73 found
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  1. Affective Consciousness: Core Emotional Feelings in Animals and Humans.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):30-80.
    The position advanced in this paper is that the bedrock of emotional feelings is contained within the evolved emotional action apparatus of mammalian brains. This dual-aspect monism approach to brain–mind functions, which asserts that emotional feelings may reflect the neurodynamics of brain systems that generate instinctual emotional behaviors, saves us from various conceptual conundrums. In coarse form, primary process affective consciousness seems to be fundamentally an unconditional “gift of nature” rather than an acquired skill, even though those systems facilitate skill (...)
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  2.  44
    The Trans-Species Concept of Self and the Subcortical–Cortical Midline System.Georg Northoff & Jaak Panksepp - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):259-264.
  3.  5
    The Pleasure in Brain Substrates of Foraging.Jaak Panksepp - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):71.
  4.  19
    What is Basic About Basic Emotions? Lasting Lessons From Affective Neuroscience.Jaak Panksepp & Douglas Watt - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):387-396.
    A cross-species affective neuroscience strategy for understanding the primary-process (basic) emotions is defended. The need for analyzing the brain and mind in terms of evolutionary stratification of functions into at least primary (instinctual), secondary (learned), and tertiary (thought-related) processes is advanced. When viewed in this context, the contentious battles between basic-emotion theorists and dimensional-constructivist approaches can be seen to be largely nonsubstantial differences among investigators working at different levels of analysis.
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  5.  37
    Does Any Aspect of Mind Survive Brain Damage That Typically Leads to a Persistent Vegetative State? Ethical Considerations.Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Garcia & Adam Lesiak - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):32-.
    Recent neuroscientific evidence brings into question the conclusion that all aspects of consciousness are gone in patients who have descended into a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Here we summarize the evidence from human brain imaging as well as neurological damage in animals and humans suggesting that some form of consciousness can survive brain damage that commonly causes PVS. We also raise the issue that neuroscientific evidence indicates that raw emotional feelings (primary-process affects) can exist without any cognitive awareness of those (...)
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  6.  21
    Toward a General Psychobiological Theory of Emotions.Jaak Panksepp - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):407.
  7.  3
    Cost-Benefits of Computer Modelling.Jaak Panksepp - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):114.
  8.  1
    Offense and Defense Vs. Rage and Fear: A Matter of Semantics?Jaak Panksepp - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):225-226.
  9.  8
    Anxiety Viewed From the Upper Brain Stem: Though Panic and Fear Yield Trepidation, Should Both Be Called Anxiety?Jaak Panksepp - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):495.
  10.  72
    The Flow of Anoetic to Noetic and Autonoetic Consciousness: A Vision of Unknowing (Anoetic) and Knowing (Noetic) Consciousness in the Remembrance of Things Past and Imagined Futures.Marie Vandekerckhove & Jaak Panksepp - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1018-1028.
    In recent years there has been an expansion of scientific work on consciousness. However, there is an increasing necessity to integrate evolutionary and interdisciplinary perspectives and to bring affective feelings more centrally into the overall discussion. Pursuant especially to the theorizing of Endel Tulving , Panksepp and Vandekerckhove we will look at the phenomena starting with primary-process consciousness, namely the rudimentary state of autonomic awareness or unknowing consciousness, with a fundamental form of first-person ‘self-experience’ which relies on affective experiential states (...)
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  11. On the Embodied Neural Nature of Core Emotional Affects.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):158-184.
    Basic affects reflect the diversity of satisfactions and discomforts that are inherited tools for living from our ancestral past. Affects are neurobiologically-ingrained potentials of the nervous system, which are triggered, moulded and refined by life experiences. Cognitive, information- processing approaches and computational metaphors cannot penetrate foundational affective processes. Animal models allow us to empirically analyse the large-scale neural ensembles that generate emotional-action dynamics that are critically important for creating emotional feelings. Such approaches offer robust neuro-epistemological strategies to decode the fundamental (...)
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  12.  35
    The Periconscious Substrates of Consciousness: Affective States and the Evolutionary Origins of the SELF.Jaak Panksepp - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6):5-6.
    An adequate understanding of ‘the self’ and/or ‘primary-process consciousness’ should allow us to explain how affective experiences are created within the brain. Primitive emotional feelings appear to lie at the core of our beings, and the neural mechanisms that generate such states may constitute an essential foundation process for the evolution of higher, more rational, forms of consciousness. At present, abundant evidence indicates that affective states arise from the intrinsic neurodynamics of primitive self-centred emotional and motivational systems situated in subcortical (...)
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  13.  59
    What is Neuropsychoanalysis? Clinically Relevant Studies of the Minded Brain.Jaak Panksepp & Mark Solms - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):6-8.
  14. Emotional Feelings Originate Below the Neocortex: Toward a Neurobiology of the Soul.Jaak Panksepp - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):101-103.
    Disregard of primary-process consciousness is endemic in mind science. Most neuroscientists subscribe to ruthless reductionism whereby mental qualities are discarded in preference for neuronal functions. Such ideas often lead to envisioning other animals, and all too often other humans, as unfeeling zombies. Merker correctly highlights how the roots of consciousness exist in ancient neural territories we share, remarkably homologously, with all the other vertebrates. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  15.  94
    The Trans-Species Core SELF: The Emergence of Active Cultural and Neuro-Ecological Agents Through Self-Related Processing Within Subcortical-Cortical Midline Networks.Jaak Panksepp & Georg Northoff - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):193–215.
    The nature of “the self” has been one of the central problems in philosophy and more recently in neuroscience. This raises various questions: Can we attribute a self to animals? Do animals and humans share certain aspects of their core selves, yielding a trans-species concept of self? What are the neural processes that underlie a possible trans-species concept of self? What are the developmental aspects and do they result in various levels of self-representation? Drawing on recent literature from both human (...)
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  16.  31
    Damasio's Error?Jaak Panksepp - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):111-134.
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  17.  22
    Criteria for Basic Emotions: Is DISGUST a Primary “Emotion”?Jaak Panksepp - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1819-1828.
  18. Philosophical Implications of Affective Neuroscience.Stephen Asma, Jaak Panksepp, Rami Gabriel & Glennon Curran - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (3-4):6-48.
    These papers are based on a Symposium at the COGSCI Conference in 2010. 1. Naturalizing the Mammalian Mind 2. Modularity in Cognitive Psychology and Affective Neuroscience 3. Affective Neuroscience and the Philosophy of Self 4. Affective Neuroscience and Law.
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  19.  36
    Biological Psychiatry Sketched—Past, Present, and Future.Jaak Panksepp - 2004 - In Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 1.
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  20. The Neuro-Evolutionary Cusp Between Emotions and Cognitions: Implications for Understanding Consciousness and the Emergence of a Unified Mind Science.Jaak Panksepp - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):15-54.
    The neurobiological systems that mediate the basic emotions are beginning to be understood. They appear to be constituted of genetically coded, but experientially refined executive circuits situated in subcortical areas of the brain which can coordinate the behavioral, physiological and psychological processes that need to be recruited to cope with a variety of primal survival needs (i.e., they signal evolutionary fitness issues). These birthrights allow newborn organisms to begin navigating the complexities of the world and to learn about the values (...)
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  21. The Neuroevolutionary and Neuroaffective Psychobiology of the Prosocial Brain.Jaak Panksepp - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22.  7
    Affective Consciouness.Jaak Panksepp - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 114--129.
  23.  10
    Music Chills: The Eye Pupil as a Mirror to Music’s Soul.Bruno Laeng, Lise Mette Eidet, Unni Sulutvedt & Jaak Panksepp - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:161-178.
  24.  9
    Laughing Rats? Playful Tickling Arouses High Frequency Ultrasonic Chirping in Young Rodents.Jaak Panksepp & Jeffrey Burgdorf - 1999 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & David J. Chalmers (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness Iii. MIT Press. pp. 231--244.
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  25.  23
    Affective Consciousness and the Instinctual Motor System: The Neural Sources of Sadness and Joy.Jaak Panksepp - 2000 - In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization - an Anthology. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. pp. 27-54.
  26.  75
    The Affective Neuroeconomics of Social Brains: One Man's Cruelty is Another's Suffering.Jaak Panksepp - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):234-235.
    Cruelty does not emerge from a single emotional system of the brain. Its many cognitive aspects are intermeshed inextricably with the nature of negative affects ranging from fear to suffering. The rewards of cruelty may be counteracted by a variety of neurochemical factors as well as novel social policies.
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  27.  36
    Neural Behaviorism: From Brain Evolution to Human Emotion at the Speed of an Action Potential.Jaak Panksepp - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):212-213.
    Rolls shares important data on hunger, thirst, sexuality, and learned behaviors, but is it pertinent to understanding the fundamental nature of emotionality? Important as such work is for understanding the motivated behaviors of animals, Rolls builds a constructivist theory of emotions and primary-process affective consciousness without considering past evidence on specific types of emotional tendencies and their diverse neural substrates.
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  28.  12
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine.Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Abella Garcia & Adam Lesiak - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:32.
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  29. Emerging Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety: Therapeutic Practice and Clinical Implications.Jaak Panksepp - 2004 - In Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 489.
     
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  30.  5
    Gray Zones at the Emotion/Cognition Interface: A Commentary.Jaak Panksepp - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (3):289-302.
  31.  13
    Textbook of Biological Psychiatry.Jaak Panksepp (ed.) - 2004 - Wiley-Liss.
    In this landmark volume, editor Jaak Panksepp assembles the perspectives of top scientists and clinicians who apply contemporary neuroscience to psychiatric ...
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  32. The Cradle of Consciousness: A Periconscious Emotional Homunculus?Jaak Panksepp - 2000 - Neuro-Psychoanalysis 2 (1):24-32.
  33.  5
    Introducing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Its Property of Causal Inference in Investigating Brain-Function Relationships.J. L. G. Schutter Dennis, Honk Jack Van & Panksepp Jaak - 2004 - Synthese 141 (2):155 - 173.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a method capable of transiently modulating neural excitability. Depending on the stimulation parameters information processing in the brain can be either enhanced or disrupted. This way the contribution of different brain areas involved in mental processes can be studied, allowing a functional decomposition of cognitive behavior both in the temporal and spatial domain, hence providing a functional resolution of brain/mind processes. The aim of the present paper is to argue that TMS with its ability to (...)
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  34.  81
    Review Article: "Looking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain" by A. Damasio.Jaak Panksepp - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):111-134.
  35.  66
    Carving "Natural" Emotions: "Kindly" From Bottom-Up but Not Top-Down.Jaak Panksepp - 2008 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):395-422.
    Comment on an article by Peter Zachar . To resolve the seemingly perennial battle between naturalistic and cultural approaches to emotions, we should recognize the former works best on primary-process emotions while the latter better describes how tertiary-processes emotions arise from higher neocortical brain regions. Emotional learning studies lie somewhere in between. Natural kind semantics may be justified if one works at the cross-species, neuro-evolutionary, naturalistic level, while surely being unsuitable for tertiary-process approaches. For investigators working at rock-bottom neuroscience levels, (...)
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  36.  69
    Introducing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and its Property of Causal Inference in Investigating Brain-Function Relationships.D. Schutter, J. van Honk & Jaak Panksepp - 2004 - Synthese 141 (2):155-73.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a method capable of transiently modulating neural excitability. Depending on the stimulation parameters information processing in the brain can be either enhanced or disrupted. This way the contribution of different brain areas involved in mental processes can be studied, allowing a functional decomposition of cognitive behavior both in the temporal and spatial domain, hence providing a functional resolution of brain/mind processes. The aim of the present paper is to argue that TMS with its ability to (...)
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  37. On the Neuro-Evolutionary Nature of Social Pain, Support, and Empathy.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - In Murat Aydede (ed.), Pain: New Essays on its Nature and the Methodology of its Study. Cambridge Ma: Bradford Book/Mit Press.
  38. Can Anthropomorphic Analyses of Separation Cries in Other Animals Inform Us About the Emotional Nature of Social Loss in Humans? Comment on Blumberg and Sokoloff.Jaak Panksepp - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):376-388.
  39.  13
    Biological Basis of Childhood Neuropsychiatric Disorders.Bradley S. Peterson & Jaak Panksepp - 2004 - In Jaak Panksepp (ed.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 393.
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  40.  50
    On the Animalian Values of the Human Spirit: The Foundational Role of Affect in Psychotherapy and the Evolution of Consciousness.Jaak Panksepp - 2002 - European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling and Health 5 (3):225-245.
  41.  50
    Toward a Science of Ultimate Concern.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):22-29.
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  42.  16
    Are Emotions More Than Learned Behaviors?Jaak Panksepp - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):96-97.
  43.  44
    Free Will and the Varieties of Affective and Conative Selves.Jaak Panksepp - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):671-672.
    A causally efficacious conscious will is a small part of our everyday activities, but a part that deserves to be recognized, studied, and cherished, perhaps as a fundamental, emotion- and conation-related, right hemispheric neuronal process. Such brain functions might be less in doubt if we consider all the pieces of the larger pie, especially those where our passions and desires reside.
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  44.  40
    Loving Opioids in the Brain.Jaak Panksepp & Joseph R. Moskal - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):361-362.
    Brain opioids regulate social emotions in several distinct ways. The abundance of neuroscientific detail in the target article helps familiarize the uninitiated with the true and humbling complexities of mammalian brains, but little of it translates to research strategies, with robust predictions, at the human level. Only global neurochemical affective state variables derived from animal research have clear implications for human research.
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  45.  36
    Emotional Dynamics of the Organism and its Parts.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):212-213.
    Emotion-science without basic brain-science is only superficially satisfying. Dynamic systems approaches to emotions presently provide a compelling metaphor that raises more difficult empirical questions than substantive scientific answers. How might we close the gap between theory and empirical observations? Such theoretical views still need to be guided by linear cross-species experimental approaches more easily implement in the laboratory.
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  46.  3
    Archaeology of Mind.Jaak Panksepp - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):449.
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  47.  34
    Empathy and the Action-Perception Resonances of Basic Socio-Emotional Systems of the Brain.Jaak Panksepp, Nakia Gordon & Jeff Burgdorf - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):43-44.
    Mammalian brains contain a variety of self-centered socio-emotional systems. An understanding of how they interact with more recent cognitive structures may be essential for understanding empathy. Preston & de Waal have neglected this vast territory of proximal brain issues in their analysis.
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  48.  32
    Schizophrenia: The Elusive Disease.Jaak Panksepp & Joseph Moskal - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):863-864.
    All mammals have social brains, and there is presently no evidence that humans have relatively more genetically dictated social brain circuitry than other species. The postulation that schizophrenia arises from disruption of brains systems uniquely devoted to social traits is obviated not only by the large number of anatomical and biochemical brain differences, but also by nonsocial symptoms of schizophrenic disorders.
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  49.  7
    On the Brain and Personality Substrates of Psychopathy.Jaak Panksepp, Brian Knutson & Laura Bird - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):568-570.
    Further understanding at neuroscientific and personality levels should considerably advance our ability to deal with individuals that have strong sociopathic tendencies. An analysis of neurodynamic responses to emotional stimuli will eventually be able to detect sociopathic tendencies of the brain. Such information could be used to enhance the options available to individuals at risk without limiting their personal freedoms.
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  50. A Critical Role for "Affective Neuroscience" in Resolving What is Basic About Basic Emotions.Jaak Panksepp - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):554-560.
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