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Jonathan Smallwood [24]J. Smallwood [4]Joey Smallwood [2]Jonathan M. Smallwood [2]
  1.  50
    Back to the future: Autobiographical planning and the functionality of mind-wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous thought is to plan and anticipate (...)
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  2.  15
    Not all minds that wander are lost: the importance of a balanced perspective on the mind-wandering state.Jonathan Smallwood & Jessica Andrews-Hanna - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  3.  54
    Self-reflection and the temporal focus of the wandering mind.Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W. Schooler, David J. Turk, Sheila J. Cunningham, Phebe Burns & C. Neil Macrae - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1120-1126.
    Current accounts suggest that self-referential thought serves a pivotal function in the human ability to simulate the future during mind-wandering. Using experience sampling, this hypothesis was tested in two studies that explored the extent to which self-reflection impacts both retrospection and prospection during mind-wandering. Study 1 demonstrated that a brief period of self-reflection yielded a prospective bias during mind-wandering such that participants’ engaged more frequently in spontaneous future than past thought. In Study 2, individual differences in the strength of self-referential (...)
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  4.  75
    When is your head at? An exploration of the factors associated with the temporal focus of the wandering mind.Jonathan Smallwood, Louise Nind & Rory C. O’Connor - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):118-125.
    Two experiments employed experience sampling to examine the factors associated with a prospective and retrospective focus during mind wandering. Experiment One explored the contribution of working memory and indicated that participants generally prospect when the task does not require continuous monitoring. Experiment Two demonstrated that in the context of reading, interest in what was read suppressed both past and future-related task-unrelated-thought. Moreover, in disinterested individuals the temporal focus during mind wandering depended on the amount of experience with the topic matter—less (...)
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  5.  32
    Imprisoned by the past: Unhappy moods lead to a retrospective bias to mind wandering.Jonathan Smallwood & Rory C. O'Connor - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1481-1490.
  6.  42
    Subjective experience and the attentional lapse: Task engagement and disengagement during sustained attention.J. Smallwood, J. B. Davies, D. Heim, F. Finnigan, M. Sudberry & Obonsawin M. O'Connor R. - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):657-90.
    Three experiments investigated the relationship between subjective experience and attentional lapses during sustained attention. These experiments employed two measures of subjective experience to examine how differences in awareness correspond to variations in both task performance and psycho-physiological measures . This series of experiments examine these phenomena during the Sustained Attention to Response Task . The results suggest we can dissociate between two components of subjective experience during sustained attention: task unrelated thought which corresponds to an absent minded disengagement from the (...)
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  7.  59
    Subjective experience and the attentional lapse: Task engagement and disengagement during sustained attention.Jonathan Smallwood, John B. Davies, Derek Heim, Frances Finnigan, Megan Sudberry, Rory O'Connor & Marc Obonsawin - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):657-690.
    Three experiments investigated the relationship between subjective experience and attentional lapses during sustained attention. These experiments employed two measures of subjective experience to examine how differences in awareness correspond to variations in both task performance and psycho-physiological measures . This series of experiments examine these phenomena during the Sustained Attention to Response Task . The results suggest we can dissociate between two components of subjective experience during sustained attention: task unrelated thought which corresponds to an absent minded disengagement from the (...)
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  8.  19
    Task unrelated thought whilst encoding information.Jonathan M. Smallwood, Simona F. Baracaia, Michelle Lowe & Marc Obonsawin - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
    Task unrelated thought (TUT) refers to thought directed away from the current situation, for example a daydream. Three experiments were conducted on healthy participants, with two broad aims. First, to contrast distributed and encapsulated views of cognition by comparing the encoding of categorical and random lists of words (Experiments One and Two). Second, to examine the consequences of experiencing TUT during study on the subsequent retrieval of information (Experiments One, Two, and Three). Experiments One and Two demonstrated lower levels of (...)
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  9.  37
    Mind-wandering and dysphoria.Jonathan Smallwood, Rory C. O'Connor, Megan V. Sudbery & Marc Obonsawin - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):816-842.
  10.  27
    Letting go of the present: Mind-wandering is associated with reduced delay discounting.Jonathan Smallwood, Florence Jm Ruby & Tania Singer - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):1-7.
    The capacity to self-generate mental content that is unrelated to the current environment is a fundamental characteristic of the mind, and the current experiment explored how this experience is related to the decisions that people make in daily life. We examined how task-unrelated thought varies with the length of time participants are willing to wait for an economic reward, as measured using an inter-temporal discounting task. When participants performed a task requiring minimal attention, the greater the amount of time spent (...)
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  11.  53
    Illuminating the dark matter of social neuroscience: Considering the problem of social interaction from philosophical, psychological, and neuroscientific perspectives.Marisa Przyrembel, Jonathan Smallwood, Michael Pauen & Tania Singer - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  12.  16
    Unnoticed intrusions: Dissociations of meta-consciousness in thought suppression.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel Jf Fishman, Michael D. Mrazek & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1003-1012.
    The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals’ explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, more likely (...)
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  13.  15
    Task unrelated thought: The role of distributed processing.J. Smallwood - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):169-189.
    Task unrelated thought refers to thought directed away from the current situation; for example, a day dream. Encapsulated models of cognition propose that qualitative changes in consciousness, i.e., the production of TUT, can be explained in terms of changes in the quantity of resources deployed for task completion. In contrast, distributed models of cognition emphasize the importance of holistic processes in the generation and maintenance of task focus and are consistent with the effects of higher order variables such as schemata. (...)
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  14.  20
    The consequences of encoding information on the maintenance of internally generated images and thoughts: The role of meaning complexes.Jonathan Smallwood, Rory C. O’Connor, Megan V. Sudberry, Crystal Haskell & Carrie Ballantyne - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):789-820.
    Three experiments investigated the hypothesis that internally generated images and thoughts were driven by meaning complexes, a construct which reflects a synthesis of semantic meaning and personal salience . Experiments 1 and 2 contrasted the mutual inhibition between encoding words and non-words on: the frequency that thoughts and images unrelated to the task were experienced and on the intensity of images generated from long-term memory and maintained under dual task conditions, which whilst familiar were not of particular personal salience . (...)
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  15.  23
    Driver of discontent or escape vehicle: the affective consequences of mindwandering.Malia F. Mason, Kevin Brown, Raymond A. Mar & Jonathan Smallwood - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  16.  7
    Encoding during the attentional lapse: Accuracy of encoding during the semantic sustained attention to response task.J. Smallwood, L. Riby, D. Heim & J. Davies - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):218-231.
    An experiment investigated the relationship between the ability to encode verbal stimuli during an attentional lapse. The task employed a variation on the sustained attention to response task which involved the detection of an infrequent target against a background of words. As a manipulation, participants were either instructed to encode the stimuli or were merely exposed to the stimuli. Retrieval was measured using process dissociation. Irrespective of the instructions given to the participants during the task, participants were more likely to (...)
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  17.  5
    Default Positions: How Neuroscience’s Historical Legacy has Hampered Investigation of the Resting Mind.Felicity Callard, Jonathan Smallwood & Daniel S. Margulies - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  18.  29
    Hopelessness, stress, and perfectionism: The moderating effects of future thinking.Rory O'Connor, Daryl O'Connor, Susan O'Connor, Jonathan Smallwood & Jeremy Miles - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (8):1099-1120.
  19. Mind-wandering.Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2009 - In Bayne Tim, Cleeremans Axel & Wilken Patrick (eds.), The Oxford Companion to Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 443--445.
     
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  20. Barbara H. Basden, David R. Basden, and Matthew J. Wright. Part-list reexposure and release of.J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters, F. F. Eves, R. P. Behrendt, Jonathan M. Smallwood, Simona F. Baracaia, Michelle Lowe & Marc Obonsawin - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12:320.
  21. P. Andrew Leynes, Richard L. Marsh, Jason L. Hicks, Joseph D. Allen, and Christopher B. Mayhorn.Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, Derek Heim & Robert West - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:478-479.
     
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  22. 1053-8100/02/$-see front matter© 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, Derek Heim, Arne Dietrich, Bjorn Merker, Richard A. Bryant, David Mallard, Talis Bachmann, Iiris Luiga & Endel Poder - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12:145.
     
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  23. Shaun Gallagher, Jesper Brøsted Sørensen. Experimenting with phenomenology.Jonathan Smallwood, Leigh Riby, Derek Heim, John B. Davies, Julia Fisher, Elliot Hirshman, Thomas Henthorn, Jason Arndt, Anthony Passannante & Susan Pockett - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14:645-646.
  24.  17
    Brief report self‐reference, ambiguity, and dysphoria.Jonathan Smallwood - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (7):999-1007.
  25.  15
    Dynamic network participation of functional connectivity hubs assessed by resting-state fMRI.Alexander Schaefer, Daniel S. Margulies, Gabriele Lohmann, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski, Jonathan Smallwood, Stefan J. Kiebel & Arno Villringer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26.  15
    Differential impact of emotional task relevance on three indices of prioritised processing for fearful and angry facial expressions.Haakon G. Engen, Jonathan Smallwood & Tania Singer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (1):175-184.
  27.  12
    Joey Smallwood Talks With Russell.Joey Smallwood - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 12.
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  28.  10
    Joey Smallwood Talks With Russell.Joey Smallwood - 1992 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 12.
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  29.  1
    Age-related changes in ongoing thought relate to external context and individual cognition.Adam Turnbull, Giulia L. Poerio, Nerissa S. P. Ho, Léa M. Martinon, Leigh M. Riby, Feng V. Lin, Elizabeth Jefferies & Jonathan Smallwood - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96:103226.
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  30.  1
    Not All Daydreaming Is Equal: A Longitudinal Investigation of Social and General Daydreaming and Marital Relationship Quality.Shogo Kajimura, Yuki Nozaki, Takayuki Goto & Jonathan Smallwood - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Preliminary evidence suggests that daydreaming about other people has adaptive value in daily social lives. To address this possibility, we examined whether daydreaming plays a role in maintaining close, stable relationships using a 1-year prospective longitudinal study. We found that individuals’ propensity to daydream about their marital partner is separate to general daydreaming. In contrast to general daydreaming, which was associated with lower subsequent relationship investment size in the marital partner, partner-related social daydreaming led to a greater subsequent investment size. (...)
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