Results for 'J. Scott Johnson'

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  1. The Sacrifice of Justice.J. Scott Johnson - 1992 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    The rule of law is a necessary condition for any substantive theory of justice. If a theory sacrifices the rule of law, justice, too, is sacrificed. The connection between the necessary condition and justice is explored in the work of John Rawls, H. L. A. Hart, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Albert Camus and William Shakespeare. The conceptions of justice elaborated in each of these political thinker's works share very little more than the rule of law. Since the conceptions examined are (...)
     
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  2.  1
    Infancy Studies Come of Age: Jacques Mehler's Influence on the Importance of Perinatal Experience for Early Language Learning.Robin Panneton, J. Gavin Bremner & Scott P. Johnson - forthcoming - Cognition:104543.
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  3.  73
    Synchronous Change and Perception of Object Unity: Evidence From Adults and Infants.Peter W. Jusczyk, Scott P. Johnson, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Lori J. Kennedy - 1999 - Cognition 71 (3):257-88.
    Adults and infants display a robust ability to perceive the unity of a center-occluded object when the visible ends of the object undergo common motion (e.g. Kellman, P.J., Spelke, E.S., 1983. Perception of partly occluded objects in infancy. Cognitive Psychology 15, 483±524). Ecologically oriented accounts of this ability focus on the primacy of motion in the perception of segregated objects, but Gestalt theory suggests a broader possibility: observers may perceive object unity by detecting patterns of synchronous change, of which common (...)
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  4. Liddell-Scott Greek-English Lexicon9, Part 10.J. Johnson - 1940 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 34:86-87.
  5.  8
    Resource Allocation and the Attentional Demands of Letter Encoding.Peder J. Johnson, John A. Forester, Roberta Calderwood & Scott A. Weisgerber - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (4):616-638.
  6.  6
    Women in Purple: Rulers of Medieval Byzantium. [REVIEW]Scott F. Johnson & J. Herrin - 2002 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 122:204-205.
  7. Ethics, Literature, and Theory: An Introductory Reader.Wayne C. Booth, Dudley Barlow, Orson Scott Card, Anthony Cunningham, John Gardner, Marshall Gregory, John J. Han, Jack Harrell, Richard E. Hart, Barbara A. Heavilin, Marianne Jennings, Charles Johnson, Bernard Malamud, Toni Morrison, Georgia A. Newman, Joyce Carol Oates, Jay Parini, David Parker, James Phelan, Richard A. Posner, Mary R. Reichardt, Nina Rosenstand, Stephen L. Tanner, John Updike, John H. Wallace, Abraham B. Yehoshua & Bruce Young - 2005 - Sheed & Ward.
    Do the rich descriptions and narrative shapings of literature provide a valuable resource for readers, writers, philosophers, and everyday people to imagine and confront the ultimate questions of life? Do the human activities of storytelling and complex moral decision-making have a deep connection? What are the moral responsibilities of the artist, critic, and reader? What can religious perspectives—from Catholic to Protestant to Mormon—contribute to literary criticism? Thirty well known contributors reflect on these questions, including iterary theorists Marshall Gregory, James Phelan, (...)
     
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  8. Managing the Health Effects of Climate.A. Costello, M. Abbas, A. Allen, S. Ball, S. Bell, R. Bellamy, S. Friel, N. Groce, A. Johnson, M. Kett, M. Lee, C. Levy, M. Maslin, D. McCoy, B. McGuire, H. Montgomery, D. Napier, C. Pagel, J. Patel, J. Oliveira, N. Redclift, H. Rees, D. Rogger, J. Scott, J. Stephenson, J. Twigg, J. Wolff & C. Patterson - unknown
  9.  64
    Extended Phenotypes and Extended Organisms.J. Scott Turner - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352.
    Phenotype, whether conventional or extended, is defined as a reflectionof an underlying genotype. Adaptation and the natural selection thatfollows from it depends upon a progressively harmonious fit betweenphenotype and environment. There is in Richard Dawkins' notion ofthe extended phenotype a paradox that seems to undercut conventionalviews of adaptation, natural selection and adaptation. In a nutshell, ifthe phenotype includes an organism's environment, how then can theorganism adapt to itself? The paradox is resolvable through aphysiological, as opposed to a genetic, theory of (...)
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  10.  36
    Introduction to Higher Order Categorical Logic.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):1113-1114.
  11.  40
    Barriers to Scientific Contributions: The Author's Formula.J. Scott Armstrong - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):197-199.
  12.  12
    Semiotics of a Superorganism.J. Scott Turner - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):85-102.
    Darwinian evolution, as it was first conceived, has two dimensions: adaptation, that is, selection based upon “apt function”, defined as the “good fit” between an organism’s metabolic and biological demands and the environment in which it is embedded; and heredity, the transmissible memory of past apt function. Modern Darwinism has come to focus almost exclusively on hereditary memory, eclipsing the—arguably still-problematic—phenomenon of adaptation. As a result, modern Darwinism retains, at its core, certain incoherencies that, as long as they remain unresolved, (...)
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  13.  18
    Assessing the Psychological Impact of Genetic Susceptibility Testing.J. Scott Roberts - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (S1):S38-S43.
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  14.  11
    A Central Capacity Limit to the Simultaneous Storage of Visual and Auditory Arrays in Working Memory.J. Scott Saults & Nelson Cowan - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (4):663-684.
  15.  54
    Peer Review for Journals: Evidence on Quality Control, Fairness, and Innovation.J. Scott Armstrong - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):63-84.
    This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings that conflict with current beliefs are often judged to have defects. Editors can use procedures to encourage the publication of papers with innovative findings such as invited papers, (...)
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  16.  75
    Consciousness as a Contextually Emergent Property of Self-Sustaining Systems.J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin - 2006 - Mind and Matter 4 (1):45-68.
    The concept of contextual emergence has been introduced as a speci?c kind of emergence in which some, but not all of the conditions for a higher-level phenomenon exist at a lower level. Further conditions exist in contingent contexts that provide stability conditions at the lower level, which in turn accord the emergence of novelty at the higher level. The purpose of the present paper is to propose that consciousness is a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems. The core assumption is (...)
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  17.  92
    Emergence of Self and Other in Perception and Action: An Event-Control Approach.J. Scott Jordan - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):633-646.
    The present paper analyzes the regularities referred to via the concept 'self.' This is important, for cognitive science traditionally models the self as a cognitive mediator between perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs. This leads to the assertion that the self causes action. Recent findings in social psychology indicate this is not the case and, as a consequence, certain cognitive scientists model the self as being epiphenomenal. In contrast, the present paper proposes an alternative approach (i.e., the event-control approach) that is (...)
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  18.  24
    Wild Bodies Don't Need to Perceive, Detect, Capture, or Create Meaning: They ARE Meaning.J. Scott Jordan, Vincent T. Cialdella, Alex Dayer, Matthew D. Langley & Zachery Stillman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  19.  17
    Retraction Note To: Surgical Research and the Ethics of Being First. [REVIEW]J. Scott Isenberg - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (1):171-171.
    Retraction Note to: J Value Inquiry (2003) 37:195–203 DOI 10.1023/A:1025328510953This article has been retracted by the author as it was a duplication of the article "Surgical Research and the Ethics of Being First" by Isenberg JS which was published in the “Journal of the Philosophy of Surgery and Medicine” 2002; 1: 45–54.
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  20.  33
    Argumentation as Dialectical.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (1):41-56.
  21.  42
    Son Preference and Child Replacement in Bangladesh: A New Look at the Child Survival Hypothesis.A. J. M. Sufian & Nan E. Johnson - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (2):207-216.
    SummaryBirth history data from women in the 1975–76 Bangladesh Fertility Survey were used to search for intentions to replace dead children. The median intervals between successive births of orders and were not shorter when some siblings of orders below had died. Nor was the median duration between the death of a child and the first posthumous birth shorter when the dead child was a boy or when it was survived by fewer than two brothers. The median intervals were generally shorter (...)
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  22.  21
    The Thermodynamics of Life: Robert Levin, Simon Laughlin, Christina de la Rocha and Alan Blackwell : Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 2011, 272pp, $30.00, £20.95 HB.J. Scott Turner - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):371-373.
    The thermodynamics of life Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9651-8 Authors J. Scott Turner, SUNY, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  23.  68
    The Role of Control in a Science of Consciousness: Causality, Regulation and Self-Sustainment.J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):177-197.
    There is quite a bit of disagreement in cognitive science regarding the role that consciousness and control play in explanations of how people do what they do. The purpose of the present paper is to do the following: (1) examine the theoretical choice points that have lead theorists to conflicting positions, (2) examine the philosophical and empirical problems different theories encounter as they address the issue of conscious agency, and (3) provide an integrative framework (Wild Systems Theory) that addresses these (...)
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  24. Axiomatic Derivation of the Principle of Maximum Entropy and the Principle of Minimum Cross-Entropy.J. E. Shore & R. W. Johnson - 1980 - IEEE Transactions on Information Theory:26-37.
  25.  81
    Informal Logic: An Overview.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    In this overview article, we first explain what we take informal logic to be, discussing misconceptions and distinguishing our conception of it from competing ones; second, we briefly catalogue recent informal logic research, under 14 headings; third, we suggest four broad areas of problems and questions for future research; fourth, we describe current scholarly resources for informal logic; fifth, we discuss three implications of informal logic for philosophy in particular, and take note ofpractical consequences of a more general sort.
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  26.  54
    Intuitionist Type Theory and Foundations.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1981 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1):101 - 115.
    A version of intuitionistic type theory is presented here in which all logical symbols are defined in terms of equality. This language is used to construct the so-called free topos with natural number object. It is argued that the free topos may be regarded as the universe of mathematics from an intuitionist's point of view.
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  27.  48
    An Introduction to Modal Logic.E. J. Lemmon, Dana Scott & Krister Segerberg - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (4):653-654.
  28.  44
    The Current State of Informal Logic.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1987 - Informal Logic 9 (2).
  29. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1981 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 14 (4):251-253.
     
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  30.  7
    Does the Need for Agreement Among Reviewers Inhibit the Publication Controversial Findings?J. Scott Armstrong & Raymond Hubbard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):136-137.
  31.  5
    J. Scott Goble, What's so Important About Music Education?. Tan - 2011 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 19 (2):201-205.
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  32. Warcraft and the Fragility of Virtue: An Essay in Aristotelian Ethics.Grady Scott Davis, James Turner Johnson & John Kelsay - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (1):137-155.
    The late twentieth century has provided both reasons and occasions for reassessing just war theory as an organizing framework for the moral analysis of war. Books by G. Scott Davis, James T. Johnson, and John Kelsay, together with essays by Jeffrey Stout, Charles Butterworth, David Little, Bruce Lawrence, Courtney Campbell, and Tamara Sonn, signal a remarkable shift in war studies as they enlarge the cultural lens through which the interests and forces at play in political violence are identified (...)
     
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  33.  4
    ""The Role of" Control" in an Embodied Cognition.J. Scott Jordan - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):233-237.
  34.  22
    The Role of “Prespecification” in an Embodied Cognition.J. Scott Jordan - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):408-409.
    Grush makes extensive use of von Holst and Mittelstaedt's (1950) efference copy hypothesis. Although his embellishment of the model is admirably more sophisticated than that of its progenitors, I argue that it still suffers from the same conceptual limitations as entailed in its original formulation.
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  35.  6
    Central and Peripheral Components of Working Memory Storage.Nelson Cowan, J. Scott Saults & Christopher L. Blume - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (5):1806-1836.
  36.  9
    New Proofs of Some Intuitionistic Principles.J. Lambek & P. J. Scott - 1983 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 29 (10):493-504.
  37.  30
    Introduction.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1992 - Informal Logic 14 (1).
  38.  16
    The Theory of Event Coding (TEC)'s Framework May Leave Perception Out of the Picture'.J. Scott Jordan - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):890-890.
    Hommel et al. propose that action planning and perception utilize common resources. This implies perception should have intention-relative content. Data supporting this implication are presented. These findings challenge the notion of perception as “seeing.” An alternative is suggested (i.e., perception as distal control) that may provide a means of integrating representational and ecological approaches to the study of organism-environment coordination.
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  39.  53
    Niche Construction Theory and Human Architecture.John Odling-Smee & J. Scott Turner - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):283-289.
    In modern evolutionary theory, selection acts on particular genes and assemblages of genes that operate through phenotypes expressed in environments. This view, however, overlooks the fact that organisms often alter their environments in pursuit of fitness needs and thus modify some environmental selection pressures. Niche construction theory introduces a reciprocal causal process that modifies natural selection relative to three general kinds of environmental components: abiota, biota, and artifacts. The ways in which niche-constructing organisms can construct or modify the components differ. (...)
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  40.  12
    Innovation in Higher Education: Lessons Learned From Creating a Faculty Fellowship Program.Nancy J. Kaufman & Charity Scott - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (s1):97-106.
    This concluding essay offers reflections on core components of the faculty fellowship program, its outcomes and results, and program design and administration. Amid the current calls for reform in legal and other professional education, the lessons we learned and perspectives we gained during this fellowship program may be relevant to any faculty members and university administrations that are seeking to create more effective and engaged professional and graduate school programs, whatever may be their subject-matter discipline.
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  41.  22
    On Hart's Way Out: Scott J. Shapiro.Scott J. Shapiro - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (4):469-507.
    It is hard to think of a more banal statement one could make about the law than to say that it necessarily claims legal authority to govern conduct. What, after all, is a legal institution if not an entity that purports to have the legal power to create rules, confer rights, and impose obligations? Whether legal institutions necessarily claim the moral authority to exercise their legal powers is another question entirely. Some legal theorists have thought that they do—others have not (...)
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  42. The Neural Bases of Complex Tool Use in Humans.Scott H. Johnson-Frey - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):71-78.
  43.  34
    Metaphysics, MSRP and Economics.J. C. Glass & W. Johnson - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):313-329.
    Lakatos' MSRP is utilized to provide a response to Koertge's claim (in her ‘Does Social Science Really Need Metaphysics?’) that the heuristic significance of metaphysics has been vastly overrated. By outlining the hard cores and positive heuristics of the two major research programmes in economics (namely, the ‘orthodox’ and ‘Marxist’ research programmes), the paper demonstrates (in opposition to Koertge's claim) not only that the metaphysical statements in the respective hard cores are far from vague but also how these exert an (...)
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  44.  26
    Perception, as You Make It.David W. Vinson, Drew H. Abney, Dima Amso, Anthony Chemero, James E. Cutting, Rick Dale, Jonathan B. Freeman, Laurie B. Feldman, Karl J. Friston, Shaun Gallagher, J. Scott Jordan, Liad Mudrik, Sasha Ondobaka, Daniel C. Richardson, Ladan Shams, Maggie Shiffrar & Michael J. Spivey - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  45.  9
    A Natural History of Vision. Nicholas J. Wade.J. Scott Hauger - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):795-796.
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  46.  14
    Bart Simon. Undead Science: Science Studies and the Afterlife of Cold Fusion. X + 252 Pp., Bibl., Index. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002. $22. [REVIEW]J. Scott Hauger - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):161-162.
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  47.  50
    Molyneux's Problem: Three Centuries of Discussion on the Perception of Forms. Marjolein Degenaar, Michael J. Collins.J. Scott Hauger - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):701-702.
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  48.  16
    Preface.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (2):81-82.
  49.  9
    Are Movements Prepared in Parts? Not Under Compatible Conditions.David Goodman & J. Scott Kelso - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (4):475-495.
  50.  4
    Lakatosian Methodology and the Practical Implementation of a Liberal Notion of Education.J. C. Glass & W. Johnson - 1991 - Philosophy of Education 25 (1):33-46.
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