Results for 'J. Storrs Hall'

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  1. Nanocomputers.J. Storrs Hall - 2013 - In Max More & Natasha Vita‐More (eds.), The Transhumanist Reader. Oxford: Wiley. pp. 182–195.
    If the price and performance figures for transportation technology had followed the same curves as those for computers for the past 50 years, you'd be able to buy a top‐of‐the‐line luxury car for $10. What's more, its mileage would be such as to allow you to drive around the world on one gallon of gas.
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    Nano-enabled AI.J. Storrs Hall - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):247-261.
    Improvements in computational hardware enabled by nanotechnology promise a dual revolution in coming decades: machines which are both more intelligent and more numerous than human beings. This possibility raises substantial concern over the moral nature of such intelligent machines. An analysis of the prospects involves at least two key philosophical issues. The first, intentionality in formal systems, turns on whether a “mere machine” can be a mind whose thoughts have true meaning and understanding. Second, what is the moral nature of (...)
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    Nano-enabled AI.J. Storrs Hall - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):247-261.
    Improvements in computational hardware enabled by nanotechnology promise a dual revolution in coming decades: machines which are both more intelligent and more numerous than human beings. This possibility raises substantial concern over the moral nature of such intelligent machines. An analysis of the prospects involves at least two key philosophical issues. The first, intentionality in formal systems, turns on whether a “mere machine” can be a mind whose thoughts have true meaning and understanding. Second, what is the moral nature of (...)
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  4.  14
    J. Storrs Hall. Beyond AI: Creating the Conscience of the Machine. 408 pp., figs., bibl., index. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2007. $28. [REVIEW]Nathan Ensmenger - 2008 - Isis 99 (4):872-872.
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    Exploring the Political Economy and Social Philosophy of F. A. Hayek.Peter J. Boettke, Virgil Henry Storr & Jayme Lemke (eds.) - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This volume critically explore and extend Hayek's Nobel Prize-winning work on knowledge and social interconnectedness from the disciplines of law, economics, philosophy, anthropology, political science, and history. Hayek's insights about knowledge become even more important once it is recognized that nothing in the social world occurs in isolation. There is no such thing as a distinct economic, political, or social sphere--they are inextricably intertwined. Given the range of both Hayek's work and the contributing authors' perspectives, the range of topics covered (...)
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  6.  3
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Dr J. A. Hall - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2).
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  7.  1
    Bibliography of Works in English on Aristotle's: Political Theory Published Since 1960.J. B. Morrall & Dale Hall - 1978 - Polis 1 (2):19-22.
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  8.  12
    Report of Council and Financial Statement.J. A. Chaldecott & A. R. Hall - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (2):201-205.
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  9.  17
    The British Society for the History of Science.J. A. Chaldecott & A. R. Hall - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (4):411-414.
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  10.  21
    Review article – a system for analysing features in studies integrating ecology, development, and evolution.J. R. Stone & B. K. Hall - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (1):25-40.
    Ecology is being introduced to Evolutionary Developmental Biology to enhance organism-, population-, species-, and higher-taxon-level studies. This exciting, bourgeoning troika will revolutionise how investigators consider relationships among environment, ontogeny, and phylogeny. Features are studied (and even defined) differently in ecology, development, and evolution. Form is central to development and evolution but peripheral to ecology. Congruence (i.e., homology) is applied at different hierarchical levels in the three disciplines. Function is central to ecology but peripheral to development. Herein, the supercategories form (‘isomorphic’ (...)
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  11. From Africa to Zen: An Invitation to World Philosophy.Roger T. Ames, J. Baird Callicott, David L. Hall, Peter D. Hershock, Oliver Leaman, Janet McCracken, Robert A. McDermott, Eric Ormsby, Thomas W. Overholt, Graham Parkes, Roy Perrett, Stephen H. Phillips, Homayoon Sepasi-Tehrani & Jacqueline Trimier - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In the second edition of this groundbreaking text in non-Western philosophy, sixteen experts introduce some of the great philosophical traditions in the world. The essays unveil exciting, sophisticated philosophical traditions that are too often neglected in the western world. The contributors include the leading scholars in their fields, but they write for students coming to these concepts for the first time. Building on revisions and updates to the original, this new edition also considers three philosophical traditions for the first time—Jewish, (...)
     
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  12.  1
    The Poems of Laurence Minot.J. M. G. & Joseph Hall - 1889 - American Journal of Philology 10 (1):98.
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  13. Philosophy in Multiple Voices.Lewis R. Gordon, Jorge J. E. Gracia, Randall Halle, David Haekwon Kim, Sarah Lucia Hoagland, Lucius T. Outlaw, Nancy Tuana & Dale Turner - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The scope of Philosophy in Multiple Voices provides the reader with eight philosophical streams of thought-African-American, Afro-Caribbean, Asian-American, Feminist, Latin-American, Lesbian, Native-American and Queer-that introduce readers to alternative, complex philosophical questions concerning gendered, sexed, racial and ethnic identities, canon formation, and meta-philosophy. The overriding theme of the text is that philosophy is pluralistic in voice, rich in diversity, and ought to valorize democratic intellectual spaces of philosophical engagement.
     
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  14. Material perception for philosophers.J. Brendan Ritchie, Vivian C. Paulun, Katherine R. Storrs & Roland W. Fleming - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (10):e12777.
    Common everyday materials such as textiles, foodstuffs, soil or skin can have complex, mutable and varied appearances. Under typical viewing conditions, most observers can visually recognize materials effortlessly, and determine many of their properties without touching them. Visual material perception raises many fascinating questions for vision researchers, neuroscientists and philosophers, yet has received little attention compared to the perception of color or shape. Here we discuss some of the challenges that material perception raises and argue that further philosophical thought should (...)
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  15.  30
    Ethics for artificial intellects.John Storrs Hall - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
  16. 3D/4D equivalence, the twins paradox and absolute time.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2002 - Analysis 63 (2):114–123.
    The thesis of 3D/4D equivalence states that every three-dimensional description of the world is translatable without remainder into a four-dimensional description, and vice versa. In representing an object in 3D or in 4D terms we are giving alternative descriptions of one and the same thing, and debates over whether the ontology of the physical world is "really" 3D or 4D are pointless. The twins paradox is shown to rest, in relativistic 4D geometry, on a reversed law of triangle inequality. But (...)
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  17. The 3d/4d controversy: A storm in a teacup.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2006 - Noûs 40 (3):570–578.
  18. The definition of endurance.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):277-280.
    David Lewis, following in the tradition of Broad, Quine and Goodman, says that change in an object X consists in X's being temporally extended and having qualitatively different temporal parts. Analogously, change in a spatially extended object such as a road consists in its having different spatial parts . The alternative to this view is that ordinary objects undergo temporal change in virtue of having different intrinsic non-relational properties at different times. They endure, remaining the same object throughout change, whereas (...)
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  19.  5
    The 3D/4D Controversy: A Storm in a Teacup.E. J. Lowe & Storrs McCall - 2006 - Noûs 40 (3):570-578.
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  20.  24
    Indeterminist Free Will.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):681-690.
    The aim of the paper is to prove the consistency of libertarianism. We examine the example of Jane, who deliberates at length over whether to vacation in Colorado (C) or Hawaii (H), weighing the costs and benefits, consulting travel brochures, etc. Underlying phenomenological deliberation is an indeterministic neural process in which nonactual motor neural states n(C) and n(H) corresponding to alternatives C and H remain physically possible up until the moment of decision. The neurophysiological probabilities pr(n(C)) and pr(n(H)) evolve continuously (...)
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  21. Indeterminist free will.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):681–690.
    The aim of the paper is to prove the consistency of libertarianism. We examine the example of Jane, who deliberates at length over whether to vacation in Colorado (C) or Hawaii (H), weighing the costs and benefits, consulting travel brochures, etc. Underlying phenomenological deliberation is an indeterministic neural process in which nonactual motor neural states n(C) and n(H) corresponding to alternatives C and H remain physically possible up until the moment of decision. The neurophysiological probabilities pr(n(C)) and pr(n(H)) evolve continuously (...)
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  22. Self-improving AI: an Analysis. [REVIEW]John Storrs Hall - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (3):249-259.
    Self-improvement was one of the aspects of AI proposed for study in the 1956 Dartmouth conference. Turing proposed a “child machine” which could be taught in the human manner to attain adult human-level intelligence. In latter days, the contention that an AI system could be built to learn and improve itself indefinitely has acquired the label of the bootstrap fallacy. Attempts in AI to implement such a system have met with consistent failure for half a century. Technological optimists, however, have (...)
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  23. The determinists have run out of luck—for a good reason.Storrs McCall & E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):745-748.
    In his paper ‘‘Bad luck once again’’ Neil Levy attacks our proof of the consistency of libertarianism by reiterating a time-worn compatibilist complaint.1 This is, that what is not determined must be due to chance. If A has a choice of X or Y, neither X nor Y being causally determined, then if A chooses X it can only be by chance, never for a reason. The only ‘‘reason’’ that could explain the choice of X over Y would have to (...)
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  24.  14
    Sacred Companies: Organizational Aspects of Religion and Religious Aspects of Organizations.N. J. Demerath, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt & Rhys H. Williams (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Religion is intrinsically social, and hence irretrievably organizational, although organization is often seen as the darker side of the religious experience--power, routinization, and bureaucracy. Religion and secular organizations have long received separate scholarly scrutiny, but until now their confluence has been little considered. This interdisciplinary collection of mostly unpublished papers is the first volume to remedy the deficit. The project grew out of a three-year inquiry into religious institutions undertaken by Yale University's Program on Non-Profit Organizations and sponsored by the (...)
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  25.  33
    Starting and Stopping.Instants and Intervals.Storrs McCall, C. L. Hamblin, J. T. Fraser, F. C. Haber & G. H. Muller - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):99.
  26.  48
    A philosophy of geometry.Richard J. Hall - 1965 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):13-31.
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  27. A Characterization of Permutation Models in Terms of Forcing.Eric J. Hall - 2002 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 43 (3):157-168.
    We show that if N and M are transitive models of ZFA such that N M, N and M have the same kernel and same set of atoms, and M AC, then N is a Fraenkel-Mostowski-Specker (FMS) submodel of M if and only if M is a generic extension of N by some almost homogeneous notion of forcing. We also develop a slightly modified notion of FMS submodels to characterize the case where M is a generic extension of N not (...)
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  28.  3
    Animal Rights and Human Morality.Richard J. Hall - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (1):135-137.
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  29.  30
    Permutation Models and SVC.Eric J. Hall - 2007 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 48 (2):229-235.
    Let M be a model of ZFAC (ZFC modified to allow a set of atoms), and let N be an inner model with the same set of atoms and the same pure sets (sets with no atoms in their transitive closure) as M. We show that N is a permutation submodel of M if and only if N satisfies the principle SVC (Small Violations of Choice), a weak form of the axiom of choice which says that in some sense, all (...)
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  30.  15
    Schumpeter, Socialism, and Irony.Peter J. Boettke, Solomon M. Stein & Virgil Henry Storr - 2017 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 29 (4):415-446.
    ABSTRACTSchumpeter’s theory of socialism pivots on his response to Ludwig von Mises’s claim that rational economic calculation is “impossible” in a socialist economy. Mises held that because socialism eliminates market prices for the means of production, it is impossible under socialism to know the relative scarcities of productive inputs, and thus to determine rationally which of any number of technologically feasible production projects to pursue. Schumpeter appears to assume away Mises’s epistemic concerns about socialism by contending that it is theoretically (...)
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  31. If it itches, scratch!Richard J. Hall - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):525 – 535.
    Many bodily sensations are connected quite closely with specific actions: itches with scratching, for example, and hunger with eating. Indeed, these connections have the feel of conceptual connections. With the exception of D. M. Armstrong, philosophers have largely neglected this aspect of bodily sensations. In this paper, I propose a theory of bodily sensations that explains these connections. The theory ascribes intentional content to bodily sensations but not, strictly speaking, representational content. Rather, the content of these sensations is an imperative: (...)
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  32.  20
    Animal Rights and Human Morality.Richard J. Hall - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (1):135.
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  33. The Epistemic Duty to Seek More Evidence.Richard J. Hall & Charles R. Johnson - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (2):129 - 139.
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  34. Choosing to Feel. Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends.Diana Fritz Cates, Pamela M. Hall, G. Simon Harak, James F. Keenan, Daniel Mark Nelson & Paul J. Waddell - 1997 - Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (1):189-215.
    We are currently seeing a revival of interest in Aquinas's moral thought among Christian ethicists, both Protestant and Catholic. Although recent studies of his moral thought have touched on a number of topics, the majority of these have focused on his account of the virtues and their place in the Christian life. Probing the questions of the relation of virtue and law, the role of reason and will, and the place of the passions in Aquinas's moral theology, I will examine (...)
     
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  35.  61
    The evolution of color vision without colors.Richard J. Hall - 1996 - Philosophy of Science Supplement 63 (3):125-33.
    The standard adaptationist explanation of the presence of a sensory mechanism in an organism--that it detects properties useful to the organism--cannot be given for color vision. This is because colors do not exist. After arguing for this latter claim, I consider, but reject, nonadaptationist explanations. I conclude by proposing an explanation of how color vision could have adaptive value even though it does not detect properties in the environment.
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  36.  7
    The Evolution of Color Vision without Colors.Richard J. Hall - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (S3):S125-S133.
    The standard adaptationist explanation of the presence of a sensory mechanism in an organism—that it detects properties useful to the organism—cannot be given for color vision. This is because colors do not exist. After arguing for this latter claim, I consider, but reject, nonadaptationist explanations. I conclude by proposing an explanation of how color vision could have adaptive value even though it does not detect properties in the environment.
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  37.  10
    How Can Law and Policy Advance Quality in Genomic Analysis and Interpretation for Clinical Care?Barbara J. Evans, Gail Javitt, Ralph Hall, Megan Robertson, Pilar Ossorio, Susan M. Wolf, Thomas Morgan & Ellen Wright Clayton - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (1):44-68.
    Delivering high quality genomics-informed care to patients requires accurate test results whose clinical implications are understood. While other actors, including state agencies, professional organizations, and clinicians, are involved, this article focuses on the extent to which the federal agencies that play the most prominent roles — the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services enforcing CLIA and the FDA — effectively ensure that these elements are met and concludes by suggesting possible ways to improve their oversight of genomic testing.
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  38.  46
    The emergence of private authority in global governance.Rodney Bruce Hall & Thomas J. Biersteker (eds.) - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The emergence of private authority has become a feature of the post-Cold War world. The contributors to this volume examine the implications of this erosion of the power of the state for global governance. They analyse actors as diverse as financial institutions, multinational corporations, religious terrorists and organised criminals. The themes of the book relate directly to debates concerning globalization and the role of international law, and will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, politics, sociology and (...)
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  39.  19
    The effects of acute aerobic activity on cognition and cross-domain transfer to eating behavior.Cassandra J. Lowe, Peter A. Hall, Corita M. Vincent & Kimberley Luu - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  40.  34
    Sex differences in scanning faces: Does attention to the eyes explain female superiority in facial expression recognition?Jessica K. Hall, Sam B. Hutton & Michael J. Morgan - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):629-637.
    Previous meta-analyses support a female advantage in decoding non-verbal emotion (Hall, 1978, 1984), yet the mechanisms underlying this advantage are not understood. The present study examined whether the female advantage is related to greater female attention to the eyes. Eye-tracking techniques were used to measure attention to the eyes in 19 males and 20 females during a facial expression recognition task. Women were faster and more accurate in their expression recognition compared with men, and women looked more at the (...)
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  41. All was Light: An Introduction to Newton's Optics.A. Rupert Hall & M. J. Duck - 1995 - Annals of Science 52 (1):95-95.
     
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  42.  32
    Management of tinnitus in English NHS Audiology Departments: an evaluation of current practice.Derek J. Hoare, Phillip E. Gander, Luke Collins, Sandra Smith & Deborah A. Hall - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):326-334.
  43.  10
    Infrastructure as a Complex Adaptive System.Edward J. Oughton, Will Usher, Peter Tyler & Jim W. Hall - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  44.  20
    Philosophy of Mind By Kim Jaegwon Westview Press: Boulder, and Oxford, 1966, xii + 258 pp. [REVIEW]Richard J. Hall - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (280):317-.
  45.  17
    Public Health Trials in West Africa: Logistics and Ethics.Andrew J. Hall - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (5):8.
  46.  7
    Whiteness: Feminist Philosophical Reflections.Chris J. Cuomo & Kim Q. Hall (eds.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Written in an engaging narrative style these philosophical investigations undermine racist hierarchies along with false natualistic conceptions of the meanings of race and universalistic understandings of gender, by considering whiteness as it shapes and is infused by gender, class, sexuality, and culture. Central to this project are questions about how it is that culture and the state create such a wide range of different people who understand themselves as white. The essays collected here discuss how one learns to be a (...)
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  47.  7
    WAITERING/waitressing:: Engendering the Work of Table Servers.Elaine J. Hall - 1993 - Gender and Society 7 (3):329-346.
    Work organizations construct gender relations by two mechanisms. First, they allocate men and women to different positions. Instead of the traditional pattern of firm-specific segregation of waiters and waitresses, quantitative data show that most restaurants in this study have integrated wait staffs. Second, work organizations define job performances in gender terms. Qualitative data from five illustrative restaurants show that male and female servers in integrated staffs “do gender” by performing gendered service styles. Even when men and women are coservers, job (...)
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  48. Externalizing psychopatholog yand the error-related negativity.J. R. Hall, E. M. Bernat & C. J. Patrick - 2007 - Psychological Science 18 (4):326-333.
    Prior research has demonstrated that antisocial behavior, substance-use disorders, and personality dimensions of aggression and impulsivity are indicators of a highly heritable underlying dimension of risk, labeled externalizing. Other work has shown that individual trait constructs within this psychopathology spectrum are associated with reduced self-monitoring, as reflected by amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN) brain response. In this study of undergraduate subjects, reduced ERN amplitude was associated with higher scores on a self-report measure of the broad externalizing construct that links (...)
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  49.  25
    Discrimination learning under various combinations of food and shock for "correct" and "incorrect" responses.George J. Wischner, Richard C. Hall & Harry Fowler - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (1):48.
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  50.  12
    The Myth of Postfeminism.Marnie Salupo Rodriguez & Elaine J. Hall - 2003 - Gender and Society 17 (6):878-902.
    Accordingto the mass media, a postfeminist era emerged in the 1990s. The first objective is to develop a definition of the postfeminist perspective. Based on an informal content analysis of popular articles, the authors identify four postfeminist claims: overall support for the women’s movement has dramatically eroded because some women are increasingly antifeminist, believe the movement is irrelevant, and have adopted a “no, but..”.version of feminism. The second objective is to determine the extent of empirical support for these claims. Usingexistingpublic (...)
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