Results for 'Jack A. Gilbert'

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  1.  46
    Beyond the Genome: Community-Level Analysis of the Microbial World.Iratxe Zarraonaindia, Daniel P. Smith & Jack A. Gilbert - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):261-282.
    The development of culture-independent strategies to study microbial diversity and function has led to a revolution in microbial ecology, enabling us to address fundamental questions about the distribution of microbes and their influence on Earth’s biogeochemical cycles. This article discusses some of the progress that scientists have made with the use of so-called “omic” techniques (metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, and metaproteomics) and the limitations and major challenges these approaches are currently facing. These ‘omic methods have been used to describe the taxonomic structure (...)
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  2. Multilevel Research Strategies and Biological Systems.Maureen A. O'Malley, Ingo Brigandt, Alan C. Love, John W. Crawford, Jack A. Gilbert, Rob Knight, Sandra D. Mitchell & Forest Rohwer - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):811-828.
    Multilevel research strategies characterize contemporary molecular inquiry into biological systems. We outline conceptual, methodological, and explanatory dimensions of these multilevel strategies in microbial ecology, systems biology, protein research, and developmental biology. This review of emerging lines of inquiry in these fields suggests that multilevel research in molecular life sciences has significant implications for philosophical understandings of explanation, modeling, and representation.
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  3. Intending, Intention, Intent, Intentional Action, and Acting Intentionally: Comments on Knobe and Burra.Gilbert Harman - 2006 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):269-276.
    There has been considerable controversy about whether this last entailment always holds. Ordinary subjects may judge that (4) and (5) are appropriate in cases in which none of (1)-(3) are—cases in which Jack’s breaking the base is a foreseen but undesired consequence of Jack’s intentionally doing something else. It is currently debated what the best explanation of such ordinary reactions might be. It is also debated what to make of the fact that ordinary judgments using the adjective intentional (...)
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  4.  78
    Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations.Jack A. Wilson - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):311.
    Biology lacks a central organism concept that unambiguously marks the distinction between organism and non-organism because the most important questions about organisms do not depend on this concept. I argue that the two main ways to discover useful biological generalizations about multicellular organization--the study of homology within multicellular lineages and of convergent evolution across lineages in which multicellularity has been independently established--do not require what would have to be a stipulative sharpening of an organism concept.
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  5. Book Review: Make-Believe Media: Reviewed by Jack A. Nelson. [REVIEW]Jack A. Nelson & Deni Elliott - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (3):188 – 189.
     
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  6.  58
    Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction.Jack A. Goldstone - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    Revolutions have shaped world politics for the last three hundred years. This volume shows why revolutions occur, how they unfold, and where they created democracies and dictatorships. Jack A. Goldstone presents the history of revolutions from America and France to the collapse of the Soviet Union, 'People Power' revolutions, and the Arab revolts.
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  7.  4
    Feedback Theory of How Joint Receptors Regulate the Timing and Positioning of a Limb.Jack A. Adams - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (6):504-523.
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  8.  17
    The Path Ahead.Jack A. Tuszynski & Nancy Woolf - 2006 - In J. Tuszynski (ed.), The Emerging Physics of Consciousness. Springer Verlag. pp. 1--26.
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  9. The Rise of the West—or Not? A Revision to Socio-Economic History.Jack A. Goldstone - 2000 - Sociological Theory 18 (2):175-194.
    The debate over the "Rise of the West" has generally been over which factor or factors-cultural, geoographic, or material-in European history led Europe to diverge from the World's pre-industrial civilizations. This article aims to shift the terms of the debate by arguing that there were no causal factors that made Europe's industrialization inevitable or even likely. Rather, most of Europe would not and could not move toward industrialization any more than China or India or Japan. Rather, a very accidental combination (...)
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  10.  64
    Putting Values and Institutions Back Into the Theory of Strategic Action Fields.Jack A. Goldstone & Bert Useem - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (1):37-47.
    Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam have presented a new theory of how collective action creates the structure and dynamics of societies. At issue is the behavior of social movements, organizations, states, political parties, and interest groups. They argue that all of these phenomena are produced by social actors (which may be individuals or groups) involved in strategic action. This allows Fligstein and McAdam to advance a unified theory of "strategic action fields." This article takes issue with aspects of Fligstein and (...)
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  11.  35
    More Social Movements or Fewer? Beyond Political Opportunity Structures to Relational Fields.Jack A. Goldstone - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (3/4):333-365.
  12.  28
    Using the "Ethical Environment" Paradigm to Teach Business Ethics: The Case of the Maquiladoras. [REVIEW]Jack A. Raisner - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1331-1346.
    The "ethical environment of business" provides a constructive frame of reference for business ethics instruction. As illustrated by a suggested role play about foreign sweatshops, it provides a realistic, problem-solving context for the study of moral and ethical ideas. Once ethical behavior is viewed through this paradigm, students can better see how business policies are shaped by ethics and prepare themselves to react to their own ethical environment.
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  13.  4
    Raising Awareness of Uncertainty: A Useful Addendum to Courses in the History and Philosophy of Science for Science Teachers?Jack A. Rowell & Judith M. Pollard - 1995 - Science & Education 4 (1):87-97.
  14.  11
    A Closed-Loop Theory of Paired-Associate Verbal Learning.Jack A. Adams & Norman W. Bray - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):385-405.
  15.  3
    A Federal Tax Credit to Encourage Employers to Offer Health Coverage.Jack A. Meyer & Elliot K. Wicks - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (2):202-213.
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  16.  44
    Closed-Loop Theory and Long-Term Retention.Jack A. Adams, Philip H. Marshall & Norman W. Bray - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):242-250.
  17.  39
    Response Feedback and Motor Learning.Jack A. Adams, Ernest T. Goetz & Phillip H. Marshall - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):391.
  18.  26
    Spatial and Temporal Uncertainty as Determinants of Vigilance Behavior.Jack A. Adams & Lawrence R. Boulter - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (2):127.
  19.  29
    Piagetian Epistemology: Equilibration and the Teaching of Science.Jack A. Rowell - 1989 - Synthese 80 (1):141 - 162.
    That Piagetian epistemology has the dynamics of knowledge growth as its core consideration predetermines a need to consider it as potentially applicable to teaching. This paper addresses that need by first outlining the Piagetian theory of equilibration and then applying it to the construction of methods of teaching science.
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  20.  19
    Marx's Reading of Adam Ferguson and the Idea of Progress.Jack A. Hill - 2013 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 11 (2):167-190.
    Karl Marx misappropriated Ferguson's thought even though he championed the Scot's remarks on the division of labor. The argument is developed by examining Marx's specific quotations of Ferguson in literary context and by critiquing Marx's quotations in light of three ethical categories that are implicit in Ferguson's idea of progress. Marx not only presents a highly selective reading of Ferguson and espouses a view of history that is antithetical to Ferguson's idea of progress, but he fails to do justice to (...)
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  21.  41
    Ideology, Cultural Frameworks, and the Process of Revolution.Jack A. Goldstone - 1991 - Theory and Society 20 (4):405-453.
  22.  39
    Short-Term Memory for Motor Responses.Jack A. Adams & Sanne Dijkstra - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):314.
  23.  29
    Would a Basic Income Guarantee Reduce the Motivation to Work? An Analysis of Labor Responses in 16 Trial Programs.Dianne Worku, Mark Barrett, Allison Stepka, Nora A. Murphy & Richard Gilbert - 2018 - Basic Income Studies 13 (2).
    Many opponents of BIG programs believe that receiving guaranteed subsistence income would act as a strong disincentive to work. In contrast, various areas of empirical research in psychology suggest that a BIG would not lead to meaningful reductions in work. To test these competing predictions, a comprehensive review of BIG outcome studies reporting data on adult labor responses was conducted. The results indicate that 93 % of reported outcomes support the prediction of no meaningful work reductions when the criterion for (...)
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  24.  18
    Adam Ferguson in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Roman Past and Europe's Future. [REVIEW]Jack A. Hill - 2014 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 12 (2):243-248.
  25.  9
    Cutaneous Interaction Resulting From Simultaneous Electrical and Mechanical Vibratory Stimulation.Jack A. Vernon - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):283.
  26.  19
    Le Fou Et Ses Doubles: Figures de la Dramaturgie Quebecoise.Jack A. Yeager & Pierre Gobin - 1979 - Substance 8 (2/3):209.
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  27.  31
    A Source of Decrement in Psychomotor Performance.Jack A. Adams - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):390.
  28.  63
    The Media Role in Building the Disability Community.Jack A. Nelson - 2000 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (3):180-193.
    It is obvious that technology is rapidly changing the world around us. Nowhere is that change more evident than in the revolution occurring for those with physical and mental limitations-their portrayal in the media, their use of the media to achieve group aims and their use of the new on-line media to communicate with others who have limitations and the non-disabled world. In a very real way the growing sense of community among those with disabilities has been linked to the (...)
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  29. Cultural Orthodoxy, Risk, and Innovation: The Divergence of East and West in the Early Modern World.Jack A. Goldstone - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (2):119-135.
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  30.  26
    Capitalist Origins of the English Revolution.Jack A. Goldstone - 1983 - Theory and Society 12 (2):143-180.
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  31.  23
    Response Feedback and Short-Term Motor Retention.Jack A. Adams, Philip H. Marshall & Ernest T. Goetz - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):92.
  32.  27
    Michael A. Gilbert, Coalescent Argumentation.Barbara Warnick - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (3):428-430.
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  33. Michael A. Gilbert and Lawrence Erlbaum, Coalescent Argumentation.Barbara Warnick - 1998 - Argumentation 12:427-430.
     
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  34.  11
    Multiple Versus Single Problem Training in Human Problem Solving.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):15.
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  35.  9
    Effect of Shift in Distribution of Practice Conditions Following Interpolated Rest.Jack A. Adams & Bradley Reynolds - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):32-36.
  36. A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society.Margaret Gilbert - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the law tells me to do? Do I have special obligations to conform to the laws of my own country and if so, why? In what sense, if any, must I fight in wars in which my country is engaged, if ordered to do so, or suffer the penalty for law-breaking the law imposes - including the death penalty? (...)
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  37. Emptying a Paradox of Ground.Jack Woods - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (4):631-648.
    Sometimes a fact can play a role in a grounding explanation, but the particular content of that fact make no difference to the explanation—any fact would do in its place. I call these facts vacuous grounds. I show that applying the distinction between-vacuous grounds allows us to give a principled solution to Kit Fine and Stephen Kramer’s paradox of ground. This paradox shows that on minimal assumptions about grounding and minimal assumptions about logic, we can show that grounding is reflexive, (...)
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  38.  11
    Psychomotor Performance as a Function of Intertrial Rest Interval.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):131.
  39. Honderich, T., "A Theory of Determinism: The Mind, Neuroscience and Life-Hopes". [REVIEW]A. Jack - 1989 - Mind 98:642.
  40.  9
    Forgetting and Natural Language Mediation.William E. Montague, Jack A. Adams & Harold O. Kiess - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (6):829.
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  41. Ethics in the Global Village: Moral Insights for the Post 9-11 U.S.A.Jack A. Hill - 2008
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  42. Change in View.Gilbert Harman - 1986 - MIT Press.
    Change in View offers an entirely original approach to the philosophical study of reasoning by identifying principles of reasoning with principles for revising one's beliefs and intentions and not with principles of logic. This crucial observation leads to a number of important and interesting consequences that impinge on psychology and artificial intelligence as well as on various branches of philosophy, from epistemology to ethics and action theory. Gilbert Harman is Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University. A Bradford Book.
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  43. Walking Together: A Paradigmatic Social Phenomenon.Margaret Gilbert - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):1-14.
    The everyday concept of a social group is approached by examining the concept of going for a walk together, an example of doing something together, or "shared action". Two analyses requiring shared personal goals are rejected, since they fail to explain how people walking together have obligations and rights to appropriate behavior, and corresponding rights of rebuke. An alternative account is proposed: those who walk together must constitute the "plural subject" of a goal. The nature of plural subjecthood, the thesis (...)
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  44.  7
    Motor Performance as a Function of Click Reinforcement.Bradley Reynolds & Jack A. Adams - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):315.
  45.  16
    An Orthodox Historicism?Jack A. Bonsor - 1990 - Philosophy and Theology 4 (4):335-350.
    This essay suggests the possible form of an orthodox historicism. The essay begins by examining the historicism of Heidegger and Gadamer. It then proposes how a theology might appear which places the faith in conversation with this historicism.
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  46.  23
    An Evaluation of the Activationist Hypothesis of Human Vigilance.Jack A. Adams & Lawrence R. Boulter - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (5):495.
  47.  18
    Anticipatory Timing of Continuous and Discrete Responses.Jack A. Adams & Lyle R. Creamer - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):84.
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  48.  24
    Effect of Experimentally Induced Muscular Tension on Psychomotor Performance.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):127.
  49.  12
    Item Length, Acoustic Similarity, and Natural Language Mediation as Variables in Short-Term Memory.Jack A. Adams, Howard I. Thorsheim & John S. McIntyre - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):39.
  50.  39
    Response Feedback and Verbal Retention.Jack A. Adams, John S. McIntyre & Howard I. Thorsheim - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):290.
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