Results for 'J. Wolf Marty'

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  1.  20
    Wolf Prolegomena to Homer, 1795. Trans, with Introd. And Notes by A. Grafton, G. W. Most, and J. E. G. Zetzcl. Princeton: University Press, 1985. Pp. Xiv + 265. £30.20. [REVIEW]M. D. Reeve, F. A. Wolf, A. Grafton, G. W. Most & J. E. G. Zetzel - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:219-221.
  2.  42
    This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making.Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):389-401.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  3.  88
    The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents.Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):115-121.
    In their important paper “Autonomous Agents”, Floridi and Sanders use “levels of abstraction” to argue that computers are or may soon be moral agents. In this paper we use the same levels of abstraction to illuminate differences between human moral agents and computers. In their paper, Floridi and Sanders contributed definitions of autonomy, moral accountability and responsibility, but they have not explored deeply some essential questions that need to be answered by computer scientists who design artificial agents. One such question (...)
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  4.  74
    The Instructional Information Processing Account of Digital Computation.Nir Fresco & Marty J. Wolf - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1469-1492.
    What is nontrivial digital computation? It is the processing of discrete data through discrete state transitions in accordance with finite instructional information. The motivation for our account is that many previous attempts to answer this question are inadequate, and also that this account accords with the common intuition that digital computation is a type of information processing. We use the notion of reachability in a graph to defend this characterization in memory-based systems and underscore the importance of instructional information for (...)
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  5.  23
    Augmented Reality All Around Us.Marty J. Wolf, Frances Grodzinsky & Keith Miller - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):126-131.
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  6.  18
    Developing Automated Deceptions and the Impact on Trust.Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):91-105.
    As software developers design artificial agents , they often have to wrestle with complex issues, issues that have philosophical and ethical importance. This paper addresses two key questions at the intersection of philosophy and technology: What is deception? And when is it permissible for the developer of a computer artifact to be deceptive in the artifact’s development? While exploring these questions from the perspective of a software developer, we examine the relationship of deception and trust. Are developers using deception to (...)
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  7.  6
    Free, Source-Code-Available, or Proprietary: An Ethically Charged, Context-Sensitive Choice.Marty J. Wolf, Keith W. Miller & Frances S. Grodzinsky - 2009 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 39 (1):15-26.
  8.  3
    There’s Something in Your Eye: Ethical Implications of Augmented Visual Field Devices.Marty J. Wolf, Frances S. Grodzinsky & Keith W. Miller - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (3):214-230.
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  9.  13
    Dynamic Technology Challenges Static Codes of Ethics.Bo Brinkman, Catherine Flick, Don Gotterbarn, Keith Miller, Kate Vazansky & Marty J. Wolf - 2017 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (3):7-24.
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  10.  27
    Analysis, Clarification and Extension of the Theory of Strongly Semantic Information.Marty J. Wolf - 2011 - Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):246-254.
    This paper analyzes certain technical details of Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. It provides a clarification regarding desirable properties of degrees of informativeness functions by rejecting three of Floridi’s original constraints and proposing a replacement constraint. Finally, the paper briefly explores the notion of quantities of inaccuracy and shows an analysis that mimics Floridi’s analysis of quantities of vacuity.
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  11.  51
    The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents.S. Grodzinsky Frances, W. Miller Keith & J. Wolf Marty - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):112-121.
    In their important paper “Autonomous Agents”, Floridi and Sanders use “levels of abstraction” to argue that computers are or may soon be moral agents. In this paper we use the same levels of abstraction to illuminate differences between human moral agents and computers. In their paper, Floridi and Sanders contributed definitions of autonomy, moral accountability and responsibility, but they have not explored deeply some essential questions that need to be answered by computer scientists who design artificial agents. One such question (...)
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  12.  16
    The Importance of Actualizing Control in the Processing of Instructional Information.Marty J. Wolf - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):67-70.
    This commentary on Fresco's article "Information processing as an account of concrete digital computation" illuminates the two intertwined roles that the definition of the term "information" plays in Fresco's analysis. It provides analysis of the notion of actualizing control in information processing. The key point made is that not all control information in common computational devices cannot be processed.
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  13.  6
    All Hands on Deck for ACM Ethics.Bo Brinkman, Don Gotterbarn, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf - 2016 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 46 (3):5-8.
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  14.  9
    A Case for Information as a Basis for Ethics.Marty J. Wolf - 2014 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 18 (3):251-254.
  15. Guest Editorial.Marty J. Wolf, Alexis M. Elder & Gosia Plotka - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):114-118.
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  16.  25
    De Venarum Ostiolis 1603 of Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente K. J. Franklin.E. Wolf - 1934 - Isis 22 (1):238-240.
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  17.  17
    Kevin J. Wanner, Snorri Sturluson and the “Edda”: The Conversion of Cultural Capital in Medieval Scandinavia. Toronto; Buffalo, N.Y.; and London: University of Toronto Press, 2008. Pp. X, 257; 2 Black-and-White Figures. $70. [REVIEW]Kirsten Wolf - 2010 - Speculum 85 (2):478-479.
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  18.  9
    De Venarum Ostiolis 1603 of Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente by K. J. Franklin. [REVIEW]E. Wolf - 1934 - Isis 22:238-240.
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  19. Vida, mente, máquina: medio siglo de metáforas Camilo J. Cela Conde».Giséle Marty & La Mettrie - 1994 - Ludus Vitalis 2 (2):25.
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  20. PETZOLDT, J. -Das Weltproblem Vom Standpunkte des Relativistischen Positivismus, Etc. [REVIEW]A. Wolf - 1912 - Mind 21:597.
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  21. VERWEYEN, J. M. -Philosophie des Möglichen. [REVIEW]A. Wolf - 1914 - Mind 23:300.
     
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  22.  30
    Boekbesprekingen/Comptes Rendus.Cornelis J. Schilt, Rob Wolf, David Baneke, Hendrik Deelstra, Annemarie De Knecht-van Eekelen & Toine Pieters - 2015 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 8 (1):51.
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  23.  3
    Beyond the Basics: Designing a Comprehensive Response to Low Health Literacy.Elisa J. Gordon & Michael S. Wolf - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):11 – 13.
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  24. Applying a Social-Relational Model to Explore the Curious Case of hitchBOT.Keith Miller, Marty Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky - 2019 - In Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.), On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag.
    This paper applies social-relational models of moral standing of robots to cases where the encounters between the robot and humans are relatively brief. Our analysis spans the spectrum of non-social robots to fully-social robots. We consider cases where the encounters are between a stranger and the robot and do not include its owner or operator. We conclude that the developers of robots that might be encountered by other people when the owner is not present cannot wash their hands of responsibility. (...)
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  25. Analysis, Clarification and Extension of the Theory of Strongly Semantic Information.Marty Wolf - 2011 - Etica E Politica 13 (2):246-254.
    This paper analyzes certain technical details of Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. It provides a clarification regarding desirable properties of degrees of informativeness functions by rejecting three of Floridi’s original constraints and proposing a replacement constraint. Finally, the paper briefly explores the notion of quantities of inaccuracy and shows an analysis that mimics Floridi’s analysis of quantities of vacuity.
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  26.  54
    Developing Artificial Agents Worthy of Trust: “Would You Buy a Used Car From This Artificial Agent?”. [REVIEW]F. S. Grodzinsky, K. W. Miller & M. J. Wolf - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):17-27.
    There is a growing literature on the concept of e-trust and on the feasibility and advisability of “trusting” artificial agents. In this paper we present an object-oriented model for thinking about trust in both face-to-face and digitally mediated environments. We review important recent contributions to this literature regarding e-trust in conjunction with presenting our model. We identify three important types of trust interactions and examine trust from the perspective of a software developer. Too often, the primary focus of research in (...)
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  27. Man Makes Himself.V. Gordon Childe, A. Wolf, H. T. Pledge, George Perazich, Philip M. Field & J. D. Bernal - 1940 - Science and Society 4 (4):461-466.
     
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  28.  10
    Ethical Considerations in Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction and Overeating Associated With Obesity.Jared M. Pisapia, Casey H. Halpern, Ulf J. Muller, Piergiuseppe Vinai, John A. Wolf, Donald M. Whiting, Thomas A. Wadden, Gordon H. Baltuch & Arthur L. Caplan - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (2):35-46.
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  29.  36
    The Challenge of Informed Consent and Return of Results in Translational Genomics: Empirical Analysis and Recommendations.Gail E. Henderson, Susan M. Wolf, Kristine J. Kuczynski, Steven Joffe, Richard R. Sharp, D. Williams Parsons, Bartha M. Knoppers, Joon-Ho Yu & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):344-355.
    As exome and genome sequencing move into clinical application, questions surround how to elicit consent and handle potential return of individual genomic results. This study analyzes nine consent forms used in NIH-funded sequencing studies. Content analysis reveals considerable heterogeneity, including in defining results that may be returned, identifying potential benefits and risks of return, protecting privacy, addressing placement of results in the medical record, and data-sharing. In response to lack of consensus, we offer recommendations.
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  30.  9
    Certificates of Confidentiality: Protecting Human Subject Research Data in Law and Practice.Leslie E. Wolf, Mayank J. Patel, Brett A. Williams Tarver, Jeffrey L. Austin, Lauren A. Dame & Laura M. Beskow - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):594-609.
    The federal Certificate of Confidentiality plays an important role in research on sensitive topics by authorizing researchers to refuse to disclose identifiable research data in response to subpoenas in any legal setting. However, there is little known about how effective Certificates are in practice. This article draws on our legal and empirical research on this topic to fill this information gap. It includes a description of the purpose of Certificates, their legislative and regulatory history, and a summary of the few (...)
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  31.  47
    On the Meaning of Free Software.M. J. Wolf, K. W. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):279-286.
    To many who develop and use free software, the GNU General Public License represents an embodiment of the meaning of free software. In this paper we examine the definition and meaning of free software in the context of three events surrounding the GNU General Public License. We use a case involving the GPU software project to establish the importance of Freedom 0 in the meaning of free software. We analyze version 3 of the GNU General Public License and conclude that (...)
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  32.  21
    Ethical Issues in Open Source Software.F. S. Grodzinsky, K. Miller & M. J. Wolf - 2003 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 1 (4):193-205.
  33.  7
    Les conceptions normatives du paysage. Le cas des Grands Causses.J. Lepart, P. Marty & O. ROusset - 2000 - Nature Sciences Sociétés 8 (4):15-25.
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  34.  9
    Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice.Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):320-331.
    Incidental fndings of potential medical signifcance are seen in approximately 5-8 percent of asymptomatic subjects and 16 percent of symptomatic subjects participating in large computed tomography colonography studies, with the incidence varying further by CT acquisition technique. While most CTC research programs have a well-defned plan to detect and disclose IFs, such plans are largely communicated only verbally. Written consent documents should also inform subjects of how IFs of potential medical signifcance will be detected and reported in CTC research studies.
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  35.  23
    Participation of French General Practitioners in End-of-Life Decisions for Their Hospitalised Patients.E. Ferrand, P. Jabre, S. Fernandez-Curiel, F. Morin, C. Vincent-Genod, P. Duvaldestin, F. Lemaire, C. Herve & J. Marty - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (12):683-687.
    Background and objective: Assuming the hypothesis that the general practitioner can and should be a key player in making end-of-life decisions for hospitalised patients, perceptions of GPs’ role assigned to them by hospital doctors in making withdrawal decisions for such patients were surveyed.Design: Questionnaire survey.Setting: Urban and rural areas.Participants: GPs.Results: The response rate was 32.2% , and it was observed that 70.8% of respondents believed that their participation in withdrawal decisions for their hospitalised patients was essential, whereas 42.1% believed that (...)
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  36.  11
    A Dictionary of Philosophy of Religion.Charles Taliaferro & Elsa J. Marty (eds.) - 2010 - Continuum.
    An indispensable and comprehensive resource for students and scholars of philosophy of religion.
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  37. Almeder, Robert, Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 211 Pages. Audi, Robert, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 1998), 340 Pages. [REVIEW]Robert Baird, Reagan Ramsower, Stuart E. Rosenbaum, Victoria Davion, Clark Wolf, John Martin Fischer, S. J. Mark Ravizza, Margaret Gilbert, Christopher W. Gowans & Jorge J. Gracia - 2000 - The Journal of Ethics 4:419-422.
     
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  38. New Books. [REVIEW]C. D. Broad, G. Galloway, Godfrey H. Thomson, W. Leslie Mackenzie, G. A. Johnston, M. L., Arthur Robinson, A. E. Taylor, L. J. Russell, W. D. Ross, R. M. MacIver, Herbert W. Blunt, A. Wolf, Helen Wodehouse & B. Bosanquet - 1914 - Mind 23 (90):274-306.
  39.  24
    IRBs and Ethically Challenging Protocols: Views of IRB Chairs About Useful Resources.N. Sirotin, L. E. Wolf, L. M. Pollack, J. A. Catania, M. M. Dolcini & B. Lo - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (5):10-19.
  40.  64
    The Electronic Schoolbag, a CSCW Workspace: Presentation and Evaluation. [REVIEW]G. Chabert, J. Ch Marty, B. Caron, T. Carron, L. Vignollet & C. Ferraris - 2006 - AI and Society 20 (3):403-419.
    This paper describes the Electronic Schoolbag, a digital workspace developed at the University of Savoie (France) and analyses its usages. This online environment is dedicated to the educational world: it offers pupils, students, teachers, school staff, or parents, personal and group workspaces in which individual or collaborative activities can take place. The flexibility of this software, allowing synchronous or asynchronous activities, lies in the “participation model”. This model allows groups themselves to describe and organise their activities. The architecture that permits (...)
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  41.  52
    Books Received. [REVIEW]Theodore J. Wolf - 1942 - Modern Schoolman 19 (2):40-40.
    Books Received Kantian Review , FirstView Article.
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  42.  33
    On Being Human.Mark Reader & Donald J. Wolf - 1973 - Political Theory 1 (2):186-202.
  43.  45
    Scholasticism and Politics.Theodore J. Wolf - 1941 - Modern Schoolman 18 (2):38-38.
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  44.  44
    Prevoir Et Savior.Theodore J. Wolf - 1946 - Modern Schoolman 23 (2):108-109.
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  45.  33
    PEG and RIG Tube Feeding in Head and Neck Patients: A Retrospective Review of Complications and Outcome.N. Eze, J. M. Jefford, D. Wolf, P. Williamson & P. Neild - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):817-819.
  46. Zur Trennung von Recht und Moral in der analytischen Rechtsphilosophie in Die Herausforderung des Rechts durch die Moral.J. -C. Wolf - 1985 - Studia Philosophica 44:34-48.
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  47.  19
    Strategic Differentiation and Integration of Genomic-Level Heritabilities Facilitate Individual Differences in Preparedness and Plasticity of Human Life History.Michael A. Woodley of Menie, Aurelio José Figueredo, Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Heitor B. F. Fernandes, Guy Madison, Pedro S. A. Wolf & Candace J. Black - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  48.  57
    Mind Architecture and Brain Architecture.Camilo J. Cela-Conde & Gisèle Marty - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):327-340.
    The use of the computer metaphor has led to the proposal of mind architecture (Pylyshyn 1984; Newell 1990) as a model of the organization of the mind. The dualist computational model, however, has, since the earliest days of psychological functionalism, required that the concepts mind architecture and brain architecture be remote from each other. The development of both connectionism and neurocomputational science, has sought to dispense with this dualism and provide general models of consciousness – a uniform cognitive architecture –, (...)
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  49.  9
    Why We Should Have Seen That Coming.M. J. Wolf, K. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2017 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (3):54-64.
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  50. Schopenhauers Entwurfs einer asketischen Tugendethik.J. -C. Wolf - 1990 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 24 (62):99-113.
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