Darwin: the solution to a ‘geometrico-geological’ problem. Annals of Science: Vol. 37, No. 6, pp. 631-637.
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  47.  10
    Books in Review.Joel D. Schwartz - 1994 - Political Theory 22 (4):685-688.
  48.  2
    Building a Talking Baby Robot: A Contribution to the Study of Speech Acquisition and Evolution.Jihène Serkhane, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Pierre Bessière - 2005 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 6 (2):253-286.
  49.  5
    Darwin and the Mysterious Mr. X: New Light on the EvolutionistsLoren Eiseley Kenneth Heuer.Joel S. Schwartz - 1980 - Isis 71 (3):517-517.
  50.  6
    Simultaneous and Successive Contrast Effects in Human-Probability Learning.Joseph Halpern, Jeffrey A. Schwartz & Richard Chapman - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):581.
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